QuarkXPress is a desktop publishing software for creating and editing complex page layouts in a WYSIWYG environment. It runs on Windows, it is still owned and published by them. The most recent version, QuarkXPress 2019, allows publishing in English and 36 other languages, including Arabic, Japanese, German, Russian and Spanish. QuarkXPress is used by individual designers, large publishing houses and corporates to produce a variety of layouts, from single-page flyers to the multi-media projects required for magazines, newspapers and the like. More recent versions have added support for ebooks and mobile apps; the first version of QuarkXPress was released in 1987 for the Macintosh. Five years passed before a Microsoft Windows version followed in 1992. In the 1990s, QuarkXPress became used by professional page designers, the typesetting industry, printers. In particular, the Mac version of 3.3 was seen as stable and trouble-free, working seamlessly with Adobe's PostScript fonts as well as with Apple's TrueType fonts.

In 1989, QuarkXPress incorporated an application programming interface called XTensions which allows third-party developers to create custom add-on features to the desktop application. Xtensions, along with Apple Computer's HyperCard, was one of the first examples of a developer allowing others to create software add-ons for their application. Although competitors like PageMaker existed, QuarkXPress was so dominant that it had an estimated 95% market share during the 1990s. After QuarkXPress 3.3, QuarkXPress was seen as needing significant improvements and users criticized it for its overly long innovation cycles. The release of QuarkXPress version 5 in 2002 led to disappointment from Apple's user base, as QuarkXPress did not support Mac OS X, while Adobe InDesign 2.0—launched in the same week—did. QuarkXPress lost marketshare due to an increasing price gap between it and InDesign. InDesign CS cost $699, while QuarkXPress 6 cost $945; the Adobe Creative Suite, which users purchased for access to Photoshop and Illustrator, included InDesign.

In response to a shrinking user base, Quark started to lower its pricing levels in 2004. In December 2006, Quark licensed the Windows version of QuarkXPress 5 to be distributed for free on the cover of a UK computer magazine, Computer Shopper, with the idea of enticing consumers to upgrade to versions. Having arrived late with a Mac OS X version, Quark took a different approach to porting to Intel-native applications on Mac, released its Universal Binary version 7 months before Adobe ported InDesign. QuarkXPress 9 won Product of the Year in 2011. Since 2015, QuarkXPress has been updated on an annual cycle, with major version releases in May 2015, May 2016, May 2017, May 2018, July 2019 The package provides the basic functionality of font, alignment and color, but it provides its users with professional typesetting options such as kerning, curving text along a line, ligatures. A QuarkXPress document contains text and graphics boxes; the boxes can be reshaped and given varying levels of transparency and text alignment.

Both box positioning and graphic or text positioning is allowed within a box with an accuracy of one-thousandth of an inch. Color control allows the full-use of printing-press standard Pantone or Hexachrome inks, along with a variety of other color-space options. Draft output can be printed on conventional desktop printers. Process color separation films can be produced for printing-presses. QuarkXPress offers the ability for composite work-flows, both with PostScript and PDF output. QuarkXPress offers layout synchronization, multiple undo/redo functionality, XML and web page features, support for direct PDF import and output. Documents can be verified before printing; this high-level print preview automatically identifies other printing problems. Adobe has a similar feature in InDesign. Composition zones feature makes it the only desktop application with multi-user capabilities by allowing multiple users to edit different zones on the same page. Composition Zones pushes collaboration a step further than just simultaneous text/picture, as it allows layout and graphic elements to be edited outside the layout application.

User-defined rules, output specs, layout specs can be used for intelligent templates and enable resource sharing. Version 6.5, released at the end of 2004, added enhanced support for the Photoshop format. The PSD integration and picture manipulation features led to QuarkXPress receiving a number of awards, such as the Macworld Editor's Choice for 2004. Version 7 added support for OpenType, Unicode, JDF, PDF/X-export. QuarkXPress 7 added unique features, such as native transparency at the color level. QuarkXPress 8 introduced a new user interface, support for drag and drop, PDF 1.7 import, AI Import and a global file format. Design grids can be assigned to boxes to allow unlimited baseline grids. Hanging characters can be customized by character and amount to hang outside the box; this is the first version to include built-in Adobe Flash authoring. Designers can create Flash content including sound, video and interactivity without programming. In October 2008, QuarkXPress 8 won the MacUser Award for Print Publishing Software of the Year.

With version 9 QuarkXPress extended its crossmedia publishing approach and can be used now to export to eBo


Sithanavasal is a village in the Annavasal revenue block of Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India. As of the 2001 census, Sithanavasal had a total population of 1629 with 824 females. Out of the total population, 650 people were literate; the famous historical Fresco Paintings by the Jain saints are found inside the caves situated here. There are the Jain beds of rock Sittanavasal Cave is a rock-cut Jain monastery located at around 60 km from the city - it is an ideal place for a Sunday morning trip. Maintained by the ASI it sports many attractions in the complex which helps kids have their fun quotient. A rock-cut Jain temple named Arivar-Koil was carved here which sports paintings made during the 9th century; the most important reason to visit these caves is the paintings. The other attractions are finding out the mysteries behind the vibrating Om and how the Jain monks had lived during the 9th century; the fresco paintings are similar to the ones found in Ajanta caves and are made using vegetable dye have now disappeared and disfigured due to vandalism until the ASI took over in 1958.

There are 287 steps which lead to the top of the hillock, which has around 17 rock beds where the monks used to rest. The ascent to the top gives you a panoramic view of the small town below dispersed with small agricultural fields and lakes, it would make up for a good rock climbing session and prove to be fruitful with the scenery and impressive architecture on top. The historical monuments are a treat to the visitors who want to indulge themselves in a bit of history of the Jain and Pandya periods. Apart from these there are two parks one the recreational park while the other is a Tamil Divine park and a recreational park which can be a good spot to click holiday pictures. There is a small lake created for boating. Though family picnics to such places can be wonderful, a small trip with students accompanied by a historian would be a great hit. You can engage in historical walks, nature walks along the smaller water bodies where one can spot different birds; this makes up for an ideal mix of history and architecture.

Wikimapia Route: En route to Pudukottai. Travel time: One hours and 30 mins. Things to carry: Cameras, water bottles. Timing: Throughout the day. Activity: Bird watching, rock climbing, trekking. Places nearby: Pre historic megalithic burial sites, smaller rock cut caves


Ostigliano is a southern Italian village and the only hamlet of Perito, a municipality in the province of Salerno, Campania. As of 2011, its population was 431; the village, whose toponym comes from the Latin word Hostilius, was settled since the Middle Ages. Its main church, dedicated to John the Baptist, was built during the 16th century. Located in central-northern Cilento and transcluded into its national park, Ostigliano spans above a hill, on a ridge between the valley and the reservoir of Alento river, the nearby hilltown of Perito, it is 7.7 km far from Piano Vetrale, 8 from Orria, 10 from Rutino, 14 from Cicerale, 19 from Agropoli. Cilentan dialect Media related to Ostigliano at Wikimedia Commons