Thomas Ridout was a political figure in Upper Canada. He was born in Sherborne, England in 1754 and came to Maryland in 1774. In 1787, he was travelling to Kentucky, he settled with his family at Newark. Ridout started work in 1793 as clerk for the Surveyor-General of Upper Canada and as interim Surveyor-General with William Chewett 1804 to 1805, it was in that position. He had been named registrar for York County in 1796 and justice of the peace in the Home District in 1806 and Chairman of the Home District Council from 1811 to 1829. In 1812, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada representing East York and Simcoe, he served on the board set up to deal with claims for compensation for losses sustained during the War of 1812. In 1825, he was named to the Legislative Council. In 1827, he was appointed to the first board of King's College, he died in York in 1829. His sons, Samuel Smith Ridout, George Ridout, John Ridout and Thomas Gibbs Ridout, were prominent members of Upper Canada society.
His granddaughter, Matilda Ridout Edgar, was a historian and feminist. In 1890 she published Ten years of Upper Canada in peace and war, 1805–1815, an edited collection of letters between Ridout and his sons George and Thomas Gibbs; this is a valuable source of information about life in Toronto and about the battles of the War of 1812. Citations Sources Jack Dwyer: Dorset Pioneers: The History Press: 2009: ISBN 978-0-7524-5346-0 Thomas Ridout family fonds, Archives of Ontario
Theodore Calvin Arnott is a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on September 6, 1990, representing the Riding of Wellington, he is a member of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario and represents the Riding of Wellington—Halton Hills in the Ontario Legislature. Arnott has served as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario during the 42nd Parliament of Ontario. Arnott is one of the longest-serving MPPs in the Ontario Legislature. Ted Arnott was born in 1963 in Ontario, he grew up in Ontario where his family was in the engineering construction business. While attending school, he had a newspaper delivery route at the age of 9, worked part time as a retail store clerk, a construction labourer, a factory worker, he played minor hockey and tennis. In 1979, he received recognition from the Order of St. John of Jerusalem for rendering "assistance, instrumental in saving the life of a drowning man" at the Rockwood Conservation Area on August 20, 1978, receiving the honour from the Commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police, Harold H. Graham.
After graduating from Arthur District High School, he attended Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree, with a major in Political Science, receiving a Diploma in Business Administration. From 1987-1990, he was Executive Assistant to Jack Johnson, MPP for the Riding of Wellington and Chair of the Ontario Progressive Conservative Caucus. Married in 1990, he and his wife Lisa live in Fergus and are the parents of three sons. Arnott first ran in the 1990 provincial election as the Progressive Conservative candidate in the Riding of Wellington at the age of 27. At the time of his election, Arnott was the youngest MPP in the Ontario Progressive Conservative Caucus. Between 1990-1995, he served as PC Critic to the Minister of Transportation, as Critic to the Minister of Culture and Recreation, as Vice-Chair of the Standing Committee on Estimates. In the 1995 provincial election, Arnott was re-elected in Wellington, receiving 67% of the votes cast, as part of a majority Progressive Conservative Government led by Mike Harris.
While supporting the overall objectives of the Common Sense Revolution, the party's electoral platform, during the campaign he refused to sign the Taxpayers' Protection Pledge being circulated by the Ontario Taxpayers' Federation. Despite pressure from his party, he explained at the time that he was not willing to make promises that he could not be certain of keeping, he was the only PC candidate out of 130 candidates not to sign the pledge. During the 1995-1999 term of office, he served as Chair of the Standing Committee on the Legislative Assembly, as Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Economic Development and Trade, with responsibilities for supporting small business. Re-elected in the provincial election of 1999 in the newly created Riding of Waterloo—Wellington, he served as Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Economic Development and to the Minister of the Environment and the Deputy Premier and Minister of Education; when Ernie Eves was elected Premier in 2002, Arnott asked not to be considered for a Cabinet position, saying the absences from home required of a Cabinet Minister would not allow him to spend sufficient time with his young family.
In the 2003 provincial election as Dalton McGuinty's Liberals were given a majority, Arnott was re-elected in Waterloo-Wellington by a margin of 5,206 votes. This was despite a poll published by the Kitchener-Waterloo Record the week before the election predicting his defeat and claiming he was 18 percentage points behind his Liberal challenger. Returning again to the role of Opposition, Arnott was appointed by the Legislature as First Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House, a Presiding Officer role assisting the Speaker of the House. However, he continued to focus foremost on the needs of his Riding. In the 2007 provincial election, despite the re-election of a majority Liberal Government, Arnott was re-elected to the Legislature in the new Riding of Wellington—Halton Hills, becoming a GTA MPP for the first time, he was again appointed First Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House, serving in this role until 2009. After Tim Hudak's election as PC Leader, Arnott became Vice-Chair of the Standing Committee on Public Accounts.
His knowledge of House procedure was recognized with his appointment as Deputy House Leader of the Official Opposition. After being re-elected yet again in Wellington-Halton Hills in the 2011 provincial election, Arnott was again serving in Opposition, he was again appointed as First Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House. The McGuinty Liberals had been returned with a minority Government, they were unable to pass a budget without the support or abstention of the New Democratic Party Caucus, which caused great uncertainty and speculation as to when the Government might fall. In 2013, Dalton McGuinty resigned as Premier, was succeeded by Kathleen Wynne. After New Democratic Party Leader Andrea Horwath announced her party would vote against the 2014 Liberal Budget, Kathleen Wynne called a provincial election for June 12, 2014. Though the PC Party ran a poor campaign province-wide, Arnott was re-elected in Wellington-Halton Hills by a comfortable margin. Once again, he was appointed First Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House.
He was named PC Critic to the Minister of Economic Development and Infrastructure, served as PC Critic to the Minister of Labour. In February 2017, he was named PC Critic to the Minister of the Climate Change. Over the years, he has intr
Perthshire the County of Perth, is a historic county and registration county in central Scotland. It extends from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, Aberfoyle in the south, it was a local government county from 1890 to 1930. Perthshire is known as the "big county", owed to its roundness and status as the 4th largest historic county in Scotland, it has a wide variety of landscapes, from the rich agricultural straths in the east, to the high mountains of the southern Highlands. Perthshire was an administrative county between 1975, governed by a county council. From 1930 onwards, a joint local government council was formed with the small neighbouring county of Kinross-shire, linking the two. In 1975, the administrative county was superseded by the Local Government Act 1973 and split between the Central and Tayside Regions: West Perthshire was included in the Stirling District of the Central Region; the parish of Muckhart and Glendevon was made part of Clackmannan District Council in the Central Region.
Longforgan was included in the Tayside Region. The remainder of Perthshire was combined with Kinross-shire and the Angus parish of Kettins to form the Perth and Kinross District Council in Tayside; the two-tier system introduced in 1975 was superseded by a system of unitary authorities in 1996. The districts of Tayside and Central Scotland all became unitary authorities, with Longforgan being transferred from Dundee to Perth and Kinross; the majority of historic Perthshire lies in Kinross. The exceptions are the southwestern part, now in the Stirling council area and a few parishes that are now in Clackmannanshire. Perth and Kinross contains some areas that were not in Perthshire, such as Kinross-shire; the lieutenancy areas in the same area are coterminous with the council areas. Perthshire still exists as a registration county. Prior to the 1890s Perthshire's boundaries were irregular: the parishes of Culross and Tulliallan formed an exclave some miles away from the rest of the county, on the boundaries of Clackmannanshire and Fife.
Following the recommendations of the council boundary commission appointed under the Local Government Act 1889, Culross and Tulliallan were transferred to Fife, the entire parish of Logie was included in Stirlingshire. The coat of arms of the County of Perth appears to have been granted for use on the colours and standards of the volunteer and militia units of the county raised at the end of the eighteenth century; the Earl of Kinnoull, a native of Perthshire, commanding officer of the Perthshire Gentlemen and Yeomanry Cavalry, was Lord Lyon King of Arms at the time, he presented the arms to the county in 1800. The grant document was discovered in the Lyon Office in 1890, forwarded to the newly formed Perth County Council; the shield is similar to the Scottish royal arms, reflecting that Perthshire was the home county of the House of Dunkeld and contains the former royal capital, Scone. Further royal references are made on the canton, which shows Scone Palace surmounted by the Crown of Scotland.
The crest is a Highland soldier. The supporters are the former from the arms of the city of Perth. By the 1890s the county contained the following burghs, which were outside the county council's jurisdiction: The Local Government Act 1929 divided burghs into two classes from 1930: large burghs, which were to gain extra powers from the county council, small burghs which lost many of their responsibilities. Of the twelve burghs in Perthshire, only Perth was made a large burgh. There were ten small burghs: Rattray being united into a single burgh. In 1947 Pitlochry was created a small burgh. In 1894 parish councils were established for the civil parishes, replacing the previous parochial boards; the parish councils were in turn replaced by district councils in 1930. Following the boundary changes caused by the Local Government Act 1889, the county contained the following civil parishes: Perthshire includes the City of Perth and the following other towns and villages: Other towns and villages Some others listed in alphabetical order in the Land Register Counties: In 1930 the landward area of the Local Government councils was divided into five districts, replacing the parish councils established in 1894: Central District Eastern District Highland District Perth District Western District Following the Act of Union, Perthshire returned members to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1708.
The Royal Burgh of Perth formed part of the Perth burghs constituency along with burghs in Fife and Forfarshire. The Representation of the People Act 1832 made Perth a separate burgh constituency; the remainder of the county returned a single member as the parliamentary county of Perthshire. The parishes of Tulliallan, Culross and the Perthshire portions of the parishes of Logie and Fossaway were annexed to constituency of Clackmannanshire and Kinross in 1832. In 1885 seats in the House of Commons were redistributed: Perthshire received three seats. Perth remained a burgh constituency. Perthshire Eastern Perthshire Western In 1918 there was a further redistribution. Perthshire was combined with Kinross-shire to form a parliamentary county, divided into two constituencies: Perth const
Conservative Party of Canada
The Conservative Party of Canada, colloquially known as the Tories, is a right-of-centre federal political party in Canada. It was formed in 2003 from the merger of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and the Canadian Alliance, it traces its history to the original Conservative Party of Canada, formed after Confederation in 1867 and changed its name to Progressive Conservative Party in 1942. In Canadian politics, the party sits to the right of the Liberal Party of Canada. Like their federal Liberal rivals, the party is defined as a "big tent", welcoming a broad variety of members; the party's leader is Andrew Scheer. From Confederation till 1942, the Conservative Party of Canada participated in numerous governments. Before 1942, the predecessors to the Conservatives had multiple names, but by 1942, the main right-wing Canadian force became known as the Progressive Conservatives. In 1957, John Diefenbaker became the first Prime Minister from the Progressive Conservative Party, remained in office until 1963.
Another Progressive Conservative government was elected after the results of the 1979 federal election, with Joe Clark becoming Prime Minister. Clark served from 1979 to 1980, when he was defeated by the Liberal Party after the 1980 federal election. In 1984, the Progressive Conservatives won with Brian Mulroney becoming Prime Minister. Mulroney was Prime Minister from 1984 to 1993, his government was marked by free trade agreements and economic liberalization; the party suffered a near complete loss after the 1993 federal election, thanks to a splintering of the right-wing. A similar result occurred in 1997, in 2000, when the Reform Party became the Canadian Alliance. In 2003, the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservatives merged, forming the Conservative Party of Canada; the unified Conservative Party favours lower taxes, small government, more decentralization of federal government powers to the provinces modeled after the Meech Lake Accord and a tougher stand on "law and order" issues.
The party won two minority governments after the 2006 federal election, a majority government in the 2011 federal election before being defeated in the 2015 federal election by a majority Liberal government. John Lynch-Staunton served as interim leader of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada from 8 December 2003 until 20 March 2004, when the party elected Stephen Harper as its first leader. Andrew Scheer was elected leader on 27 May 2017; the Deputy Leader is appointed by the Leader. The National Council is the party's national governing body, elected by the Conservative Party membership at its bi-annual meetings. A National Councillor is elected for a two-year term and cannot serve for more than three consecutive terms. Composition of the National Council is based on the following criteria: four members from a province with more than 100 seats in the House of Commons three members from a province with 52–100 seats two from any province with 26–50 seats one member from each province with 4–25 seats one member from each territory the Party leader The Chair of the Conservative Fund Canada the Executive Director.
At present, the National Council has four members from Ontario. The party president is elected by National Council following their election. Since 2016, the President of the Conservative Party has been Scott Lamb, a councillor representing British Columbia; the party President is the conduit between the National Council. Don Plett interim until 2005 John Walsh Scott Lamb The Executive Director answers to the party President, is responsible for the day-to-day management and operations of the party. From February 2009 to December 2013, the Executive Director was Dan Hilton. Dimitri Soudas was named the new Executive Director in December 2013. On 30 March 2014, Soudas was told to resign or be fired from the position after interfering with the nomination contest taking place in his fiancée's riding. In July 2014, Dustin Van Vugt was brought in as the Deputy Executive Director – a position created for him; some media agencies, such as the CBC, suggested that this was a way for Thompson to begin handing over the work for the top job to Van Vugt, until his promotion to Executive Director could be formally ratified by the party's National Council.
In October 2014, Van Vugt's position was unanimously ratified by the party's National Council, Thompson became the Chief Operations Officer. The Director of Political Operations reports to the Executive Director, is one of the most important positions within the party; the person filling this role has direct access to the party leader, due to their responsibilities for organizing the party's work on the ground and in preparing for the next election. With Stephen Harper as Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader, the Director of Political Operations has moved from party positions to the Prime Minister's and other Minister's Offices, back to the party's headquarters, depending on the identified needs. Doug Finley was the Director of Political Operations until 2009, when Finley was appointed to the Senate and Jenni Byrne Finley's Deputy, became the Director. In August 2013, Byrne left the job to become the co-Deputy Chief of Staff in the Prime Minister's O
The Neutral Confederacy or Neutral Nation or Neutral people were an Iroquoian-speaking North American indigenous people who lived near the northern shores of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, on the west side of the Niagara River, west of the Tabacco Nation. They were related to the Iroquois Confederation to their southeast, the Huron peoples living around Lake Ontario, the Erie people of the south shore of Lake Erie, the Tabacco people situated east of Lake Erie, the Susquehannocks of Central Pennsylvania. Like the others of Iroquoian culture, the tribes would raid and feud with fellow Iroquoian tribes when they weren't gaming and engaging in friendly competitions, they were wary of rival Algonquian peoples, such as those that inhabited Canada to the East, along the Saint Lawrence valley drainage catchment. Iroquoian tribes were known to historians for the fierce ways in which they waged war; some tribes were inclined to competitive games. A agrarian society, Neutral farmsteads were admired and marveled over by European leaders writing reports home.
The Neutrals were engaged in hunting, traded with others using animal skins. The largest group referred to themselves as Chonnonton — due to their practice of herding deer into pens, a strategy used while hunting. Another group, the Onguiaahra, populated the more southern Niagara Peninsula, account for the origin of the word, "Niagara." The Chonnonton territory contained large deposits of flint, a valuable resource for sharp tools, fire-starting and firearms, which, as a primary resource, allowed them to trade with oft-warring Huron and Iroquois tribes. Since they were not at war with the Huron or Iroquois in 1600, Jesuits traveling in the area of what is now Hamilton, the lower Grand Valley and Niagara, called them the Neutrals. However, the confederacy did have feuds with the Algonkian people who were believed to live in what is now Michigan. In 1616, the Neutral Nation was estimated to have 4,000 warriors. In 1641, after a serious epidemic, the Jesuits counted 40 Neutral villages with about 12,000 people.
During the late 16th and early 17th centuries, the territory of the Attawandaron, as they were called by the Huron Nation, was within the limits of present-day southern Ontario. The Museum of Ontario Archaeology summarizes that territory as follows: they "inhabited dozens of villages in Southwestern Ontario stretching along the north shore of Lake Erie from the Niagara Peninsula to the Detroit River as far north as Toronto in the east and Goderich in the west". In addition to the main territory above, there was a single population cluster to the east, across the Niagara River near modern-day Buffalo, New York; the western boundary of this territory was the valley of the Grand River, with population concentrations existing on the Niagara Peninsula and in the vicinity of the present-day communities of Hamilton and Milton, Ontario. Souharissen was the warrior chief who lived in a village called Ounontisatan, visited by the French in 1625-1626 who reached a trade agreement with the Neutral people who received protection from Souharissen.
This "principal headman" defeated the "Fire" Nation in the present state of Michigan. The Recollect priest Joseph Roche Daillon resided with him for five months in the winter of 1626–27. In his sojourn, Daillon visited 28 Neutral villages, including the capital which came to be called Notre Dame de Angels; the fertile flats of the various oxbows that Big Creek, three miles from its mouth at Grand River make, are ideal for a long term settlement pattern. Noble uses the term "Neutralia" to designate this concentration of Iroquoian-speaking natives. F. Douglas Reville's The History of the County of Brant stated that the hunting grounds of the Attawandaron ranged from Genesee Falls and Sarnia, south of a line drawn from Toronto to Goderich.Étienne Brûlé passed through the Attawandaron territory in 1615, but left no documentation of his presence. Joseph de La Roche Daillon conducted a missionary journey in Neutral territory in 1626. St. Jean de Brébeuf and Chaumonot visited eighteen villages of the Neutrals in 1640–1641, gave each a Christian name.
The only ones mentioned in their writings were Kandoucho, or All Saints, the nearest to the Huron Nation. F. Douglas Reville described their territory as having been forested and full of "wild fruit trees of vast variety", with nut trees, berry bushes, wild grape vines. "Elk and black bear. The Neutrals were called Attawandaron by the Huron, meaning "people whose speech is awry," or "a little different"; the Iroquois called them Rhagenratka. They spoke Iroquoian languages but were culturally distinct from the Iroquois and competed with them for the same resources; the French called the people "Neutral" because they tried to remain neutral between the on-again-off-again warring between the confederacy of the Huron tribes and nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Neutral territory contained flint grounds near the eastern end of Lake Erie; this important resource was used to make spearheads and arrowheads, its importance gave the Neutral power to maintain their neutrality. Once the neighboring countries began receiving firearms through trade with the Europeans, the possession of the flint grounds served much l
Puslinch is a small but ancient rural locality to the south of Yealmpton village in the South Hams district of the county of Devon, England. The name Puslich or Posylynch means "the hill where the peaase grows", its most famous landmark is Puslinch House, a Georgian mansion owned for generations by the Yonge family. Previous to that the estate was owned by the Poslylinch and Upton families and from 1718 the Yonges who had the current house built following the marriage of John Yonge and Mary Upton; the earlier medieval house still exists in the grounds as a country cottage. All these families were connected by marriage; the style is said to be that of Christopher Wren. However he certainly was not the architect if indeed there was an architect at all. Most it was "designed" by a local craftsman who may have worked under Wren; the following is extracted from Polewhele's History of Devonshire, British Library 942.3/5, first published between 1793 and 1806. "Old Puslinch was inhabited by the family of Uptons or Uppetons, as sometimes spelt for several centuries, till at the beginning of this century it fell into the joint possession of two daughters and Mary, the latter of whom in this century married James Yonge, surgeon of Plymouth by which means and purchase of the other sisters moiety, he became possessed of the whole, it has since continued in his family.
The above mentioned James Yonge on his marriage to Mary Upton built the house, now called Puslinch. It is a large well built brick house, on, expended 9000 to 10,000 pounds, it has been completed between 70 years. He purchased the manor of Puslinch and the perpetuity of the rectory of Newton off the Duke of Leeds. Puslinch House stands on the northern border of the Parish, overlooking the river about a 100 yards to the eastward of the old house, on a rising ground, seem about midway from the east and west extreme of the parish. A little detached from the old house stood a chapel of considerable size, as a private chapel: It had been time immemorial been used as an out house for the farm, it is indifferently built, was much injured by a large tree falling across it, that it has been removed. In all probability a field in the midst of the Puslinch estate and another in that of Collaton containing about 20 acres, was appropriated to the maintenance of the service, one being called Parsons Headon and one being called Parsons Park."
Other scenic features include a farm, a chapel, a bridge over the River Yealm, notable for the extent of shelter that its steep sides and natural topography offer. Field edge looking towards house River Yealm near Puslinch Yealm Valley from Puslinch Puslinch Bridge
John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton
Field Marshal John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton, was a British Army officer and Colonial Governor. After taking part as a junior officer in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, Sir Ralph Abercromby's expedition to Egypt and the War of the Third Coalition, he served as military secretary to Sir John Moore at the Battle of Corunna, he commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 66th Regiment of Foot and the 52nd Regiment of Foot at many of the battles of the Peninsular War. At the Battle of Waterloo, Colborne on his own initiative brought the 52nd Regiment of Foot forward, took up a flanking position in relation to the French Imperial Guard and after firing repeated volleys into their flank, charged at the Guard so driving them back in disorder, he went on to become commander-in-chief of all the armed forces in British North America leading the offensive at the Battle of Saint-Eustache in Lower Canada and defeating the rebel force in December 1837. After that he was high commissioner of the Ionian Islands and Commander-in-Chief, Ireland.
Born in Lyndhurst, the only son of Samuel Colborne from Lymington and Cordelia Anne Colborne, Colborne was educated at Christ's Hospital in London and at Winchester College. He was commissioned as an ensign in the 20th Regiment of Foot on 10 July 1794 securing all subsequent steps in his regimental promotion without purchase. Promoted to lieutenant on 4 September 1795 and to captain lieutenant on 11 August 1799, he saw action at the Battle of Alkmaar in October 1799, where he was wounded, during the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland. Promoted to brevet captain on 12 January 1800, he took part in Sir Ralph Abercromby's expedition to Egypt in August 1801 and was wounded again. Colborne was deployed with his regiment to Italy where he distinguished himself at the Battle of Maida in July 1806 during the War of the Third Coalition, he became military secretary to General Henry Fox in 1806 and became military secretary to Sir John Moore with the rank of major on 21 January 1808. In this capacity he accompanied Moore to Sweden in May 1808 and to Portugal in 1808 and served with him at the Battle of Benavente in December 1808 and Battle of Corunna in January 1809.
It was Moore's dying request that Colborne should be given a lieutenant colonelcy and this was complied with on 2 February 1809. He transferred to the 66th Regiment of Foot on 2 November 1809, after returning to Spain with Sir Arthur Wellesley's Army, he witnessed the defeat of the Spaniards at the Battle of Ocaña that month, he commanded a brigade at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810 and commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 66th Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Albuera in May 1811 where his brigade was annihilated by the Polish 1st Vistulan Lancers Regiment of the French Army. After transferring to the command of the 52nd Regiment of Foot he took part in the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 where he was badly injured and had to be invalided back to England. After recovering in England, Colborne returned to Spain and commanded the 52nd Regiment of Foot at the Siege of San Sebastián in August 1813 before taking temporary charge of the 2nd brigade of the Light Division in late 1813 and commanding it at the Battle of the Bidassoa in October 1813, at the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813 and at the Battle of the Nive in December 1813.
He returned to the 52nd Regiment of Foot and commanded it at the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 and at the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814 and at the Battle of Bayonne in April 1814. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 4 January 1815. Colborne became aide-de-camp to the Prince Regent with the rank of colonel on 4 June 1814, following Napoleon's escape from Elba, he managed to dissuade the Prince from attacking the French Army until the Duke of Wellington arrived. At the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815 during the Hundred Days, Colborne led the 52nd Regiment of Foot. At the critical moment of the battle, when the French Imperial Guard attacked Welligton's weakened centre, Colborne made a decisive intervention. On his own initiative, Colborne brought the 52nd Regiment of Foot forward, took up a flanking position in relation to the Imperial Guard and after firing repeated volleys into their flank, charged at the Guard so driving them back in disorder; as soon as General Sir Frederick Adam saw what Colborne was doing, he sent in extra troops to support him.
Colborne drove forward towards La Haye Sainte, while Wellington rode back to main line to order the general advance. He was appointed a Knight of the Austrian Military Order of Maria Theresa on 2 August 1815. After the War he remained with his regiment as part of the Army of Occupation. Colborne became Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey in July 1821 and was promoted to major-general on 27 May 1825. In August 1828 Colborne was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada; as Lieutenant Governor, Colborne increased the population of the province by 70% by initiating an organised system of immigration to bring in settlers from Britain. He aided settlement by expanding the communication and transportation infrastructure through a campaign to build roads and bridges, he brought changes to the structure of the legislative council, increased fiscal autonomy and encouraged greater independence in the judiciary. In 1829 he founded Upper Canada College as a school based on the Elizabeth College, Guernsey model to educate boys in preparation for becoming leaders of the colonies.
During Colborne's period of office as commander-in-chief, the Family Compact promoted resistance to the political principle of responsible government. At the end of its lifespan, the Compact would be condemned by Lord Durham as "a petty corrupt insolent Tory clique". In both Uppe