Question mark

The question mark "?" is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages. The question mark is not used for indirect questions; the question mark glyph is often used in place of missing or unknown data. In Unicode, it is encoded at U+003F? QUESTION MARK. Lynne Truss attributes an early form of the modern question mark in western language to Alcuin of York. Truss describes the punctus interrogativus of the late 8th century as, "a lightning flash, striking from right to left"; this earliest question mark was a decoration of one of these dots, with the "lightning flash" meant to denote intonation, associated with early musical notation like neumes. Another possibility is that it was a tilde or titlo, as in " ·~ ", one of many wavy or more or less slanted marks used in medieval texts for denoting things such as abbreviations, which would become various diacritics or ligatures. Over the next three centuries this pitch-defining element seems to have been forgotten, so that the Alcuinesque stroke-over-dot sign is seen indifferently at the end of clauses, whether they embody a question or not.

In the early 13th century, when the growth of communities of scholars in Paris and other major cities led to an expansion and streamlining of the book-production trade, punctuation was rationalized by assigning Alcuin's stroke-over-dot to interrogatives. It has been suggested that the glyph derives from the Latin quaestiō meaning "question", abbreviated during the Middle Ages to qo; the lowercase q was written above the lowercase o, this mark was transformed into the modern symbol. However, evidence of the actual use of the Q-over-o notation in medieval manuscripts is lacking. Jewish letter lamedh'ל' was used as question mark in 16th-18th century. According to a 2011 discovery by Chip Coakley, a Cambridge University manuscript expert, Syriac was the first language to use a punctuation mark to indicate an interrogative sentence; the Syriac question mark, known as the "zagwa elaya" or "upper pair", has the form of a vertical double dot over a word. In English, the question mark occurs at the end of a sentence, where it replaces the full stop.

However, the question mark may occur at the end of a clause or phrase, where it replaces the comma: Is it good in form? Style? Meaning?or: "Showing off for him, for all of them, not out of hubris—hubris? Him? What did he have to be hubrid about?—but from mood and nervousness." — Stanley Elkin. This is quite common in Spanish, where the use of bracketing question marks explicitly indicates the scope of interrogation. En el caso de que no puedas ir con ellos, ¿quieres ir con nosotros? A question mark may appear after questionable data, such as dates: Genghis Khan In Spanish, since the second edition of the Ortografía of the Real Academia Española in 1754, interrogatives require both opening and closing question marks. An interrogative sentence, clause, or phrase begins with an inverted question mark and ends with the question mark, as in: Ella me pregunta «¿qué hora es?» –'She asks me, "What time is it?"'Question marks must always be matched, but to mark uncertainty rather than actual interrogation omitting the opening one is allowed, although discouraged: Gengis Khan is preferred in Spanish over Gengis Khan The omission of the opening mark is common in informal writing, but is considered an error.

The one exception is when the question mark is matched with an exclamation mark, as in: ¡Quién te has creído que eres? –'Who do you think you are?!' Nonetheless here the Academia recommends matching punctuation: ¡¿Quién te has creído que eres?! The opening question mark in Unicode is U+00BF ¿ INVERTED QUESTION MARK. Galician uses the inverted opening question mark, though only in long sentences or in cases that would otherwise be ambiguous. Basque only uses the terminal question mark. In Armenian, the question mark takes the form of an open circle and is placed over the last vowel of the question word, it is defined in Unicode at U+055E ՞ ARMENIAN QUESTION MARK. The Greek question mark looks like ", it appeared around the same time in the 8th century. It was adopted by Church Slavonic and settled on a form similar to the Latin semicolon. In Unicode, it is separately encoded as U+037E. In Greek, the question mark is used for indirect questions. In Arabic and other languages that use Arabic script such as Persian and Urdu, which are written from right to left, the question mark ؟ is mirrored right-to-left from the Latin question mark.

In Unicode, two encodings are available: U+061F ؟ ARABIC QUESTION MARK and U+2E2E ⸮ REVERSED QUESTION MARK. (S

National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Washington

This list presents the full set of buildings, objects, sites, or districts designated on the National Register of Historic Places in Franklin County and offers brief descriptive information about each of them. The National Register recognizes places of national, state, or local historic significance across the United States. Out of over 90,000 National Register sites nationwide, Washington is home to 1,500, 14 of those are found or wholly in Franklin County; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 28, 2020. National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington state Listings in neighboring counties: Adams, Columbia, Benton, Walla Walla, Whitman List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington Historic preservation History of Washington Index of Washington-related articles Washington Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, Historic Register program National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places site Media related to National Register of Historic Places in Franklin County, Washington at Wikimedia Commons

Emmanuelle Fontaine-Domeizel

Emmanuelle Fontaine-Domeizel is a French politician representing La République En Marche!. She became a Member of the National Assembly on 22 July 2017, representing Alpes-de-Haute-Provence's 2nd constituency. Emmanuelle Fontaine-Domeizel is the daughter of Claude Domeizel, she was a high-level basketball player. She is now a nurse. After the departmental elections of 2015, she was elected departmental councilor of the Canton of Manosque-2 in tandem with Roland Aubert She was the substitute for Christophe Castaner as member of the National Assembly for Alpes-de-Haute-Provence's 2nd constituency, became the member following Castaner's appointment to the government on July 22, 2017. In the National Assembly, Emmanuelle Fontaine-Domeizel sits on the Social Affairs Committee, she is a Vice President of the Information mission on the revision of the law on bioethics. She is a member of several Working Groups on health. 2017 French legislative election