Quercus macrocarpa, the bur oak, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a species of oak in the white oak section Quercus sect. Quercus, native to North America in the eastern and central United States and eastern and central Canada; this plant is called mossycup oak and mossycup white oak. Quercus macrocarpa is widespread in the Atlantic coastal plain from New Brunswick to North Carolina, west as far as Alberta, eastern Montana and northeastern New Mexico; the vast majority of the populations are found in the eastern Great Plains, the Mississippi–Missouri–Ohio Valley, the Great Lakes region. Quercus macrocarpa is a large deciduous tree growing up to 98 ft 160 ft, in height, is one of the most massive oaks with a trunk diameter of up to 10 ft, it is one of the slowest-growing oaks, with a growth rate of 1 ft per year when young. However, other sources state that a bur oak tree, planted in the ground grows up to 3 ft per year. A 20-year-old tree will be about 20 ft tall. Occurring saplings in forests will be older.
Bur oaks get to be 200 to 300 years old, may live up to 400 years. The bark is a somewhat rugged; the leaves are 2 3⁄4 -- 6 in long and 2 -- 5 in variable in shape, with a lobed margin. Most the basal two-thirds is narrower and lobed, while the apical third is wider and has shallow lobes or large teeth; the flowers are greenish-yellow catkins, produced in the spring. The acorns are large, 1–2 in long and 3⁄4–1 1⁄2 in broad, having a large cup that wraps much of the way around the nut, with large overlapping scales and a fringe at the edge of the cup. Bur oak is sometimes confused with overcup oak and white oak, both of which it hybridizes with; the acorns are the largest of any North American oak, are an important wildlife food. However, heavy nut crops are borne only every few years. In this evolutionary strategy, known as masting, the large seed crop every few years overwhelms the ability of seed predators to eat the acorns, thus ensuring the survival of some seeds. Other wildlife, such as deer and porcupine, eat the leaves and bark.
Cattle are heavy browsers in some areas. The bur oak is the only known foodplant of Bucculatrix recognita caterpillars. Bur oaks grow in a temperate climate, in regions such as, where their tree rings are read as one year of growth; this is because the trees grow less in cold dry climates. So, when the season changes so does the amount the tree ring will grow for that year; the woody part of the tree that presents the rings is called xylem. The early, lighter part of the annual ring is called springwood or earlywood, is formed in spring and early summer when warm and more wet weather prevails; because of the pores being smaller, the second of two parts of the annual ring is darker in color and called summerwood or latewood. Bur oak grows in the open, away from forest canopy. For this reason, it is an important tree on the eastern prairies found near waterways in otherwise more forested areas, where there is a break in the canopy, it is drought resistant because of its long taproot. At the end of the growing season, a one-year sapling may have a taproot 1.37 m deep and a lateral root spread of 76 cm.
The West Virginia state champion bur oak has a trunk diameter of 3 m. Large bur oaks, older than 12 years, are fire-tolerant because of their thick bark. One of the bur oak's most common habitats in Midwestern United States, is the oak savanna, where fires occurred in early spring or late fall in hill country. Without fires, bur oak is succeeded by other tree and shrub species that are more shade-tolerant. Older bur oaks may survive in dense woodlands for 80 years, until they are weakened by wood-rot fungi in the lower branches killed by shade, by 100 to 110 years, they are snapped by wind storms. Quercus macrocarpa is cultivated by plant nurseries for use in gardens, in parks, on urban sidewalks. Bur oak makes an outstanding ornamental tree. Among the white oaks, it is one of the most tolerant of urban conditions, is one of the fastest-growing of the group, it has been planted in many climates, ranging northwards to Anchorage, as far south as Mission, Texas. It withstands chinook conditions in Alberta.
The name sometimes is spelled "burr oak", as for example in Burr Oak State Park in Ohio, the cities of Burr Oak and Burr Oak, the village of Burr Oak, in the title Burr Oaks by poet Richard Eberhart. Bur oak blight, a fungal disease affecting bur oak trees. Media related to Quercus macrocarpa at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Quercus macrocarpa at Wikispecies
Dean Colton is an English former professional rugby league footballer who played in the 2000s and 2010s. He played at representative level for Scotland, at club level for Toll Bar ARLFC, Featherstone Rovers, as a wing or centre. Dean Colton was born in South Yorkshire, England. Dean Colton made his début for Doncaster in 2001, he played 10 of his 11-year career at Doncaster, spending one season with Featherstone Rovers in 2007. Dean Colton made his début for Featherstone Rovers on Sunday 18 March 2007, he played his last match for Featherstone Rovers during 2007, he announced his retirement in 2012. He represented Scotland in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup, playing once and scoring a try in the 18–36 defeat by France. Profile at doncasterrugbyleague.co.uk at the Wayback Machine Scotland profile at Archive.today RLWC08 profile at Archive.today
The High Life is a Scottish situation comedy written by and starring Forbes Masson as Steve McCracken and Alan Cumming as Sebastian Flight. Cumming and Masson met at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama and united after several solo projects to create the theatrical BBC sitcom, The High Life; the two leads were based on their famous Scottish comedy alter-egos and Barry. The series followed the cabin crew at the fictional airline, Air Scotia, flying out of Prestwick Airport; the crew consisted of the camp, alcohol-loving and vindictive steward, Sebastian. Sebastian and Steve longed to be promoted to long-haul flights to see exotic locations, instead of the current short-haul trips with their superior Shona, played by Siobhan Redmond, whom they described as'Hitler in tights','Mussolini in Micromesh' and'Goebbels in a Gossard'; the deranged pilot, Captain Duff, played by Patrick Ryecart, would need to be reminded who he was, where the cockpit was and where he was flying to. The High Life was interspersed with surrealism, childish humour and theatrical song and dance numbers.
It only ran for one series due to Cumming's successful film career in Hollywood. Despite its short run, it is remembered for Steve and Sebastian’s joint catchphrase:'Oh deary me!' and for the opening sequence which featured the cast performing a dance routine to the title song. During an interview on BBC television, Cumming noted that he accidentally mimed a Hitler-style salute during the opening sequence, due to being in the musical Cabaret at the time; the series ran for six thirty-minute episodes. An initial pilot was broadcast in the Comic Asides anthology strand on BBC2 at 9pm on Sunday 9 January 1994; the series of six episodes were broadcast on Friday nights at 9.30pm between 6 January and 10 February 1995. The entire series was released on VHS and DVD in 2002, was re-released in May 2009; the complete series was re-run on BBC Four early in 2009 and BBC Scotland in 2019. Alan Cumming - Sebastian Flight Forbes Masson - Steve McCracken Siobhan Redmond - Shona Spurtle Patrick Ryecart - Captain Hilary DuffCrew Alan Cumming - Writer Forbes Masson - Writer Tony Dow - Director Angela deChastelai Smith - Director Tony Dow - Producer Pilot - "The High Life"Shona lands the job of presenting the Air Scotia’s in-flight video, much to Sebastian’s annoyance.
Episode 1 - "Feart"Steve and Sebastian decide to find a way out of short-haul flights. The impending arrival of the staff inspector could make these dreams come true. Episode 2 - "Birl"Air Scotia employees attend a weekend of intensive training. Steve finds love with Heather. Episode 3 - "Winch"Sebastian returns from his holiday in Florida to discover something has happened between Shona and Steve. Episode 4 - "Choob"An total reshoot of the Comic Asides pilot episode. Episode 5 - "Dug"Sebastian decides to enter the Song For Europe contest as Scotland’s first entry, in the hope of finding fame and fortune, some girls for Steve. Meanwhile, the Air Scotia crew host a birthday for Aurora Borealis, the precocious daughter of Shona's favourite rock star. Episode 6 - "Dunk"The crew become involved in a small-business espionage plot involving biscuits, in a spoof of the 1960s series of Batman
Bad Langensalza Airport is a general aviation facility located in Germany, about 4 kilometres north-northwest of Bad Langensalza. The airfield has a short grass runway, used for light aircraft and gliders. There is a hangar at the facility; the airport was first operated by the Luftwaffe 1938. It was used by dive bombers and fighter bombers, first with Henschel Hs 123s at the beginning of 1939, with Junkers Ju 87B "Stukas", Dornier Do 17Z light bombers and Junkers Ju 88A fighter-bombers which were assigned to combat units, being used first in the Invasion of Poland in 1939, the aircraft were moved west prior to the Battle of France in 1940; as the war progressed, Langensalza became a reserve support base. In 1944 it was used as a night interceptor fighter airfield as part of the Defense of the Reich campaign, with NJG 2, operating Ju 88C/R night fighters against RAF night bomber attacks during March-April of that year. American Army units moved into the area in early April 1945, seizing the airfield with little resistance.
The IX Engineering Command 825th Engineering Aviation Battalion arrived on 8 April and declared Langensalza operational, designating the airfield as Advanced Landing Ground "R-2". C-47 Skytrain transports began flying into and out of Langensalza, carrying in supplies and equipment to support the combat units moving east, evacuating casualties to rear areas on the return flights. Late in the war, on 22 and 24 April, Ninth Air Force combat units, with P-38 Lightnings of the 474th Fighter Group and P-61 Black Widows of the 422d Night Fighter Squadron moved in, conducting operations until the end of combat on 7 May; the 474th Fighter Group remained at the airfield until 16 June 1945 when it moved out, ending military use of the airfield. Abandoned for many years after the war ended due to its close proximity to the former East German border, the civil airfield was re-established after German reunification in 1990 and today is a well-equipped general aviation airport. Today, several small buildings provide a support services.
The former Luftwaffe station remains to the northeast of the airfield, with some buildings in use for light industrial purposes. Advanced Landing Ground This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Airport information for EDEB at Great Circle Mapper. Airport information for EDEB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006
Cathy Craig is a fictional character on the American soap opera One Life to Live. Introduced onscreen in January 1969, the character role is the first ongoing antagonist to lead heroine Victoria Lord and last appears in November 1978. Actress Catherine Burns originated the role of Cathy Craig from 1969 until 1970; the role was assumed by actress Amy Levitt from 1970 through May 1971, when she was replaced by actress Jane Alice Brandon. Brandon appeared on One Life to Live from May 1971 through October 1972, when series creator Agnes Nixon recast the role again to Dorrie Kavanaugh. Dorrie Kavanaugh played Cathy longer than any other actress in the role, from October 1972 until June 1976, until she was fired by executive producer Doris Quinlan. In late 1975, actress Robin Strasser was offered a long-term contract with the series to take up the role but declined upon the knowledge that Kavanaugh would be fired to accommodate the recast. Strasser would go on to be the permanent replacement of Claire Mallis following a brief recast in the role of Dr. Dorian Lord.
Cathy is introduced as the unseen child daughter of Llanview Hospital chief-of-staff Dr. Jim Craig in 1968; when the character debuts on-screen in January 1969, she is aged to a seventeen-year-old teenager. Harboring an Electra complex toward her father, Cathy grew jealous of the time her prospective stepmother Anna Wolek was spending with her father. Cathy rebelled against Jim and Anna by using drugs becoming an addict and killing her dealer Artie Duncan in an LSD-fueled maniacal episode. Cathy seeks treatment for her addiction at the culturally relevant Odyssey House in New York City in 1970, she soon begins reporting stories for The Banner when Victoria "Viki" Lord Burke hires her, becoming the character's first active nemesis. Cathy engages in an affair with Banner chief editor and Viki's then-fiancé, Steve Burke. Just before Viki remarries first husband Joe Riley after returning to town following his apparent death, Cathy becomes pregnant by Joe from a brief romance in 1973. Joe insists on marrying her but she declines and resigns to single motherhood.
Joe and Viki remarry in September, months Cathy gives birth to her and Joe's daughter, Megan Craig Riley, December 2, 1974. Joe is told that baby Megan is born with a congenital heart defect that ensures she would never live to adulthood. While caring for stepdaughter Megan, Viki is involved in a car accident while rushing an ailing Megan to the hospital during a storm in October 1975; the accident assures baby Megan's death. Believing Viki intentionally caused the accident, Cathy swears vengeance on the newspaper heiress. Reeling and plotting, Cathy marries Viki's newly arrived brother and maternal cousin, Tony Lord, in 1976. Adding to Cathy's emotional strife was the fact that Viki became pregnant herself, gives birth to baby boy Kevin Lord Riley that year, but the child does not inherit the heart condition that plagued Megan. Cathy's mental state wavers at this point, she becomes obsessed with having a baby with Tony. Cathy proceeds to fall into psychosis, she kidnaps baby Kevin and disappears for several months.
When she is located in 1977, Cathy is found in catatonia but without baby Kevin. Many more months go by before Cathy recovered sufficiently to tell Joe and Tony the location of the baby. After recovering from her breakdown, Cathy grants Tony a divorce and leaves Llanview; the role of Cathy was created by series creator Agnes Nixon as one of the first feminists on American soap operas. Amy Levitt's portrayals of an drug-addled Cathy earned national coverage by media outlets who praised the show for its realistic showcase of addiction and drug rehabilitation; the last actress to play Cathy, Jennifer Harmon, earned a Daytime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1978, the first nomination in the category for the show. Cathy Craig profile – SoapCentral.com Cathy Craig profile – The Llanview Labyrinth
The Critérium des As was a cycle race, held at the end of the season, with entry by invitation only, for the leading riders of the season. Competitors rode behind pacers on motorcycles, it was held from 1921 until 1990 in Paris, France but in Switzerland and Holland. The last Critérium des As was held in 1990 and was replaced by the Roue d'Or des As the following year. In 1920 the Critérium de la résistance was run from Bordeaux to Paris and back to Bordeaux, is regarded as the forerunner of Critérium des As; the 1,208 kilometres paced event was won in 56 hours and 48 minutes. In 1921 the best riders of the season were invited to enter the Critérium des As, 27 laps of a 3.63 km circuit around Longchamp. They rode alone except for pacers who helped on occasional laps, not being fast enough to last longer. Crowds of up to 6,000 watched in the years before the World War II; the individual pacers were replaced by tandems, triplets and specialist Derny lightweight motorcycles in 1947. René de Latour, a journalist who organised the race in 1943, when the inside of the circuit included flak guns to defend the Renault factory in Boulogne-Billancourt, said: The most prolific winner was Rik Van Steenbergen of Belgium, with five wins.
The race was held at