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Quality control

Quality control is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production. ISO 9000 defines quality control as "A part of quality management focused on fulfilling quality requirements"; this approach places emphasis on three aspects: Elements such as controls, job management and well managed processes and integrity criteria, identification of records Competence, such as knowledge, skills and qualifications Soft elements, such as personnel, confidence, organizational culture, team spirit, quality relationships. Inspection is a major component of quality control. Product inspectors will be provided with lists and descriptions of unacceptable product defects such as cracks or surface blemishes for example; the quality of the outputs is at risk. Early stone tools such as anvils were not designed as interchangeable parts. Mass production established processes for the creation of parts and system with identical dimensions and design, but these processes are not uniform and hence some customers were unsatisfied with the result.

Quality control separates the act of testing products to uncover defects from the decision to allow or deny product release, which may be determined by fiscal constraints. For contract work work awarded by government agencies, quality control issues are among the top reasons for not renewing a contract; the simplest form of quality control was a sketch of the desired item. If the sketch did not match the item, it was rejected, in a simple Go/no go procedure. However, manufacturers soon found it was difficult and costly to make parts be like their depiction. Quality was thus defined using devices such as plug gauges and ring gauges. However, this did not address the problem of defective items. Various methods have been proposed to prioritize quality control issues and determine whether to leave them unaddressed or use quality assurance techniques to improve and stabilize production. There is a tendency for individual consultants and organizations to name their own unique approaches to quality control—a few of these have ended up in widespread use: In project management, quality control requires the project manager and/or the project team to inspect the accomplished work to ensure its alignment with the project scope.

In practice, projects have a dedicated quality control team which focuses on this area. Analytical quality control Corrective and preventative action Eight dimensions of quality First article inspection Good Automated Manufacturing Practice Good manufacturing practice Quality assurance Quality management framework Standard operating procedure QA/QC This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C". Radford, George S; the Control of Quality in Manufacturing, New York: Ronald Press Co. OCLC 1701274, retrieved 16 November 2013 Shewhart, Walter A. Economic Control of Quality of Manufactured Product, New York: D. Van Nostrand Co. Inc. OCLC 1045408 Juran, Joseph M. Quality-Control Handbook, New York: McGraw-Hill, OCLC 1220529 Western Electric Company, Statistical Quality Control Handbook, Indiana: Western Electric Co. OCLC 33858387 Feigenbaum, Armand V. Total Quality Control, New York: McGraw-Hill, OCLC 567344 ASTM quality control standards

Orcas (album)

O R C A S is the self-titled debut full-length album from American dreampop duo Orcas. "Pallor Cedes" "Arrow Drawn" "Standard Error" "Carrion" "A Subtle Escape" "Until Then" "Certain Abstractions" "I Saw My Echo" "High Fences" Benoît Pioulard - vox, piano, field recordings, warnophone & harmonium Rafael Anton Irisarri - laptop, bass & samplerAdditional Personnel: Jesy Fortino - vocal samples on "Standard Error" and "Certain Abstractions" Scott Morgan - drone loop on "Certain Abstractions" Simon Scott - Max/MSP treatments & additional guitars on "A Subtle Escape" and "I Saw My Echo" Kelly Wyse - Piano on "Standard Error", "I Saw My Echo" & "Certain Abstractions" Photography/Artwork by Sean Curtis Patrick / The Attempted Theft of Millions Design by Julia Guther "ORCAS" @ Morr Music

2005 in the environment

This is a list of notable events relating to the environment in 2005. They relate to environmental law, conservation and environmental issues; the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is released. It is an international synthesis by over 1000 of the world's leading biological scientists that analyses the state of the Earth’s ecosystems and provides summaries and guidelines for decision-makers, it concludes that human activity is having a significant and escalating impact on the biodiversity of world ecosystems, reducing both their resilience and biocapacity. The Singapore Green Plan 2012 was adopted the following year. FebruaryThe Kyoto Protocol comes into force. MayThe Multi-effect Protocol known as the Gothenburg Protocol, comes into force, it is a multi-pollutant protocol designed to reduce acidification and ground-level ozone. JuneAn International Whaling Commission meeting was held in South Korea. JulyThe Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, an international, public-private partnership among Australia, India, the People's Republic of China, South Korea, the United States, was announced at an Association of South East Asian Nations Regional Forum meeting.

A writ was filed in Victoria, Australia by the forestry company Gunns against the "Gunns 20", a group of 20 individuals who were critical of their environmental practices. Gaylord Nelson, an American politician and founder of Earth Day, dies at the age of 89. AugustThe Malaysian haze was a week-long choking smog-like haze over Malaysia that brought the central part of Peninsular Malaysia to a standstill, prompted crisis talks with Indonesia and caused widespread inconvenience; the haze was at its worst on August 11, 2005 and was related to the haze crisis which last hit Malaysia in September 1997. The Murphy Oil USA refinery spill occurred as a result of the failure of a storage tank at the Murphy Oil USA refinery and spoiled the flood-waters following the levee breaks of Hurricane Katrina in residential areas of Chalmette and Meraux, Louisiana. NovemberThe Jilin chemical plant explosions occurred in Jilin City, Jilin Province in China, over the period of an hour; the explosions killed six, injured dozens, caused the evacuation of tens of thousands of residents.

The blasts created an 80 km long toxic slick in a tributary of the Amur. The slick, predominantly made up of benzene and nitrobenzene, passed through the Amur River over subsequent weeks. Human impact on the environment

Levi-Civita (crater)

Levi-Civita is a lunar impact crater formation that lies on the far side of the Moon. It was named after Italian mathematician Tullio Levi-Civita, it is located just to the southwest of the large walled plain Gagarin, nearly as close to the crater Pavlov to the south-southwest. To the northwest of Levi-Civita lies the smaller crater Pirquet; this is an eroded crater formation within the interior. The southern rim closest to Pavlov is the most eroded section, with multiple small craterlets along the edge and near the inner wall. Along the eastern rim is the satellite crater Levi-Civita F; the interior floor, although level, is pitted by a number of small craterlets. There is a central ridge near the midpoint of the crater. By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint, closest to Levi-Civita

Lawrence Dennis

Lawrence Dennis was an American diplomat and author. He advocated fascism in America after the Great Depression. Dennis was born in Georgia, he was of mixed race, but he concealed that until in life. Following a notable career as a child evangelist, he was sent to Phillips Exeter Academy and to Harvard University. During World War I, Dennis commanded a company of military police in France, he entered the foreign service. The turning point of his life came, he resigned from the foreign service in disgust at the US intervention there against Sandino's rebellion. He became an adviser to the Latin American fund of the Seligman banking trust, but he again made enemies when he wrote a series of exposés of their foreign bond enterprises in The New Republic and The Nation in 1930; the exposés propelled Dennis into a national public intellectual career, publishing his first book at the height of the depression in 1932, Is Capitalism Doomed?. The book submitted that capitalism was and should be on its death knell, but it warned of the grave dangers of a world devoid of its positive legacy.

In 1941 Life called Dennis "America's No. 1 intellectual Fascist." His two books detailed his sense of the system, emerging to replace it, which he believed to be fascism. The Coming American Fascism in 1936, detailing the system's substructure, The Dynamics of War and Revolution in 1940, on the superstructure. Dennis was an editor at The Awakener for some time, he founded his own publication, the Weekly Foreign Letter, he wrote for Today's Challenge, published by the pro-German American Fellowship Forum of George Sylvester Viereck and Friedrich Ernst Ferdinand Auhagen.. He tried to join the US Army during World War II, but the Army rejected him after the media ran stories about him. In 1944, he was indicted in a group that ranged from genuine progressives to pro-Nazi agitators, in a sedition prosecution under the Smith Act; the case ended in a mistrial. Dennis co-authored with Maximilian John St. George an account of the trial, which appeared in 1946 as A Trial on Trial: The Great Sedition Trial of 1944.

In his years, Dennis repudiated his views of the 1930s and early 1940s, became a critic of militarism and the Cold War, he propagated his views through a modest newsletter, The Appeal to Reason, which maintained a prominent circle of readers, including Herbert Hoover, Joseph P. Kennedy, William Appleman Williams, Harry Elmer Barnes, James J. Martin, his last book, Operational Thinking for Survival, was published in 1969. Is Capitalism Doomed? The Coming American Fascism The Dynamics of War and Revolution A Trial on Trial: The Great Sedition Trial of 1944 Operational Thinking for Survival Justus D. Doenecke, "The Isolationist as Collectivist: Lawrence Dennis and The Coming of World War II" Journal of Libertarian Studies 3: 191–208. Justus D. Doenecke, "Lawrence Dennis: Revisionist of the Cold War," Wisconsin Magazine of History 55: 275–86. Justus D. Doenecke, "Weekly Foreign Letter, 1938–1942," in Ronald Lora and William Henry Longton, eds; the Conservative Press in Twentieth-Century America (1999, 287–294.

Justus D. Doenecke, "Appeal to Reason, 1946–1972" in ibid. 295–303. Gerald Horne, The Color of Fascism: Lawrence Dennis, Racial Passing, the Rise of Right-Wing Extremism in the United States Ronald Radosh, Prophets on the Right: Profiles of Conservative Critics of American Globalism Younge, Gary. "The fascist who'passed' for white". The Guardian. "The Color of Fascism: Lawrence Dennis, Racial Passing, the Rise of Right-Wing Extremism in the United States", New York University Press webpage for the book by Gerald Horne "Tales of a Seditionist: The Lawrence Dennis Story" by Justin Raimondo,, April 28, 2000 "Lawrence Dennis and a Frontier Thesis for American Capitalism" by Keith Stimely, The Occidental Quarterly, Fall 2001

Monastery of the Temptation

The Monastery of the Temptation is a Greek Orthodox monastery located in Jericho, Palestine. It was built on the slopes of the Mount of Temptation 350 meters above sea level, situated along a cliff overlooking the city of Jericho and the Jordan Valley, it serves as a tourist attraction and its land is under the full jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority, although the monastery is owned and managed by the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem. A fortress built by the Seleucids called, it was captured by the Hasmoneans and it was here that Simon Maccabaeus was murdered by his son-in-law Ptolemy. The earliest monastery was constructed by the Byzantines in the 6th century CE above the cave traditionally said to be that where Jesus spent forty days and forty nights fasting and meditating during the temptation of Satan, about three kilometers northwest of Jericho; the monastery receives its name from the mountain which the early Christians referred to as the "Mount of the Temptation". The Mount of Temptation was identified by Augusta Helena of Constantinople as one of the "holy sites" in her pilgrimage in 326 CE.

Palestine, including Jericho, was conquered by the Arabs under the Islamic Caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab in the 630s. When the Crusaders conquered the area in 1099, they built two churches on the site: one in a cave halfway up the cliff and a second on the summit, they referred to the site as "Mons Quarantana". The land upon which the modern monastery was built was purchased by the Orthodox Church in 1874. In 1895, the monastery was constructed around a crude cave chapel that marks the stone where Jesus sat during his fast; the Orthodox Church, along with its Palestinian Orthodox followers purchaser attempted to build a church at the summit, but were unsuccessful. As of 2002, three Orthodox monks were dwelling in the monastery and were guiding visitors to the site. In 1998, a cable car was built from Jericho's Tell es-Sultan to the level of the monastery by an Austrian-Swiss company as a tourist attraction for the year 2000. At present there is a restaurant, a cafe and a souvenir shop at the monastery entrance for the tourists.

Hisham's Palace Mar Saba Monastery of the Temptation, Survey of Western Palestine, Map 18: IAA, Wikimedia commons