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Puyallup, Washington

Puyallup is a city in Pierce County, about 10 miles southeast of Tacoma and 35 miles south of Seattle. The population was 37,022 at the 2010 Census and the Washington State Office of Financial Management estimated the 2018 population at 41,886. Named after the Puyallup Tribe of Native Americans, Puyallup means "the generous people", it is home to the Washington State Fair, the state's main fair. In 1833, The Puyallup Valley was a maze of old forest growth, it was subjected to massive log jams from the meandering river. The first white settlers were part of the first wagon train to cross the Cascades at Naches Pass in 1853. Native Americans numbered about 2,000 in what is now the Puyallup Valley in the 1840s; the first European settlers arrived in the 1850s. In 1877, Ezra Meeker platted a townsite and named it Puyallup after the local Puyallup Indian tribes, 11 years after departing from Indiana; the town grew throughout the 1880s, in large part thanks to Meeker's hop farm, which brought in millions of dollars to Puyallup, leading to it being incorporated in 1890, with Ezra Meeker as its first mayor.

The turn of the 20th century brought change to the valley with the growth of nearby Tacoma and the interurban rail lines. The Western Washington Fairgrounds were developed giving local farmers a place to exhibit their crops and livestock. During the early part of World War II, the fairgrounds were part of Camp Harmony, a temporary Japanese American internment camp for more than 7,000 detainees, most of whom were American citizens. Subsequently, they were moved to the Minidoka relocation center near Idaho. Puyallup is located at 47°10′33″N 122°17′37″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.04 square miles, of which 13.93 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water consisting of the Puyallup River estuary. Puyallup is 12.2 mi². As it is bordered by unincorporated Pierce County, the closest neighbors include the city of Sumner to the northeast and Edgewood to the north, Tacoma to the northwest and Midland to the west, South Hill and Frederickson to the south, McMillin and Orting to the southeast, Alderton to the east.

Downtown and the valley neighborhoods of Puyallup would be damaged or destroyed in a moderate or large eruption of nearby Mount Rainier. Puyallup experiences an Oceanic climate. Winters are wet. High temperatures average in the mid with lows near freezing; the surrounding hills experience the extremes of winter, with lows below freezing more and higher snowfall amounts. Snowfall is rare, only occurs on a few days a year, sometimes as early as November, as late as April. Spring brings less rain, more mild temperatures, with highs in the mid 50s, to around 60. Spring records the first 70 °F mark. Summers are dry, with highs in the 70s most days. Many days can max out in the 80s, sometimes the 90s. 100 F readings happen rarely. Summer thunderstorms happen but are isolated and severe. Storms roll off the Cascades, into the surrounding areas; these storms are a result of warm moist air from monsoons in the southwestern United States. Summer is warmest in July and August, September. By October and the fall season, temperatures begin to tumble and rain begins to pick up.

As of the census of 2010, there were 37,022 people, 14,950 households, 9,528 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,657.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 16,171 housing units at an average density of 1,160.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84.4% White, 2.1% African American, 1.4% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, 5.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population. There were 14,950 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.3% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18.

The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 33,011 people, 12,870 households, 8,519 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,719.2 people per square mile. There were 13,467 housing units at an average density of 1,109.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.88% White, 1.50% African American, 1.01% Native American, 3.27% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 1.94% from other races, 4.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.67% of the population. There were 12,870 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families. 26.9% of

Battle of Paye

The Battle of Paye known as the Battle of San Mateo, was a battle during the Philippine–American War between the United States and the Philippines. It was fought on December 19, 1899, near San Mateo in what was Manila province between the forces of General Henry Ware Lawton, General Licerio Gerónimo's Morong Command battalion and the Tiradores de la Muerte. Lawton was killed in the battle, making him the highest-ranking American commander to die in the Philippine conflict. On December 18, Lawton and his men were en route to San Mateo along the Marikina River in a punitive expedition against Brig. Gen. Pio del Pilar's 1,000 force, which threatened the Marikina waterworks and the Manila wagon road to the north. Lawton's force included Col. James R. Lockett's squadron of the 11th Volunteer Cavalry and Lt. Col. H. H. Sargent's 29th Battalion. A monsoon muddied the trail. On December 19, the 11th captured Montalban, while Sargent's squadron made for San Mateo, approaching the Filipinos in rain and mist.

The Filipinos forced Lawton's troops to scramble for cover in the rice fields. Lawton walked up and down the line in a white rain coat and pith helmet, rallying his men after his aide was struck. Lawton died from a bullet to the chest from a Filipino sniper by the name of Bonifacio Mariano. Sargent drove the defenders from San Mateo; the death of General Lawton proved to be a terrible blow to his soldiers' morale and the U. S. public. Lawton's body was taken to Manila's Paco Park before his final burial at Arlington National Cemetery. Before his death, Lawton had written about the Filipinos in a formal correspondence, "Taking into account the disadvantages they have to fight against in terms of arms and military discipline, without artillery, short of ammunition, powder inferior, shells reloaded until they are defective, they are the bravest men I have seen..."

Fisher's Ghost (film)

Fisher's Ghost is a 1924 Australian silent film directed by Raymond Longford based on the legend of Fisher's Ghost. It is considered a lost film; the film is set in 1820s New South Wales. Two transported convicts,George Worrall and Frederick Fisher, are released and take up farms at Campbelltown, they become friends. Worrall says he will manage Fisher's farm. A few months Worrall goes to an estate agent with a letter from Fisher saying that he has decided to stay in England and has instructed Worrall to sell his farm. In 1826, a settler called Farley sees an apparition who purports to be Fisher sitting on a three rail fence; this apparition claims he was murdered by Worrall and indicates where Fisher's body lays. Worrall is arrested at his wedding to a girl, he is tried and sentenced to death. He confesses to the crime. Robert Purdie as George Worrall Fred Twitcham as Frederick Fisher Lorraine Esmond as Nell Thompson Percy Walshe William Ryan Ted Ayr as Jim Mead, the love interest William Coulter Charles Keegan Ruby Dellew Ada St. Claire Charlotte Beaumont Ike Beck Raymond Longford and Lottie Lyell, in association with Charles Perry, formed a new company together: Longford-Lyell Productions.

Fisher's Ghost marks the production company's first film. It was shot on location in Campbelltown under Death of Frederick Fisher. Longford sought the advice of Campbelltown residents and explored the records on the subject from the local Mitchell Library; the film was completed by August 1924. Fisher's Ghost, The Bushwhackers, Peter Vernon's Silence were the only three films produced by Longford-Lyell Productions as the company had entered liquidation in June 1924 before the film's release. Although Lottie Lyell and Raymond Longford created many films together, Fisher's Ghost and The Bushwhackers are the only films for which Lyell received credit as scriptwriter and assistant director before her death from tuberculosis in 1925. Reviews were strong; the film is attributed to being one of the earliest and influential Australian horror films, paving the way for the resurgence of the genre in the 1970s after the Australian government began funding their movie industry. Union Theaters rejected the film be released in their Sydney theaters because their managing director, Stuart F. Doyle, claimed the film was "too gruesome" for the public.

The film yielded ₤ 1,300 in its first week of screenings. The head of the actor's federation claimed. In 1934 Longford registered a script for a remake of the film; however it was never made. In 2010, Tony Buckley, a producer who helped find and restore the 1971 Australian film Wake in Fright, called for a Film Search program to locate the lost negatives of Fisher's Ghost as well as other historic Australian films. Fisher's Ghost on IMDb Fishers Ghost script at National Archives of Australia Fisher's Ghost at National Film and Sound Archive Fisher's Ghost at AustLit Fisher's Ghost:: Old Crime Recalled, a detailed summary of the film's plot


Pediomelum is a genus of legumes known as Indian breadroots. These are glandular perennial plants with palmately-arranged leaves, they have a main erect stem with inflorescences of blue or purple flowers and produce hairy legume pods containing beanlike seeds. Some species have woody roots while others have starchy tuber-like roots which can be eaten like tuber vegetables such as potatoes or made into flour. Indian breadroots are native to North America. Many species have synonymy with genus Psoralea. Selected species: Pediomelum argophyllum - silverleaf Indian breadroot Pediomelum aromaticum - aromatic Indian breadroot Pediomelum californicum - California Indian breadroot Pediomelum canescens - buckroot Pediomelum castoreum - beaver Indian breadroot Pediomelum cuspidatum - largebract Indian breadroot Pediomelum cyphocalyx - turniproot Pediomelum digitatum - palmleaf Indian breadroot Pediomelum esculentum - large Indian breadroot Pediomelum humile - Rydberg's Indian breadroot Pediomelum hypogaeum - subterranean Indian breadroot Pediomelum latestipulatum - Texas Plains Indian breadroot Pediomelum linearifolium - narrowleaf Indian breadroot Pediomelum megalanthum - intermountain Indian breadroot Pediomelum mephiticum - skunktop Pediomelum pariense - Paria River Indian breadroot Pediomelum pentaphyllum - small Indian breadroot Pediomelum reverchonii - rock Indian breadroot Pediomelum rhombifolium - gulf Indian breadroot Pediomelum subacaule - Nashville breadrootPediomelium tenuiflorum see under old name Psoralidium tenuiflorum Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile

Joseph Ruggles Wilson

Joseph Ruggles Wilson Sr. was a prominent Presbyterian theologian and father of President Woodrow Wilson, Nashville Banner editor Joseph Ruggles Wilson Jr. and Anne E. Wilson Howe. In 1861, as pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Augusta, Georgia, he organized the General Assembly of the newly formed the Presbyterian Church in the United States, known as the Southern Presbyterian Church, served as its clerk for thirty-seven years. Wilson was born in Steubenville, the son of Mary Anne and James Wilson, who were Protestant immigrants from Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, he graduated from Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania in 1844. He taught literature at Jefferson. Wilson married Jessie and was employed as a professor at Hampden-Sydney College, he left the school just before the birth of his son, Thomas Woodrow Wilson, in Virginia. There he became the pastor of Staunton’s Presbyterian Church, which he held from 1855-1857. In late 1857 he moved his family to Augusta, where he continued to practice as a Presbyterian pastor.

Joseph and Jessie Wilson had moved to the South in 1851 and came to identify with it, moving from Virginia deeper into the region as Wilson was called to be a minister in Georgia and South Carolina. Joseph Wilson owned slaves, defended slavery, set up a Sunday school for his slaves. Wilson and his wife identified with the Confederacy during the American Civil War. In 1861 Wilson was one of the founders of the Southern Presbyterian Church in the United States after it split from the northern Presbyterians, he served as the first permanent clerk of the PCUS General Assembly, was Stated Clerk for more than three decades from 1865 to 1898, was Moderator of the PCUS General Assembly in 1879. He became minister of the First Presbyterian Church in Augusta, serving until 1870. Wilson became a professor at Columbia Theological Seminary in Columbia, South Carolina, in 1870, he moved to the pastorate at the First Presbyterian Church, North Carolina in 1874. During his time in Wilmington, he presided over many events, including the payment of the local church's debts, the abolition of pew rents, the inauguration of subscription and weekly contributions.

In 1885 he became a professor of theology at Southwestern Presbyterian University in Clarksville, Tennessee. Thomas Woodrow Wilson and president of Princeton University.

Wimbledon Hockey Club

Wimbledon Hockey Club is a field hockey club based in Wimbledon, England. It was established in 1883 and fields nine men's sides, seven ladies' sides as well as a comprehensive junior section; the men's 1st XI play in the Men's England Hockey League and the ladies 1st XI play in the Women's England Hockey League. The clubs home ground is a water based AstroTurf located at Raynes Park High School, built in conjunction with the school in 2019, its clubhouse is that of the multi-sports club ` The Wimbledon Club' on Wimbledon. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. National Champions 2014–15 Men's League Champions 2015–16 Men's League Champions England/ Great Britain IrelandIan Sloan Iain Lewers Scotland/ Great BritainGordon McIntyre WalesDominic Graham Peter Swainson Great BritainCrista Cullen Suzy Petty Rose Thomas Anna Toman EnglandCrista Cullen Suzy Petty Anna Toman WalesRose Thomas