Pointe-Fortune is a village municipality in southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the Ottawa River in Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality, northwest of Montreal. The population at the 2011 Census was 542. Macdonell-Williamson House, which owes its existence to the fur trade and the legendary Voyageurs, is located at the historical boundary marker which marks the division between Upper and Lower Canada.. Pointe Fortune celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2004. Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs operates Francophone schools. École de l'Épervière in RigaudLester B. Pearson School Board operates Anglophone schools. Soulanges Elementary School in Saint-Télesphore or Evergreen Elementary and Forest Hill Elementary in Saint-Lazare List of village municipalities in Quebec
Lavaltrie is a city located within the D'Autray Regional County Municipality in the southern part of the region of Lanaudière, Canada, northeast of Montreal outside the suburban sprawl of the northern crown. The population was 13,267 as of the Canada 2011 Census within a land surface area of about 70 square kilometres, with the majority of the territory being used for agricultural activities.. The origins of Lavaltrie go back to the 17th century. Jean Talon, the intendant of New France, gave parcels of land to various lords; the land where Lavaltrie is now situated was given to a lieutenant, Sieur la Valtrie, by Talon in 1672. In the 18th century, land occupants built a new roadway along the Saint Lawrence River linking Montreal and Quebec City, named the Chemin Du Roy and now known as Quebec Route 138. For many decades, Lavaltrie was located in the centre of a large series of manors owned by lords intended to develop the agricultural sector. A rural area until the second half of the 20th century, Lavaltrie has developed due to the growing suburbs of Montreal.
Lavaltrie's location near Autoroute 40 and Route 138 gives easy access to Montreal and the northern crown area of the Greater Montreal area. A-40 gives Lavaltrie direct links to Trois-Rivières and Quebec City to the east and Ottawa to the west. Autoroute 31 and Route 131 which ends at the junction of the A-40 in Lavaltrie gives the area easy access to more remote and rural regions of the Lanaudière region; however though located beside the Saint Lawrence River on its north, the city does not have a direct access to the south with the closest links being Autoroute 25 via the Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Tunnel in Montreal to the west or the Berthierville-Sorel ferry to the east. Source: Jean Claude Gravel Commission scolaire des Samares operates francophone public schools: École primaire de la Source École primaire des Eaux-Vives École primaire Jean-Chrysostôme-Chaussé École primaire des Amis-Soleils École Secondaire de la RiveThe Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates anglophone public schools, including: Joliette Elementary School in Saint-Charles-Borromée Joliette High School in Joliette Télesphore Saint-PierreList of municipalities in Quebec Website of the City of Lavaltrie
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t
Terrebonne is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in western Quebec, Canada. It is located on the north shores of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and of the Rivière des Prairies, North of Montreal and Laval; this city is divided in three sectors, namely La Plaine and Terrebonne. In the past, these sectors were distinct cities, but, on 22 August 2001, they merged under the name of Terrebonne. According to the 2011 Canadian Census Terrebonne has a population of 111,575, making it Montreal's fourth largest suburb; the town of Lachenaie, founded in 1670 by Lord Charles Aubert de Lachenaye, is the oldest of the three towns that were merged. Some natives were present on this territory at the time; the colonisation started in 1647 when Lachenaie was merged with the Repentigny Seigniory. Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire, priest and the son of René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, acquired the Seigniory of Terrebonne on 2 September 1720. Abbot Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire built the first church in 1734 and the first manor in 1735.
A few years Abbot Lepage equipped the town with both a saw mill and a flour mill. The town of La Plaine was founded in 1830 on fragments of other towns, namely Mascouche, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Saint-Lin, Terrebonne. At that time, the lords of Terrebonne and Lachenaie built the road named "chemin de la Grande Ligne" to join the two towns, it is now called the boulevard Laurier. In 1877, the rail system was stimulated the economic growth; the village of Saint-Joachim was founded during that time, in 1920, to be renamed La Plaine. The first lord of Terrebonne was André Daulier-Deslandes, granted his title in 1673. Following the construction of the first wooden bridge in 1834, two main areas emerged; the commercial area was Terrebonne. In 1985, these two cities merged. At the time of the municipal merger in late August 2001, Lachenaie had over 20,000 residents, La Plaine had 17,000 residents, Terrebonne had 46,000 residents; this merger made Terrebonne the 10th largest city in Quebec. Ten years the city had around 106,322 citizens on 154.6 km2 of land, according to the 2011 Canadian Census.
Terrebonne is connected to Montreal's Central Station by commuter rail via the Terrebonne station of the Réseau de transport métropolitain Mascouche line. The city of Terrebonne is equipped with a bus network operated by the RTM, which enables residents to reach several metro stations both in Laval and Montreal, amongst many other locations; some examples include bus line 30, which brings inhabitants of Terrebonne to the Radisson metro station on Sherbrooke Street East, bus line 19, which reaches Montmorency metro station in Laval, bus line 25, whose terminal stop is at the Henri-Bourassa metro station. The Université de Montréal has a small campus located near the Pierre Le Gardeur Hospital in the Lachenaie sector of the city of Terrebonne. There are some courses given by the Université du Québec à Montréal in the Terrebonne sector, as well as the Centre universitaire de Lanaudière à Terrebonne affiliated with the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières located within the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne.
The Cégep régional de Lanaudière network has established a collegial institution, namely the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne, near Highway 640, in the Terrebonne sector of the city of Terrebonne. The city of Terrebonne counts several vocational education centers; the Centre de formation professionnelle des moulins is located next to the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne in the Terrebonne sector. French-language public schools in Terrebonne Ouest are operated by the Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Additionally, some schools within and serving the city of Terrebonne are operated by the French Commission scolaire des Affluents and the English Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Commission scolaire des Affluents secondary schools include: École secondaire Armand-Corbeil École secondaire de l’Odyssée École secondaire Des Rives École secondaire des Trois-SaisonsCSSMI primary schools: de l'Espace-Couleurs Jeunes du monde Marie-Soleil-TougasSome CSSMI sections are zoned to École primaire Le Carrefour in Lorraine.
The CSSMI secondary schools serving Terrebonne are: École secondaire du Harfang in Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, École secondaire Hubert-Maisonneuve in Rosèmere and École secondaire Rive-Nord in Bois-des-Filion. Private Francophone secondary schools include: Collège Saint-SacrementAnglophone public schools serving Terrebonne include: McCaig Elementary School in Rosemère serves western Terrebonne Pinewood Elementary School in Mascouche serves a central portion Franklin Hill Elementary School in Repentigny serves an eastern portion Rosemere High School in Rosemere The pre-industrial complex of the Île-des-moulins was amongst the most important ones in the province of Quebec during the 19th century. Although several infrastructures have degraded, a total of five buildings remain; the fourth lord of Terrebonne, Abbot Louis Lepage, had ordered the construction of the first flour mill in 1721 as well as the first saw mill around 1725. In 1803, the bakery was established in the village; the actual saw and flour mills were built in 1846, respectively.
Four years following the construction of the flour mill, standing at the Île-des-moulins to this day, the Moulin neuf was built in 1850. In addition, around the same time in 1850, the seigniory office was established. In 1973, the Île-des-moulins was classified as a historic site of national interest by the Government of Quebec; the Moulin-Neuf dam allows for the flow regulation of the Rivi
Dollard-des-Ormeaux is a predominantly English-speaking on-island suburb of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. The town was named after French martyr Adam Dollard des Ormeaux; the town was merged with the city of Montreal in 2002 and became part of the borough of Dollard-Des Ormeaux–Roxboro. When residents were offered the option, they chose to leave the City of Montreal and the town was reinstated as a separate entity in 2006. In 2001, the official Commission de toponymie du Québec ruled that the correct way to write the city's name was Dollard-Des Ormeaux. However, this was not accepted and is used in practice. In particular, as of 2014, the city's own website does not use this way of writing the city's name. In 1714, the area was part of the Parish of St-Joachim de Pointe-Claire, it became part of the Parish of Ste-Geneviève when it detached from Pointe-Claire in 1845. On July 29, 1924, Dollard-des-Ormeaux detached from the Parish of Ste-Geneviève and became a separate municipality in response to a tax imposed by the Parish road improvements on Gouin Boulevard.
Its first mayor was Hormidas Meloche. The town's name honours the French martyr Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, killed by the Iroquois at Long Sault in 1660; the City of Dollard-des-Ormeaux obtained a new charter and was incorporated as a city on February 4, 1960. Dollard-des-Ormeaux was a bedroom community in the early 1960s; the population was a few hundred in 1960, within 10 years, exceeded 15,000One of its original main axes, Anselme-Lavigne Street in the Westpark neighbourhood, is named for a farmer who sold his land to the Belcourt Construction Company. Many of the streets in the Sunnydale neighbourhood, including "Sunshine" and "Hyman", are named for members in the prominent Zunenshine family who owned Belcourt; the community is a mixture of commercial properties. Des Sources and St-Jean Boulevards are its main commercial arteries, are represented by the two vertical lines in the city's official logo; the three circles in the logo, from left to right represent the St-Jean Sector, the Westpark Sector and the Sunnybrooke Sector.
The three circles and two vertical lines in the logo represent the city's geography and artfully spell out "ddo". The Town Hall was located in a house on Des Sources Boulevard in the early 1960s, was moved to an 1806 French-Canadian farmhouse in 1964. During Canada's centennial anniversary in 1967, the town decided to create a "Centennial Park," featuring a man-made lake and hills, it was suggested to use this project for a reservoir for stormwater drainage, as the City was faced with the need to expand surface drainage pipes. However the project became a local scandal and a major drain on resources, it was completed in the 1970s, albeit overdue and overbudget. Dollard-des-Ormeaux was included in the Montreal Urban Community when that government was created in 1970. On January 1, 2002, as part of the 2002–2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, it merged with the city of Montreal and became part of the Dollard-Des Ormeaux–Roxboro borough. After a change of government and a 2004 demerger referendum, Dollard-des-Ormeaux was reconstituted as an independent city on January 1, 2006.
It is now the Montreal Island's most populous city outside Montreal. Albeit, not served by the Montreal Metro, it is planned that the city would be served by the planned Réseau électrique métropolitain light rail system with at least one station at the juncture of Highway 40 and Des Sources boulevard. Dollard is known for its many well-attended green spaces, providing a park within one kilometre of each home. Notable parks include Westminster Park, Baffin Park and Terry Fox Park. Edward Janiszewski Park was named after the longest-reigning mayor of the city. Dollard-des-Ormeaux is home to the Dollard Civic Centre, which serves as city hall, the public library and houses ice skating and swimming facilities. Dollard is home to many juvenile sports teams, including hockey, baseball and ringette. In 2013, the city received $20 000 from Kraft Le Hockey Continue program in recognition of the efforts of Lance Taylor Townend, an administrator and coach with the Dollard Hockey Association.. The city government consists of a mayor.
Laurence Parent Errol Johnson Mickey Max Guttman Herbert Brownstein Morris Vesely Valérie Assouline Pulkit Kantawala Colette Gauthier Since the City's incorporation in 1960, there have been seven mayors. They are Alfred Labrosse, Frederick T. Wilson, Gerald Dephoure, Jean Cournoyer, Gerry Weiner, Edward Janiszewski and Alex Bottausci. Edward Janiszewski's 33-year reign as Mayor of DDO makes him the longest-serving Mayor in the city's history, the second longest-serving Mayor in the history of Canada, behind Hazel McCallion, he was first elected to city council in 1978 before becoming mayor in 1984. During his tenure, he oversaw the construction of Dollard-des-Ormeaux's famous library and many of the additions which were made to the civic center. At the time of his defeat in 2017, the city was left with a surplus of $15 million.. Founded in 1980, a preventative patrol service was created to enhance public safety in the city and to enforce parking violations after the merger of police departments on the Island of Montreal.
The service is responsible for multiple by-law enforcement, crime prevention, emergency measures, community relations. The Lester B. Pearson School Board operates four Angloph
Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie administrative region of Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and is halfway between Montreal and Quebec City. Trois-Rivières is the cultural hub of the Mauricie region; the settlement was founded by French colonists on July 4, 1634, as the second permanent settlement in New France, after Quebec City in 1608. The city's name, French for three rivers, is named for the fact the Saint-Maurice River has three mouths at the Saint Lawrence River. In the English language this city was known as Three Rivers. Since the late 20th century, when there has been more recognition of Quebec and French speakers, French was made an official language, the city is referred to as Trois-Rivières in both English and French; the anglicized name still appears in many areas of the town, bearing witness to the influence of English settlers in the town.
The city's inhabitants are known as Trifluviens. Trois-Rivières is the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Trois-Rivières, its geographical code is 371. Together with the regional county municipality of Les Chenaux, it forms the census division of Francheville; the municipalities within Les Chenaux and the former municipalities that were amalgamated into Trois-Rivières constituted the regional county municipality of Francheville. Trois-Rivières is the seat of the judicial district of the same name; the Trois-Rivières metropolitan area includes the city of Bécancour, situated on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River across the Laviolette Bridge; the name of Trois-Rivières, which dates from the end of the 16th century, was used by French explorers in reference to the three channels in the Saint-Maurice River formed at its mouth with the Saint Lawrence, as it is divided by two islands and Saint-Quentin island. The city occupies a location known to the French since 1535, when Jacques Cartier, in a trip along the St. Lawrence, stopped to plant a cross on Saint-Quentin island.
But the Three Rivers name is used for the first time in 1599 by Sieur François Gravé Du Pont, a geographer under Champlain, whose records confirmed the name in 1603. As Sieur Gravé Du Pont sailed upriver toward Montreal, he saw what appeared to be three separate tributaries, he did not know two large islands divide the course of the Saint-Maurice River in three parts where the latter flows into the St. Lawrence River. For thousands of years, the area that would become known as Trois-Rivières was frequented by Indigenous peoples; the historic Algonquin and Abenaki peoples used it as a summer stopping place. They would fish and hunt here, as well as gather nuts; the area was rich in resources. The French explorer Jacques Cartier described the site while on his second journey to the New World in 1535; the name "Trois-Rivières", was not given until 1599, by Captain Dupont-Gravé, first appeared on maps of the area dated 1601. In 1603, while surveying the Saint-Lawrence River, Samuel de Champlain recommended establishing a permanent settlement in the area.
Such a village was started on July 1634, by the Sieur de Laviolette. Additional inhabitants of the early city of Trois-Rivières include: Quentin Moral, Sieur de St. Quentin; the city was the second to be founded in New France. Given its strategic location, it played an important role in the colony and in the fur trade with First Nations peoples; the settlement became the seat of a regional government in 1665. Ursuline nuns first arrived at the settlement in 1697, where they founded the first school and helped local missionaries to Christianize the local Aboriginals and developing class of Métis. French sovereignty in Trois-Rivières continued until 1760, when the city was captured as part of the British conquest of Canada during the Seven Years' War. Sixteen years on June 8, 1776, it was the theatre of the Battle of Trois-Rivières during the American Revolutionary War. Trois-Rivières continued to grow in importance throughout this period and beyond. In 1792 it was designated as the seat of a judicial district.
In 1852, the Roman Catholic church made. In 1816, Captain A. G. Douglas, a former adjutant at the British military college at Great Marlow, recommended a military college for Catholic and Protestant boys be established at Trois-Rivières, he proposed it operate in a disused government house and he would be superintendent. Douglas' college was intended as a boarding school to educate the young sons of officers, amongst others, in Latin, English language, French Language, Geography and Mathematics; this preceded the founding of the Royal Military College of Canada in 1876. In 1908, the greater part of the city of Trois-Rivières was destroyed by a fire. Among the surviving buildings were the Ursuline Monastery and the De Tonnancour Manor; as a result of the destruction, a major redesign and renovation of the city was undertaken, including the widening and renewal
Pointe-Claire is a suburb of Greater Montreal in Quebec, Canada. Pointe-Claire is residential in character, but is the site of much economic activity, such as retail activity, light manufacturing, various corporate offices, a hospital; the population is about 31,000 and about 7,000 people are employed there. Pointe-Claire was first described by Nicolas Perrot in his account of 1669, the name Pointe-Claire appeared on a map as early as 1686. Although Samuel de Champlain canoed through the area in 1613, he reported no village or dwelling visible; the toponym Pointe-Claire refers to the peninsula, or point, where the windmill and the Saint-Joachim de Pointe-Claire Church are sited. The point has a clear view of its surroundings; the first grant of land under the seigneurial system was in 1684 to Pierre Cabassier, for a lot just east of Pointe Charlebois. Under the seigneurial system, the Sulpicians had to build a mill for the colonists, who in turn had to grind their grain there at a set fee. In 1707, after the Great Peace of Montreal was signed in 1701, the Chemin du Roy from Dorval to the western tip of Montreal Island was opened having been ordered by intendant Jacques Raudot, the parish was subdivided in three côtes: St. Rémy, St. Jean and St. Charles.
Between côtes St. Rémy and St. Charles lay 33 lots; these were three arpents wide by 20 or 30 deep. Up to this time Pointe-Claire had only been accessible by boat. In 1713 the seminary formed a parish on the land that now includes Pointe-Claire and much of the West Island, in 1714 a church was built at the point, at the site of the present-day church. Up to that time the area was served by an itinerant missionary priest; the church was called Saint-Francois-de-Sales, but it was renamed six months to Saint-Joachim de la pointe claire. The church and presbytery, both built of stone, formed a fort about two arpents in area, surrounded by stakes; the construction was ordered by Governor Beauharnois out of fear of the Iroquois. The point was used as a stopover by voyageurs en route for the back country. In 1728-9 the first lots were granted, to a blacksmith and to a carpenter. By 1765 there were 783 residents, 74 lots owned by 35 individuals, 19 houses, some built of stone, but most of wood. In 1854 the municipality of Saint-Joachim-de-la-Pointe-Claire was defined, the name shortened to Pointe-Claire.
The Grand Trunk Railway built a line in 1855. This brought people, with them property development in an area that up to had been agricultural, it improved the welfare of farmers by providing a ready market for their goods. Suburban development began in 1893 when Otto Frederick Lilly acquired land spanning Boulevard Saint Jean, he used his influence with the Canadian Pacific Railway to have a station added to the line at the end of Cedar avenue, which he paved from there down to Lakeshore Road. Both sides of Cedar Avenue were built up by 1920. Provincial highway number 2 was built alongside the railway in 1940, following expropriation of property; this led to a move of much of the town from the south to the north of the highway, namely the town hall, recreation centre, police station, fire station. After the British North America Act of 1867 Pointe-Claire was included in the new federal riding of Jacques Cartier. In the election of the 7th of August, the men of Pointe-Claire elected the Conservative Guillaume Gamelin Gaucher.
In 1900 a major fire destroyed much of village. It was discovered in an uninhabited building around 02:00 on the morning of 22 May; the wind caused the fire to spread to surrounding houses. The only water supply carried in buckets from the river. A small two-wheeled hose reel and hand pump was the only village fire protection. Locals asked for help from Montreal. Equipment did not arrive in time to help; the worst of the damage was on the rue de l'église. In all about 30 buildings were destroyed, including the post office, the town hall, the residences of about 200 people. From 2002-2006 there were municipal reorganizations across the province, which included a reorganization of Montreal, Pointe-Claire was merged into Montreal and became a borough. However, after political changes it was re-constituted as an independent city in 2006, along with a number of other boroughs; the shoreline of Pointe-Claire along Lac Saint-Louis is at about 30 metres above sea level and rises along a fault by about 30 metres not far from shore, more steeply in the west.
The eastern side has a soil rich in clay. Pointe-Claire is bounded on the north by Dollard-des-Ormeaux, on the east by Dorval, on the south by Lac Saint-Louis, on the west by Kirkland and Beaconsfield. Pointe-Claire is urbanised and developed. There are 38 public parks and green spaces with 5 baseball/softball diamonds, 26 playgrounds, 19 soccer pitches, 7 outdoor swimming pools, 24 tennis courts, 10 outdoor skating rinks, five shoreline areas. Large green spaces include: The public Terra-Cotta Natural Park, a natural green space of 39 hectares, with six kilometers of paths. From 1912 to 1962, a clay deposit on the site was exploited by the Montréal Terra Cotta and Lumber Co; the clay, mixed with sawdust, was baked on site to produce hollow tiles used in construction. The Last Post Fund National Field of Honour, a National Historic Site of Canada, open to the