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Pwllheli

Pwllheli is a community and the main market town of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, north-western Wales. It had a population of 4,076 in 2011 of whom 81 %, are Welsh speaking. Pwllheli is the place, it is the birthplace of the Welsh poet Sir Albert Evans-Jones. Pwllheli has a range of other services; as a local railhead with a market every Wednesday, the town is a gathering point for the population of the whole peninsula. The town's name means salt water basin; the town was given its charter as a borough by Edward, the Black Prince, in 1355, a market is still held each Wednesday in the centre of the town on'Y Maes'. The town grew around the shipbuilding and fishing industries, the granite quarry at Gimlet Rock; the population in 1841 was 2,367. During the 1890s, the town was developed by a Cardiff businessman; this work included the promenade and houses at West End. A tramway was built linking the town to Llanbedrog; the trams ran until 1927 when the section of track between Carreg-y-Defaid and Tyddyn-Caled was damaged by a storm.

Andrews ran the Cardiff Road section in 1928, offered to sell the tramway to Pwllheli Corporation at the end of the season, but they did not take up his offer. He sold the assets, the Corporation removed the tracks during the winter of 1928/29. For many years a holiday camp run by Butlins operated a few miles from Pwllheli at Pen-y-chain. During the Second World War it became a naval camp, HMS Glendower, it operated a hospital for wounded servicemen at Brynberyl on the Pwllheli to Caernarfon road two miles out of town. After the war, Butlins re-established the holiday camp; the camp, now renamed Hafan y Môr, is now run by the Haven group. Pwllheli Town Council consists of fifteen town councillors elected from the South wards. Pwllheli North and Pwllheli South are the county wards covering the town, which each elect one county councillor to Gwynedd Council. Ysgol Cymerau, primary school Ysgol Glan y Môr, secondary school Ysgol Glan y Môr was formed by the merger in 1969 of the former Pwllheli Grammar School at Penrallt and the Frondeg Secondary Modern School in Upper Ala Road, to form a comprehensive school based at two separate sites in the town.

The junior pupils were located at the Penrallt site and the senior pupils at a new complex in Cardiff Road. This new school was subsequently expanded to accommodate all pupils under the Ysgol Glan y Môr name; the Penrallt site was redeveloped as the Pwllheli campus of Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor. The façade of the main building of the old grammar school was retained and incorporated into the design of the current college buildings, thus the'old school' is seen from the town square as it has been since the former Pwllheli County School moved to Penrallt in the early 20th century. Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor Pwllheli railway station is the terminus of the Cambrian Coast Railway running to Machynlleth with services continuing to Shrewsbury and Birmingham; the station is served by Transport for Wales. The rail link to Caernarfon via the Carnarvonshire Railway was axed under the Beeching cuts and closed in December 1964. Pwllheli is connected to the wider road network by the A497 to Porthmadog and the A499 to Caernarfon.

From there, major roads lead away from Gwynedd to the rest of Wales. Bus services in the town are operated by Arriva Buses Wales and Nefyn Coaches and serve most of the town as well as the rest of the wider Llŷn Peninsula area. Clynnog & Trefor run services to Caernarfon where connections can be made to Bangor and the wider North Wales area. Pwllheli bus station is situated in the town centre. Plas Bodegroes a Michelin starred restaurant Two Blue Flag beaches Penarth Fawr a 15th-century house Marina Hafan y Môr, a former Butlins holiday camp now operated by Haven Pwllheli Market Clwb Golff Pwllheli - a par 69 links and parkland golf course Pwllheli Sailing Club - hosts national and international events Neuadd Dwyfor - theatre and cinema located in Penlan StreetPwllheli has a section of the Wales Coast Path along its shoreline. Pwllheli hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1925 and 1955, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1875. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, 80% of the population speak Welsh, with the highest percentage of Welsh speakers in the 10-14 age bracket, 94%.

Pwllheli is home to association football team Pwllheli F. C. rugby running club Llŷn Striders. There is a well-established hockey club, Clwb Hoci Pwllheli, part of the rugby and hockey club, they play in white and green. Pwllheli is a hub for water sports, due in part to a large and modern marina, Pwllheli Sailing Club, Plas Heli - the Welsh National Sailing Academy; the town has South Beach and Glan-y-don. South Beach stretches from Gimlet Rock, across the Promenade and West End, towards Penrhos and Llanbedrog. Glan-y-don Beach is on the eastern side of the river mouth and runs for 3 miles from behind the marina workshops and out towards Penychain; the town has a golf club on the Llŷn coastline. Official Website for Pwllheli www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Pwllheli and surrounding area

Pelike

A pelike is a one-piece ceramic container similar to an amphora. It has two open handles that are vertical on their lateral aspects and at the side with the edge of the belly, a narrow neck, a flanged mouth, a sagging spherical belly. Unlike the often-pointed bottom of many amphorae, the pelike's bottom is always flanged so it will stand on its own. Pelikes are intricately painted depicting a scene involving people; the shape first appeared at the end of the 6th century BCE and continued to the 4th century BCE. The pelike's functions are still a mystery, not much about it is known to this day. Red-Figure Pelike by the Darius Painter Neck-pelike with aulodic contest British Museum: Red-figure pelike, attributed to the Marsyas Painter Shapes of Greek pottery

Juguang, Lienchiang

Juguang Township spelled Chukuang, is a rural township of Lienchiang County, Republic of China. Juguang Township includes Dongju Island and Xiju Island, as well as some islets. Dongju and Xiju Islands were named Dongquan and Xiquan Islands, meaning "Eastern Dog" and "Western Dog" respectively, they have been called the White Dogs or White Dog Islands or Baiken Islands. They were renamed from a quote of a speech by Chiang Kai-shek, "forget not that you're in Ju", it refers to the City of Ju, where the king of Qi prepared a counterattack that retook his country from the State of Yan. This is an analogy of Matsu and Taiwan as bases of the Republic of China to regenerate itself and one day recover mainland China from the Chinese communist; this renaming, of course, is not recognized by PRC. On May 15, 1617, sixty-nine wokou were captured alive in the area. In 1872, construction of Dongsha Lighthouse began. In December 1939, Japanese naval forces from Taiwan occupied the islands; the islands were part of the Changle County before the ROC government evacuated to Taiwan.

It is considered by the People's Republic of China government as part of Changle City of the Fuzhou City. In September 1953, the Changlo County government was established on the islands. Western Enterprises, a CIA front organization, had a communications base on Xiquan. After a series of combat readiness tests carried out by MAAG were completed on April 15, 1955, the overall Chinese Nationalist defense preparations for the Matsu Islands were rated as satisfactory. One of the weaknesses noted was "the understrength regiment garrisoning the Paichuan Islands group". In July 1956, the islands were transferred to Lienchiang County; the islands were divided into two townships: Dongquan. On August 19, 1958, President Chiang Kai-shek spoke to the soldiers there. In September 1960, the two townships were united into Paichuan township. On October 15, 1971, the Executive Yuan approved changing the name of the township from Baiquan Township to Juguang Township, they approved changing the name of Xiquan Island to Xiju Island and Dongquan Island to Dongju Island.

On September 21, 1979 and on May 3, 1980, President Chiang Ching-kuo visited the township. On June 18, 1993, President Lee Teng-hui visited the Dongju Elementary School. In the 2018 election, Mayor Hsieh Chun-Lan was re-elected mayor, defeating her opponent Chen Shun-Shou by over a hundred votes. Hsieh called for rebuilding the former township office as a resort, beautification of the township, creation of a vibrant sight-seeing economy. Dongju, the southernmost of the Matsu Islands, is 2.63 km² and Sijyu 2.36 km². Islets includes like Yongliu near Dongju. Dongju is shaped like a dagger, while Xiju a triangle, so bigger on maps; some cliffs of Dongjyu is corroded by wind, creating a strangely aesthetic appearance. Other islands include Linaoyu known as Lintouyu, Dayu and Sheshan; the northernmost and easternmost point of Juguang Township is Dayu, the westernmost point is Sheshan, the southernmost point is Linaoyu. Linaoyu is the southernmost point of the Matsu Islands. Administratively the islands are part of the Lienchiang County.

Neither Dongju nor Xiju has an island-wide administrative level. The islands are divided into five rural villages:Xiju Island Qingfan Village Xiqiu Village Tianwo Village Dongju Island Daping Village Fuzheng Village Appointed mayorsChen Chia-Tui Lin Tso-Chou Hsueh Chih-Lien, former mayor of Nangan Li Kuei-Li mayor of Beigan Chen I-Peng, former mayor of Beigan and mayor of Nangan Lin Po-Jen Elected mayorsLin Mao-Chun, received 692 votes out of a total 697 votes cast Chen Chien-Kuang Chen Le-Tuan Tsao Erh-Szu Wang Ta-Chieh Chiang Chih-Hsing Wang Ta-Chieh, second term Ko Yu-Kuan Hsieh Chun-Lan, first female mayor of the township The township is powered up by Xiju Power Plant located in Xiju Island. Water supply had been scarce in Xiju Island despite having water wells drilled around the island by the residents; the military built a dam and formed the Ledaoao Reservoir for the water needs of residents and irrigation. The 19.5-metre Dongquan Lighthouse on northern Dongjyu, made during the late Qing Dynasty with granite.

The guiding light can reach 16.7 nautical miles. Dongju Lighthouse is a second-level national historic building. In front of the lighthouse, there used to be four mist-cannon for signaling, but has now been removed and placed in Matsu Folk Culture Museum; the 42-character Dapu Stone Inscription, in Dapu Seaport of Dongju, was made during the Wanli era of the Ming Dynasty, concerning the capture of pirates alive. Remembering-the-Past Pavilion was constructed in 1966 she