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Purple People Eaters

Purple People Eaters were the defensive line of the Minnesota Vikings from the late 1960s to the late 1970s. The term is a reference to a popular song from 1958, the efficiency of the defense, the color of their uniforms; the motto of the Purple People Eaters was "Meet at the quarterback." Defensive tackle Alan Page, 9 Pro Bowl selections, NFL MVP, Pro Football Hall of Fame Defensive end Carl Eller, 6 Pro Bowl selections, Hall of Fame Defensive end Jim Marshall, 2 Pro Bowl selections Defensive tackle Gary Larsen, 2 Pro Bowl selections Larsen was replaced in 1974 by Doug Sutherland. Marshall said that the players disliked the name "Purple People Eaters" and called themselves "The Purple Gang", but "we've got to ride with it because it's our handle"; the group was a major factor in the post-season success of the Vikings from the late 1960s through the 1970s. The Purple People Eaters were one of the most identifiable front fours in National Football League history, with the "Fearsome Foursome" of the Los Angeles Rams during the 1960s and early 1970s, the "Steel Curtain" of the Pittsburgh Steelers during the 1970s, the "New York Sack Exchange" of the New York Jets during the 1980s.

Eller and Page were inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Many fans, players and sportswriters argue that Jim Marshall should be in the Hall of Fame as well; when the Minnesota Vikings first came into the NFL in 1961, they picked up Jim Marshall from the Cleveland Browns during a number of early September trades that moved six Cleveland players to the Vikings for two 1962 draft picks. In 1964, Carl Eller was drafted in the first round. In the next season, they acquired Gary Larsen from the Los Angeles Rams. In 1967, the Vikings drafted Alan Page in the first round. From 1968, the Purple People Eaters were a key part of a Vikings team that won 10 division titles in 11 years, leading to five NFC Championships and four Super Bowl appearances. In 1968, Marshall and Page all made the Pro Bowl as the defense collected 44 sacks, ranked 6th in the league in points allowed and played a big role in the Vikings winning their first division title. In week 2 against the Green Bay Packers, Marshall sacked Packers Quarterback Bart Starr in his own end zone for a safety, giving the Vikings a 16–0 lead.

The Vikings won the game 26–13. In 1969, Eller and Larsen all made the Pro Bowl as the defense sacked the opposing quarterback 49 times and ranked number 1 in both points allowed and yards allowed. On Thanksgiving against the Detroit Lions and Page combined for one of the most remarkable plays in NFL history. Page tipped a pass which fell into the hands of Marshall, who started running towards the end zone; as Marshall was being tackled, he lateraled the ball to Page who had an easy path to the end zone. The Vikings won the game 27–0. In the Western Conference championship game, the Vikings hosted the Los Angeles Rams. Early in the game, Eller intercepted Rams quarterback Roman Gabriel and ran 46 yards into the end zone, but the touchdown was called back on a controversial offside penalty on Page. Marshall claimed in an interview that "Alan was not offsides, he was just quick." Late in the fourth quarter, the Vikings defense needed to protect a one-point lead. Eller extended the lead by sacking Gabriel in the end zone for a safety.

The Rams got the ball back with still some time left to win, but Page made up for his earlier penalty by intercepting Gabriel to put the game out of reach as the Vikings won 23–20. The win allowed the Vikings to advance to their first NFL Championship against the Cleveland Browns; the Vikings dominated the game defeating the Browns 27–7. The Vikings lost to the Kansas City Chiefs in a 23 -- 7 upset; the Vikings opened up the 1970 season in a Super Bowl IV rematch against the Chiefs. The Vikings set the tone early in the second quarter when Marshall recovered a fumble and lateraled the ball to Roy Winston, who went on to score a touchdown and give the Vikings a 10–0 lead; the Vikings defense dominated the game, limiting the Chiefs to 63 yards rushing and forcing four turnovers en route to a 27–10 victory. In a week 4 game against the Chicago Bears, all four down linemen hit Bears quarterback Jack Concannon, forcing a fumble, recovered by Page who returned it 65 yards for a touchdown; the Vikings won the game 24–0.

Late in the first half in a week 6 game against the Los Angeles Rams, The Vikings defense had their backs against the wall when the Rams had the ball at the Vikings 2-yard line after a 50-yard punt return by Kermit Alexander. However, the Vikings defense executed a key goal line stand by limiting the Rams to 1 yard on three straight running plays; the Vikings went on to win the game 13–3. The Vikings defense recorded 49 sacks in 1970 and once again gave up the fewest points and the fewest yards. Meanwhile, Page and Larsen all made the Pro Bowl. Page led the league with seven fumble recoveries for 77 yards and a touchdown. Page picked off Dallas Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach and returned it 27 yards in week 5. Marshall hit Staubach as he threw it and the Vikings went on to win the game 54–13. In 1971, The Vikings defense ranked second in fewest yards allowed and for the third year in a row, first in fewest points allowed; that year, Eller was voted NEA NFL Defensive Player to his fourth straight Pro Bowl.

Meanwhile, Page became the first defensive player to be voted NFL MVP, the only defensive lineman to earn the honor. Page's MVP season was highlighted by his Week 13 performance against the Detroit Lions. In the second quarter, after being called for a personal foul and for roughing the passer on consecutive plays, Page sacked QB Greg Landry on first d


Engden is a community in the district of the County of Bentheim in Lower Saxony. Engden lies between Schüttorf, it belongs to the Joint Community of Schüttorf. Engden was and is dominated by a Catholic church milieu, as such, markedly few Engdeners opted for the NSDAP in Nazi times; the honorary mayor Gerhard Theißing was elected on 9 September 2001. The Katholische Kirche Abt St. Antonius was built in 1899 as a neo-Romanesque brick structure; the Dobbe warehouse may have been built about 1800 and is said to be northwest Germany’s oldest maintained rural grain distillery building, as such it is an important industrial monument. The Bügeleisen-Haus, or Clothes Iron House, came to be because the farmers would only relinquish to the house builder a narrow, tapered lot whose odd layout has resulted in the house's having no right angles at all. Building work began on the house "about 1900". Autobahnen A 31 and A 30 lie 6 km from the community and are reached. Children from Engden go to school or kindergarten in another district.

Herbert Wagner: Militär in der Region. Dokumentation über den Artillerieschieß- und Bombenabwurfplatz Engdener Wüste/Nordhorn-Range. Selbstverlag, Bad Bentheim 1989, ISBN 3-88683-010-1 Herbert Wagner: Die Gestapo war nicht allein Politische Sozialkontrolle und Staatsterror im deutsch-niederländischen Grenzgebiet 1929-1945. LIT, Münster 2004, ISBN 3-8258-7448-6 Joint community’s webpage

Gene Barth

Gene Barth was an American football official in the National Football League, who wore uniform number 14, worn by Ron Winter, now worn by Shawn Smith. He is most notable for being the referee in Super Bowl XVIII, played January 22, 1984. In addition to officiating in the NFL, Barth was the president of an oil company. Barth was born February 1930 in St. Louis, Missouri, and died October 11, 1991 in St. Charles, Missouri, he graduated from Saint Louis University. He was president of Bonafide Oil Company, located in Hazzelwood, Missouri at 5735 Fee Fee Road, a family owned business, he participated in the St. Louis Senior Olympics, in 1989 and 1990. Barth began his career in the NFL as a line judge in 1971 became a referee five years and lasted until after the 1990 season, he was selected to officiate Super Bowl XVIII as well as being chosen as an alternate for Super Bowl XXIII


Deep Space Expedition Alpha, is the name given to the mission proposed in 2005 to take the first space tourists to fly around the Moon. The mission is organized by Space Adventures Ltd. a commercial spaceflight company. The plans involve a modified Soyuz capsule docking with a booster rocket in Earth orbit which sends the spacecraft on a free return circumlunar trajectory that circles around the Moon once. While the price was announced in August 2005 to cost US$100 million per seat, Space Adventures founder Eric Anderson announced in January 2011 that one of the two available seats had been sold for $150 million; the use of the Soyuz spacecraft makes sense in many ways. In the late 1960s a stripped down Soyuz variant, under the name Zond, made several attempts at circumlunar flight, with eventual success; the DSE proposal is to launch the Soyuz with one crew member and two passengers aboard. Two different flight profiles were proposed by Space Adventures; the direct-staged profile, lasting about 8–9 days, would involve docking to the booster stage intended to propel the craft and direct departure for the Moon.

A proposed timeline for such a flight plan is as follows: Day 1: Launch of Soyuz spacecraft into low Earth orbit Day 2: Launch of Block DM upper stage on rocket booster Day 3: Rendezvous and docking of Soyuz with booster, trans-lunar injection burn after checkout of systems Days 4-5: Coast to the Moon on circumlunar trajectory Day 6: Closest approach as the Soyuz loops around the far side of the Moon Days 7-8: Coast back to Earth Day 9: Atmospheric reentry and landingThe other profile, lasting about 9–21 days, would incorporate a several day visit to the International Space Station into the flight plan before rendezvousing with the booster stage and departing for the Moon. The Soyuz spacecraft used for the mission would be modified from the orbital Soyuz, with a thicker and more durable heat shield and a Yamal satellite communications system; the Block DM booster would use an automatic docking system for the rendezvous with the Soyuz in low Earth orbit. On June 28, 2007 reported that two individuals had displayed interest in purchasing seats with contract negotiations expected to be concluded by the end of the year.

In January 2011, Space Adventures founder Eric Anderson announced that one of the two seats on the flight had been sold at a price of US$150 million, negotiations for the second seat were under way. In 2011, Space Adventures projected the first mission could occur by 2015. By 2014 this had slipped to 2018, the company's website subsequently changed to indicate they expected their first mission to launch before the end of the decade changed again to remove any suggested timeline. Mark Wade, author of the Encyclopedia Astronautica, has argued that the Zenit rocket is not powerful enough for this mission and that the larger Proton rocket will in fact be needed; these same calculations have shown that a fueled and outfitted Block DM would be beyond the capabilities of the Zenit rocket, the DM would have to fire for a short time in order to stabilize its orbit. Space tourism Space Adventures List of current and future lunar missions Encyclopedia Astronautica: DSE-Alpha

Anand Krishnamoorthi

Anand Krishnamoorthi is an Indian film sound designer, sound editor and production sound mixer. Krishnamoorthi first appeared in Mani Ratnam's film Anjali and made appearances in several other films, notably May Madham, Sathi Leelavathi, Aasai and several Tamil TV Serials till 1995. Anand obtained a Bachelor of Science in Visual Communication from the Loyola College, Chennai and a master's in Electronic Media from the Anna University, Chennai, he obtained an M. A. in Film and Television Production from the University of Bristol in 2005. Krishnamoorthi assisted Tamil Film Director Balu Mahendra from 2001-2002. After his M. A. Krishnamoorthi worked as a Sound Trainee with the British Broadcasting Corporation from 2005-2006. Krishnamoorthi reentered mainstream Tamil Cinema as a Production Mixer for Marmayogi, shelved after pre production in 2008, he handled Dialogue Editing and Sound for Unnaipol Oruvan in 2009 wherein he made a brief appearance on screen as an IIT dropout turned hacker. Krishnamoorthi was the Supervising Sound Editor on Vishwaroopam, directed by Kamal Haasan, produced in Auro 3D format.

He led the ADR for the popular film Kalyana Samayal Saadham. He co-directed On a Quest, a film produced by the Chinmaya Mission on the life of Chinmayananda Saraswati which received a limited release around the world, he has directed a shortfilm of Suicide Counselling, an eye opener for students with suicidal tendencies. Sound designerUnnaipol Oruvan Manmadhan Ambu Shadows of Silence Vishwaroopam Kalyana Samayal Saadham On a quest O Kadhal Kanmani Kuttrame Thandanai Kaatru Veliyidai ActorAnjali Thalapathi Thalaivasal May Madham Sathi Leelavathi Aasai Unnaipol Oruvan Anand Krishnamoorthi on IMDb Anand Krishnamoorthi on Twitter

Trial trenching

Trial trenching is a rapid and inexpensive method of archaeological evaluation used to estimate the archaeological potential of a site. Trenches are located at intervals across a site leaving the rest untouched. A mechanical excavator is used to dig down to archaeological features or natural geological deposits and any archaeology is recorded. No further excavation takes place at this stage; the results of the trial trenching are used to inform any future stage of work which may extend to full excavation of the rest of the site if the evaluation reveals significant finds. There is some argument over the sampling strategy to be employed in trial trenching in evaluating sites that are intended for development. Issues such as the effectiveness of certain trench layouts or the percentage of the site to be dug are discussed. Whether an effective picture of past human activity on a site can be estimated through this methods is debated. Development can destroy buried archaeology forever and a reliable evaluation methodology is important.

Whilst it is difficult to quantify the number of false negative results there have been examples of evaluations suggesting a limited amount of past activity which has had to be upwardly revised during the excavation. In the UK the results of the trial trenching will be used to inform the decision on the need for any further archaeological work to be undertaken prior to development; this process is enshrined in PPG 16 and English Heritage's Management of Archaeological Projects colloquially known as MAP 2. Archaeological field survey Shovel test pit Watching brief Excavation