The Quarterly Review was a literary and political periodical founded in March 1809 by the well known London publishing house John Murray. It ceased publication in 1967; the Quarterly was set up to counter the influence on public opinion of the Edinburgh Review. Its first editor, William Gifford, was appointed by George Canning, at the time Foreign Secretary Prime Minister. Early contributors included the Secretaries of the Admiralty John Wilson Croker and Sir John Barrow, the Poet Laureate Robert Southey, the poet-novelist Sir Walter Scott, the Italian exile Ugo Foscolo, the Gothic novelist Charles Robert Maturin, the essayist Charles Lamb. Under Gifford, the journal took the Canningite liberal-conservative position on matters of domestic and foreign policy, if only inconsistently, it opposed major political reforms, but it supported the gradual abolition of slavery, moderate law reform, humanitarian treatment of criminals and the insane, the liberalizing of trade. In a series of brilliant articles in its pages, Southey advocated a progressive philosophy of social reform.
Because two of his key writers and Southey, were opposed to Catholic emancipation, Gifford did not permit the journal to take a clear position on that issue. Reflecting divisions in the Conservative party itself, under its third editor, John Gibson Lockhart, the Quarterly became less consistent in its political philosophy. While Croker continued to represent the Canningites and Peelites, the party's liberal wing, it found a place for the more conservative views of Lords Eldon and Wellington. During its early years, reviews of new works were sometimes remarkably long; that of Henry Koster's Travels in Brazil ran to forty-three pages. Typical of early nineteenth-century journals, reviewing in the Quarterly was politicized and on occasion excessively dismissive. Writers and publishers known for their Unitarian or radical views were among the early journal's main targets. Prominent victims of scathing reviews included the Irish novelist Lady Morgan, the English poet and essayist Walter Savage Landor, the English novelist Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley and her husband the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.
In an 1817 article, John Wilson Croker attacked John Keats in a review of Endymion for his association with Leigh Hunt and the so-called Cockney School of poetry. Shelley blamed Croker's article for bringing about the death of the ill poet,'snuffed out', in Byron's ironic phrase,'by an article'. In 1816, Sir Walter Scott reviewed his own, but anonymously published, Tales of My Landlord to deflect suspicion that he was the author. Scott was the author of a favourable review of Jane Austen's Emma. William Gifford John Taylor Coleridge John Gibson Lockhart Whitwell Elwin William Macpherson William Smith John Murray IV Rowland Edmund Prothero George Walter Prothero Jonathan Cutmore and the Quarterly Review: A Critical Analysis Jonathan Cutmore, Contributors to the Quarterly Review 1809-25: A History John O. Hayden, The Romantic Reviewers, 1802-1824 Joanne Shattock and Reviewers: The Edinburgh and the Quarterly in the Early Victorian Age Hill Shine and Helen Chadwick Shine, The Quarterly Review Under Gifford: Identification of Contributors 1809-1824 The main repository of manuscript papers relating to the Quarterly Review is the archive of John Murray.
In 2007, the archive was purchased by the National Library of Edinburgh. The Quarterly Review Archive This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed.. "Quarterly Review". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne
Football Manager 2012 is a football management-simulation video game. It was released on Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X on 21 October 2011. FM12 is the eighth game in the Football Manager series. FM12 features similar gameplay to that of the Football Manager series. Gameplay consists of taking charge of a professional association football team, as the team manager. Players can sign football players to contracts, manage finances for the club, give team talks to players. FM12 is a simulation of real world management, with the player being judged on various factors by the club's AI owners and board. FM12 added increased levels of scouting, including the amount of information a scout would bring back for in-game players; the largest new addition to the game was the ability to add or remove playable leagues from the game at the end of every season. A demo of the game was released on Steam in association with Sky Sports HD on 6 October 2011, it provides half of a season of game play. The demo is limited to only the leagues of England, France, Holland, Italy, Denmark and Australia, playable as quick-starts.
Football Manager 2012 is the first in the series to require the use of Steam software. The move means. Sega indicated. According to media review aggregator website Metacritic, Football Manager 2012 received "generally positive reviews". In particular GameSpot said that the "ability to turn leagues off and on was a great addition"; the German website 4players.de rated the game with 88% as "sehr gut". Official website
The 2014 Pulitzer Prizes were awarded by the Pulitzer Prize Board for work during the 2013 calendar year. The deadline for entries was January 25, 2014. Prize winners and nominated finalists were announced on April 14, 2014; the Washington Post and The Guardian US shared the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service considered the top prize for journalism. The two papers were honored for their coverage of the disclosures about surveillance done by the US National Security Agency. Edward Snowden, who leaked security documents to the two newspapers, said the award was "vindication for everyone who believes that the public has a role in government." Other journalism honored included the Boston Globe's coverage of the Boston Marathon bombings, Chris Hamby for investigative reporting, Eli Saslow for explanatory reporting. The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction; the judges described the novel, which took Tartt 11 years to write, as "a beautifully written coming-of-age novel with exquisitely drawn characters".
In addition to the award itself, Tartt received a $100,000 cash prize. She said she was "surprised" and "very happy" to receive her first major literary prize. Over all, the novel has drawn "mixed reviews" from literary critics. Other contenders for the fiction prize included The Son by Philipp Meyer and The Woman Who Lost Her Soul by Bob Shacochis. Vijay Seshadri won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his collection 3 Sections. Other literary winners included The Internal Enemy by Alan Taylor, Toms River: A Story of Science and Salvation by Dan Fagin, Megan Marshall's biography of Margaret Fuller. There were 20 prizes awarded in 21 categories – no award in the category Feature Writing. Not awarded in 2014