Northwestern University in Qatar
Northwestern University in Qatar is Northwestern University’s campus in Education City, Qatar, founded in partnership with Qatar Foundation in 2008. Northwestern University's Qatar campus offers a liberal arts and media education with undergraduate degrees awarded in communication and strategic communication. Having been approached in 2006 by the Qatar Foundation for Education and Community Development, Northwestern agreed the following year to open its campus at Education City; the inaugural NU-Q Class of 2012 began studies in August 2008. Additional classes have been added each year, the university has established strong ties with local organizations, partnering with media groups and collaborating with a number of regional initiatives to generate additional educational and professional opportunities for its students. A number of notable journalists and media professionals have addressed students and faculty at Northwestern University in Qatar, including Fareed Zakaria of CNN's Fareed Zakaria GPS.
The university graduated its first class in spring 2012. The curriculum leading to the award of the Bachelor of Science in Communication degree is based on that of the Northwestern University School of Communication at Northwestern's Evanston campus. Communication students at NU-Q pursue a major in Media Industries and Technologies, which combines elements of the Communication Studies and Radio/TV/Film majors offered at the Northwestern University home campus in the United States; the curriculum leading to the award of the Bachelor of Science in Journalism degree draws on that of the Medill School of Journalism, Integrated Marketing Communications at Northwestern's Evanston campus. This program is accredited by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. Liberal arts courses are provided by Northwestern's Weinberg College of Sciences. NU-Q courses are modeled on those offered at Northwestern University campus in the United States, although adjustments have been made because the Qatar campus courses are taught in a 15-week semester system, rather than a 10-week quarter system.
Additionally, courses with particular relevance to the region are offered at NU-Q. In 2012, NU-Q secured permission from the Board of Trustees to make its own academic appointments. NU-Q's academic programs provide various opportunities for students to participate in international programs. Students in the Journalism and Strategic Communication Program are required to complete a junior year residency. Juniors in the Communication Program are eligible to apply for the Evanston exchange. Shorter international academic trips are offered at various times throughout the year. Past destinations have included Turkey, Italy, South Africa, France and the USA. All students are eligible their sophomore year to apply for a one-week trip to the Northwestern University Evanston campus, which takes place in May of each year. NU-Q students can access courses at the five other American universities located in Education City. Northwestern's Qatar Campus is one of the best communication schools in the world. Degrees awarded by Northwestern University's Qatar campus are accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
NU-Q offers an annual summer media program to high school students combining aspects of the Journalism and Strategic Communication and Communication Programs. NU-Q offers workshops to high school students periodically throughout the school year. Similar to other universities with campuses in Education City, Northwestern's facilities are paid for by Qatar. In 2014, Northwestern received $45.3 million to run the Doha campus. Like other Doha campuses of U. S. universities, Qatari students at Northwestern have their tuition covered by Qatar. Students of other nationalities either pay for their own tuition or can sometimes receive scholarship money; as of 2016, tuition for the school is about $52,000 per year. NU-Q's permanent home in Education City was designed by American architect Antoine Predock. Predock traveled around the world, deriving inspiration from desert structures to give NU-Q's new building a look and feel appropriate to Qatar's culture and location. Northwestern moved into its permanent facility in January 2017.
The four-story building has achieved a LEED Gold Certification. The university will soon open The Media Majlis at Northwestern University in Qatar, the first museum in the Arab world dedicated to exploring the content of media and communication. Located on the NU-Q campus, the bilingual museum will feature interactive exhibitions, discussion programs and other projects examining media and communication through global and local/Qatar lenses. An inaugural exhibit will examine a century's worth of film history as shaped by notions of Arab identity; the Media Majlis, Qatar's first university museum, will offer free admission to students and the public. In 2013, NU-Q launched the school's signature research project, an annual survey of media use in the MENA region. Media Use in the Middle East in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, as well the report, Media Industries in the Middle East, 2016, revealed regional attitudes about government censorship, press freedom, the morality of content, entertainment preferences and overall con
Qatar Digital Library
Qatar Digital Library is a bilingual online library, launched as a joint venture by a partnership consisting of Qatar Foundation, Qatar National Library and the British Library in October 2014. QDL comprises one of the largest online collections of historic records on the Persian Gulf countries. Qatar Digital Library was first announced in 2012; the starting budget was reported as £8.7 million. The partnership sought to digitize a rich trove of heritage material documenting Arab and Islamic history and to make it accessible to the public through the QDL, launched online in October 2014; the launch of the QDL's website marked the first phase of its launch. On 19 January 2015, the second phase of the QDL was commenced and is expected to last until December 2018; the second phase will witness the digitization of 1,125,000 pages of historical documents. The website was built by Cogapp, it has won multiple awards. The digital library, with an English and Arabic bilingual interface, encompasses a total of 500,000 pages of items held by the British Library pertaining to the history of the Persian Gulf region.
Some 475,000 pages, dating from the mid 18th century to 1951, are from the India Office Records and Private Papers. Among the pages are numerous photographs and drawings; the British Library and QNL will both hold copies of the digital collection. Official website
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell plc known as Shell, is a British-Dutch oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom. It is one of the six oil and gas "supermajors" and the fifth-largest company in the world measured by 2018 revenues. Shell was first in the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies. Shell is vertically integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, transport and marketing, power generation and trading, it has renewable energy activities, including in biofuels, energy-kite systems, hydrogen. Shell has operations in over 70 countries, produces around 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent per day and has 44,000 service stations worldwide. As of 31 December 2014, Shell had total proved reserves of 13.7 billion barrels of oil equivalent. Shell Oil Company, its principal subsidiary in the United States, is one of its largest businesses. Shell holds 50% of Raízen, a joint venture with Cosan, the third-largest Brazil-based energy company by revenues and a major producer of ethanol.
Shell was formed in 1907 through the amalgamation of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company of the Netherlands and the "Shell" Transport and Trading Company of the United Kingdom. Until its unification in 2005 the firm operated as a dual-listed company, whereby the British and Dutch companies maintained their legal existence but operated as a single-unit partnership for business purposes. Shell first entered the chemicals industry in 1929. In 1970 Shell acquired the mining company Billiton, which it subsequently sold in 1994 and now forms part of BHP Billiton. In recent decades gas exploration and production has become an important part of Shell's business. Shell acquired BG Group in 2016. Shell is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, it had a market capitalisation of £185 billion at the close of trading on 30 December 2016, by far the largest of any company listed on the London Stock Exchange and among the highest of any company in the world. It has secondary listings on the New York Stock Exchange.
As of January 2013, Shell's largest shareholder was Capital Research Global Investors with 9.85% ahead of BlackRock in second with 6.89%. The Royal Dutch Shell Group was created in April 1907 through the amalgamation of two rival companies: the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company of the Netherlands and the Shell Transport and Trading Company Limited of the United Kingdom, it was a move driven by the need to compete globally with Standard Oil. The Royal Dutch Petroleum Company was a Dutch company founded in 1890 to develop an oilfield in Pangkalan Brandan, North Sumatra, led by August Kessler, Hugo Loudon, Henri Deterding; the "Shell" Transport and Trading Company was a British company, founded in 1897 by Marcus Samuel, 1st Viscount Bearsted, his brother Samuel Samuel. Their father had owned an antique company in Houndsditch, which expanded in 1833 to import and sell seashells, after which the company "Shell" took its name. For various reasons, the new firm operated as a dual-listed company, whereby the merging companies maintained their legal existence, but operated as a single-unit partnership for business purposes.
The terms of the merger gave 60 percent ownership of the new group to the Dutch arm and 40 percent to the British. National patriotic sensibilities would not permit a full-scale merger or takeover of either of the two companies; the Dutch company, Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij at The Hague, was in charge of production and manufacture. The British Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Company was based in London, to direct the transport and storage of the products. During the First World War, Shell was the main supplier of fuel to the British Expeditionary Force, it was the sole supplier of aviation fuel and supplied 80 percent of the British Army's TNT. It volunteered all of its shipping to the British Admiralty; the German invasion of Romania in 1916 saw. In 1919, Shell took control of the Mexican Eagle Petroleum Company and in 1921 formed Shell-Mex Limited which marketed products under the "Shell" and "Eagle" brands in the United Kingdom. In 1929, Shell Chemicals was founded. By the end of the 1920s, Shell was the world's leading oil company, producing 11 percent of the world's crude oil supply and owning 10 percent of its tanker tonnage.
Shell Mex House was completed in 1931, was the head office for Shell's marketing activity worldwide. In 1932 in response to the difficult economic conditions of the times, Shell-Mex merged its UK marketing operations with those of British Petroleum to create Shell-Mex and BP, a company that traded until the brands separated in 1975. Royal Dutch Company ranked 79th among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts; the 1930s saw. After the invasion of the Netherlands by Germany in 1940, the head office of the Dutch companies was moved to Curacao. In 1945 Shell's Danish headquarters in Copenhagen, at the time being used by the Gestapo, was bombed by Royal Air Force Mosquitoes in Operation Carthage. Around 1952, Shell was the first company to use a computer in the Netherlands; the computer, a Ferranti Mark 1*, was assembled and used at the Shell laboratory in Amste
Moza bint Nasser
Sheikha Moza bint Nasser is the consort of Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, former Emir of the State of Qatar. Since 1995, Sheikha Moza has led education and social reforms in Qatar and has founded national and international development projects. Moza is the daughter of Nasser bin Abdullah Al-Misned, a well-known opposition activist and the former head of the Al Muhannada confederation of Bani Hajer. After being released from prison due to his political activities and as an act of defiance against the policies of the deposed former Emir Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani, Nasser bin Abdullah led the entire Al Muhannada clan into self-imposed exile to Kuwait in 1964. Nasser returned to Qatar with his immediate family in 1977, the year in which his daughter Moza married Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, when he was heir apparent of Qatar, she received a BA in Sociology from Qatar University in 1986, was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Virginia Commonwealth University in 2003. Sheikha Moza co-founded and chairs the Qatar Foundation for Education and Community Development, set up in 1995.
Sheikha Moza acted as chairperson of Silatech since 2008, chairperson of the Arab Democracy Foundation, president of the Supreme Council for Family Affairs since 1998. She has been vice-president of the Supreme Education Council since 2002 and was UNESCO's Special Envoy for Basic and Higher Education in 2003, she serves as a member of the Board of Overseers for Weill Cornell Medical College. Besides this, she is the chairperson of Sidra Medical and Research Center, a high-tech women's and children's hospital in Doha, she endowed this medical center with $7.9 billion. She is the chairperson of the organisation "Your Link". Unlike many other monarchical wives in the Middle East, Sheikha Moza has been a high-profile figure in her nation's politics and society involved in Qatar's government, she was a driving force behind Al Jazeera Children's Channel. She is the owner of a French leather-goods manufacturer. Additionally, she has been named as one of Forbes' 100 Most Powerful Women at #75; as the public consort of the emir, she has represented Qatar alongside her husband and on her own at many international events, including state visits and royal weddings.
She has become known for her personal style, customising haute couture designs to fit Qatari modesty rules. She works with the UN to support global education and has been selected as a UN Advocate for the Sustainable Development Goals. Sheikha Moza initiated the World Innovation Summit for Health, a forum for innovative solutions to international health challenges. Moza may be styled as "Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser". Croatia: Grand Cross of the Order of Queen Jelena Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic Malaysia: Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm Morocco: Dame of the Order of Muhammad Netherlands: Dame of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands: Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Henry Spain: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic Thailand: Dame Grand Cordon with Chain of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri United Kingdom: Honorary Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire Poland: Member of the Decoration of the Smile United Kingdom England Royal Institute of International Affairs: Chatham House Prize Scotland Recipient of the Andrew Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy United States Pennsylvania - Carnegie Mellon University: Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters Texas - George Bush Presidential Library: George Bush Award for Excellence in Public Service Virginia - Virginia Commonwealth University: Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters The royal couple has five sons and two daughters: Sheikh Jasim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani – heir apparent of Qatar until 2003.
Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Prince of Qatar – heir apparent of Qatar, current Emir of Qatar. Sheikha Al-Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Sheikh Joaan bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Sheikha Hind bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani – director of the Emir's Office since 2009. Official site of Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser Backstory: Qatar reformed by a modern marriage
World Innovation Summit for Health
The World Innovation Summit for Health is a global initiative whose aim is to ‘promote and facilitate innovation in healthcare delivery around the world. WISH was launched at the Global Health Policy Summit held in London on 1 August 2012; the inaugural WISH Summit was held in Doha in December 2013. WISH is organized by Qatar Foundation for Education and Community Development and operates under the patronage of its Co-founder and Chairperson, H. H Moza bint Nasser; the Right Honourable Professor the Lord Darzi of Denham, Director of the Institute of Global Health Innovation at Imperial College London, is Executive Chair of WISH. The Global Health Policy Summit was held on 1 August 2012 at London’s Guildhall; the event was organized jointly by Imperial College Qatar Foundation. Lord Darzi stated that the purpose of the event was to “create a network that will allow accelerated innovation and the adoption of technology and business models”, he noted the creation of an evidence base for healthcare innovation and best practice.
More than 500 delegates attended, including health ministers, policy-makers, industry representatives, entrepreneurs and non-governmental organizations. Delegates discussed reports produced by expert working groups, or ‘Forums’, on six global health issues: primary care, digital innovation, aging societies, maternal health, non-communicable diseases, innovative delivery models. UK Prime Minister David Cameron described the timing of the event as “significant” in his keynote address. Moza bint Nasser announced that the Summit would continue on an annual basis as the World Innovation Summit for Health; the inaugural WISH Summit will be held at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha on 10–11 December 2013. More than 500 delegates are expected to attend and confirmed speakers include Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Chairperson of the National League for Democracy party; as at the previous Summit, participants will discuss the findings of eight ‘Forums’. The global healthcare issues chosen for 2013 are: obesity, mental health, accountable care, end-of-life care, road traffic injury, patient engagement, antimicrobial resistance, big data and healthcare.
Participating countries are expected to implement any measures agreed in further reports published at the conclusion of the Summit. The Summit will feature the launch of a new ‘Global Innovation Diffusion Study’, which assesses and compares national healthcare systems’ contribution to global change; the national healthcare systems assessed include those of Qatar, the United States, India, Australia and South Africa. Qatar Foundation Healthcare in Qatar World Health Summit Qatar National Convention Center World Innovation Summit for Health Qatar Foundation Institute of Global Health Innovation Reports of the 2012 Global Health Policy Summit 2012
General Electric Company is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston. As of 2018, the company operates through the following segments: aviation, power, renewable energy, digital industry, additive manufacturing, venture capital and finance and oil and gas. In 2018, GE ranked among the Fortune 500 as the 18th-largest firm in the U. S. by gross revenue. In 2011, GE ranked among the Fortune 20 as the 14th-most profitable company but has since severely underperformed the market as its profitability collapsed. Two employees of GE—Irving Langmuir and Ivar Giaever —have been awarded the Nobel Prize. During 1889, Thomas Edison had business interests in many electricity-related companies including Edison Lamp Company, a lamp manufacturer in East Newark, New Jersey. P. Morgan and the Vanderbilt family for Edison's lighting experiments. In 1889, Morgan & Co. a company founded by J. P. Morgan and Anthony J. Drexel, financed Edison's research and helped merge those companies under one corporation to form Edison General Electric Company, incorporated in New York on April 24, 1889.
The new company acquired Sprague Electric Railway & Motor Company in the same year. In 1880, Gerald Waldo Hart formed the American Electric Company of New Britain, which merged a few years with Thomson-Houston Electric Company, led by Charles Coffin. In 1887, Hart left to become superintendent of the Edison Electric Company of Missouri. General Electric was formed through the 1892 merger of Edison General Electric Company of Schenectady, New York, Thomson-Houston Electric Company of Lynn, with the support of Drexel, Morgan & Co. Both plants continue to operate under the GE banner to this day; the company was incorporated in New York, with the Schenectady plant used as headquarters for many years thereafter. Around the same time, General Electric's Canadian counterpart, Canadian General Electric, was formed. In 1896, General Electric was one of the original 12 companies listed on the newly formed Dow Jones Industrial Average, where it remained a part of the index for 122 years, though not continuously.
In 1911, General Electric absorbed the National Electric Lamp Association into its lighting business. GE established its lighting division headquarters at Nela Park in Ohio; the lighting division has since remained in the same location. Owen D. Young, through GE, founded the Radio Corporation of America in 1919, after purchasing the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America, he aimed to expand international radio communications. GE used RCA as its retail arm for radio sales. In 1926, RCA co-founded the National Broadcasting Company, which built two radio broadcasting networks. In 1930, General Electric was charged with antitrust violations and decided to divest itself of RCA. In 1927, Ernst Alexanderson of GE made the first demonstration of his television broadcasts at his General Electric Realty Plot home at 1132 Adams Rd, New York. On January 13, 1928, he made what was said to be the first broadcast to the public in the United States on GE's W2XAD: the pictures were picked up on 1.5 square inch screens in the homes of four GE executives.
The sound was broadcast on GE's WGY. Experimental television station W2XAD evolved into station WRGB which, along with WGY and WGFM, was owned and operated by General Electric until 1983. Led by Sanford Alexander Moss, GE moved into the new field of aircraft turbo superchargers. GE introduced the first set of superchargers during World War I, continued to develop them during the interwar period. Superchargers became indispensable in the years prior to World War II. GE supplied 300,000 turbo superchargers for use in bomber engines; this work led the U. S. Army Air Corps to select GE to develop the nation's first jet engine during the war; this experience, in turn, made GE a natural selection to develop the Whittle W.1 jet engine, demonstrated in the United States in 1941. GE was ranked ninth among United States corporations in the value of wartime production contracts. Although, their early work with Whittle's designs was handed to Allison Engine Company. GE Aviation emerged as one of the world's largest engine manufacturers, bypassing the British company, Rolls-Royce plc.
Some consumers boycotted GE light bulbs and other products during the 1980s and 1990s. The purpose of the boycott was to protest against GE's role in nuclear weapons production. In 2002, GE acquired the wind power assets of Enron during its bankruptcy proceedings. Enron Wind was the only surviving U. S. manufacturer of large wind turbines at the time, GE increased engineering and supplies for the Wind Division and doubled the annual sales to $1.2 billion in 2003. It acquired ScanWind in 2009. In 2015, GE Power garnered press attention when a model 9FB gas turbine in Texas was shut down for two months due to the break of a turbine blade; this model uses similar blade technology to GE's newest and most efficient model, the 9HA. After the break, GE developed heat treatment methods. Gas turbines represent a significant portion of GE Power's revenue, represent a significant portion of the power generation fleet of several utility companies in the United States. Chubu Electric of Japan and Électricité de France had units that were impacted.
Texas A&M University
Texas A&M University is a public research university in College Station, United States. Since 1948, it has been the founding member of the Texas A&M University System; the Texas A&M system endowment is among the 10 largest endowments in the nation. As of 2017, Texas A&M's student body is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States. Texas A&M's designation as a land and space grant institution–the only university in Texas to hold all three designations–reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research. In 2001, Texas A&M was inducted as a member of the Association of American Universities; the school's students, alumni—over 450,000 strong—and sports teams are known as Aggies. The Texas A&M Aggies athletes compete in 18 varsity sports as a member of the Southeastern Conference; the first public institution of higher education in Texas, the school opened on October 4, 1876, as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas under the provisions of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts.
The college taught no classes in agriculture, instead concentrating on classical studies, languages and applied mathematics. After four years, students could attain degrees in scientific agriculture and mechanical engineering, language and literature. Under the leadership of President James Earl Rudder in the 1960s, A. M. C. Desegregated, became coeducational, dropped the requirement for participation in the Corps of Cadets. To reflect the institution's expanded roles and academic offerings, the Texas Legislature renamed the school to Texas A&M University in 1963; the letters "A&M," A. M. C. Short for "Agricultural and Mechanical College," are retained as a link to the university's tradition; the main campus is one of the largest in the United States, spanning 5,200 acres, is home to the George Bush Presidential Library. About one-fifth of the student body lives on campus. Texas A&M has more than 1,000 recognized student organizations. Many students observe the traditions, which govern daily life, as well as special occasions, including sports events.
Working with various A&M-related agencies, the school has a direct presence in each of the 254 counties in Texas. The university offers degrees in more than 150 courses of study through ten colleges and houses 18 research institutes; as a Senior Military College, Texas A&M is one of six American public universities with a full-time, volunteer Corps of Cadets who study alongside civilian undergraduate students. The U. S. Congress laid the groundwork for the establishment of A. M. C. in 1862 with the adoption of the Morrill Act. The act auctioned land grants of public lands to establish endowments for colleges where the "leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and mechanical arts... to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life". In 1871, the Texas Legislature used these funds to establish the state's first public institution of higher education, the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas known as Texas A.
M. C. Brazos County donated 2,416 acres near Bryan, for the school's campus. A detailed listing and backgrounds of all of the University's presidents can be found on the Brazos County Texas Genealogical Association's site Enrollment began on October 2, 1876. Six students enrolled on the first day, classes began on October 4, 1876, with six faculty members. During the first semester, enrollment increased to 48 students, by the end of the spring 1877 semester, 106 students had enrolled. Admission was limited to white males, all students were required to participate in the Corps of Cadets and receive military training. Although traditional Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets "campusologies" indicate 40 students began classes on October 4, 1876, the exact number of students enrolled on that day is unknown. Enrollment climbed to 258 students before declining to 108 students in 1883, the year the University of Texas opened in Austin, Texas. Although envisioned and annotated in the Texas Constitution as a branch of the University of Texas, Texas A.
M. C. had a separate Board of Directors from the University of Texas from the first day of classes and was never enveloped into the University of Texas System. In the late 1880s, many Texas residents saw no need for two colleges in Texas and clamored for an end of Texas A. M. C. In 1891, Texas A. M. C. was saved from potential closure by its new president Lawrence Sullivan Ross, former governor of Texas, well-respected Confederate Brigadier General. Ross made many improvements to the school and enrollment doubled to 467 cadets as parents sent their sons to Texas A. M. C. "to learn to be like Ross". During his tenure, many enduring Aggie traditions were born, including the creation of the first Aggie Ring. After his death in 1898, a statue was erected in front of what is now Academic Plaza to honor Ross and his achievements in the history of the school. In 2017, the status of this statue was in doubt after other schools removed statues of former Confederate officers. In contrast, the Texas A&M Chancellor and President announced the Sul Ross statue would remain as Ross's statue's place of honor was not based upon his service in the Confederate Army.
Under pressure from the legislature, in 1911 the school began allowing women to attend classes during the summer semester. At the same time, A. M. C. began expanding its academic pursuits with the establishment o