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Purple moor grass and rush pastures

Purple moor grass and rush pastures is a type of Biodiversity Action Plan habitat in the UK. It occurs on poorly drained acidic soils of the lowlands and upland fringe, it is found in the South West of England in Devon. The vegetation consists of species-rich, semi-natural grassland containing abundant purple moor grass and one or more of several creeping rushes: sharp-flowered rush, jointed rush and blunt-flowered rush. Only 8% remains of the area thought to have existed in 1900. In the UK estimate the area is thought to be less than 70,000 hectares, their importance is recognised and are included as a priority habitat in the United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan. In Devon and Cornwall it is known as culm grassland, after the Culm Measures on which it is predominantly found. In East Anglia it is known as litter meadow due to the practice of cutting it for bedding. In Wales it is known as rhôs pasture. Common bent, crested dog's-tail, floating sweet grass, marsh foxtail, purple moor grass, red fescue, sweet vernal grass.

The Natural England Higher Level Stewardship Farm Environmental Plan handbook defines the habitat as grassland with at least two of the following species are found with another two being found occasionally. Bog asphodel Bog mosses Bog pimpernel Bugle Common valerian Common meadow-rue Cross-leaved heath Devil's-bit scabious Globeflower Greater burnet Greater bird's foot trefoil Hemp-agrimony Jointed rush Lesser spearwort Lesser water-parsnip Lousewort Fen bedstraw Marsh bedstraw Marsh cinquefoil Marsh hawk's-beard Marsh-marigold Marsh pennywort Marsh valerian Marsh violet Meadow thistle Meadowsweet Orchids Ragged robin Rough hawkbit Saw-wort Sneezewort Tormentil Water avens Water mint Whorled Caraway Wild angelica Small blue-green sedges: glaucous sedge, common sedge, carnation sedge etc. Yellow flag Marsh fritillary butterfly, uses scattered carr in September/October. Brown hairstreak Narrow-bordered bee hawkmoth - fly during April/May, during the day. Eurasian curlew - lays eggs in April/May in open ground on a mound or tussock, incubates them through to June, young may not be ready to fly until late July or into August.

Common snipe Barn owl Marbled white on the wing in June/July. Reed bunting uses scattered carr in September/October; the main British National Vegetation Classification communities associated with purple moor grass and rush pastures include M23, M25, M26 and British NVC community MG10. Drainage Cultivation Fertiliser application Overgrazing Frequent burning Undergrazing - leading to succession to scrub and woodland. Can become dominated by soft rush Afforestation Natural England Guidance advocates an average grass height of 7 and 8 centimetres for rush during April and May, increasing to 10 and 13 centimetres in June to October, a quarter of the sward no more than 15 centimetres for grass and 40 centimetres for rushes - a diverse sward of shorter areas interspersed by taller tussocks. Areas of dense litter are beneficial to over-wintering insects and small mammals, but should be less than 25% of the total area in October. In the UK there are a number of initiatives to help prevent deterioration and to restore these sites.

These include designation as Site of Special Scientific Interest, national nature reserves, voluntary entry into the Environmental Stewardship Scheme by landowners, or work by voluntary conservation organisations such as the Devon Wildlife Trust. The largest area of Culm grassland in Devon is Hare's Down, Knowstone & Rackenford Moors near Rackenford and is owned by Devon Wildlife Trust, their management regime includes controlled burning in winter and light grazing by cattle in the summer. The aim is to control the amounts of bracken without removing them completely. Magic mapping system showing purple moor grass and rush pasture locations in the UK

Government College of Art & Crafts Assam

Government College Of Arts and Crafts Assam or "GCAC" is one of the oldest art colleges in North-East India. It offers Bachelor Of Fine Arts to students of North-East India; the School of Art was started in a single room in the Don Bosco School at Paanbazar in 1947 by late Jibeswar Baruah. Jibeswar Baruah was the head of the school till 1964. In 1948 the school of art started to receive a recurring grant of Rs. 50.00 per month from the State Government. After few bad patches it moved to a rented house in Panbazar, it was a time when art was a taboo for the high or middle-class families to be taken it seriously. The grant was subsequently increased to Rs. 150.00. In 1959 it was further increased to Rs. 300.00 per month when it shared a portion of a two-storeyed building at Lakhtokia with the State Lalit Kala Akademi. Late Jibeswar Barua was the Secretary of state Lalit Kala Academi; the art classes were continued at the two rooms of the first floor which had three rooms, one room being used as an office.

During that period, one major break in the story rather history of the School came when Prof Humayun Kabir, the late Honourable Minister of Education and Scientific Research, Govt. of India inaugurated an exhibition arranged at the second floor of the District Library. The exhibits were collected from living artist and art students at the time and included works from the teachers and students of the school, it was indeed a tremendous success to far as the enthusiasm it created among the visitors which neared about three thousand was concerned, but not so with the Press where the event could hardly find a single mention. The exhibition was organized at the instance of the late Shri B. P. Chaliha, the Honourable Chief Minister, Assam. Another impeccable event was when Shri K. P. Padmanabhan Thampy, the art critic from Thiruvananthapuram, was inaugurated an exhibition of works of contemporary artists, it was in 1961 the year of Rabindra Nath Tagore Centenary Celebration that the exhibition was organized.

The first annual exhibition of the school students was arranged during the Saraswati Puja in 1961. From on, it was a regular feature every year, with few exceptions when circumstances were not in favour Important people, art connoisseurs, art lovers, men in high office, journalist, intellectuals were invited to inaugurate the exhibition and to grace the functions as honored guests. Satyajit Ray, the celebrated film maker visited the Tagore exhibition. Late Dr. Birinchi Kumar Baruah, Justice S. K. Dutta, Dr. m. Neog, late Joy Bhadra Hagjer, the Education Minister, veteran journalist Shri S. C. Kakati, Prof. Nva Kanta Baruah, honorable Ministers and others inaugurated the exhibitions year after year. A sad part of the story was on 31 January 1964; the school was still not its full grown state. The School of Art was without a foothold. 300.00- and few belongings. After Jibeswar Baruah's sad demise, the Lalit Kala Akademi and the School of Art were separated, it was a divided house and the owner of the building declined to rent the house further.

So, with a past, not so palatable and the future or present uncertain, the School of Art was headed by Sobha Brahma, moved to Santipur and established itself in a small rented building newly constructed. A new chapter in the history of the institution was commenced. In the meantime, artists trained in the Govt. College of Art. Calcutta began to pour in. There was no place to absorb them, for art was never taken seriously; some of them served the School for some time at certain periods. But, each of them was compelled to quit for obvious reasons, it was the hardest of times art was never taken for the Press though friendly by the time, could help little. For them art could always wait, others are not, it was the first phase of the history in its second phase in Sanitipur the school had its opportunity. It was the latter part of the sixties a benevolent Chief Minister, an benevolent Education Minister, legislators known for their service to art throughout their lives, late Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Late Lakshyadhar Chowdhury, Late Dr Bhupen Hazarika few lady social workers.

They all made possible the Provincialisation of the Institution on first September, 1970. The present Govt. School of Art & Craft thus came into being. In 1971-72, the control of the Govt. School of Art & Craft Assam was transferred to the newly created Directorate of Cultural Affairs from the Directorate of Public Instructions. In 1979 twenty bighas of land was allocated to the School of Art, under auspicious endeavors of Sri Jyoti Prasad Rajkhowa, when he was the D. C. Kamrup. Two Assam-type houses constructed at the time are being used as a student hostel and for sculptures including that of the principal; the Gauhati University has lent affiliation to the Institution for starting Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree Course from the academic session of 1988-89 onward. In 2005 September, the entire college, running from a depreciated rented house at Santipur Hillside since 1968 moved to its newly constructed building at Basistha; the new campus and administrative building was conducted in a befitting manner by the honorable Chief Minister of Assam Sri Tarun Gogoi.

This is indeed a Historic event for the Government Coll

Werewolf vs. Comanche

Werewolf vs. Comanche is a video game developed and published by NovaLogic for DOS and Mac OS. Werewolf vs. Comanche is a game in which the player can fly the Comanche RAH-66 or the Werewolf KA-50. Next Generation reviewed the PC version of the game, rating it three stars out of five, stated that "Controls are simple, the action is nonstop, it could use a Super VGA mode, but all in all, this is one tidy package."GameZone rated the game a 3 of 5 saying" All-in-all, this is still a fun game to play. Those who want mega detailed simulations may want to steer clear of Werewolf vs Comanche. However, if you like jump-in seat-of-your pants flying, Werewolf vs Comanche may be for you. I know I will continue to enjoy Werewolf vs Comanche for some time to come. Now... if Novalogic's next release will only update their Voxel technology, we will be set! PC Gamer Computer Gaming World

Robert H. Pruyn

Robert Hewson Pruyn was an American lawyer, militia general and politician from Albany, New York. He was most notable for his service as Speaker of the New York State Assembly, Adjutant General of New York, United States Minister Resident to Japan. Pruyn was born in New York on February 14, 1815, the son of Casparus F. and Ann Pruyn. The Pruyn family of Albany, New York was one of the oldest and most esteemed Dutch families in New York, at the time of Robert's birth there, had resided in Albany for over two centuries. Pruyn graduated from The Albany Academy, received Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees from Rutgers University, he studied law with Abraham Van Vechten, was admitted to the bar, practiced in Albany. Pruyn was a member of the city council. Active in the state militia, he was named Judge Advocate General in 1841, serving until 1846, again in 1851. A political ally and close friend to William Henry Seward, he was a Whig member of the New York State Assembly in 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852 and 1854.

On January 30, 1850, after Speaker Noble S. Elderkin left the Assembly to stay at home with his wife, terminally ill, Pruyn was elected Speaker pro tempore, he was again Speaker in 1854. Pruyn was an experienced militia officer, including service as the state judge advocate general. In 1855, Governor Myron Clark appointed him Adjutant General of the New York National Guard, replacing John Watts de Peyster, he achieved the rank of Brigadier General of the militia, was succeeded as adjutant general by Frederick Townsend. At the personal request of Seward, Secretary of State, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Minister to Japan in 1861, he served in that capacity until 1865, when he returned to New York. Japan–United States relations had only been established with the visits by Commodore Perry in 1852 to 1854. Pruyn's crowning achievement was the successful negotiation following the Shimonoseki bombardment, he was considered successful in his dealings with the shōgun. He signed an agreement to allow shipwrecked Japanese sailors to be repatriated.

He was awarded an LL. D. served on the board of trustees. He went on to become President of the National Commercial Bank and Trust of Albany, was one of the founders of Albany Law School. In 1866, he was the unsuccessful Conservative Union candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New York along with gubernatorial candidate, John T. Hoffman, the mayor of New York City. In the Summer of 1869, he was illegally arrested with other Albany and Susquehanna Railroad executive members during Jay Gould and Jim Fisk's attempt to buy the railroad. In 1841, Pruyn married a member of another prominent Albany family, her father, Gerrit Yates Lansing, was a U. S. Representative who served as the Chancellor of the University of the State of New York. Together and Jane were the parents of four children, including: Edward Pruyn Robert Clarence Pruyn, a prominent banker and leader of the American toy industry. Helen Lansing Pruyn Charles Lansing Pruyn He died in 1882 in Albany, his remains are interred at Albany Rural Cemetery, Section 30, Lot 14.

Allaben, Frank. John Watts de Peyster. Frank Allaben Genealogical Company: New York, 1908. ISBN 1-4021-4454-7 Findling, John. Dictionary of American Diplomatic History. Greenwood Press: Westport, 1989. ISBN 0-313-26024-9 Hutchins, S. C. Civil List and Forms of Government of the Colony State of New York. Weed, Parsons & Co.: Albany, 1870. Johnson and Brown, John Howard; the twentieth-century biographical dictionary of notable Americans. The Biographical Society: Boston. 1904. Shavit, David; the United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary. Greenwood Press: Westport. 1990. ISBN 0-313-26788-X Seward, Frederick W. Autobiography of William H. Seward, from 1801 to 1834. D. Appleton: New York. 1877. Stern, Philip Van Doren; when the Guns Roared: World Aspects of the American Civil War. Doubleday: New York, 1965. Treat, Payson Jackson; the Early Diplomatic Relations Between the United States and Japan, 1853-1865. The Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, 1917. ISBN 0-548-59476-7 American Council of Learned Societies. "Dictionary of American Biography".

Charles Scribner's Sons: New York. 1959. Lee, Edwin B. "Robert H. Pruyn in Japan, 1862–1865". New York History 66 pp. 123–39. Robert H. Pruyn Papers, Albany Institute of History and Art, Albany, N. Y. "Friends of Pruyn House web site " Political Graveyard, Robert Hewson. Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States. Pruyn House, Diane Morgan Curator 207 Old Niskayuna Road P. O. Box 212 Newtonville, NY 12128. Robert H. Pruyn at Find a Grave

Jovan Jovanović Zmaj

Jovan "Jova" Jovanović known as Јован Јовановић Змај or Змај, was a Serbian poet. Jovanović worked as a physician, his nursery rhymes have entered the Serbian national consciousness and people sing them to their children without knowing who wrote them. Jovanović translated the works of some of the great poets, such as Russians Lermontov and Pushkin, Germans Goethe and Heine, the American Longfellow. Jovanović's nickname Zmaj or Змај derives from the 3 May 1848 assembly. Zmaj was born in Novi Sad, part of Batsch-Bodrog County, on 24 November 1833, his family was old and noble, had roots in modern-day North Macedonia. The Jovanovićs lived in Vojvodina as of the 18th century. Zmaj's father Pavle served as the mayor of Novi Sad after the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and his three brothers were soldiers, government officials and Serbian patriots. In his early childhood he showed a desire to learn by heart the Serbian national songs that were recited to him; as a child he began to compose poems. He finished elementary school in the town, attended secondary school in Halas and Preßburg studying law in Ofenpesth and Vienna.

This was his father's wish but his own inclinations prompted him to take up the study of medicine. Zmaj returned to his native city, where he accepted prominent official position. A year his poetic instincts caused hm to leave his job to devote himself to literary work. In 1870, Zmaj returned to Novi Sad to work as a doctor, motivated by the tuberculosis from which his wife and children were suffering, his literary career began in 1849 and in 1852 his first poem was printed in a journal called Srbski Letopis. From that period until 1870, besides his original poems, he made many translations of works by Sándor Petőfi and János Arany to Serbian from Hungarian, from Russian the works of Lermontov, as well as some German and Austrian poets. In 1861 he edited the comic journal Komarac, with Đorđe Rajković; that same year he contributed many poems to these journals. In 1861, Zmaj married. In 1862 to his regret, he discontinued his journal Javor, he was politically engaged and sympathized with the ideas of the United Serbian Youth, a movement that attracted a number of influential figures in Serbian public life in the 1860s and 1870s.

In 1863, Zmaj was elected director of the Tekelianum at Budapest. He became a doctor of medicine. Zmaj wrote a lot of articles on hygiene and diet, several scientific works, he devoted himself to the education of Serbian youth. During his stay in Budapest he founded the literary society Preodnica. In 1864 he started the satirical journal "Zmaj", so popular its name became a part of his own. In 1866, his comic play "Šaran" was given with great success. In 1870, he began working as a physician, he was an active advocate of cremation. Matica Srpska, the Serbian Medical Society and Serbian Literary Guild made Zmaj a full member; the death of his wife in 1872 was followed by that of the couple's only child who outlived her mother, out of his five children. He was sad and wrote lots of sad poems. In 1873 he started the Žiža. During 1877 he began an illustrated chronicle of the Russo-Turkish War, in 1878 began his popular comic journal Starmali. During this period he wrote poems and prose, including short novels.

Zmaj died on 1 June 1904 in Serbia. His remains, after lying in state, were followed to the ceremony in Sremska Kamenica by a vast cortège, including the royal princes and all the officers of the state. Zmaj wrote lyrical songs under the collective titles Đulići and Đulići Uveoci, his most-creative work, he wrote six large volumes of his Pevanija, several smaller collections including satires and children's songs. His work were published in the United States by Robert Underwood Johnson, editor and publisher of New York City's Century Magazine and a good friend of Nikola Tesla. Tesla himself translated some poems by Zmaj. In the following we have the poet's definition of poetry: Zmaj is best known for his poetry for children and was one of the first authors of comic strips in Serbia; the Zmaj Children Games, one of the biggest festivals for children in Serbia, are named after Jovan Jovanović Zmaj. The town of Sremska Kamenica bore the name Zmajeva Kamenica in his honour, he is included in lists of The 100 most prominent Serbs.

During his lifetime, Zmaj had acquired the title of the "people’s poet", an expression of esteem befitting the title of Poet laureate. August Šenoa wrote of his poetry. Literary historian Jovan Deretić considered Zmaj to be one of the central figures of Serbian Romanticism and Serbian literature of the second half of the 19th century. Deretić praised his poems and satirical works. Children's poetry written by Zmaj is still popular in the wider Balkans region. Vidosava Branković, 1860 Šaran, 1864 Nesrećna Kafina This article incorporates text from the Zmai I

Macey Harlam

Macey Harlam was a stage and screen actor from New York. He was on Broadway from 1901-1918 before switching to silent films. In films he appeared with Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Elsie Ferguson, Geraldine Farrar and Lionel Barrymore, he died at Saranac Lake, New York in 1923. The Eternal City Betty of Greystone The Witch The Habit of Happiness The Perils of Divorce Manhattan Madness Nanette of the Wilds The Romantic Journey Barbary Sheep Flame of the Desert The Woman and the Puppet The Right to Love The Plaything of Broadway The Conquest of Canaan Always the Woman When Knighthood Was in Flower The Face in the Fog The Tents of Allah Bella Donna Macey Harlam at Macey Harlam at portraits