QSL card

A QSL card is a written confirmation of either a two-way radiocommunication between two amateur radio stations. A typical QSL card is the same size and made from the same material as a typical postcard, most are sent through the mail as such. QSL card derived its name from the Q code "QSL". A Q code message can stand for a question. In this case,'QSL?' Means "Do you confirm receipt of my transmission?" while'QSL' means "I confirm receipt of your transmission.". During the early days of radio broadcasting, the ability for a radio set to receive distant signals was a source of pride for many consumers and hobbyists. Listeners would mail "reception reports" to radio broadcasting stations in hopes of getting a written letter to verify they had heard a distant station; as the volume of reception reports increased, stations took to sending post cards containing a brief form that acknowledged reception. Collecting these cards became popular with radio listeners in the 1920s and 1930s, reception reports were used by early broadcasters to gauge the effectiveness of their transmissions.

The concept of sending a post card to verify reception of a station may have been independently invented several times. The earliest reference seems to be a card sent in 1916 from 8VX in Buffalo, New York to 3TQ in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the standardized card with callsign, date, etc. may have been developed in 1919 by C. D. Hoffman, 8UX, in Akron, Ohio. In Europe, W. E. F. "Bill" Corsham, 2UV, first used a QSL when operating from Harlesden, England in 1922. Amateur radio operators exchange QSL cards to confirm two-way radio contact between stations; each card contains more contacts, the station and its operator. At a minimum, this includes the call sign of both stations participating in the contact, the time and date when it occurred, the radio frequency or band used, the mode of transmission used, a signal report; the International Amateur Radio Union and its member societies recommend a maximum size of 3½ by 5½ inches. QSL cards are a ham radio operator's calling card and are an expression of individual creativity — from a photo of the operator at their station to original artwork, images of the operator's home town or surrounding countryside, etc.

They are created with a good dose of individual pride. The collecting of QSL cards of interesting designs has become an add-on hobby to the simple gathering of printed documentation of a ham's communications over the course of his or her radio career. Sent using ordinary, international postal systems, QSL cards can be sent either direct to an individual’s address, or via a country's centralized amateur radio association QSL bureau, which collects and distributes cards for that country; this saves postage fees for the sender by sending several cards destined for a single country in one envelope, or large numbers of cards using parcel services. The price for lower postage, however, is a delay in reaching its destination because of the extra handling time involved. In addition to such incoming bureaus, there are outgoing bureaus in some countries; these bureaus offer a further postage savings by accepting cards destined for many different countries and repackaging them together into bundles that are sent to specific incoming bureaus in other countries.

Most QSL bureaus operated by national amateur radio societies are both incoming and outgoing, with the notable exception of the United States of America, are coordinated by the International Amateur Radio Union. For rare countries, ones where there are few amateur radio operators, places with no reliable postal systems, including expeditions to remote areas, a volunteer QSL manager may handle the mailing of cards. For expeditions this may amount to thousands of cards, payment for at least postage is appreciated, is required for a direct reply; the Internet has enabled electronic notification as an alternative to mailing a physical card. These systems use computer databases to store the same information verified by QSL cards, in an electronic format; some sponsors of amateur radio operating awards, which accept QSL cards for proof of contacts, may recognize a specific electronic QSL system in verifying award applications. One such system, called eQSL, enables electronic exchange of QSLs as jpeg or gif images which can be printed as cards on the recipient's local inkjet or laser printer, or displayed on the computer monitor.

Many logging programs now have direct electronic interfaces to transmit QSO details in real-time into the database. CQ Amateur Radio magazine began accepting electronic QSLs from for its four award programs in January 2009. 10-10 has been accepting eQSLs since 2002. Another system, the ARRL’s Logbook of The World, allows confirmations to be submitted electronically for that organization’s DX Century Club and Worked All States awards. Confirmations are in the form of database records, electronically signed with the private key of the sender; this system matches database records but does not allow creation of pictorial QSL cards. In the presence of electronic QSLs, physical QSL cards are fine historical or sentimental keepsakes of a memorable location heard or worked, or a pleasant contact with a

Thánh Gióng

Thánh Gióng known as Phù Đổng Thiên Vương, Ông Gióng and Xung Thiên Thần Vương is a mythical folk hero of Vietnam's history and one of The Four Immortals. According to the legend, Gióng was a boy who magically grew in size to be a giant hero and rode on an iron horse leading the Văn Lang kingdom to victory against northern invaders. Thus, he is considered the first anti-invasion hero of the Vietnamese; the folk hero was a popular subject for nationalist poets, such as Cao Bá Quát who wrote an epic poem to Thánh Gióng in the 19th Century. Today Thánh Gióng features with other legendary figures such as Kinh Dương Vương, Âu Cơ, Sơn Tinh and Thủy Tinh, in elementary school texts. Between 1220-1225BC, the setting occurred during the 6th King Hung Dynasty - Hung King where a war wages with the invading An tribe. In the small town, there was a hardworking couple who wished to bear a child. One day, the wife found a big foot printed on the farm, magically became pregnant, she gave birth to a son named Giong.

At three years of age, he was unable to talk, smile, or walk. Due to the attacks by the An, the king sent out messengers to call his subjects to arms. Gióng unexpectedly gained the ability to ask his mother to see one of the messenger, he requested the king to arm him. The villagers fed Giong and he grew into a magnificent man; the king's blacksmiths worked hard to forge Gióng a set of iron armour, an iron sword, as well as whipping rods and an iron horse. Dressed in his new armour, he defeated the An invaders. After defeating the An, Giong and his horse ascended to Heaven; the Saint Giong Festival has been held since the defeat against the An, it became a national holiday in the 11th century during the dynasty of King of Lý Thái Tổ, the founder of the Ly Dynasty. In 2010, UNESCO has listed Thanh Giong in Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding UNESCO recognized Saint Giong festival as a world intangible cultural heritage of humanity at 10:20 pm in Indochina time zone. Thanh Giong known as Saint Giong Usually celebrated at Phu Dong village, Gia Lâm District, Hanoi on April 4 on Lunar calendar every year The Celebration tributes the hero who saved the country that stood against the army invaders.

People have to prepare their performance for this festival from 1 st of third lunar to 5th fourth lunar month. On the 6th of Fourth lunar month,the festival begins with the ceremony of praying the weather. On April 7, villagers bring trays of vegetarian food to recreate the moment villagers who contributed food to Saint Giong; the festival continues the ritual until April 12.′′′′′

Lovestruck: The Musical

Lovestruck: The Musical is an American romance jukebox musical television film that premiered on April 21, 2013 on ABC Family. The film is produced by Gaylyn Fraiche and Salli Newman, it stars Chelsea Kane, Sara Paxton, Jane Seymour and Tom Wopat. Harper Hutton was once a Broadway dance star. While she has gone on to be a successful choreographer, Harper still wishes for the stardom denied to her, she has pushed her daughter Mirabella in her place, going so far as to produce an entire show around her. However, Mirabella tells her mother that she has fallen in love with Marco and is flying to Italy to marry him. Convinced the man is up to no good and will ruin Mirabella's life, Harper prepares to follow Mirabella but when she drinks a "youth potion," she finds herself transformed into her 25-year-old self. Now using the alias of Debbie Hayworth, Harper befriends her daughter to ruin the wedding but when her ex-husband, recognizes her, she uses the potion on him as well; as she realizes she may have misjudged Marco and her daughter's wishes for her life, Harper finds herself with a second chance to get her own love right.

Drew Seeley as Ryan Hutton / Angus Chelsea Kane as Harper Hutton / Debbie Hayworth Sara Paxton as Mirabella Hutton Tom Wopat as Ryan Hutton Jane Seymour as Harper Hutton Alexander DiPersia as Marco Vitturi Adrienne Bailon as Noelle Patrick Jordan as the Guard Sarab Kamoo as Amanda Zak Resnick as the DJ David Santiago as the Wedding Magistrate Mark Tallman as Scott "Just Dance" – Harper "I Wanna Dance with Somebody" – Harper "Me Too" – Mirabella Hutton, Marco "Like a Virgin" – Mirabella and Harper "How Can I Remember to Forget?" – Mirabella "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love" – Ryan and Harper "Me Too" – Mirabella, Marco "Everlasting Love" – Noelle, Mirabella and Cast "Here and Now" – Ryan The official soundtrack album, Lovestruck: The Musical, was released digitally on March 18, 2013. Official website Lovestruck: The Musical on IMDb