Puggy Pearson

Walter Clyde "Puggy" Pearson was an American professional poker player. He is best known as the 1973 World Series of Poker Main Event winner. Pearson was raised in Tennessee in a family with nine siblings, he got his nickname "Puggy" from a childhood accident that left him with a disfigured nose at the age of twelve. He dropped out of school in the fifth grade, at the age of 17, he joined the United States Navy, where he served three terms, he strengthened his skills at gambling while in the Navy. Prior to 1949, all poker games were cash games. Pearson originated the idea of a freezeout tournament and shared his idea with fellow gambler "Nick the Greek" Dandolos in the early 1950s. Dandalos brought the idea to legendary casino owner Benny Binion. After further urging by Pearson, Amarillo Slim, Doyle Brunson, all of whom felt that such a tournament would create great side game action, Binion founded the World Series of Poker in 1970. Pearson participated in the first World Series of Poker that year along with Amarillo Slim, Doyle Brunson, Sailor Roberts, Crandell Addington, Carl Cannon.

Pearson won his first World Series of Poker bracelet in the 1971 Limit Seven-Card Stud preliminary event. In 1973, he won two preliminary events in the WSOP. In the same World Series, Pearson won the Main Event when his A♠ 7♠ defeated Johnny Moss's K♥ J♠. With the Main Event victory, he became the first player in WSOP history to win three events in a single year; this record has since been matched by five others. He won four bracelets. Pearson was known as a man who would always seek out the biggest game in town, whether it was in the poker room or on the golf course, he owned a RV, which he called the Roving Gambler, with this painted on the side: "I'll play any man from any land any game he can name for any amount I can count, provided I like it."Pearson was inducted into the Poker Hall of Fame in 1987. Pearson, who had a long history of heart problems, died on April 12, 2006. Guardian article by Victoria Coren CardPlayer article by Jeff Shulman Hendon Mob tournament results WNY Poker thread

List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the Argonne

List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the Forest of Argonne. The forest itself was thick and impenetrable and between 1914 and 1915, neither German nor French Armies could take and hold the area in its entirety and in an area seven miles wide and two miles deep some 150,000 men were to die in the daily encounters which punctuated those two years. By 1915/1916, the Germans had fortified their part of the area with elaborate underground bunkers and defence structures. Indeed, so secure was the area by that the Germans tended to use it as a rest area for their soldiers. In 1918, it was the United States Army, success at St. Mihiel, who were allocated the sector and from the initial bombardment on 26 September 1918 it was to prove an enormous challenge for the untested troops from the United States of America. By the end of September the Americans had advanced some ten miles but it would take another month to clear the Germans from the Argonne area and over the period the Americans were to leave over 26,000 men dead and 100,000 wounded.

There are many American monuments and memorials in this area, as well as those relating to the French and German armies. At Cheppey, at Varennes-en-Argonne, at the Bois de la Gruerie, at Vauquois and Montfaucon we are reminded of the suffering and sacrifices made; the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in September 1918 was part of the Allied effort to force the Germans to retreat and move them out of France and plans included taking maximum advantage of the arrival of the American Expeditionary Force under General Pershing. After four years of fighting, European soldiers were understandably exhausted, but the arrival of the U. S. Forces gave the Allies fresh troops and a numerical superiority; until the last great German offensive of 15 July was repulsed and a successful U. S.-French counter-offensive was launched at Soissons on 18 July the Germans had made significant advances in 1918 but now they were on the defensive and the Allied task was to now keep them so. The U. S. First Army had been employed in the St Mihiel sector and eliminated the German salient there and the Allied plan was to now mount a major offensive of which St Mihiel had only been an appetiser.

As part of this major offensive, the Americans were allocated the area between the Argonne Forest and the Meuse River. This was a key area for the Germans; the lateral communications between German forces east and west of the Meuse were in this area and the Germans were dependent upon two rail lines that converged in the vicinity of Sedan which lay just 35 miles from the front line. The nature of the terrain over which the Americans were to fight was ideal for defence and conversely difficult to attack. On one side was the wooded and tangled Argonne Forest and the Aire River which presented natural obstacles and on the other the Meuse River and the Heights of the Meuse from which the Germans could observe the battlefield and cover it with artillery fire Between the Aire and the Meuse Rivers there were a series of ridges that afforded excellent observation. First, there was the hill at Montfaucon, behind that the Heights of Romagne and Cunel and beyond these were the Barricourt Heights and to protect this vitally important area, the Germans had established defensive positions some 10 to 12 miles deep.

The plans were for the 600,000 man strong U. S. First Army to attack northward with nine divisions in the line and five in reserve, these supported by 2,700 pieces of artillery, 189 tanks, 821 aircraft; the attack would take place along a fifteen- to twenty-mile-wide corridor bounded by the Meuse River on the east and the dense Argonne Forest and the Aire River on the west. The Germans had occupied the area for years and in that time had developed an elaborate defensive system of four fortified lines with a dense network of wire entanglements, machine-gun positions, concrete fighting posts. In between these trench lines, the Germans had added a series of strong points in the woods and knolls. With five divisions on the line and another seven in reserve, French General Philippe Petain believed that the German defenses were so strong that the Americans would do well if they managed to reach one of their first objectives, the town of Montfaucon, located a few miles behind enemy lines, before winter.

At 05:30 hours on 26 September 1918, after a three-hour artillery bombardment, Pershing launched his attack. Despite heavy fog, rugged terrain, the network of barbed wire, American soldiers overran the Germans’ forward positions but thereafter progress was slow with heavy rains having turned the terrain to mud, bogging down tanks and artillery and slowing resupply efforts; the Germans used the delay to bring in reinforcements, German artillery rained down fire from the heights of the Meuse and the Argonne Forest. The advance became a continuous series of bloody, hard-fought engagements and of the nine U. S. divisions used in the initial assault, only three had any significant combat experience. Indeed, the 79th Division had only been in France for seven weeks. Despite these problems, by 30 September, the First Army had managed to advance as far as six miles into the German lines in some places, fighting through some of the strongest positions on the Western Front and capturing 9,000 prisoners and large amounts of supplies and equipment.

As the battle progressed, Pershing began to reorganize the First Army, rotating three battle-hardened divisions into the line to relieve some of the less experienced units. The Germans strengthened their position, adding six new divisions, bringing their total to eleven. On 4 October, the First Army renewed the attack; the fighting was severe but the critical high grounds remained in German hands. As new American divis

Johnsonia pubescens

Johnsonia pubescens called the pipe lily, is a grass-like plant in the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Hemerocallidoideae, endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. As with others in the genus, it is distinguished by its minute flowers which are on the end of a spike and hidden by large, papery bracts. Johnsonia pubescens is a rhizomatous, perennial herb with grass-like leaves which all emerge from the base of the plant; the leaves are 6.3–28 centimetres long and 1–3 centimetres wide. The bases of the leaves surround the stem; the flower spike is leafless, shorter than the leaves, with large, dry overlapping bracts surrounding minute flowers. The bracts flushed pink; the whole plant is covered with soft hairs. Johnsonia pubescens was first described in 1840 by John Lindley in "A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony", he mentions, "Of Johnsonia, with its hop-like heads, there are two pretty species, namely J. hirta...and J. pubescens, both much smaller than the J. lupulina of the South coast."

The specific epithet pubescens means "hairy". There are two subspecies: J. pubescens Lindl. Subsp. Pubescens J. pubescens subsp. Cygnorum This species occurs between Eneabba and Serpentine in the Avon Wheatbelt, Geraldton Sandplains, Jarrah Forest and Swan Coastal Plain biogeographic regions of Western Australia, it grows in white, yellow or lateritic sand or limestone on flats, wet sites, coastal areas and roadsides. Johnsonia pubescens responds well to cultivation, it can be propagated from seed and grows in full sun and most soils provided reasonable moisture is available. Lindley, John. A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony. London: James Ridgway, Piccadilly. P. lvii. Retrieved 9 March 2015. Johnsonia pubescens Australasian Virtual Herbarium occurrence data