Pumping Iron is a 1977 American docudrama about the world of professional bodybuilding, with a focus on the 1975 IFBB Mr. Universe and 1975 Mr. Olympia competitions. Directed by George Butler and Robert Fiore and edited by Geof Bartz and Larry Silk, it is inspired by a book of the same name by Butler and Charles Gaines, nominally centers on the competition between Arnold Schwarzenegger and one of his primary competitors for the title of Mr. Olympia, Lou Ferrigno; the film features segments on bodybuilders Franco Columbu and Mike Katz, in addition to appearances by Ken Waller, Ed Corney, Serge Nubret, other famous bodybuilders of the era. Shot during the 100 days leading up to the Mr. Universe and Mr. Olympia competitions and during the competitions themselves, the filmmakers ran out of funds to finish production and it stalled for two years. Schwarzenegger and other bodybuilders featured in the film helped raise funds to complete production, it was released in 1977; the film became a box office success.
The film served to popularize the culture of bodybuilding, somewhat niche at the time, helped inspire the fitness craze of the 1980s. S; the film was released on CED and VHS, re-released on DVD in 2003 for the 25th anniversary of the theatrical debut. The film inspired three sequels: George Butler's Pumping Iron II: The Women, a documentary about the world of female bodybuilding. In 1975, bodybuilders are preparing for the upcoming Mr. Universe amateur competition and Mr. Olympia professional competition in Pretoria, South Africa; the first part of the film documents the life of a hopeful for the title of Mr. Universe. Katz was bullied in his youth for being Jewish and wearing glasses, which spurred him to become a pro football player, his psychological balance is thrown off by a prank by fellow contender Ken Waller, who steals Katz's lucky shirt before the competition. Waller wins Mr. Katz comes in fourth. Fighting back tears, Katz cheerfully appraises the situation before calling home to check on his wife and children.
He congratulates Waller. The film switches focus to the rivalry between Arnold Schwarzenegger and Lou Ferrigno, professional bodybuilders competing for the title of Mr. Olympia. Schwarzenegger, at this point a ten-year veteran of bodybuilding, has won Mr. Olympia for five consecutive years and intends to retire after a final competition. Ferrigno, who at a height of 6 ft 5 in and 275 lb is the largest bodybuilder to date, is determined to be the man to dethrone Schwarzenegger; the film contrasts each man's personality, home environment, training style: Schwarzenegger is extroverted and works out with other bodybuilders at Gold's Gym and Muscle Beach, whereas the quiet, reserved Ferrigno—who went deaf after a childhood ear infection—trains with his father in a dimly lit, basement gym. While Ferrigno surrounds himself with his family, Schwarzenegger is accompanied wherever he goes by other bodybuilders and beautiful women. In between interviews and workout demonstrations with Ferrigno and Schwarzenegger, the latter explains the basic concepts behind bodybuilding.
Although he emphasizes the importance of physique in bodybuilding, Schwarzenegger stresses the psychological aspects of competition, crediting meticulously crafted strategies of psychological warfare against his opponents for his numerous victories. The film looks at Schwarzenegger's training partner, Franco Columbu, a favorite to win the under-200 lb division at Mr. Olympia. A former boxer from the tiny village of Ollolai, Columbu returns home to celebrate a traditional dinner with his family, who still adhere to old world values and are skeptical of the overt aggression of boxing and bodybuilding. Columbu impresses his family with a display of strength by lifting the back end of a car and moving it down a street. In South Africa, Schwarzenegger wages his psychological warfare on Ferrigno, befriending Ferrigno and subtly insulting him over breakfast with Ferrigno's family. Schwarzenegger attends the judging for the under-200 lb class to scope out who his competition will be for the overall Mr. Olympia title, jokingly disparaging Columbu.
The appearance of Ed Corney stuns Schwarzenegger, who praises another bodybuilder for the only time in the film admiring Corney's physique and posing prowess. Columbu places first and he moves on to compete against the winner of the over-200 lb category. Schwarzenegger and Serge Nubret prepare to go onstage and compete for the over-200 lb category. In the locker room, Schwarzenegger engages in some last-minute intimidation of Ferrigno, visibly shaken onstage and subsequently ends up placing third behind Nubret and Schwarzenegger, declared the winner. Schwarzenegger and Columbu engage in a posedown for the title of Mr. Olympia. Schwarzenegger uses his stage presence and intimidating looks to unnerve Columbu, is declared Mr. Olympia. In a post-victory speech, he announces his official retirement from professional bodybuilding. At an after-party for the competitors, Schwarzenegger celebrates his victory by smoking marijuana and eating fried chicken. With the competition over, he wishes Ferrigno happy birthday and leads t
The hexagonal architecture, or ports and adapters architecture, is an architectural pattern used in software design. It aims at creating loosely coupled application components that can be connected to their software environment by means of ports and adapters; this makes components exchangeable at any facilitates test automation. The hexagonal architecture was invented by Alistair Cockburn in an attempt to avoid known structural pitfalls in object-oriented software design, such as undesired dependencies between layers and contamination of user interface code with business logic, published in 2005; the term "hexagonal" comes from the graphical conventions that shows the application component like a hexagonal cell. The purpose was not to suggest that there would be six borders/ports, but to leave enough space to represent the different interfaces needed between the component and the external world; the hexagonal architecture divides a system into several loosely-coupled interchangeable components, such as the application core, the database, the user interface, test scripts and interfaces with other systems.
This approach is an alternative to the traditional layered architecture. Each component is connected to the others through a number of exposed "ports". Communication through these ports follow a given protocol depending on their purpose. Ports and protocols define an abstract API; the granularity of the ports and their number is not constrained: a single port could in some case be sufficient. Adapters are the glue with the outside world, they tailor the exchanges between the external world and the ports that represent the requirements of the inside of the application component. There can be several adapters for one port, for example if data can be provided by a user through a GUI or a command-line interface, by an automated data source, or by test scripts. According to Martin Fowler, the hexagonal architecture has the benefit of using similarities between presentation layer and data source layer to create symmetric components made of a core surrounded by interfaces, but with the drawback of hiding the inherent asymmetry between a service provider and a service consumer that would better be represented as layers.
According to some authors, the hexagonal architecture is at the origin of the microservices architecture. The onion architecture proposed by Jeffrey Palermo in 2008 is similar to the hexagonal architecture: it externalizes the infrastructure with proper interfaces to ensure loose coupling between the application and the database, it decomposes further the application core into several concentric rings using inversion of control. The clean architecture proposed by Robert C. Martin in 2012 combines the principles of the hexagonal architecture, the onion architecture and several other variants, it isolates adapters and interfaces in the outer rings of the architecture and leaves the inner rings for use cases and entities. The clean architecture uses the principle of dependency inversion with the strict rule that dependencies shall only exist between an outer ring to an inner ring and never the contrary. Architecture patterns Layer Composite structure diagram Object oriented Analysis and design
Alexander Keith Johnston was a Scottish explorer and geographer. He was the son of published geographer Alexander Keith Mary Grey. From 1873 to 1875 he was geographer to a commission for the survey of Paraguay, he led a Royal Geographical Society expedition to Lake Tanganyika. After only six weeks of the expedition Johnston died from malaria and dysentry in the village of Beho Beho in what is now the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania, he was accompanied by fellow Scot Joseph Thomson who completed the expedition. Several expeditions were conducted by * Mike Shand to find the grave of Keith Johnston at Behobeho between 2001 and 2004; the grave searches have been documented in a chapter of the book *Wild Heart of Africa - The Selous Game Reserve in Tanzania, edited by Rolf Baldus and published by Rowland Ward in 2009. He is memorialised on his father's grave in Grange Cemetery in Edinburgh. James McCarthy, Journey into Africa: The Life and Death of Keith Johnston, Scottish Cartographer and Explorer ISBN 1-904445-01-2 Wild Heart of Africa - The Selous Game Reserve in Tanzania, edited by Rolf Baldus To the Central African Lakes and Back by Joseph Thomson Search for the Grave of Keith Johnston Keith Johnston
Dox Thrash was an African-American artist, famed as a skilled draftsman and painter of African American life and as the co-inventor of the Carborundum printmaking process. The artist spent much of his career working in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dox Thrash was born on March 1893 in Griffin, Georgia, he was the second of four children in his family. Thrash left home at the age of fifteen in search of work up north, he was part of the Great Migration looking for industrial work in the North. The first job that Thrash got was working with a Vaudeville act. In 1911, at the age of 18, moved to Chicago, Illinois, he got a job as an elevator operator during the day, used this source of income to attend school. In 1914 he attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. In 1917, the United States declared war on Germany and entered World War I. In September 1917, at the age of twenty-four, Thrash enlisted in the army, he was placed in the 365th Infantry Regiment, 183rd Brigade, 92nd Division known as the Buffalo Soldiers.
During combat, Thrash was not permanently injured. After having served in the war, Thrash qualified as a war veteran and enrolled in the Art Institute of Chicago with the support of federal funding. After finishing his education, he traveled intermittently from Georgia to Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, working odd jobs - experiences that provided him with subject matter to paint. Settling in Philadelphia by 1925, he took a job working as a janitor. In his free time, he continued his art career and used his talent to create emblems, like for the North Philadelphia Businessmen's Association, posters in exhibitions and festivals, including the 2nd Annual National Negro Music Festival and the Tra Club of Philadelphia; this opened doors for new artistic endeavors. By 1929, Thrash found himself attending nightly classes within these clubs, namely with Earl Horter of the Graphic Sketch Club, now known as the Samuel S. Fleisher Art Memorial. In 1937 Thrash joined the government-sponsored Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project.
Through the WPA, Thrash began working at the Fine Print Workshop of Philadelphia. Thrash was the first African-American artist hired to work at the Fine Print Workshop. At the Fine Print Workshop of Philadelphia, along with Michael J. Gallagher and Hubert Mesibov, began experimenting and co-inventing the process of carborundum mezzotint, a printmaking technique. Carborundum printmaking uses a carbon-based abrasive to burnish copper plates creating an image that can produce a print in tones ranging from pale gray to deep black; the method is similar to the more difficult and complicated mezzotint process developed in the 17th century. He created his greatest works with it. One of his first pieces employing this nascent technique was his anonymous self-portrait entitled Mr. X. With this new technique, the three gained increasing notoriety as they published more and more graphics within newspapers and featured more and more pieces within exhibitions, their works featured subtle commentaries about social and economic exploitation regarding the contemporary politics - of the Great Depression and the Second World War.
By 1940, Thrash and Mesibov all began to gain attention in local circles for their carborundum prints, although the role that each artist played in the development of the process was left unclear. Thrash spent the years of his life mentoring young African American artists, he died on April 1965 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 2001 he was posthumously honored 40 years with a major retrospective, titled Dox Thrash: An African-American Master Printmaker Rediscovered, at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Alain LeRoy Locke was an intellectual and author who espoused that African Americans artists, to capture the personality and essence of their people in The New Negro, he explained “The Negro physiognomy must be freshly and objectively conceived on its own patterns if it is to be and interpreted. Art must discover and reveal the beauty which prejudice and caricature have overlaid.” What Locke is expressing here is not only the call for black artists to overcome racial prejudices via positive artistic representations of blacks, but that the actual African American individual like Thrash portrayed the lives of fellow blacks, had the power to propagate this idea of the New Negro, as Locke explains, “There is the possibility that the sensitive artistic mind of the American Negro, stimulated by a cultural pride and interest, will receive…a profound and galvanizing influence.”In his shadowy carborundum mezzotint Cabin Days, Thrash depicts a southern black family on the porch of their shack-like home in a rural landscape.
The man and child, clutched tenderly to the female figure's breast, create an intimate scene highlighted by the bright cleanliness of the laundry hanging behind them. Placed in front of the drying laundry, they are framed by one aspect of the hard work accomplished during the day. Close to one another, staring collectively outward at the Southern landscape and their laudable priorities of cleanliness and family, are made the bright focal point in the poor, unstable atmosphere; such inner warmth is incompatible with the family's crooked and disheveled surroundings, their fuzzy appearance with a lack of facial detail makes the scene into a general archetype for rural southern blacks living conditions and qualities. Thrash was referencing an experience common to thousands of black families in rural occupations at the turn of the
They Kiss Again is a 2007 Taiwanese television series starring Joe Cheng, Ariel Lin, Jiro Wang and Danson Tang. It is the sequel to It Started with a Kiss, based on the Japanese manga series Itazura na Kiss written by Kaoru Tada, it was directed by Chu Yu-ning. It started filming 26 March 2007 and wrapped 19 January 2008, it was first broadcast in Taiwan on free-to-air China Television from 16 December 2007 to 27 April 2008, every Sunday at 22:00 to 23:30 and cable TV Gala Television Variety Show/CH 28 on 22 December 2007 to 3 May 2008, every Saturday at 21:30 to 23:00. It is the third live-action television adaptation following the Japanese adaptation titled Itazura na Kiss, its prequel It Started with a Kiss in 2005 and followed by a South Korean adaptation Playful Kiss in 2010 broadcast on MBC, it Started with a Kiss ended with odd couple Zhi Shu and Xiang Qin getting married in characteristically comical fashion, the sequel picks up the story with their honeymoon and married life. Xiang Qin is as ham-fisted as creating many funny situations as she learns the ropes of being a wife and tries hard to become a good nurse and work alongside her genius husband.
Aspiring doctor Zhi Shu meets some obstacles at school when he encounters both academic and romantic rivals who are determined to over-rule him. As Zhi Shu and Xiang Qin struggle with their professional ambitions, they struggle with their personal relationship. Many times, Zhi Shu's coldness and harshness drives Xiang Qin to tears and she tries to run away. Zhi Shu learns to understand and deal with his jealousy when Xiang Qin's nursing fellow student Yang Qi Tai becomes too close, he tries to push Xiang Qin to higher ambition and independence. Zhi Shu soon learns to love Xiang Qin and forgive her bumbling ways, Xiang Qin tries harder to become a better wife and nurse to her husband. Zhi Shu and Xiang Qin are not the only ones having problems with their relationship. Xiang Qin's childhood friend Ah Jin deals with the unwelcome affections of Christine, an English exchange student who latches onto him against his will. Xiang Qin's friend, Chun Mei, gets pregnant by her boyfriend, Ah Bu, but his wealthy, highbrow mother is desperate to keep them apart.
Zhi Shu's younger brother Yu Shu deals with his own first love and their story remarkably resembles that of Zhi Shu and Xiang Qin. Ariel Lin as Jiang Xian Qin - Kotoko Aihara in the manga and Jiang Zhi Shu's wife Joe Cheng as Jiang Zhi Shu - Naoki Irie in the manga and Yuan Xiang Qin's husband Jiro Wang as Jin Yuan Feng - Kinnosuke Ikezawa in the manga and Yuan Xiang Qin's friend Chang Yung Cheng as Jiang Wan Li - Zhi Shu's father Cyndi Chaw as Jiang Zhao Zi - Zhi Shu's mother Tang Tsung Sheng as Yuan Cai - Xiang Qin's father Zhang Bo Han as Jiang Yu Shu - Zhi Shu's brother Petty Yang as Lin Chun Mei - Xiang Qin's best friend Candice Liu as Liu Ya Nong - Xiang Qin's best friend Ann Hsu as Pei Zi Yu - Zhi Shu's friend Jason Wang as Wang Hao Qian - Zhi Shu's college friend Aaron Yan as Ah Bu - Chun Mei's boyfriend They Kiss Again Original Soundtrack was released on December 28, 2007 by various artists under Avex Taiwan, it contains eleven songs. The opening theme song is "Xing Fu He Zhuo She" or "Happiness Cooperative" by Mavis Fan, while the ending theme song is by Ariel Lin entitled "Ni" or "You".
The Philippines broadcast the series on ABS-CBN starting July 29, 2008. It was awarded by the 2009 USTv Student's Choice Award for "Best Foreign Soap Opera"; the names were changed to English as follows: In Thailand, it aired on Channel 3 on Saturday to Sunday at 01:00 a.m and 0:30 a.m. from February 20, 2011. and re-run on 3 Family on Saturday to Sunday at 3:45 p.m. beginning September 5, 2015. Itazura na Kiss: The original manga version of the novel It Started with a Kiss: prequel of the Taiwanese television drama adaptation Playful Kiss: Korean TV drama adaptation Mischievous Kiss: Love in Tokyo: Japanese series adaptation of the manga 2013 remake CTV They Kiss Again official homepage GTV They Kiss Again official homepage
Weston is a village in Wood County, United States. The population was 1,590 at the 2010 census. Weston is located just 10 miles west of Ohio, a university town. Weston was called Taylortown, under the latter name was platted in 1853 by Thomas Taylor, named for him. Another early variant name was New Westfield; the present name is from Weston Township. A post office called New Westfield was established in 1856, the name was changed to Weston in 1863; the village was incorporated in 1873. Weston is located at 41°20′45″N 83°47′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.13 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,590 people, 609 households, 424 families living in the village; the population density was 1,407.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 700 housing units at an average density of 619.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 91.6% White, 0.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 4.8% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.8% of the population. There were 609 households of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.4% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age in the village was 35.8 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,659 people, 638 households, 454 families living in the village; the population density was 1,476.2 people per square mile. There were 662 housing units at an average density of 589.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 93.31% White, 0.18% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 3.74% from other races, 2.53% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.10% of the population The Weston Public Library serves the communities in southwestern Wood County from its administrative offices in Weston and a branch in Grand Rapids. In 2006, the library provided 186 programs to its 3,399 cardholders. Total holdings in 2006 were over 35,000 volumes with over 130 periodical subscriptions. Village website