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Quad Cities

The Quad Cities is a region of five cities in the U. S. states of Iowa and Illinois: Davenport and Bettendorf in southeastern Iowa, Rock Island and East Moline in northwestern Illinois. These cities are the center of the Quad Cities metropolitan area, which as of 2013 had a population estimate of 383,781 and a CSA population of 474,937, making it the 90th-largest CSA in the nation. Before European settlers came to inhabit the Quad Cities, the confluence of rivers had attracted many varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who used the waterways and riverbanks for their settlements for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, it was a home and principal trading place of the Sauk and Fox tribes of Native Americans. Saukenuk was the principal village of the Sauk tribe and birthplace of its 19th-century war chief, Black Hawk. In 1832, Sauk chief Keokuk and General Winfield Scott signed a treaty in Davenport after the US defeated the Sauk and their allies in the Black Hawk War; the treaty resulted in the Native Americans ceding 6 million acres of land to the United States in exchange for a much smaller reservation elsewhere.

Black Hawk State Historic Site in Rock Island preserves part of historic Saukenuk and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The history of urban settlements in the Quad Cities was stimulated by riverboat traffic. For 14 miles between LeClaire and Rock Island, the Mississippi River flowed across a series of finger-like rock projections protruding from either bank; these rapids were difficult for steamboats to traverse. As demand for river-based transportation increased along the upper Mississippi, the navigability of the river throughout the "Rock Island Rapids" became a greater concern. Over time, a minor industry grew up in the area to meet the steamboats' needs. Boat crews needed rest areas to stop before encountering the rapids, places to hire expert pilots such as Phillip Suiter, the first licensed pilot on the upper Mississippi River, to guide the boat through the rocky waters, or, when the water was low, places where goods could be removed and transported by wagon on land past the rapids.

Today, the rocks are submerged six feet underwater by a lake formed by dams. As the Industrial Revolution developed in the United States, many enterprising industrialists looked to the Mississippi River as a promising source of water power; the combination of energy and easy access to river transportation attracted entrepreneurs and industrialists to the Quad Cities for development. In 1848, John Deere moved his plough business to Moline, his business was incorporated as Deere & Company in 1868. Deere & Company is the largest employer today in the Quad Cities; the first railroad bridge built across the Mississippi River connected Davenport and Rock Island in 1856. It was built by the Rock Island Railroad Company, replaced the slow seasonal ferry service and winter ice bridges as the primary modes of transportation across the river. Steamboaters saw the nationwide railroads as a threat to their business. On May 6, 1856, just weeks after completion of the bridge, an angry steamboater crashed the Effie Afton into it.

John Hurd, the owner of the Effie Afton, filed a lawsuit against the Rock Island Railroad Company. The Rock Island Railroad Company selected Abraham Lincoln as their trial lawyer and won after he took the case to the US Supreme Court. Phillip Suiter was one of his expert witnesses, it was a pivotal trial in Lincoln's career. After the Civil War, the region began to gain a common identity; the river towns that were thoughtfully planned and competently led flourished, while other settlements get-rich-quick schemes for speculators, failed to pan out. By World War I, the towns of Davenport, Rock Island, Moline had begun to style themselves as the "Tri-Cities," a cluster of three more-or-less equally-sized river communities growing around the small bend of the Mississippi River where it flows west, but with the growth of Rock Island County, during the 1930s the term "Quad Cities" came into vogue, as East Moline was given "equal status." Despite the fact that the region had earned the name "Quad Cities," the National Basketball Association had a franchise in Moline, from 1946 to 1951 called the "Tri-Cities Blackhawks."

With the opening of an Alcoa plant east of Davenport in 1948, the town of Bettendorf underwent so much growth that many people in the community discussed the adoption of the name "Quint Cities", But by this time, the name "Quad Cities" had become known well beyond the area, "Quint Cities" never caught on, despite the efforts of WOC-TV and others. When Bettendorf passed East Moline in size, there was some debate about whether Bettendorf had "displaced" East Moline. Instead, local officials, such as the Chamber of Commerce, have chosen an inclusive approach, maintaining the name "Quad Cities" yet including all five cities. Beginning in the late 1970s, economic conditions caused major industrial restructuring, which disrupted the basis of the region's economy; the major companies, agricultural manufacturers, ceased or scaled back operations in the Quad Cities. Factories which closed included International Harvester in Case IH in Bettendorf. Moline-based John Deere cut its labor headcount by one half.

In the 1980s, Caterpillar Inc. closed its factories at Mount Joy and Bettendorf. Since the 1990s, the Quad Cities governments, non-profits and residents have worked hard to redevelop the region, they have achieved national attention for their accomplishments. Examples of revitalization and rebirth include: Davenport's River Renaissance (a downtown revitalization project that includes a river music history cent

V. Vivaudou

V. Vivaudou Inc. is an American perfume manufacturer and auto company which operated in New York City. V. Vivaudou Inc. was taken over by the United Drug Company in February 1916, for a price of $1,500,000. Among its perfume and cosmetics line, Mavis Talcum Vivaudou red tin was quite part of the women's toiletries checklist. In August 1919 the United Drug Company sold V. Vivaudou Inc. to a syndicate of New York City men for $2,500,000. The business signed to carry out the sale and distribution of Alcorub on the Pacific Coast, in September 1922. In January 1926 the firm approved a contract to acquire the Alfred H. Smith Company. In May 1930 V. Vivaudou Inc. was ordered by the Federal Trade Commission to divest itself of capital stock in Parfumerie Melba, Inc. and the Alfred H. Smith Company; the FTC ruled that the companies were competitors of V. Vivaudou Inc, its acquisition of their stock constituted a monopoly; the order to divest was reversed by a United States Court of Appeals in November 1931.

The court decided that the three companies' control of 6% of the United States cosmetics market did not constitute a monopoly. Victor Vivaudou, the owner, was born in Cannes, France on January 2, 1881, he travelled to the US with his mistress Rosa on the Lusitania on September 12, 1914, setting up V. Vivaudou Inc. in the Times building in 1915. He and three other investors founded Meridian Motors, a Manhattan autos and appurtenances company, chartered in January 1917. A new company was incorporated with V. Vivaudou as its president in September 1919. An underwriting syndicate was formed headed by J. S. Bache & Co. and S. M. Schatzkin; the underwriting syndicate was dissolved in mid-September 1919. The corporation had an initial capital outlay of $12,000, maintained its headquarters at the New York Times Building. V. Vivaudou Inc. was listed on the New York Stock Exchange beginning on May 5, 1920. It issued 300,000 shares of capitol stock. Company stockholders approved an increase of common stock from 340,000 to 500,000 shares on January 5, 1926.

The shares were changed from $10 to no par value. They agreed to an issuance of 25,000 shares of 7 per cent preferred stock with $100 par value. In November 1920 V. Vivaudou, Inc. reduced its dividend from.50 to.25 per share to conserve cash, in order to meet expansion in the United States and Europe. It reported earnings of $288,430 for the quarter ending on October 31, 1920; the sum translated to $4 per share prior to accounting for taxes. Victor Vivaudou pleaded guilty to smuggling before a United States federal judge in New York City, on November 1, 1920. Vivaudou and Rosa failed to declare a $10,000 necklace and a $500 diamond ring, which they purchased in France, in March 1920. Vivaudou was fined $5,000. In November 1921 the corporation reported a decline in earnings, its gross profit of $1,153,185 was below that of the previous year's $2,031,861. Gross sales amounted to $4,100,124. V. Vivaudou, Inc. announced a 60% increase in sales in the first quarter of 1922. In August 1922 the firm was debt free.

Net profit for 1922 was $592,947, $770,000 for the first ten months of 1923. By mid 1924 V. Vivadou Inc. reported a sharp decline in profits due to losses incurred by its French subsidiaries. Victor Vivaudou was ousted as President of V. Vivaudou Inc. by Jules Bache and David Schulte following disputes over conspiracy and fraudulent misrepresentation. By 1943 V. Vivaudou of Canada and California was a subsidiary of Vadsco Sales Corporation. Vadsco expanded during World War II through the growth of Kny-Scheerer, a subsidiary which manufactured surgical instruments. Vadsco subsidiaries produced perfumes and other products

Baron de Ros

Baron de Ros of Helmsley is the premier baron in the Peerage of England, created in 1288/89 for William de Ros, with precedence to 24 December 1264. Premier baron is a designation and status awarded to the holder of the most ancient extant barony of the Peerage of England; the present premier baron is Baron de Ros. Before the Dissolution of the Monasteries the Prior of the Order of St John in England was deemed premier baron. On 24 December 1264 Robert de Ros was summoned to Simon de Montfort's Parliament in London, for some time it was considered that the barony was created by writ in that year, giving it precedence over all other English titles unless certain doubtful contentions concerning the title of the Earl of Arundel were accepted; the only older peerage titles in the British Isles are: Baron Kerry and Lixnaw, Baron Offaly, Baron Kingsale in the Peerage of Ireland, Earl of Mar and Earl of Sutherland in the Peerage of Scotland. According to The Complete Peerage: In 1616 the barony of De Ros was allowed precedence from this writ, a decision adopted by the Lords in 1806.

The corresponding article in the first edition of the Complete Peerage, available online, is at Volume 6, page 400. Whenever a man holds the title, he is considered the premier baron of England. However, whenever a woman holds the title, the holder of the next-highest barony held by a man is known as the premier baron. For instance, when Georgiana Maxwell, the most recent female to hold the title, was baroness, the Baron Mowbray and Stourton was considered the premier baron; the Barony may pass to heirs-general rather than unlike most British titles. The barony may pass to daughters. Under inheritance law, sisters have an equal right to inherit. Thus, it is possible that two or more sisters have an valid claim to the title; the abeyance ends either when there is only one remaining claimant due to deaths of the other claimants, or when the Sovereign "terminates" the abeyance in favour of one of the heirs. The peerage has been held by a woman six times, more than any other peerage except that of Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

The title was held by the de Ros family until the death of the tenth Baron in 1508, when it was inherited by his nephew, the 11th Baron. His son, inherited the barony and was created Earl of Rutland; the barony and earldom remained united until the death of the third Edward Manners. The barony was inherited by his only daughter, Elizabeth Cecil, while the earldom passed to a male heir, his younger brother. Upon the death of Elizabeth's only son, William Cecil, the title returned to the Manners family, being inherited by the sixth Earl of Rutland. Again, upon the sixth Earl's death, the barony and earldom were separated, as the barony was inherited by the Earl's daughter Katherine, who had married George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. Katherine's son George inherited both the barony and the dukedom, but upon his death the dukedom became extinct and the barony went into abeyance; the barony had been in abeyance for over a century when Charlotte Boyle-Walsingham, to marry Lord Henry FitzGerald, a son of the 4th Duke of Leinster) petitioned King George III to terminate the abeyance in her favour in 1790.

The King referred the matter to the House of Lords, which recommended that the barony remain in abeyance. However, in 1806, George III terminated the abeyance in her favour on the recommendation of his Prime Minister. Charlotte and her heirs took the additional surname of "de Ros" after "FitzGerald"; the title went into abeyance again upon the death of the 25th Baroness, in 1939. The abeyance was terminated in favour of her eldest daughter, Lady Una Mary Ross in 1943, again went into abeyance upon her death in 1956. Two years the barony was called out of abeyance again for Una Ross's granddaughter, Georgiana Maxwell; as of 2017 the title is held by her son the 27th Baron, the first man to hold the title in over three-quarters of a century, who succeeded his mother in 1983. The family seat is Old Court, near County Down. William Ros, 1st Baron Ros William Ros, 2nd Baron Ros William Ros, 3rd Baron Ros Thomas Ros, 4th Baron Ros John Ros, 5th Baron Ros William Ros, 6th Baron Ros John Ros, 7th Baron Ros Thomas Ros, 8th Baron Ros Thomas Ros, 9th Baron Ros Edmund Ros, 10th Baron Ros (d. 1

Portland Lesbian Choir

The Portland Lesbian Choir is a choir based in Portland, Oregon, in the United States. The group formed in 1986 and, gathers at the Ainsworth United Church of Christ. PLC rehearses on Wednesday nights from 6:45–9pm; the choir has an inclusive, "non-audition" policy that applies to "women of all ages, races and sexual orientations, creeds, etc." The choir allows new members to join semiannually and most on March 1, 2017. The Portland Lesbian Choir commits itself to performing music that "affirms the value of all people regardless of gender, age, class or political affiliation." It focuses on the well-being and personal development of its members and strives to "provide a supportive setting where music making is a positive experience and women can develop confidence and concrete skills such as reading, conducting and arranging." It emphasizes educational and social enrichment as well as accessibility in its performances. The choir is in its thirty-first season; this season features two main concerts.

The first, which occurred in February 2017, featured the work of queer composers. The second, planned for Spring 2017, is titled, "You, Yes You!" Songs About You. The music featured will feature the word "you" and include songs such as "For Good", from the musical Wicked, "Fix You" by the band Coldplay, "Love Song" by Sara Bareilles. In 2016, PLC presented The Miles Fly By at Revolution Hall in celebration of its thirtieth anniversary. Making Light Official website Davis, Marty. "Gay Portland in Pictures – Come Rain or Shine: Portland Lesbian Choir". Q Center. Lynn, Logan. "Gay Fair on the Square 2014: "Let Freedom Sing!" Was a Huge Success". Q Center

Got a Girl

Got a Girl is an American musical duo consisting of actress Mary Elizabeth Winstead and music producer Dan the Automator that formed in 2012. The band's first studio album, I Love You but I Must Drive Off This Cliff Now was released in 2014. Winstead and Nakamura have worked together on Deltron 3030’s album Event 2, which Nakamura produced and Winstead provided vocals for the songs "The Agony" and "Look Across the Sky". Nakamura had written songs for the soundtrack of Scott Pilgrim vs. the World, which Winstead starred in. According to Exclaim!, Got a Girl originated in 2010, when the pair met at a cast dinner of Scott Pilgrim vs. the World. Winstead approached Nakamura saying. At the film's red carpet premiere, Nakamura asked Winstead if they could "make music together". In May 2012, The Playlist reported that Nakamura were working on a record. Winstead had sung an a cappella cover of the song "Baby It's You" by The Shirelles for the 2007 film Grindhouse, co-wrote and recorded a demo with music producer Thai Long Ly.

Winstead and Dan had performed an original song at the SXSW in March 2013. On July 22, 2014, the duo released I Love You but I Must Drive Off This Cliff Now on Bulk Recordings. In September 2015, they embarked on a four-city tour of Seattle, San Francisco, New York City, Los Angeles, where they played their entire album live, including a cover of Handsome Boy Modeling School’s “I’ve Been Thinking.” I Love You but I Must Drive Off This Cliff Now "You and Me" "I'm Down" "Did We Live Too Fast?" "There's a Revolution" Official website


Muiderberg is a village in the municipality of Gooise Meren in the Netherlands. It lies 2 km west of Naarden, adjacent to the Naarderbos. Muiderberg is in the east of the municipality of Muiden in the southeast of the province of North Holland in the west of Netherlands, it is situated on the border of the IJmeer to the Naarderbos to the east. It lies 2 km west of Naarden. In 2001 the village of Muiderberg had 3095 inhabitants; the built-up area of the town was 0.61 km², contained 1199 residences. The statistical area "Muiderberg", which can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 3140. Muiderberg has the largest Jewish cemetery in the Netherlands; the cemetery was founded in 1642 by German Jews and merged with the adjacent Polish Jewish cemetery founded in 1660. The reception area dating from 1933, they were designed by Harry Elte. Sjaak Swart and national team footballer Media related to Muiderberg at Wikimedia Commons