Jack Layton Ferry Terminal
The Jack Layton Ferry Terminal called the Toronto Island Ferry Docks, is the ferry slip for Toronto Island ferries operated by the City of Toronto Parks and Recreation Division. Three ferry routes provide transportation between mainland Toronto and Centre Island, Hanlan's Point and Ward's Island in the Toronto Islands, with levels of service to each destination differing depending on time of year; the terminal is located in the Toronto Harbour, behind the Westin Harbour Castle Hotel and adjacent to Harbour Square Park. It is south of Bay Street and Queens Quay in Toronto, Canada; the Toronto Island Ferry Docks were renamed the Jack Layton Ferry Terminal in honour of former city councillor and federal Member of Parliament Jack Layton in 2013. The main departure point from the city to the Island has been at the foot of Bay Street since the 19th century; the original terminal was located on the east side of the Toronto Harbour Commission Building at Bay and Harbour Streets. The terminal in the picture was rebuilt.
A steamship terminal and berth areas was added to the east side. The site occupied by a parking lot; when the infilling of the harbour took place after 1918 the docks moved to Queen's Quay west of Bay Street. It was heated in the wintertime; this terminal would be there until the redevelopment of the Toronto waterfront would begin in the 1970s. Where this terminal was is now the Harbour Square condos; the third terminal opened in January 1972, shifted about 100 metres to the east. The new terminal was part of a planned 85 million dollar waterfront project started in 1964, completed in the early 1970s at the cost of 250 million dollars that would see the Bay Street shipping slip filled in and Harbour Castle Hilton and Harbour Square condos built; the cost of the new terminal was CA$519,000 But unlike the previous terminal, no waiting room was provided, had crowding problems starting in its first season. Metro Parks Commissioner Tommy Thompson would have liked to see the new terminal right at the foot of Bay Street, where the old one was, but it was placed where it was to be part of the condo-hotel complex.
Minor upgrades have been made to replace the original ticket booths with newer and larger ones located just north of the original entrance and covered by a canopy. In 2012, the Toronto City Council voted unanimously to rename the terminal in honour of late New Democratic Party leader and former Toronto City Councillor Jack Layton. In 2013, on the second anniversary of Layton's death, it was renamed in Layton's memory and a bronze statue of Layton riding on a tandem bicycle was installed at the site. In 2015, a winning design was announced for a redesign of the terminal building; the first phase of construction is expected to be complete in April, 2019. There is an estimated 1.2 million passengers to the station per year in the summer months. The three larger ferries are stored here during the winter months; the ferries exposed. Queens Quay station Toronto Ferry Company
The Toronto–Dominion Centre, or TD Centre, is a cluster of buildings in downtown Toronto, Ontario owned by Cadillac Fairview. It has a pavilion covered in bronze-tinted glass and black painted steel, it serves as the global headquarters of the Toronto-Dominion Bank, provides office and retail space for many other businesses. About 21,000 people work in the complex; the project was the inspiration of Allen Lambert, former President and Chairman of the Board of the Toronto-Dominion Bank. Phyllis Lambert recommended Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as design consultant to the architects, John B. Parkin and Associates and Bregman + Hamann, the Fairview Corporation as the developer; the towers were completed between 1967 and 1991. An additional building was built outside the campus and purchased in 1998. Part of the complex, described by Philip Johnson as "the largest Mies in the world", was designated under the Ontario Heritage Act in 2003 and received an Ontario Heritage Trust plaque in 2005; as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was given "virtually a free hand to create Toronto-Dominion Centre", the complex, as a whole and in its details, is a classic example of his unique take on the International style and represents the end evolution of Mies's North American period, which began with his 1957 Seagram Building in New York City.
As with the Seagram Building and a number of Mies's subsequent projects, the Toronto–Dominion Centre follows the theme of the darkly coloured, rigidly ordered and glass edifice set in an open plaza, itself surrounded by a dense and erratic, pre-existing urban fabric. The TD Centre, comprises a collection of structures spread across a granite plinth, all regulated in three dimensions and from the largest scale to the smallest, by a mathematically ordered, 1.5 m2 grid. Three structures were conceived: a low banking pavilion anchoring the site at the corner of King and Bay Streets, the main tower in the centre of the site, another tower in the northwest corner, each structure offset to the adjacent by one bay of the governing grid, allowing views to "slide" open or closed as an observer moves across the court; the rectilinear pattern of Saint-Jean granite pavers follows the grid, serving to organize and unify the complex, the plaza's surface material extends through the glass lobbies of the towers and the banking pavilion, blurring the distinction between interior and exterior space.
The remaining voids between the buildings create space for a formal plaza to the north, containing Al McWilliam's Bronze Arc, an expanse of lawn to the south, featuring Joe Fafard's sculpture The Pasture. Phyllis Lambert wrote of the centre and the arrangement of its elements within the site: With the Toronto-Dominion Centre, Mies realized an architecture of movement, yet at the same time, through proportional relations among parts and whole, through the restrained use of fine materials, this is an architecture of repose; the light as it moves across the building surfaces, playing the mullions like stringed instruments, the orchestration of the various buildings are together paradigmatically symphonic. More towers were added over the ensuing decades, outside the periphery of the original site—as they were not part of Mies's master plan for the TD Centre—but still positioned close enough, in such locations, as to visually impact the sense of space within areas of the centre, forming Miesian western and southern walls to the lawn and a tall eastern flank to the plaza.
The height of each of Mies's two towers is proportioned to its width and depth, though they, as well as those based on his style, are of different heights. All, save for 95 Wellington Street West, are of a similar construction and appearance: the frame is of structural steel, including the core, floor plates are of concrete poured on steel deck; the lobby is a double height space on the ground floor, articulated by large sheets of plate glass held back from the exterior column line, providing for an overhang around the perimeter of the building, behind which the travertine-clad elevator cores are the only elements to touch the ground plane. Above the lobby, the building envelope is curtain wall made of bronze coloured glass in a matte-black painted steel frame, with exposed I-sections attached to the vertical mullions and structural columns. On the topmost accessible floor of the Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower was a large indoor observation platform; as the tower was, when completed, the tallest in the city, this promontory once allowed uninterrupted views of the quickly developing downtown core and of Lake Ontario to the south.
This floor has since been converted to leased office space. On the level below is a restaurant on the south side and the Toronto-Dominion Bank corporate offices and boardroom are on the north; the interiors of the latter spaces were designed by Mies and included his signature broad planes of rich, unadorned wood panelling, freestanding cabinets as partitions, wood slab desks, some of his furniture pieces, such as the Barcelona chair, Barcelona ottoman, Brno chair. Adjacent to the main boardroom at the northeast corner of the floor plate and the Thompson Room at the northwest corner, service areas are concealed within the wood panelled walls behind secret panels; the Ernst & Young Tower contains in its base the former Toronto Stock Exchange building, built in 1937. The new edifice deviates from the strict Miesian aesthetic of all the previous
Lawrence station (Toronto)
Lawrence is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University in Toronto, Canada. It is located under Yonge Street at Lawrence Avenue, in the Bedford Park, Lawrence Park and Lytton Park neighbourhoods; the station is on four levels, all the entrances to the station are at street level, the concourse and collector level is on the second level, the bus platform is on the third level, the subway platform is on the lower level. There are four entrances to the station located in the surrounding area: an entrance on Lawrence Avenue, west of Yonge Street an entrance on Lawrence Avenue, east of Yonge Street an automatic entrance at Bedford Park Avenue, which leads directly to the subway platform level an automatic entrance at Ranleigh Avenue, which leads directly to the subway platform level Lawrence Station was opened in 1973 as an intermediate stop between Eglinton, the former northern terminus of the Yonge line, York Mills, which acted as a temporary terminus for a year until the subway was further extended to Finch.
Lawrence was the first station in the network to feature an underground bus terminal. It is one of Toronto's deepest stations. On April 23, 2007, TTC employee Antonio Almeida was killed in the tunnel just south of the station when a platform on his work car was dislodged. In 2012, a series of renovations repaired the deteriorating concrete of the bus roadway and tunnel walls. Between the fourth quarter of 2012 and mid-2015, four high-capacity fire ventilation fans were installed at the station. Nearby there are a series of parks that run through Chatsworth and Blythwood ravines from Chatsworth Drive and Cheritan Avenue to Bayview Avenue. Alexander Muir Memorial Gardens located here Toronto Public Library Locke Branch Buses enter the station counter to the normal traffic directions so that bus doors will face the centre bus platform. TTC routes serving the station include: Media related to Lawrence station at Wikimedia Commons Lawrence station at the Toronto Transit Commission
Spadina is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University and Line 2 Bloor–Danforth in Toronto, Canada. It is located on Spadina Road, north of Bloor Street West, it is the only station open along with Union station. Wi-Fi service is available at this station; the station consists of two separate sections, one for each line, at the same level and 150 metres apart. The north–south platforms, which opened in 1978, were planned as a separate station, but the TTC decided to join to the existing 1966 east–west station with a pedestrian tunnel containing a pair of long moving walkways; the cost of the moving walkways themselves became an issue when they became due for refurbishment or replacement, they were shut down and removed in 2004, leaving the corridor as a simple underground walkway. The former location of the moving walkways remains visible because the tiles used to cover their removal are noticeably different. Warnings to hold the handrails are still embossed on the walls where the ends of the moving walkways were once located.
An underground loop for the 510 Spadina streetcar was added in 1997 near the east end of the east–west platforms. The streetcar platform adds Postmodern finishes to the station's mix of styles; these range from the basic Modernist tiles of the Bloor–Danforth line platform, to the more intricate round tiles and backlit signage of the Yonge–University line platform. In 1997, this station became accessible only to the Bloor -- exit; the largest above ground structure is the bus station. It was built to serve as a looping facility for the former 77 Spadina bus which operated until the underground streetcar loop was added and the buses were replaced by 510 Spadina streetcars; this building, with its pseudo-mansard roof and brick arches and no obvious bold signage like most other station entrances, is located at the easterly end of the Bloor line platforms. There is a secondary entrance building directly opposite, on the west side of Spadina Road, only accessible to those with Presto cards. At the street level, there are three large cedar wood carvings called K'san Village House Posts depicting an owl, a wolf and a hawk.
They are the work of Fedelia O'Brien, Murphy Green and Chuck Heit who are from the Gitxsan First Nation in British Columbia. There is an automatic entrance, accessible only to Presto card holders as of November 2017, on the east side of Walmer Avenue, it leads to the west end of the Bloor line platforms. The main entrance to the Yonge–University line part of the station is concealed inside a house at 85 Spadina Road, built in 1899 and listed as a heritage property by the City of Toronto in 1974; the building was designed by architect Robert Ogilvie for lawyer Norman Gash. The property had been needed for construction of the Spadina Expressway, cancelled in 1971. Since it was still planned to build the subway on its original route along the course of the expressway, the site was subsequently acquired by Metropolitan Toronto in 1972, with the intention of replacing it with a new station building. Local protest forced the TTC to repurpose the old building, thereby retaining the residential character of the neighbourhood.
Opposite the house, on the west side of Spadina Road at Kendal Avenue, there is an uncovered stairwell entrance to the station mezzanine. There are southbound bus stops outside the entrances; this entrance only accepts Presto cards. This building includes two large artworks: Morning Glory by Louis de Niverville, a surreal enamel mural sited on the ground level by the stairwell; this section of the Bloor line was constructed by cut and cover on a strip of land behind the properties fronting on the north side of Bloor Street. The tracks run east from here to the lower level of St. George station. Between the stations connecting tracks from the Bloor line rise on each side to the upper level of St. George station, like exit ramps on a highway, providing a link with the University line; the section of the Yonge–University line at and between Dupont and Spadina stations was constructed under Spadina Road. South of the station the tunnel turns off-street and curves eastward through 90 degrees to run parallel to Bloor Street before entering the upper level of St. George station.
The station is located in The Annex neighbourhood at the northwest corner of the University of Toronto main campus. Destinations and nearby points of interest include the Spadina Road Branch of the Toronto Public Library, Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre, Bloor Street United Church, Trinity-St. Paul's United Church; when the subway is closed, streetcars still enter the station. TTC routes serving the station include: Media related to Spadina Station at Wikimedia Commons Spadina station at the Toronto Transit Commission
Eglinton is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University of the Toronto subway. It is located at the southwest corner of Eglinton Avenue. Eglinton station is the seventh busiest station of the Toronto Transit Commission. Line 5 Eglinton will serve Eglinton station upon completion of the line, scheduled for 2021. Eglinton will become an interchange station for the two lines; the current station is on three levels, with entrances scattered throughout the street level in the surrounding area of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue. The concourse, fare gates and bus terminal as well as several shops are on the second level, the Line 1 platform is on the lower level. Eglinton station is the only one of the original 1954 subway stations to retain its original vitreous marble wall tiles; the other 1954 subway stations used similar wall tiles with variations in colour schemes, but at the other stations, the tiles were replaced because of deterioration. The Line 1 tracks approach the station from the south in an open cut before going underground at the Berwick Portal before the station.
Here the tracks divide to go either side of the island platform. There is a crossover at this location, from when the station was the terminus of the line to reverse trains. North of the station, the line swings to the east, to run directly under Yonge Street in a bored tunnel; the Line 5 station structure will cross the structure for Line 1 and have 5 levels: The street level, with an entrance near the south-west corner of Eglinton Avenue and Yonge Street The concourse level of the existing station The LRT upper concourse level, which will be lower than the Line 1 platform level, be split into east and west sections by the Line 1 tracks and platform The LRT lower concourse level, which will run under the Line 1 tracks and platform The LRT platform level, which will be the deepest level of the station complex upon completion of Line 5 The Eglinton station bus terminal is located at the south side of the station. The terminal's platforms and bus loop lie within the building of a former bus garage.
There is a station entrance and waiting room at the northeast corner of the bus terminal. From this entrance, passengers can descend to the Line 1 platform, from the waiting room passengers can walk along a passageway connecting the bus terminal to the main concourse above the Line 1 platforms. Platforms on the south side of the terminal serve eastbound bus routes while those on the northside serve westbound routes. Buses can enter the terminal from either Berwick Avenue of Duplex Avenue. There are six entrances to the station in the surrounding area: An entrance at the southwest corner of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue An accessible, automatic entrance at Yonge Street, north of Berwick Avenue, which leads directly to the subway platform level An entrance at the southeast corner of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue, at the CIBC An entrance on the northwest corner of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue An entrance at 2300 Yonge Street via the food court level of the Yonge Eglinton Centre An entrance at the northeast corner of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue, at the TD Bank As part of a program to install artworks at six of the stations along Line 5 Eglinton, Eglinton station will feature an artwork titled Light from Within by artists Rodney LaTourelle and Louise Witthoeft.
The artwork will be installed above the escalators leading down to the Line 5 platform. The 13-ton panel will be made of mirrored glass tiles and is inspired by minerals and gemstones evoking the "subterranean nature of rapid transit", according to the artists. Twenty-four weekend closures of Line 1 Yonge–University at Eglinton station were scheduled for 2018 alone for construction activities related to the Crosstown; the first closure was scheduled for February 10–11, 2018. Structures to be constructed at Eglinton station as part of the Crosstown project are: Main entrance to Line 5 to be located just west of the existing, to-be-retained station entrance at the southwest corner of Eglinton Avenue and Yonge Street. Replacement entrances at the north-west, north-east and south-east corners of the intersection of Yonge Street and Eglinton Avenue connecting to underground concourses. LRT platforms with rails laid 22 metres below ground. Separate Line 5 concourse at a lower level than the Line 1 platform.
Northward extension of the existing Line 1 platform providing room for escalator/elevator access down to the Line 5 concourse level. Emergency exit and ventilation shaft at 7 Eglinton Avenue East in a four-story structure to be used as a Salvation Army church. Facility services building to be located over the Line 1 portal at Berwick Avenue, which will house a ventilation capable of emergency smoke extraction. In November 2013, the TTC proposed to shift the current Line 1 platform 70 m northward of its current location; such a change would have allowed smoother flows of passenger traffic between the platforms for Lines 1 and 5, avoided a situation where all transferring passengers are bottlenecked by only one transfer path, similar to the busy Bloor–Yonge station. The pocket track at the north end of the station would have had to be abandoned. However, this proposal was modified by March 2018 to shift the Line 1 platform north by only 24 m, allowing the pocket track to be retained. In the new area there will be an elevator and escalators down to the Line 5 concourse.
At the south end of the platform, th
Exhibition Place is a publicly owned mixed-use district in Toronto, Canada, located by the shoreline of Lake Ontario, just west of downtown. The 197-acre site includes exhibit and banquet centres and music buildings, parkland, sports facilities, a number of civic and national historic sites; the district's facilities are used year-round for exhibitions, trade shows and private functions, sporting events. From mid-August through Labour Day each year, the Canadian National Exhibition, from which the name Exhibition Place is derived, is held on the grounds. During the CNE, Exhibition Place encompasses 260 acres, expanding to include nearby parks and parking lots; the CNE uses the buildings for exhibits on agriculture, food and crafts, government and trade displays. For entertainment, the CNE provides a midway of rides and games, music concerts at the Bandshell, featured shows at the Coliseum, the Canadian International Air Show; the fair is one of the largest and most successful of its kind in North America and an important part of the culture of Toronto.
The buildings on the site date from the 1700s to recent years. Five buildings on the site, were designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1988; the grounds have seen a mix of protection for heritage buildings along with new development. The site was set aside for military purposes and given over to exhibition purposes. One military building remains. Exhibition Place is a rectangular site located length-wise along the north shoreline of Lake Ontario to the west of downtown Toronto; the site is flat ground sloping down to the shoreline. It was forested land, was cleared for military use. Sections east of south were filled in the early part of the 20th century. Today, the district is paved, with an area of parkland remaining in its western section. There is a large open paved area in the southern central section, used for parking and the temporary amusements of the Canadian National Exhibition; the site has a variety of open spaces and monuments. The eastern entrance to Exhibition Place is marked by the large ceremonial Princes' Gates, named for Edward, Prince of Wales, his brother, Prince George, who visited in 1927.
The roads are all named after Canadian provinces and territories except for Princes' Boulevard, the main street east-west. Several of the roads are used for the annual Honda Indy Toronto car race. South of the grounds is Ontario Place, a theme park built in 1971 on landfill in Lake Ontario, operated by the government of Ontario; the site has a long history of sports facilities on the site, starting with an equestrian track and grandstand. The grandstand was converted for use by music concerts, major league baseball and football teams; the newest sports facility to be built is BMO Field. There is an arena, the Coliseum, home to professional ice hockey; the site was used for several sports venues of the 2015 Pan American Games. The site is administered by the Board of Governors of Exhibition Place, appointed by the City of Toronto; as of 2014, the organization had 133 full-time employees, up to 700 during major events, contributed $11 million annually to the City of Toronto, attracted 5.3 million visitors annually to the site.
The grounds are 192 acres in area. The small fort Fort Rouillé was built by French fur traders in 1750–1751 as a trading post on the site of today's grounds; the area was an important portage route for Native Americans, the French wanted to capture their trade before they reached British posts to the south. It was burned by its garrison in 1759; when York, the predecessor of Toronto was inaugurated in the 1790s, the land to the west of the garrison was reserved for military purposes. This includes all of today's Exhibition Place. Years the British military decided to replace Fort York with a new fort, to be located at the eastern end of the reserve. In 1840 -- 1841, they constructed a series of several smaller ones. Elaborate defensive works were never built and the buildings were turned over to the Canadian military in 1870, which named it Stanley Barracks in 1893; the Provincial Agricultural Association and the Board of Agriculture for Canada West inaugurated the Provincial Agricultural Fair of Canada West in 1846, to be held annually in different localities.
For the 1858 fair, to be held in Toronto, a permanent "Palace of Industry" exhibition building, based on London's Crystal Palace, was built at King and Shaw Streets in what is now Liberty Village. The site held four more fairs until the 1870s, when the City of Toronto decided the exhibition had outgrown the site; the City signed a lease with the Government of Canada for a section of the western end of the reserve in April 1878. The Palace of Industry was moved to a site on the reserve near today's Horticulture Building and expanded; the City sold the Shaw site to the Massey Manufacturing Company. The 1878 Provincial Agricultural Fair was held on the grounds; when Ottawa was chosen to host the 1879 fair, Toronto decided to hold its own fair. First called the Toronto Industrial Exhibition, it was held in the Crystal Palace and temporary buildings. At first, the eastern part of the site was still reserved for military purposes, the exhibition held on the western part of the reserve, where many of the oldest exhibit buildings are located.
As time went by, more and more of the reserve was taken over for exhibition purp
St. Clair West station
St. Clair West is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University in Toronto, Canada, it spans the block north of St. Clair Avenue West to Heath Street, between Bathurst Street and Tweedsmuir Avenue; the station serves the local communities of Forest Hill South, Bracondale Hill and Casa Loma. The addition of automatic sliding doors, accessible fare gates, elevators made the station accessible in 2017. Wi-Fi service is available at this station; this station was opened in 1978, as part of the subway line extension from St. George station to Wilson Station, its south end was in the City of Toronto while its north end was in what was the Borough of York. The sports field of St. Michael's College School is directly above the length of the station and a Loblaws supermarket is located over the entrance on the north side of St. Clair Avenue; the 1995 Russell Hill subway incident occurred on August 11, 1995, between this station and Dupont station to the south on the southbound line. The impact site was closer to Dupont Station than to St. Clair West Station.
On September 3, 2017, the new Flexity Outlook streetcars were introduced to the 512 St. Clair streetcar route; because the new streetcars are twice the length of the older CLRV streetcars, the underground platform assignments for streetcars at St. Clair West station had to be changed. Streetcars for both directions shared the west-side platform for arrivals and the north-side platform for departures, each able to accommodate two CLRV streetcars. Now the west-side platform handles arrivals and departures for one eastbound streetcar, the north-side platform for one westbound streetcar; the station has three entrances, all of which accept Presto cards: The main entrance is located on the northeast side of Bathurst and St. Clair beside Loblaws, it has elevator access to all station levels. An entrance is located on the southeast corner of Bathurst and St. Clair which provides, via an underground tunnel, access to the main entrance and to an automatic entrance to the platform level. An unstaffed automatic entrance is located on Heath Street adjacent to Tichester Road just east of Bathurst Street.
This entrance has an elevator from street level to the concourse level, but not to the platform level. St. Clair West, designed by the TTC's in-house architects, is a colourful station featuring a wide variety of interior finishes such as ceramic tiles and sculptural concrete surfaces. Backlit orange panels and an abstract tile pattern resembling a barcode at platform level distinguish the station from others in the system; the TTC built its first underground streetcar loop at this station circling an exceptionally spacious waiting area for connections to surface routes. Buskers take advantage of the acoustics caused by the station's open architecture. Wilson is the one other station on the line which, due to its complexity, the TTC chose to design themselves; the abstract enamel mural Tempo by Gordon Rayner is on the mezzanine-level bridge crossing the tracks. The station has a second artwork, The Commuters by Rhonda Weppler and Trevor Mahovsky, installed during the 2016/17 station renovations.
The artwork consists of many bronze snails of about 50-centimetres in size clinging to the walls of a staircase leading from the bridge over the subway tracks to the streetcar/bus platform. The work was inspired by Pierre Berton’s book for children: The Secret World of Og. South of the station, the subway tunnel cuts southeast through the Nordheimer Ravine, where the emergency exit used in the Russell Hill accident is located continues in a bored tunnel south beneath Spadina Road and under Casa Loma to Dupont Station. Constructed by cut-and-cover north of the station, the tunnel runs northwest through the Cedarvale Ravine to Eglinton West Station; these routes can be boarded in the underground loop: To connect to these bus routes, passengers can walk outside the station to Bathurst Street and use a valid paper transfer: Media related to St. Clair West Station at Wikimedia Commons St. Clair West station at the Toronto Transit Commission