Jack Barry (game show host)
Jack Barry was an American television personality and executive who made a name for himself in the game show field. Barry served as host of several game shows in his career, many of which he developed along with Dan Enright as part of their joint operation Barry & Enright Productions. Barry's reputation became tarnished due to his involvement in the 1950s quiz show scandals and the ensuing fallout affected his career for over a decade. Barry was raised in Lindenhurst, New York, his family was Jewish. He graduated from Lindenhurst High School and the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School, in Philadelphia. In the 1940s he began on radio. Once television broadcasting began and Enright got involved in local programming, national programs, thanks in part to the success of early Jack Barry hits such as the children's show Winky Dink and You, reputedly the world's first-ever interactive television program. Barry and Enright produced Juvenile Jury, Life Begins at Eighty, Wisdom of the Ages. In the 1950s, Barry and Enright got involved with Barry hosting The Big Surprise.
He was dismissed from his hosting duties and was replaced by Mike Wallace, persuading Barry to begin packaging game shows by himself. In 1956, Barry and Enright launched the latter sponsored by Geritol. Both quiz shows were hosted by Barry. In a 1992 PBS documentary, Barry's partner, Dan Enright, said that after the first unrigged broadcast of Twenty-One, sponsor Geritol complained to Barry and Enright the following day about the dullness of that episode. According to Enright, "from that moment on, we decided to rig Twenty-One." The show was meticulously choreographed, right down to how contestants comported themselves on the air, making them complicit in the deception. In 1958, a match between challenger Charles Van Doren and champion Herb Stempel was found to have been rigged, with Van Doren's victory having been pre-determined by the producers. Within three months of the published revelation, Twenty-One was cancelled. Dough Re Mi and three other shows were taken over by NBC. Another Barry-Enright production, Tic Tac Dough, was cancelled as well.
Barry next hosted the nighttime version of a new show Barry and Enright created with Robert Noah and Buddy Piper, Concentration. With the quiz show scandal heating up, Barry left Concentration after four weeks. Barry and Enright were forced to sell all rights of their shows to NBC. Though Enright and producer Albert Freedman carried out the rigging of Twenty-One, Barry admitted in the 1970s and 1980s his role in covering up for the partners. However, Barry himself was not averse to "juicing" a show after the Twenty-One and Tic-Tac-Dough debacles left his career in eclipse. A veteran quiz producer once said that in the 1960s, when Barry was working on a pilot of a Mark Goodson–Bill Todman production featuring "spontaneous" filmed responses, Barry fed his respondents scripted lines to make them funnier. Enright found television work in Canada with Columbia-Screen Gems. Unable to find any TV jobs, Barry worked as the Executive Vice President for the Fragrance Process Company, a Manhattan-based chemical firm that manufactured scented pellets used for packaging products.
Barry had purchased stock in the company as an investment earlier in the 1950s while he was still working in TV, but when his TV jobs dried up, the company offered him a full-time position. In the spring of 1961, Barry attempted a return to TV hosting a local series called Kidding Around for WNTA-TV in New York; this show, similar to Juvenile Jury, was cancelled after six weeks when Barry contracted mononucleosis and was unable to work for several months. In the fall of 1961, Barry moved to Hollywood, where he and Dan Enright still owned a small AM radio station, WGMA, which they had purchased in 1957, he developed a game show called Hole in One, which he hosted for station WLBW-TV in Miami in the spring of 1962. The show combined a word game with golf and offered a prize of $5,000 to anyone able to sink nine holes-in-one in a row; the show was cancelled after thirteen weeks. In the fall of 1962 Barry moved his family again, this time to Los Angeles, after landing a job with KTLA. First, he hosted an updated version of Kidding Around, the show he had hosted the previous year in New York helmed another game show, You Don't Say, from November 1962 to January 1963.
NBC picked up You Don't Say for its daytime schedule. Back on the KTLA front, Barry's workload increased: in January 1963, Kidding Around expanded to 60 minutes in length and morphed into a variety show, re-titled The Jack Barry Show. A weekly program, the show gained popularity by featuring celebrities performing in Los Angeles who wanted to promote their local appearances; the show continued for two years. An interesting feature of The Jack Barry Show was the appearance of a group of five children dubbed "The Juvenile Jury", who commented on news and other current events amusingly. Art Linkletter, at that time, had a popular program based principally on such a format, so in some sense
A bookmaker, bookie, or turf accountant is an organization or a person that accepts and pays off bets on sporting and other events at agreed-upon odds. The first bookmaker, stood at Newmarket in 1795. Bookmakers in many countries focus on accepting bets on professional sports horse racing and association football. However, a wider range of bets, including on political elections, awards ceremonies such as the Oscars, novelty bets are accepted by bookmakers in more and more countries. By "adjusting the odds" in their favour or by having a point spread, bookmakers aim to guarantee a profit by achieving a'balanced book', either by getting an equal number of bets for each possible outcome or by getting the amounts wagered on each outcome to reflect the odds; when a large bet comes in, a bookmaker may try to lay off the risk by buying bets from other bookmakers. Bookmakers do not attempt to make money from the bets themselves but rather by acting as market makers and profiting from the event regardless of the outcome.
Their working methods are similar to those of an actuary, who does a similar balancing of financial outcomes of events for the assurance and insurance industries. Depending on the country, bookmaking may be legal or illegal and is regulated. In the United Kingdom, since 1 May 1961, bookmaking has been legal and has been a small contributor to the British economy, with a recent explosion of interest with regard to the international gaming sector industry. However, gambling debts were unenforceable under English law until the Gambling Act 2005. Many bookmakers are members of an industry organisation used to settle disputes. Bookmaking is illegal in the United States, with Nevada being an exception due to the influence of Las Vegas. In May 2018, a United States Supreme Court ruling struck down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992, which prevented individual states from legalizing bookmaking. In some countries, such as Singapore, Sweden and Japan, the only legal bookmaker is owned and operated by the state.
In Canada, this is known as Sport Select. The first bookmaker in the United Kingdom is considered to be Harry Ogden, who opened a business in the 1790s, although similar activities had existed in other forms earlier in the eighteenth century. Following the Gaming Act 1845, the only gambling allowed in the United Kingdom was at race tracks; the introduction of special excursion trains meant that all classes of society could attend the new racecourses opening across the country. Cash concentrated towards the bookmakers who employed bodyguards against protection gangs operating within the vast crowds. Illegal betting shops were fined, but some, like Bella Thomasson, ran betting businesses that the police appeared to turn a blind eye to. In 1961, Harold Macmillan's Conservative government legalised betting shops, with tough measures enacted to ensure that bookmakers remained honest. A large industry has grown since. At one time, there were over 15,000 betting shops. Now, through consolidation, they have been reduced to between 9,100 and 9,200 in 2013.
The group of the largest bookmakers in the country, known as the "Big Three", comprises William Hill and Coral. Improved TV coverage and the modernisation of the law have allowed betting in shops and casinos in most countries. In the UK, on-track bookies still mark up the odds on boards beside the race course and use tic-tac or mobile telephones to communicate the odds between their staff and to other bookies, with the modernisation of United Kingdom bookmaking laws and high street gambling are at an all-time high. A so-called super-casino had been planned for construction in Manchester, but the government announced that this plan had been scrapped on 26 February 2008. Although online gambling first started in 1994 when the licensing authority of Antigua and Barbuda passed the Free Trade & Processes Act, bookmakers did not get involved until 2001, they were forced to act when research at the time found there were eight million online players worldwide. With the arrival of the World Wide Web, many bookmakers have an online brand, but independently owned bookmakers still maintain a "bricks and mortar" only operation as the software and hardware required to operate a successful online betting operation are complex and their costs are quite prohibitive.
The main websites require bets to be from countries where Internet gambling is allowed and from people over 18 years old. Some small bookmakers and startups purchase software from specialised white label solution providers. Since gambling products have a high conversion rate from one niche to another, most online betting websites feature other gambling products such as poker, live dealer casino games, bingo and other casino games. Controversially, the explosion in Internet gambling is being linked to a rise in gambling addiction, according to the UK's help and advice organisations for addicts, GamCare and Gamblers Anonymous. Online bettors are turning to the use of betting exchanges such as Betfair and BETDAQ, which automatically match back and lay bets between different bettors, thus cutting out the bookmaker's traditional profit margin called an overround; these online exchange markets operate a market index of prices near but not at 100% competitiveness, as exchanges take commissions on winnings.
True wholesale odds are odds. Betting exchanges compete with the traditional bookmaker. The
Charles Van Doren
Charles Lincoln Van Doren was an American writer and editor, involved in a television quiz show scandal in the 1950s. In 1959 he testified before the United States Congress that he had been given the correct answers by the producers of the show Twenty-One. Terminated by NBC, he joined Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. in 1959, becoming a vice-president and writing and editing many books before retiring in 1982. Charles Van Doren was born in Manhattan, the elder son of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and teacher Mark Van Doren and novelist and writer Dorothy Van Doren, a nephew of critic and Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer Carl Van Doren. An academic with an unusually broad range of interests, he graduated from the High School of Music & Art in New York City, he earned a B. A. degree in Liberal Arts from St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland, as well as an M. A. in astrophysics and a Ph. D. in English, both at Columbia University. He was a student at University of Cambridge in Great Britain. On November 28, 1956, Van Doren made his first appearance on the NBC quiz show Twenty-One.
Twenty-One was not Van Doren's first game show interest. He was long believed to have approached producers Dan Enright and Albert Freedman to appear on Tic-Tac-Dough, another game they produced. Van Doren revealed — five decades after his Twenty-One championship and fame, in a surprise article for The New Yorker — that he did not own a television set, but had met Freedman through a mutual friend, with Freedman initiating the idea of Van Doren going on television by way of asking what he thought of Tic-Tac-Dough. Enright and Freedman were impressed by Van Doren's polite style and telegenic appearance, thinking the youthful Columbia teacher would be the man to defeat their incumbent Twenty-One champion, Herb Stempel, boost the show's slowing ratings as Stempel's reign continued. In January 1957, Van Doren entered a winning streak that earned him $129,000 and made him famous, including an appearance on the cover of Time on February 11, 1957, his Twenty-One run ended on March 11, when he lost to Vivienne Nearing, a lawyer whose husband Van Doren had beaten.
After his defeat he was offered a three-year contract with NBC. Numerous writings since have suggested Van Doren was offered a job as a special "cultural correspondent" for The Today Show at once, but Van Doren subsequently reminded people that his first job was as a newswriter, short-lived, before he began doing small pieces for Today host Dave Garroway's weekend cultural program, Wide Wide World, pieces that led to Garroway's inviting Van Doren to join Today. Van Doren made guest appearances on other NBC programs serving as Today's substitute host when Garroway took a brief vacation; when allegations of cheating were first raised by Stempel and others, Van Doren denied any wrongdoing, saying, "It's silly and distressing to think that people don't have more faith in quiz shows." As the investigation by the district attorney's office and the United States Congress progressed, Charles Van Doren, now host on The Today Show, was under pressure from NBC to testify but went into hiding in order to avoid the committee's subpoena.
It was another former Twenty-One contestant, the artist James Snodgrass, who would provide indisputable corroborating proof that the show had been rigged. Snodgrass had documented every answer he was coached on in a series of registered letters he mailed to himself prior to the show's being broadcast. One month after the hearings began, Van Doren emerged from hiding and confessed before the committee that he had been complicit in the fraud. On November 2, 1959, he admitted to the House Subcommittee on Legislative Oversight, a United States Congress subcommittee, chaired by Arkansas Democrat Oren Harris, that he had been given questions and answers in advance of the show. I was involved involved, in a deception; the fact that I, was much deceived cannot keep me from being the principal victim of that deception, because I was its principal symbol. There may be a kind of justice in that. I don't know. I do know, I can say it proudly to this committee, that since Friday, October 16, when I came to a full understanding of what I had done and of what I must do, I have taken a number of steps toward trying to make up for it.
I have a long way to go. I have deceived my friends, I had millions of them. Whatever their feeling for me now, my affection for them is stronger today than before. I am making this statement because of them. I hope my being here will lastingly. I asked to let me go on without receiving help, he said, impossible. He told me, he told me that the show was entertainment and that giving help to quiz contests was a common practice and a part of show business. This of course was not true, but I wanted to believe him, he stressed the fact that by appearing on a nationally televised program I would be doing a great service to the intellectual life, to teachers and to education in general, by increasing public respect for the work of the mind through my performances. In fact, I think. I regret this, since I believe nothing is of more vital importance to our civilization than education. Authorities differ regarding the audience's reaction to Van Doren's statement. David Halberstam writes in his book The Fifties: Aware of Van Doren's great popularity, the committee members handled him and praised him for his candor.
Martin Charles Scorsese is an American filmmaker and historian, whose career spans more than 50 years. Scorsese's body of work addresses such themes as Italian and Sicilian-American identity, Roman Catholic concepts of guilt and redemption, machismo, modern crime, gang conflict. Many of his films are known for their depiction of violence and liberal use of profanity. Part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking, he is regarded as one of the most significant and influential filmmakers in cinematic history. In 1990, he founded The Film Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to film preservation, in 2007 he founded the World Cinema Foundation, he is a recipient of the AFI Life Achievement Award for his contributions to the cinema, has won an Academy Award, a Palme d'Or, Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award, Silver Lion, Grammy Award, Golden Globes, BAFTAs, Directors Guild of America Awards. He has directed works such as the crime film Mean Streets, the vigilante-thriller Taxi Driver, the biographical sports drama Raging Bull, the black comedies The King of Comedy, After Hours, the religious epic drama The Last Temptation of Christ, the crime film Goodfellas, the psychological thriller Cape Fear and the crime film Casino, some of which he collaborated on with actor and close friend Robert De Niro.
Scorsese has been noted for his successful collaborations with actor Leonardo DiCaprio, having directed him in five films, beginning with Gangs of New York and most The Wolf of Wall Street. Their third film together, The Departed, won Scorsese the Academy Award for Best Director in addition to the film winning the award for Best Picture, their collaborations have resulted in numerous Academy Award nominations for both as well as them winning several other prestigious awards. Scorsese's other film work includes the biographical drama The Aviator, the psychological thriller Shutter Island, the historical adventure drama Hugo and the religious epic Silence, his work in television includes the pilot episodes of the HBO series Boardwalk Empire and Vinyl, the latter of which he co-created. With eight Best Director Oscar nominations, he is the most nominated living director and is tied with Billy Wilder for the second-most nominations overall; as a fan of rock music, he has directed several documentaries on the subject, including The Last Waltz, No Direction Home, Shine a Light, George Harrison: Living in the Material World.
Scorsese was born on November 1942, in New York City's Queens borough. His family moved to Little Italy, his father, Charles Scorsese, mother, Catherine Scorsese, both worked in New York's Garment District. His father was a clothes presser and an actor, his mother was a seamstress and an actress, his father's parents emigrated from Polizzi Generosa, in the province of Palermo and his maternal grandparents were from Palermo from Ciminna. Scorsese was raised in a devoutly Catholic environment; as a boy, he had asthma and could not play sports or do any activities with other children, so his parents and his older brother would take him to movie theaters. As a teenager in the Bronx, Scorsese rented Powell and Pressburger's The Tales of Hoffmann from a store that had one copy of the reel. Scorsese was one of only two people who rented that reel. Scorsese has cited Victor Mature as his favorite actors during his youth, he has spoken of the influence of the 1947 Powell and Pressburger film Black Narcissus, whose innovative techniques impacted his filmmaking.
Enamored of historical epics in his adolescence, at least two films of the genre, Land of the Pharaohs and El Cid, appear to have had a deep and lasting impact on his cinematic psyche. Scorsese developed an admiration for neorealist cinema at this time, he recounted its influence in a documentary on Italian neorealism, commented on how Bicycle Thieves alongside Paisà, Open City inspired him and how this influenced his view or portrayal of his Sicilian roots. In his documentary, Il Mio Viaggio in Italia, Scorsese noted that the Sicilian episode of Roberto Rossellini's Paisà, which he first saw on television alongside his relatives, who were themselves Sicilian immigrants, made a significant impact on his life, he acknowledges owing a great debt to the French New Wave and has stated that "the French New Wave has influenced all filmmakers who have worked since, whether they saw the films or not." He has cited filmmakers including Satyajit Ray, Ingmar Bergman, Michelangelo Antonioni, Federico Fellini as a major influence on his career.
His initial desire to become a priest attending preparatory seminary but failing after the first year while attending Cardinal Hayes High School in the Bronx gave way to cinema and Scorsese enrolled in NYU's Washington Square College, where he earned a B. A. in English in 1964. He went on to earn his M. F. A. from NYU's School of the Arts in 1966, a year after the school was founded. Scorsese attended New York University's Tisch School of the Arts making the short films What's a Nice Girl Like You Doing in a Place Like This? and It's Not Just You, Murray!. His most famous short of the period is the darkly comic The Big Shave; the film is
Geritol is a United States trademarked name for various dietary supplements and present. Geritol is a brand name for several vitamin complexes plus iron or multimineral products in both liquid form and tablets, containing from 9.5 to 18 mg of iron per daily dose. The name conveys a connection with aging, as in "geriatric." The product has been promoted from the beginning of the mass media era as a cure for "iron-poor tired blood". Geritol was introduced as an alcohol-based, iron and B vitamin tonic by Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in August 1950 and marketed as such into the 1970s. Geritol was folded into Pharmaceuticals' 1957 acquisition of J. B. Williams Co. founded in 1885. J. B. Williams Co. was bought by Nabisco in 1971. In 1982, the Geritol product name was acquired by the multinational pharmaceutical firm Beecham. Geritol was acquired by Meda Pharmaceutical in 2011. Meda was acquired by Mylan in 2016; the earlier Geritol liquid formulation was advertised as "twice the iron in a pound of calf's liver," and daily doses contained about 50–100 milligrams of iron as ferric ammonium citrate.
The Geritol tonic contained about some B vitamins. Geritol was the subject of years of investigation starting in 1959 by the Federal Trade Commission. In 1965, the FTC ordered the makers of Geritol to disclose that Geritol would relieve symptoms of tiredness only in persons who suffer from iron deficiency anemia, that the vast majority of people who experience such symptoms do not have such a deficiency. Geritol's claims were discredited in court findings as "conduct amounted to gross negligence and bordered on recklessness," ruled as a false and misleading claim, penalized with fines totaling $812,000, the largest FTC fine up to that date. Although subsequent trials and appeals from 1965 to 1973 concluded that some of the FTC demands exceeded its authority, Geritol was well known and continued to be the largest U. S. company selling iron and B vitamin supplement through 1979. Since supplemental iron products, including Geritol, have been contraindicated because of concerns over hemochromatosis, serious questions raised in studies for men, postmenopausal women, nonanemic patients with liver disease, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, or cancer.
In the early days of television, the marketing of Geritol was involved in the quiz show scandal, as the sponsor of Twenty-One. For many years after that, Geritol was marketed on television programs that appealed to older viewers, such as The Lawrence Welk Show, What's My Line?, To Tell the Truth, Hee Haw, Ted Mack's Original Amateur Hour. It was one of the sponsors of the original Star Trek. Geritol was used in the 1960s as a punch line for a joke in sitcoms or in comedy routines. Geritol is used as a punch line about old age several times on The Carol Burnett Show, including a 1973 "Carol & Sis" sketch and a 1977 "As The Stomach Turns" sketch. Geritol is famous for a controversial 1972 television commercial tag line, "My wife, I think I'll keep her." This line, brought out during the height of the Women's Liberation Movement, was not appreciated by some women and was lambasted by news and comedy shows. Comedian Robert Klein commented on his 1972 album Child of the Fifties: "Where does he get the nerve?...
She has to keep begging him, "Will you keep me one more day?" "All right, one more day: now, get back to the kitchen!" The line was the inspiration for Mary Chapin Carpenter's 1993 song "He Thinks He'll Keep Her". The line was used by Garry Trudeau to explain why his character Joanie Caucus left her husband in Doonesbury. On September 12, 1972, Joanie explained; when one of them complimented her French fries, "Clinton leaned back in his chair and with a big, stupid grin said,'My wife, I think I'll keep her.' I broke his nose."In the 2002 stage musical Hairspray and Wilbur Turnblad sing to each other of love as they grow old in the song "Timeless to Me." In one line, Edna sings "Pass that Geritol!" Hadacol Official site
The National Broadcasting Company is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network, a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles and Philadelphia; the network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting, it became the network's official emblem in 1979. Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America, NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. At that time the parent company of RCA was General Electric. In 1930, GE was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges. In 1986, control of NBC passed back to General Electric through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE, Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker.
In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast executive Steve Burke. NBC has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States and its territories, some of which are available in Canada and/or Mexico via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air. During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph. Westinghouse, a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey pioneer station WJZ, which served as the flagship for a loosely structured network; this station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA in 1923, moved to New York City. WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric, whose products included transmitters and antennas.
The Bell System, AT&T's telephone utility, was developing technologies to transmit voice- and music-grade audio over short and long distances, using both wireless and wired methods. The 1922 creation of WEAF offered a research-and-development center for those activities. WEAF maintained a regular schedule of radio programs, including some of the first commercially sponsored programs, was an immediate success. In an early example of "chain" or "networking" broadcasting, the station linked with Outlet Company-owned WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island. C. WCAP. New parent RCA saw an advantage in sharing programming, after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D. C. in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines; the early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference. In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service.
AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA in a deal that included the right to lease AT&T's phone lines for network transmission. RCA spent $1 million to purchase WEAF and Washington sister station WCAP, shut down the latter station, merged its facilities with surviving station WRC; the division's ownership was split among RCA, its founding corporate parent General Electric and Westinghouse. NBC started broadcasting on November 15, 1926. WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network" offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming. Various histories of NBC suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC engineers used to designate affiliate stations of WEAF and WJZ, or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils. On April 5, 1927, NBC expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC Orange Network known as the Pacific Coast Network.
This was followed by the debut of the NBC Gold Network known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network; the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. In 1936, the Orange Network affiliate stations became part of the Red Network, at the same time the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC White Network. In 1927, NBC moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, occupying the upper floors of a building de
Mark Van Doren
Mark Van Doren was an American poet and critic. He was a scholar and a professor of English at Columbia University for nearly 40 years, where he inspired a generation of influential writers and thinkers including Thomas Merton, Robert Lax, John Berryman, Whittaker Chambers, Beat Generation writers such as Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac, he was literary editor of The Nation, in New York City, its film critic, 1935 to 1938. He won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Collected Poems 1922–1938. Amongst his other notable works, many published in The Kenyon Review, include a collaboration with brother Carl Van Doren and British Literature since 1890. Van Doren was born in Vermilion County, the fourth of five sons of the county's doctor, Charles Lucius Van Doren, of remote Dutch ancestry, wife Eudora Ann Butz, he was raised on his family's farm in eastern Illinois, before his father decided to move to the neighboring town of Urbana, to be closer to good schools. He was the younger brother of the academic and biographer Carl Van Doren, starting with whom all five brothers attended the local elementary school and high school.
Mark Van Doren studied at the University of Illinois in Urbana, where he earned a B. A. in 1914. In 1920, he earned a Ph. D. from what became the Columbia Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Columbia University, while a member of the Boar's Head Society, a student society at the university devoted to poetry. Van Doren joined the Columbia University faculty in 1920, having been preceded by his brother Carl. Mark Van Doren went on to become one of Columbia's greatest teachers and a "legendary classroom presence". Pitkin Jr. and poet-critic John Hollander. He twice served on the staff of The Nation from 1924–1928 and again from 1935–1938, he was a member of the Society for the Prevention of World War III. In 1940, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Collected Poems 1922–1938; this came only a year after his elder brother Carl had won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for Benjamin Franklin. Van Doren helped Ginsberg avoid jail time in June 1949 by testifying on his behalf when Ginsberg was arrested as an accessory to crimes carried out by Herbert Huncke and others, was an important influence on Merton, both in Merton's conversion to Catholicism and Merton's poetry.
He was a strong advocate of liberal education, wrote the book, Liberal Education, which helped promote the influential "great books" movement. Starting in 1941, he did Invitation to Learning, a CBS Radio show, where as one of the experts he discussed great literature, he was made a Fellow in American Letters of the Library of Congress and remained president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1922 Mark Van Doren married Dorothy Graffe and writer of the memoir The Professor and I, whom he had earlier met at The Nation, his successful book, Anthology of World Poetry, enabled the couple to buy a house on Bleecker Street in New York City in February 1929, before markets collapsed. He owned the house at 123 West 11th Street at one time, where Wendell Willkie wrote a famous speech, their son, Charles Van Doren achieved renown as the winner of the rigged game show Twenty-One. In the film Quiz Show, Mark Van Doren was played by Paul Scofield, who earned an Academy Award nomination in the Best Supporting Actor category for his performance.
Their second son is John Van Doren who lives in Cornwall, Connecticut, at the farmstead where their father did most of his writing between academic years, where he moved after retirement. Mark Van Doren died on December 10, 1972, in Torrington, aged 78, two days after undergoing surgery for circulatory problems at the Charlotte Hungerford Hospital, he was interred at Cornwall Hollow Cemetery in Connecticut. Lion: A Memoir of Mark Van Doren, by Dan Wakefield won the 1992 Cohen Awards, his correspondence with Allen Tate is at Vanderbilt University. Since 1962, students of Columbia College have honored a great teacher at the school each year with the "Mark Van Doren Award". Poetry: Spring Thunder An Anthology of World Poetry Jonathan Gentry, The Oxford Book of American Prose, Winter Diary Collected Poems 1922–1938, Winner of the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry The Mayfield Deer Selected poems, The Last Days of Lincoln, a play in six scenes, a Verse Play Our Lady Peace The Story-Teller Collected and New Poems 1924–1963 Mark Van Doren: 100 poems.
Hill and Wang. 1967. Novels: The Transients Windless Cabins Tilda Short story collection Nobody Say a Word Nonfiction: Henry David Thoreau: A Critical Study The Poetry of John Dryden Introduction to Bartram's Travels An Autobiography of America, )1929) American poets, 1630-1930, American and British Literature Since 1890, with Carl Van Doren Shakespear