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Queen Anne's Revenge

Queen Anne's Revenge was an early-18th-century ship, most famously used as a flagship by Edward Teach, better known by his nickname Blackbeard. Although the date and place of the ship's construction are uncertain, it was believed she was built for merchant service in Bristol in 1710 and named Concord captured by French privateers and renamed La Concorde; this origin hypothesis has been dismissed by the project crew. After several years' service with the French, she was captured by Blackbeard in 1717. Blackbeard used the ship for less than a year, but captured numerous prizes using her as his flagship. In May 1718, Blackbeard ran the ship aground at Topsail Inlet, now known as Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina, in the present-day Carteret County. After the grounding, her crew and supplies were transferred to smaller ships. In 1996 Intersal, Inc. a private firm, discovered the remains of a vessel, determined to be Queen Anne's Revenge, added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places; the 200-ton vessel is believed to have been built in 1710.

She was handed over to René Duguay-Trouin and employed in his service for some time before being converted into a slave ship operated by the leading slave trader René Montaudin of Nantes, until sold in 1713 in Peru or Chile. She was re-acquired by the French Navy in November 1716, but was sold by them for commerce five months in France, again for use as a slaver, she was captured by Blackbeard and his pirates on 28 November 1717, near the island of Saint Vincent. After selling her cargo of slaves at Martinique, Blackbeard made La Concorde into his flagship, adding more heavy cannon and renaming her Queen Anne's Revenge; the name may come from the War of the Spanish Succession, known in the Americas as Queen Anne's War, in which Blackbeard had served in the Royal Navy, or from sympathy for Queen Anne, the last Stuart monarch. Blackbeard sailed this ship from the west coast of Africa to the Caribbean, attacking British and Portuguese merchant ships along the way. Shortly after blockading Charleston harbor in May 1718, refusing to accept the Governor's offer of a pardon, Blackbeard ran Queen Anne's Revenge aground while entering Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina on 10 June 1718.

A deposition given by the former captain of Adventure, David Herriot, states "Thatch's ship Queen Anne's Revenge run a-ground off of the Bar of Topsail-Inlet." He states that Adventure "run a-ground about Gun-shot from the said Thatch" in an attempt to kedge Queen Anne's Revenge off the bar. Teach disbanded his flotilla and escaped by transferring supplies onto the smaller sloop, Adventure, he stranded several crew members on a small island nearby, where they were rescued by Captain Stede Bonnet. Some suggest Blackbeard deliberately grounded the ship as an excuse to disperse the crew. Shortly afterward, Blackbeard did surrender and accepted a royal pardon for himself and his remaining crewmen from Governor Charles Eden at Bath, North Carolina. However, he returned to piracy and was killed in combat in November 1718. Intersal Inc. a private research firm, discovered the wreck believed to be Queen Anne’s Revenge QAR on November 21, 1996. It was located by Intersal's director of operations, Mike Daniel, who used historical research provided by Intersal's president, Phil Masters and maritime archaeologist David Moore.

The shipwreck lies in 28 feet of water about one mile offshore of Fort Macon State Park, Atlantic Beach, North Carolina. Thirty-one cannons have been identified to date and more than 300,000 artifacts have been recovered; the cannons are of different origins including Sweden and France, of different sizes as would be expected with a colonial pirate crew. Recognizing the significance of Queen Anne's Revenge, the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources and Maritime Research Institute entered into a memorandum of agreement in 1998. Intersal agreed to forego entitlement to any coins and precious metals recovered from the wreck site in order that all artifacts remain as one intact collection, in order for NCDNCR to determine the ultimate disposition of the artifacts. In return, Intersal was granted media-, replica- and other rights related to an entity known as Blackbeard's Queen Anne's Revenge Shipwreck Project. NCDNCR, Rick Allen of Nautilus Productions signed a settlement agreement on October 24, 2013 connected to commercial-, replica- and promotional opportunities for the benefit of Queen Anne's Revenge.

The State of North Carolina owns the wreck. For one week in 2000 and 2001, live underwater video of the project was webcast to the Internet as a part of the QAR DiveLive educational program that reached thousands of children around the world. Created and co-produced by Nautilus Productions and Marine Grafics, this project enabled students to talk to scientists and learn about methods and technologies utilized by the underwater archaeology team. In November 2006 and 2007, more artifacts were brought to the surface; the additional artifacts appear to support the claim. Among evidence to support this theory is that the cannons were found loaded. In addition, there were more cannons than would be expected for a ship of this size, the cannons were of different makes. Depth markings on the part of the stern, recovered point to it having been made according to the French foot measureme

Rose: Love in Violent Times

Rose is the 2010 book by Inga Muscio which looks into the passive and physical violence in our daily lives and describes how we might find love within this violence. It is her third book, following Cunt: A Declaration of Independence and Autobiography of a Blue-Eyed Devil: My Life and Times in a Racist, Imperialist Society. Rose is divided into three main sections: an Introduction, Part I—Violence, Part II—Love. Muscio was inspired to write on the subject of violence based on a quote she heard from Arun Gandhi: “Acts of passive violence generate anger in the victim, and...it is passive violence that fuels the fire of physical violence... If we wish to put out the fire of physical violence we have to cut off the fuel supply." Muscio stated that it was this quote, the inspiration for this book and that this quote changed the way she viewed her relationships and the world, itself. Cover: On the front cover of the book there is a picture of a rose with 101 words forming a ‘spiral’ shape. Muscio insists.

She explains the process of narrowing down the list of words in Chapter 5: Definitions within Part II of Rose. These words are: dream, destruction, desire, destiny, cheat, hate, work, home, alien, genius, violate, blessed, heart, knowledge, prison, crime, entertainment, racism, healer, behavior, poor, discover, god, love, museum, cute, vitamin, commodity, good, genocide, safe, innocence, punishment, solitude, memory, damage, reality, industry, moral, prayer, map, miracle, ancestor, chosen, souvenir, isolation, paradise, reservation, justice, family, izzat. Within the introduction section, Muscio lays out the purpose of this book, to help us to learn how to love, she claims that by looking into, understanding, the effects of passive and physical violence in our lives we will be open and capable to loving. She criticizes the definitions of violence and love found in dictionaries because those terms are “ positively endless and cannot be defined in two short sentences”. Muscio states that “if we learn about violence and we learn how to love, the possibilities are endless”.

Within this section, Muscio focuses on violence of war, violence of entitlement and the violence of rape. She uses this section to speak of the types of violence we tend to be ignorant of. Chapter 1: Violence of War: War, Muscio claims, is a constant “cycle of violence” and “is not contained” She compares the history of involvement of war of the United States and of Canada to conclude that, within the United States, war is responsible for the validation of violence in our everyday lives. Chapter 2: Violence of Entitlement: Muscio addresses ‘entitlement’ and the way our sense of claim has caused violence throughout history. Within this section she addresses the United States sense of entitlement over the Native Americans and slaves, how our denial about these cases is hindering our abilities to grow as humans, she addresses celebrity, the entitlement we give them, the entitlement they take for themselves as “important people”. She states “How prideful and egotistical we are to think we can change the world without changing ourselves and looking at our indoctrination and understanding where we come from and who we, as a people, are.”

Chapter 3: Safety: Muscio discusses sexual abuse and the trauma that her wife went through growing up. “Recovery” from this type of trauma, the author says, is an inaccurate term because it “makes people think things have gone back to normal” Chapter 4: Violence of Rape: The author argues that child abuse, like war and entitlement, is a legacy of our culturally history. She focuses on ‘ childhood terrorization’ the scandals of abuse of Priests within the Catholic Church, she argues that “only with therapy and love do people recover from this kind of childhood terrorization.” Chapter 5: Dictionaries: Muscio begins this section by explaining her love/hate relationship with dictionaries. She argues that we must take words such as ‘love’ and ‘war’ and “define them in your life, from your experience, while taking in as many perspectives as possible”. 165. Muscio believes words to be the ultimate weapon of passive violence and calls our attention to the importance of interpreting definitions for ourselves because “words are never stagnant” Chapter 6: You Are Here: She continues by acknowledging the importance of being present within the universe and that we as humans need to discover our place in the world.

She notes the importance religion plays for most people when they try and understand their place, but she stresses the lack of influence religion had on her growing up. She continues by acknowledging that our reliance on technology is the reason for our struggles in being present within the world. “My loneliness resides in the world man has made.” Chapter 7: Defending the Home Front: In the next section within ‘Part II: Love’, Muscio goes on to look at the term ‘izzat’. Izzat, she says, is ‘the regard in which you hold yourself’; this is importance, Muscio argues, for “when you know you are worth loving and fighting for you can love and fight for the world.”< span> By being present within the world and ‘protecting our izzat’ we are able to negotiate much of the vio

Tooth Fairy (2010 film)

Tooth Fairy is a 2010 fantasy comedy family film directed by Michael Lembeck, produced by Jim Piddock, Jason Blum, Mark Ciardi and Gordon Gray, written by Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel, Randi Mayem Singer, Joshua Sternin and Jeffrey Ventimilia with music by George S. Clinton and starring Dwayne Johnson, Ashley Judd, Julie Andrews. Filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, it was co-produced by Walden Media and distributed and theatrically released by 20th Century Fox on January 22, 2010; the movie was given a negative reception from critics but it earned $112.5 million on a $48 million budget and was a success at the box office. Tooth Fairy was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc/DVD/digital copy combination pack on May 4, 2010. A direct-to-video sequel, Tooth Fairy 2, starred Larry the Cable Guy as the title character and was released on March 6, 2012. Derek Thompson is a minor league hockey player nicknamed the "Tooth Fairy" for hitting opposing players so hard that he knocks out their teeth. One night, Derek steals a dollar from his girlfriend Carly's six-year-old daughter Tess', left for her lost tooth and tells her that the tooth fairy doesn't exist.

He receives a magical summons under his pillow. He is transported to the realm of tooth fairies, he meets his caseworker and the head fairy, Lily. He has an adversarial relationship with them. Lily tells Derek that he is a "dream crusher," due to his unsympathetic dealings with children like Dusty, he is sentenced to serve two weeks as a tooth fairy. He meets Jerry, who gives him his tooth fairy supplies, which include "Shrinking Paste," "Invisible Spray," and "Amnesia Dust." Carly's 14-year-old son, Randy dislikes Derek. Randy wants to grow up to be a heavy metal star; when Derek defends Randy against a bully, he begins to win him over, Derek begins teaching him to play his electric guitar better so he can win a talent show. Derek visits several children and tries his best to be a good tooth fairy, but ends up causing more harm than good. Lily says that he is the worst tooth fairy and denies Derek any more supplies from Jerry for the remainder of his sentence, criticizing his lack of faith in children.

Afterward, he is approached by a fairy named Ziggy. That night, the items malfunction and Derek is seen by a child's mother and arrested. While behind bars, Tracy tells Derek. However, he offers to give Derek proper supplies. Carly bails Derek out. Derek works on improving his tooth fairy skills and bonding with Tracy and Randy, but when Derek can't score a goal at a hockey game, he takes his anger out on Randy, telling him that he will never become a rock star, his dreams crushed, Randy smashes his guitar and Carly breaks up with Derek, telling him his biggest flaw is his inability to be optimistic. Tracy comes to Derek's house and announces that he is a tooth fairy-in-training, but that Derek's cruel remarks hurt himself more than others, much to Derek's annoyance; the next game, Derek sees Tracy. Tracy wants to teach Derek the importance of dreams, encouraging Derek to score a goal and to go get Tess' tooth. With a renewed spirit, Derek scores the goal, gets into his tooth fairy costume, flies away while Tracy spreads Amnesia Dust on the audience to cover up the event.

At Carly's, Tess sees Derek taking her tooth, but she promises to keep it a secret and Derek apologizes to Randy and encourages him to keep pursuing his dreams using his magic wand to grant Randy a new guitar. Downstairs, Carly sees him as a tooth fairy, but assumes that he rented a costume for Tess' sake, causing her to forgive him. Derek throws Amnesia Dust on him when they arrive. Derek heads back to the fairy realm to give Lily the tooth, is told that because of this job, as well as reaffirming Tess' belief, he has been relieved of his fairy duties. Lily explains that he will never see the tooth fairies again and he will have Amnesia Dust thrown on him. Before departing, Derek says a friendly goodbye to Tracy. Lily transports him back to the talent show. There, Randy ends up forming a band. Derek proposes to Carly, she accepts. During the credits, Derek is shown playing left wing for the Los Angeles Kings, when he sees Lily and Jerry in the crowd, he doesn't recognize them. Jerry secretly helps.

The hockey scenes were filmed at the Great Western Forum using players from the Los Angeles Kings. The score for Tooth Fairy was composed by George S. Clinton and recorded in the spring of 2009 with an 80-piece ensemble of the Hollywood Studio Symphony at the Newman Scoring Stage at 20th Century Fox studios; the film was released on January 22, 2010, opened in 3,344 theaters and took in $3,544,512 its opening day, with an average of $1,060 per theater. On its opening weekend, it grossed $14,010,409 with an average of $4,190 per theater, it ranked #4, behind Avatar and The Book of Eli. S. on its second weekend, behind Avatar, Edge of Darkness, When in Rome. Despite negative reviews, the film has come to be a box office hit grossing $60,022,256 in the United States and Canada, $51,854,764 in other markets, grossing a worldwide total of $111,877,020. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 18% based on 113 reviews with an average rating of 4/10; the site's critical consensus reads, "Dwayne Johnson brings the full force of his charm to the titl