The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham is an NHS and military hospital in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham, situated close to the University of Birmingham. The hospital, which cost £545 million to construct, opened in June 2010, replacing the previous Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Selly Oak Hospital, it is named after Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, queen consort and wife of King George VI from 1936 until his death in 1952. The hospital provides a whole range of services including secondary services for its local population and regional and national services for the people of the West Midlands and beyond; the hospital has the largest solid organ transplantation programme in Europe. It has the largest renal transplant programme in the United Kingdom and it is a national specialist centre for liver and lung transplantation, as well as cancer studies; the hospital has the largest single-floor critical care unit in the world, with 100 beds, is the home of the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine for military personnel injured in conflict zones.
It is a regional centre for trauma and burns. The hospital is served by University railway station, a five-minute walk away. With over 1,000 beds, QEHB is one of the largest single-site NHS hospitals in the United Kingdom. A variety of charitable hospitals opened in Birmingham between 1817, when the Orthopaedic Hospital opened, 1881, when the Skin Hospital served its first patients. One of these, Queens Hospital, established in 1840 by a young local surgeon William Sands Cox, was predominantly for clinical instruction for the medical students of Birmingham. In 1884 these institutions, including Cox's medical school, united as part of Mason College, which became the University of Birmingham; the original Queen Elizabeth Hospital was an NHS hospital in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham situated close to the University of Birmingham. The building cost £1,029,057, £129,406 less than the money raised by donations; the new hospital was built adjacent to the old Queen Elizabeth Hospital site. It was built to replace the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Selly Oak Hospital, although it incorporated some of the newer parts of the old Queen Elizabeth Hospital.
It was named the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, rather than the planned name of Birmingham Queen Elizabeth Hospital, as the Ministry of Justice ruled that no word can precede a Royal Title. The new hospital was part of a £1 billion urban regeneration plan for Bournbrook and Selly Oak which included the construction of a £350 million retail development and the construction of the Selly Oak bypass. Proposals for the new hospital were unveiled in 1998 and the outline design, unveiled in January 2004, was approved by Birmingham City Council in October 2004, it was the first acute hospital to be built in Birmingham since 1937. The new hospital was procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract with Consort Healthcare signed in early 2006; the hospital was designed by BDP Architects and construction, undertaken by Balfour Beatty at a cost of £545 million, began in June 2006. Five Liebherr 280 EC tower cranes were used during construction. Three of the cranes were among the tallest free-standing structures in the UK.
One of the cranes was at its maximum free-standing height, 90.2 m under the hook and could lift 12 t at 27.9 m or 4.9 t at 60 m. The other two cranes stood at 79.5 m. The finished complex comprised each 9 stories tall. A sky-bridge was erected between one of the towers and the retained estate allowing access to the departments of oncology, the pharmacy and the Wellcome Research Centre; as well as providing patient care, provision was made for retail outlets. Services from Selly Oak hospital moved in during the week beginning 16 June 2010, services from the old Queen Elizabeth Hospital finished moving in November 2011; this allowed simplification of operation due to two hospitals being relocated to one single site, which has the same capacity as the two previous hospitals combined. The hospital has 1,215 patient beds including 100 critical care beds – largest single-floor unit in the world, it has six MRI scanners, five CT scanners, four gamma camera/SPECT-CT systems, eight ultrasound rooms, five fluoroscopy rooms and five interventional radiology suites.
The hospital is the new home of the'Royal Centre for Defence Medicine', which cares for injured service men and women from conflict zones, as well as training Army and Air Force medical staff. Those reported to have been treated there include: Schoolgirl and education activist Malala Yousafzai was flown in from Pakistan to receive treatment at the hospital after being shot in the head by the Taliban in an incident which the Daily Mirror said earned her plaudits across the world for her bravery and determination in recovery. Stephen Sutton, who raised millions of pounds for the Teenage Cancer Trust, died aged 19 from colon cancer at the hospital on 19 May 2014. A nurse at the hospital was suspended from the medical register in 2013 when a panel at the Nursing and Midwifery Council proved more than 70 charges of incompetency. A surgeon used an argon beam machine to write his initials on the organs of the anaesthetised patients in 2013. In 2016 the death rate among patients receiving cardiac surgery was found to be above average for the nation.
Among other criticisms it was suggested. The Care Quality Commission rated the Queen Elizabeth Hospital overall as good. Babatunde Kwaku Adadevoh Healthcare in West Midlands List of hospitals in England University Hospital Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust NIHR Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre
WBNX-TV, virtual channel 55, is an independent television station serving Cleveland, United States, licensed to Akron. The station is owned by the Winston Broadcasting Network subsidiary of locally based Ernest Angley Ministries, operating as a for-profit arm of the company. WBNX-TV's studios are located on State Road in suburban Cuyahoga Falls, in a building which houses Winston Broadcasting's television production facilities; the station's transmitter is located in Ohio. WBNX-TV first signed on the air on December 1985, as a secular for-profit independent station; the WBNX call letters were used by a radio station in New York City on 1380 AM until 1984. Before WBNX signed on, its owner Ernest Angley purchased fellow televangelist Rex Humbard's television production facilities in Cuyahoga Falls to start the new station, purchased Humbard's Cathedral of Tomorrow complex; the unfinished concrete tower which still stands behind Grace Cathedral was intended to hold the transmission tower of WCOT, for which Humbard had held a construction permit on the channel 55 frequency.
The concrete tower was never purchased or used by WBNX, but is owned by Krieger Communications and used for cellular phone transmissions. The station branded as "WBNX TV55", carried a general entertainment format with classic dramas, low-budget films, syndicated game shows, a twice daily airing of station owner Angley's religious talk/variety show The 90 and 9 Club. During this time, WBNX aimed its programming at family audiences and imposed censoring standards that were similar to that used by The Family Channel, Nick at Nite and other kids and teens' oriented cable channels. In November 1986 when cross-town WCLQ 61 was sold to the Home Shopping Network, WBNX picked up the cartoons and classic sitcoms on WCLQ. By 1988, WBNX began running infomercials much of the broadcast day. By 1990, WBNX was running paid programming half the broadcast day, low budget syndicated programming about 1/4 of the day and religious shows a few hours a day. WBNX's original transmitter was located on Snowville Road in Brecksville, used by WKYC-TV in its earlier days.
The old technology for the transmitter forced WBNX to broadcast its audio feed in monaural rather than in stereo. In 2000, WBNX built a new transmitter and tower in Parma, becoming the tallest television broadcast tower in the Cleveland market. WBNX moved to become a major player in Cleveland television in September 1994, when it overhauled its programming lineup to include a mix of classic sitcoms and cartoons as well as a couple hours of religious shows each day. WBNX acquired a few syndicated programs that got displaced from WJW and WOIO through an affiliation shakeup spurred by an agreement between then-Fox network parent News Corporation and New World Communications, in which the market's Fox affiliation shifted over to WJW and the CBS affiliation went to WOIO; when WJW and WOIO swapped networks on September 3, 1994, WBNX acquired the local rights to the Fox Kids programming block. Like other New World stations affected by the affiliation agreement, WJW decided to not air the Fox Kids block upon joining Fox, choosing instead to air newscasts and syndicated programs weekdays, infomercials and local real estate programs on weekends.
WBNX inherited the northeast Ohio iteration of the Fox Kids Club from WOIO. At that same time, WJW reached a news share arrangement with WBNX that allowed the latter to air tape-delayed rebroadcasts of WJW's 10:00 p.m. newscast, Newscenter 8 each night at 11:00 p.m.. The station expanded its distribution, increasing its carriage on local cable providers throughout northeast Ohio. Channel 55's programming lineup during this period included more contemporary children's programs, drama series and movies; these changes would boost the station, with WBNX surpassing WUAB in the ratings. On September 1, 1997, WBNX-TV took over as the Cleveland-area affiliate of The WB Television Network, assuming the rights from WUAB-TV; the station, changed its branding to "WB 55". The WB affiliation resulted in WBNX adding the Kids' WB lineup, so with having both Fox Kids and Kids' WB, channel 55 promoted themselves at that time as being "Cleveland's Kids Superstation". After becoming a WB affiliate, WBNX-TV continued to grow and took the overall ratings lead above WUAB by 2004.
In 1998, WBNX approached Cleveland late
Lift nets called lever nets, are a method of fishing using nets that are submerged to a certain depth and lifted out of the water vertically. The nets can be shaped like a bag, a rectangle, a pyramid, or a cone. Lift nets can be boat-operated, or shore-operated, they use bait or a light-source as a fish-attractor. Lift nets are sometimes called "dip nets", though that term applies more to hand nets. Portable hand lift nets are small lift nets operated manually, they have a rigid frame, attached to a long pole. They are used to catch fish and crustaceans, may be submerged just below the water surface or close to the bottom. A person using hand lift nets operate it from the shore, on bridges, from harbor walls. Stationary lift nets are larger than hand lift nets and are attached permanently to a shore-built structure. Lifting the nets may be done by hand through the use of counterweights, or they may use mechanized winches. Bait or a strong source of light is placed in the middle of the net, they are placed near beaches or riverbanks.
Boat-operated lift nets are lift nets operated from water vessels. They may be lifted up by mechanical winches, they utilize several long poles attached to one side of the boat or surrounding the boat. Bait or a strong source of light is used to attract the fish. Cast net Butterfly net Fish aggregating device Trawling