Pueblo is a home rule municipality, the county seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County, United States. The population was 106,595 in 2010 census, making it the 267th most populous city in the United States and the 9th largest in Colorado. Pueblo is the heart of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area, totaling over 160,000 people and an important part of the Front Range Urban Corridor; as of 2014, Pueblo is the primary city of the Pueblo–Cañon City combined statistical area totaling 208,000 people, making it the 134th largest in the nation. Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek, 112 miles south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver; the area is considered semi-arid desert land, with 12 inches of precipitation annually. With its location in the "Banana Belt", Pueblo tends to get less snow than the other major cities in Colorado. Pueblo is one of the largest steel-producing cities in the United States, for which reason Pueblo is referred to as the "Steel City".
The Historic Arkansas River Project is a riverwalk in the Union Avenue Historic Commercial District, shows the history of the devastating Pueblo Flood of 1921. Pueblo has the least expensive residential real estate of all major cities in Colorado; the median home price for homes on the market in Pueblo is $192,500 as of April 2018 It is the sixth most affordable place to live in America as measured by the 2014 Cost of Living Index. Costs of housing and services, transportation and health care are lower than the national average. Pueblo was listed by AARP in 2013 as one of the best affordable places to live. James Beckwourth, George Simpson, other trappers such as Mathew Kinkead, claimed to have helped construct the plaza that became known as El Pueblo around 1842. According to accounts of residents who traded at the plaza, the Fort Pueblo Massacre happened sometime between December 23 and December 25, 1854, by a war party of Utes and Jicarilla Apaches under the leadership of Tierra Blanca, a Ute chief.
They killed between fifteen and nineteen men, as well as captured two children and one woman. The trading post was abandoned after the raid, but it became important again between 1858 and 1859 during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859; the current city of Pueblo represents the consolidation of four towns: Pueblo, South Pueblo, Central Pueblo, Bessemer. Pueblo, South Pueblo, Central Pueblo consolidated as the City of Pueblo between March 9 and April 6, 1886. Bessemer joined Pueblo in 1894; the consolidated city became a major economic and social center of Colorado, was home to important early Colorado families such as the Thatchers, the Ormans, the Adams. By the early 1870s the city was being hailed as a beacon of development, with newspapers like the Chicago Tribune boasting of how the region's lawless reputation was giving way to orderly agriculture with triumphalist rhetoric. One author crowed of Pueblo that "the necessity exists no longer for Sharp's revolvers; these have been supplied by the plow and the mowing-machine."Pueblo's development stretched beyond agriculture.
Steel emerged as a key industry early, in 1909 the city was considered the only steel town west of the Mississippi River. Until a series of major floods culminated in the Great Flood of 1921, Pueblo was considered the'Saddle-Making capital of the World'. One-third of Pueblo's downtown businesses were lost in this flood, along with a substantial number of buildings. Pueblo has had a resurgence in growth. Pueblo's orphanages were an influential part of the city; the transformations that have occurred throughout the three orphanages in the town of Pueblo, Colorado are important aspects of the city's history. Many people were influenced by the Orphanages of Pueblo and the homes are now all historical sites; the transformations have occurred architecturally and economically within the people from to now. The three orphanages in Pueblo were known as Sacred Heart, McClelland. Lincoln was the first black orphanage in Colorado, one of only seven in the country. Sacred Heart was run by the Catholic Welfare Bureau, while McClelland was run by the Lutheran Church.
Several children from Cuba were placed at Sacred Heart as part of "Operation Pedro Pan". Though the Orphanages in Pueblo are no longer in service, the buildings still exist and have transformed with the times. According to the Rocky Mountain News, in 1988 the Sacred Heart Orphanage was bought by the Pueblo Housing Authority and turned into 40 small-family housing units; the main industry in Pueblo for most of its history was the Colorado Fuel and Iron Steel Mill on the south side of town. For nearly a century the CF&I was the largest employer in the state of Colorado; the steel-market crash of 1982 led to the decline of the company. After several bankruptcies, the company was acquired by Oregon Steel Mills and changed its name to Rocky Mountain Steel Mills; the company was plagued with labor problems due to accusations of unfair labor practices. This culminated with a major strike in 1997. In September 2004, both United Steelworkers locals 2102 and 3267 won the strike and the unfair labor practice charges.
All of the striking steel workers returned to their jobs, the company paid them the back pay owed for the seven years they were on strike. In 2007, shortly after Oregon Steel made amends with the union and its workers, Evraz Group, one of Russia's biggest steel producers, agreed to buy the company for $2.3 billion
Monique Edith Lamoureux-Morando is an American ice hockey player. She scored the game-tying goal in the final of the 2018 Winter Olympics before her twin sister Jocelyne scored the last shootout goal of the game to clinch the gold medal, she captured silver medals for Team USA at the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics. She was known as Monique Lamoureux-Kolls. Lamoureux and her twin sister were both all-state in ice hockey as teenagers. Together, they played on the Peewee A Boys' team in 2001–02 team at twelve years old and led them to the North Dakota State Hockey championship. Afterwards, they accepted a scholarship to Shattuck-St. Mary's School in Minnesota, the same school at which Sidney Crosby played. At Shattuck-St. Mary's, the Lamoureux sisters led the school to three state titles. In her freshman year at Shattuck, she tallied 113 points in 62 games, she second in goals. As a junior, she ranked first on the team in 2006–07 with 135 points, she helped Shattuck to a 53 -- 3 -- 1 record. As a freshman for the Gophers in 2008–09, she was the team's third leading goal scorer, a second team All-America selection.
By mid-February 2009, Lamoureux was leading the nation with 64 points on 32 goals. By season's end, she ranked third in the NCAA and first among rookies with 75 points in 40 games, she ranked second in the nation with five shorthanded goals and tied for third with eight game-winners. She participated in her first Frozen Four that season. In addition, she was the WCHA scoring champion, WCHA Rookie of the Year, she was the only freshman to be named a top-10 finalist for Patty Kazmaier Memorial Award. In 2009, Lamoureux and her sister transferred from Minnesota to North Dakota; the reason for the transfer to their home state was attributed to the fact that North Dakota hired Brian Idalski, a former coach at the USA Hockey Development Camps. On January 15 and 16, 2011, she led the Sioux with five points in two victories over league rival Bemidji State, she earned a +7 plus/minus rating in her first weekend playing as a defenseman. In the series against Bemidji, she scored two goals and assisted on three others as North Dakota ran its unbeaten streak to five games at 4–0–1.
Over 59 collegiate games, she has accumulated 107 points. With her twin sister, she was a four-time USA Hockey Player Development Camp attendee, she was a member of the United States Women's Select Team for the 2006 Four Nations Cup. The team finished in second place. In 2008, she was part of the United States Women's Under-22 Select Team for the 2008 Under-22 Series. In addition, she was a two-time USA Hockey Women's National Festival participant. Along with her sister, she was a member of the United States Women's National Team for the 2009 International Ice Hockey Federation World Women's Championship that won the gold medal, she won a silver medal at the 2010 Winter Olympics with the 2009–10 USA Hockey national women's team. Monique and her sister Jocelyne were the first set of twins to play women's ice hockey in the Olympics. Lamoureux-Kolls was named to the roster for the 2010 Four Nations Cup. In the opening match of the 2012 IIHF World Women's Championships, Lamoureux scored two goals in a 9–2 win over Canada.
Her sister Jocelyne scored three goals while assisting on three others. Selected by the Boston Blades in the 2014 CWHL Draft, Lamoureux would win the 2015 Clarkson Cup. In the third period of an 8-0 win on January 18, 2015 for the Boston Blades over the Brampton Thunder, a fight took place. Lamoureux and Brampton's Jamie Lee Rattray both threw punches. All-WCHA First Team, 2009 Patty Kazmaier Award, Top 10 Finalist Second Team All-America selection, 2009 WCHA All-Rookie Team, 2009 WCHA Rookie of the Year selection, 2009 WCHA scoring champion, 2009 Runner-Up, 2010–11 WCHA Preseason Player of the Year WCHA Defensive Player of the Week WCHA co-Defensive Players of the Week 2011 Patty Kazmaier Award Nominee 2011 All-WCHA Second Team WCHA Player of the Week WCHA Defensive Player of the Week Directorate Award, Best Forward, 2011 IIHF Women's World Championship U. S. Player of the Game in Gold Medal match, 2011 4 Nations Cup 2015 IIHF Media All Star Team, Defense 2015 IIHF Women's World Championship Her father Jean-Pierre was a backup goaltender at the University of North Dakota from 1979–83.
Besides her twin sister, Lamoureux has four brothers. Jean-Philippe is a professional ice hockey goaltender, he led the Lincoln Stars to the Clark Cup as a teenager and played for Team USA in the 2004 Viking Cup. He was the 2008–09 Goalie of the Year in the ECHL, led the Alaska Aces to the 2009 Kelly Cup Finals. Jacques was an All-America center in 2009 for Air Force Academy. In addition, he was a finalist for the Hobey Baker Award. Pierre-Paul played for the University of Manitoba, is a student-assistant coach for the North Dakota hockey team. Mario skated for Team USA at the 2006 Viking Cup and played for the North Dakota Fighting Hawks before turning pro, her mother Linda competed in the Boston Marathon. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com U. S. Olympic Team profile
Disodium octaborate tetrahydrate, an alkaline salt, is produced in two forms. One is a clear, liquid concentrate or it is packaged as a white, powdered chemical substance, not flammable, combustible, or explosive and has low acute oral and dermal toxicity; this salt, confused with boric acid, is used as an insecticide and is sold in liquid or powder form. It is effective against fungi and algae, it is not affected by temperature. "Bora-Care" is the liquid form suitable for use in a sprayer. The powdered brands are "Tim-Bor," "Borathor," "Termite Prufe" or "Board Defense" as sold in the United States, as "Can-Bor" in Canada; this chemical is a flame-retardant. In the liquid form, it is diluted and sprayed on wood surfaces to kill termites, powder post beetles, carpenter ants and algae, it is available as pellets for embedding in structural wood. This alkaline salt is not to be confused with boric acid or the laundry detergent additive used for stains. In common use as a termite control or for termite prevention, the liquid concentrate is used at a ratio of 1:1 with water.
The advantages to this chemical over conventional pest control treatment is that it is non-carcinogenic and has a low toxicity to humans and pets. It is odorless and proper application lasts for the lifetime of the wood. Repeat treatment is not necessary, it is best used during new construction, however, it is more used after the fact on homes treated with chemicals that have become inactive. It was shown to reduce dust mite populations in the home when combined with regular vacuum cleaner use. Disodium borate in its anhydrous disodium octaborate and disodium octaborate tetrahydrate forms is classified as "reproductive toxicity category 1B" under the EU Classification and Packaging Regulation; the CLP hazard code and statement are "H360FD: May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child." On 22 February 2018, the Swedish Chemicals Agency submitted a proposal to the European Chemicals Agency to list disodium borate as a Substance of Very High Concern under the Registration, Evaluation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation.
Tim-Bor Professional Bora-Care PeneTreat Can-Bor