Qamsar is a city in central Iran. It is the administrative centre of the Qamsar District, which forms part of Kashan County is 15 km south of Kashan in the Province of Isfahan. In the 2006 census the population was 3,566, in 1,048 families. From the 13th century and considerably earlier, cobalt was mined near Qamsar; the metal oxide was exported all over the Muslim world for use as the cobalt blue pigment in the decoration of pottery. It is possible that the cobalt ore was exported to China. In 1301 Abū'l-Qāsim, who came from a family of tilemakers based in Kashan, wrote a treatise on the manufacture of fritware ceramics in which he mentions the village as a source of cobalt ore. Albert Houtum-Schindler visited the village at the end of the 19th century when Qamsar was "a large and flourishing village of about three hundred houses with extensive gardens with fine roses used for the manufacture of rosewater." He described the marketing of the cobalt containing ore. Ghamsar is host to one of the biggest festivals of Iran called Golabgiri to produce Rose water in spring.

Qamsar is the biggest center in the Middle East in production of rose water. The Kaaba in Mecca is annually washed by Qamsar rose water. Matin, Moujan. "Historical accounts of cobalt ore processing from the Kashan mine, Iran". Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies. 53: 171–183. Doi:10.1080/05786967.2015.11834755

Tujiko Noriko

Tujiko Noriko is a Japanese musician and director, from Osaka. She has released music among others. Much of her music is composed on a laptop and consists of layered samples, electronic beats and vocal melodies, her lyrics are in English. She is living in Paris and is working on experimental short films. In 2004, she teamed up with Peter ` Pita' Rehberg as DACM. In 2005, she collaborated with French artist Saâdane Afif to create film using four texts by French artist Lili Reynaud-Dewar, she collaborated with Lawrence English and John Chantler on U, with Nobukazu Takemura on East Facing Balcony. She has completed two films: Sun. In Spring 2012 she was artist in residence at WORM, a Rotterdam-based institute for avant garde music and art to record new music. In 2019, she co-directed, starred in, composed the soundtrack for the film Kuro. 化粧と兵隊 keshō to heitai a.k.a. Makeup and Soldiers 少女都市 a.k.a. Girl City I Forgot the Title ハードにさせて a.k.a. Make Me Hard From Tokyo to Naiagara Stéréotypie with Peter'Pita' Rehberg Blurred In My Mirror 28 with Aoki Takamasa J with Riow Arai 少女都市+ Solo Trust U with Lawrence English and John Chantler GYU with.

Tyme East Facing Balcony with Nobukazu Takemura 帰って来たゴースト a.k.a. My Ghost Comes Back Kuro HOW TO, videos by graw böckler Tujiko Noriko website Tujiko Noriko at Tomlab John Chantler talks about working with Tujiko on "U"


Bydłowa is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Oleśnica, within Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland. It lies 5 kilometres north-east of Oleśnica, 12 km south of Staszów, 59 km south-east of the regional capital Kielce; the village has a population of 80. According to the 2002 Poland census, there were 84 people residing in Bydłowa village, of whom 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. In the village, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 27.4% from 18 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, 33.3% who were 65 years of age or older