1998 FIFA World Cup
The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for mens national association football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998, the country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the time that France staged the competition. Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997, for the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. A total of 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums located across 10 different host cities, with the match and final staged at the Stade de France. The tournament was won by France, who beat Brazil 3–0 in the final, France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals, France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland.
They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7, Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFAs requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively, France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, blazer stated that we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup. Since France won the selection process it was thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the payment was from the failed Moroccan bid. The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, as tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was Brazil the defending champions. 174 teams from six confederations participated, up 24 from the previous round, in Europe, fourteen countries qualified excluding France. Ten were determined after group play, nine group winners and the best second-placed team, the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches – the winners of which qualifying for the finals as well.
The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced through to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, four nations qualified for the World Cup for the first time, Jamaica and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a tie on 29 November 1997. It marked their first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia qualified for the tournament, chile qualified for the first time since 1982
Hvidovre is the main town in Hvidovre Municipality, Denmark. The town, a suburb of Copenhagen, is about 10 km southwest of the capitals center, Hvidovre has been inhabited since prehistoric times. In 1929, a 3, 500-year-old sword from the Bronze Age was excavated in Hvidovre, a farm, was located in the area in about 1160 when Esbern Snare gave it to Sorø Abbey that passed it on to Bishop Absalon. A church was built during the Romanesque period, the name Hvidovre, meaning White Ovre, refers to the colour of the church, which was built in white chalk, as opposed to the one in Rødovre, Red Ovre, which was built in red brick. At the turn of the 20th century, Hvidovre was still a rural community. In 1901, the still only had a population of 500. Some of the land closest to the border with Copenhagen was converted into allotments in the 1920s, at the end of World War One, Copenhagen suffered from severe housing shortage. Many of the farmers in Hvidovre saw it as an opportunity to make a profit by selling their land off in small lots.
3,226 out of the 3,899 lots that existed in Hvidovre in 1924 had been sold off since 1918. The buyers were typically workers from Copenhagen and the houses built out of Chevrolet or Ford boxes. The boxes were cheap and delivered on the site, others lived in already existing summer houses. The settlement was not legal but by 1923 accounted for 34% of the population in the municipality. In May 1945, a few days before the end of World War II, the city is well known for its football team, Hvidovre IF, where famous Danish football players such as Peter Schmeichel, Kenneth Brylle, Carsten Hallum and Michael Manniche have played. Stephan Andersen, with a past in Charlton, has played for the club and it is the birthplace of the Brøndby defender Daniel Agger and of Thomas Kahlenberg. A film-production camp Filmbyen is located in Hvidovre, which has described as a peculiar post-industrial filmmaking hub. European Film Industries, Face to Face with Hollywood
Glostrup is a Danish town in Region Hovedstaden, forming one of the western suburbs of Copenhagen. It is the seat of Glostrup Municipality, with an estimated population of 22,357 as of 2015. During the 20th century Glostrup developed from a railroad town into a modern middle class suburb. The population reached a peak during the 1970s flight from central Copenhagen, while most of Copenhagens western suburbs are dominated by public housing projects, Glostrups mix is around the Danish average. A series of companies, e. g. Grontmijs and Motorolas Danish sections, along with NKT Holding. Along with the municipalities, it forms the center of Copenhagens productive industry. Glostrup Municipality has a total of 21,200 jobs in the private, Glostrup is home to a series of public offices and institutions, e. g. Københavns Vestegn Police Departement and Glostrup Court, covering the western and northern suburbs of Copenhagen. Glostrup Hospital was inaugurated in 1958 and employs 3,200 people, the village of Glostrup was established some time between 1000 and 1197 and is named after its founder Glob.
The village is first mentioned between 1186 and 1197 as Glostorp, but Glostrup church is from around 1150, indicating that a community was already found at the site at this point. Most of the privately owned land came under Roskilde Cathedral over the couple of centuries but was confiscated by the Crown after the Reformation in 1536. Sources from 1682 indicate that the soil in the area was quite fertile as the village consisted of eight farms and 13 houses, most of the smallholders worked for the farmers. In 1773, when the new Roskilde Road was constructed between Copenhagen and Roskilde was constructed, it became the road of the area. Glostrup was a station on the new railway, Denmarks first, Glostrup changed character and the population grew significantly during the last decades of the century. A poorhouse was established in 1862 and it was followed by a pharmacy in 1864, an increasing number of industrial enterprises established in the area. Lever Brothers opened a factory in 1924. Glostrup Housing Association was founded in 1943 as a part of the expansion of the Danish capitol, the growing population combined with the already miserable living conditions in the central city led to a series of national plans to expand the number of housing units.
The largest project of the association was the building of 1,200 housing units in relation to the building of Glostrup Hospital and they were built between 1956 and 1965, ultimately defining Glostrup as a suburb rather than a village. Other large plans included the erection of Avedøre Stationsby and the Hvissinge Plan, transport in Glostrup has historically been dominated by the railroad station opened on the first Danish railroad in 1847 between Copenhagen and Roskilde
Henry Heerup was a painter and sculptor born in Frederiksberg, Denmark. He studied painting under Axel Jørgensen and Einar Nielsen at the Royal Danish Academy of Art and he studied sculpture there under Einar Utzon-Frank. He painted The Old Oak in Wolfvalley in 1924 and this was his first oil painting. Henry Heerup married Emilie Westh in 1933, during the 1930s he developed his trash sculptures. During the 1940s he became a member of Corner and Høst, in 1949 he joined COBRA and participated in some of their exhibitions. He developed an international reputation exhibiting across Europe and North America, the film A Year with Henry was made by Jens Jørgen Thorsen and Jørgen Roos and premiered in 1967. Heerup was appointed a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog in 1968 and he was awarded the Eckersberg Medal and the Thorvaldsen Medal, and received the Storm, P. Grant, and NL Stevns Grants. On his death in 1993, Henry Heerup was interred in the Assistens Cemetery in the Nørrebro section of Copenhagen
Lars Fosgaard Eller is a Danish professional ice hockey player currently playing for the Washington Capitals of the National Hockey League. He was drafted by the St. Louis Blues in the first round, in the 2007 NHL Entry Draft, he was drafted 13th overall by the St. Louis Blues. Eller spent part of the 2007–08 season with Borås in the HockeyAllsvenskan, Eller moved to North America for the 2009–10 season. His preseason was spoiled by mononucleosis and, as a result and he was called up by St. Louis and made his NHL debut on 5 November 2009 in a game against the Calgary Flames in which the Blues lost 2–1. He scored the only Blues goal, beating Miikka Kiprusoff off of a deflection and had three shots on goal in 9,42 minutes of ice time. Eller appeared in five NHL games before returning to the Peoria Rivermen, in Peoria, Eller was named AHL Rookie of the Month for the month of March and was selected for the 2009–10 AHL All-Rookie Team. On 17 June 2010, he was traded by the Blues to the Montreal Canadiens, along with Ian Schultz, in the 2010–11 season on 24 November 2010, Eller scored his first goal with the Canadiens, wristing one past Los Angeles Kings goaltender Jonathan Bernier.
On 4 January 2012, Eller scored 4 goals and an assist in a 7–3 victory against the Winnipeg Jets and he was the first Montreal Canadien to score 4 goals in one game since Jan Bulis in 2006. During the 2012–13 NHL lockout, Eller signed a contract with Finnish top-flight club. He recorded 5 goals and 10 assists in 15 games, on 2 May 2013, an open ice check from Ottawa Senators defenseman Eric Gryba knocked Eller unconscious during a playoff game at Centre Bell. He was diagnosed with a concussion, along with dental and facial fractures, on 24 July 2014, he signed a four-year contract worth $3.5 million per year to stay with the Canadiens. Lars Eller grew up in Rødovre and his father, Olaf Eller, is a former Danish international ice hockey player and former coach of several teams in the Superisligaen, as well as Troja/Ljungby in Sweden. Olaf Eller is a commentator for Danish TV2 Sport for the IIHF World Championships. He is coach of Esbjerg IK. Eller and his wife, have one daughter, career statistics and player information from NHL.
com, or Eliteprospects. com, or Eurohockey. com, or Hockey-Reference. com, or The Internet Hockey Database
A movie theater or movie theatre is a venue, usually a building, that contains an auditorium for viewing films, for entertainment. Most, but not all, movie theaters are commercial operations catering to the general public, Some movie theaters, are operated by non-profit organizations or societies which charge members a membership fee to view films. The film is projected with a projector onto a large projection screen at the front of the auditorium while the dialogue, sounds. Since the 1970s, subwoofers have used for low-pitched sounds. In the 2010s, most movie theaters are equipped for digital cinema projection, removing the need to create, a great variety of films are shown at cinemas, ranging from animated films for children, blockbusters for general audiences and documentaries for patrons who are interested in non-fiction topics. The smallest movie theaters have a viewing room with a single screen. In the 2010s, most movie theaters have multiple screens, the largest theater complexes, which are called multiplexes—a design developed in the U. S. in the 1960s—have up to 25 screens.
The audience members sit on padded seats which in most theaters are set up on a sloped floor. Movie theaters typically sell soft drinks and candy and some theaters sell hot fast food, in some jurisdictions, movie theaters are licensed to sell alcoholic drinks. A movie theater may be referred to as a theatre, movie house, film house. In the US, theater has long been the preferred spelling, while in the UK, the latter terms, as well as their derivative adjectives cinematic and kinematic, ultimately derive from Greek κινῆμα, κινήματος —movement, motion. In the countries where those terms are used, the theatre is usually reserved for live performance venues. Colloquial expressions, mostly applied to motion pictures and motion picture theaters collectively, include the silver screen, specific to North American term is the movies, while specific terms in the UK are the pictures, the flicks and for the facility itself the flea pit. A screening room is a theater, often a private one. Open air place in ancient times for viewing spectacles and plays, the term theater comes from the Old French word theatre, from the 12th century and.
The use of the theatre to mean a building where plays are shown dates from the 1570s in the English language. The earliest precursors to movies were magic lantern shows, magic lanterns used a glass lens, a shutter and a powerful lamp to project images from glass slides onto a white wall or screen. The invention of the Argand lamp in the 1790s, limelight in the 1820s, the magic lantern could project rudimentary moving images, which was achieved by the use of various types of mechanical slides
UEFA Euro 1996
It took place in England from 8 to 30 June 1996. It was the first European Championship to feature 16 finalists, following UEFAs decision to expand the tournament from eight teams. Germany won the tournament, beating the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final with a goal during extra time. This was Germanys first major title won as a unified nation, at the time of the bidding process, it had not yet been confirmed that sixteen teams would be participating. Instead, the bids were largely prepared as if hosting an eight-team tournament, all candidates had to submit their plans by 10 December 1991. The hosting of the event was contested by five bids, England, the English bid was selected by the UEFA Executive Committee at a meeting in Lisbon on 5 May 1992. In the year preceding the decision, the English FA had dropped out plans to bid for the 1998 World Cup in order to gain the support of other UEFA members who were planning to bid for that event. The hosts, drew 1–1 with Switzerland in the match of Group A when Alan Shearers 23rd-minute goal was equalled by a late Kubilay Türkyilmaz penalty kick.
England defeated rivals Scotland 2–0 in their game, and produced one of their finest performances ever with a 4–1 win over the Netherlands. Patrick Kluiverts late goal for the Netherlands secured his second place in the group. Group B had Western European France and Spain, along with Balkan World Cup participants Romania and Bulgaria. France and Spain dominated the group, with France avenging Bulgaria for the 1994 qualification debacle, groups C and D saw the Czech Republic and Croatia, whose national teams had only recently come into existence, qualify for the knockout stages. The Czechs lost to Germany, the group winners, in their opener. Italys defeat meant they had to beat Germany in their game to progress. In Group D, Croatia qualified for the quarter-finals, with wins over Turkey, the loss to the Croats ultimately sent the Danes, the surprise champions of 1992, home. Turkey became the first team since the introduction of a stage to be eliminated without gaining a point or scoring a goal.
The other three quarter-finalists were Portugal, and a France team featuring a young Zinedine Zidane. The knockout stages were characterised by negative, defensive play, as a result, only nine goals were scored in the seven games, the first quarter-final between the hosts and Spain ended goalless, after Spain had two goals disallowed and two claims for a penalty denied
Benjamin Christensen was a Danish film director, screenwriter and an actor both in film and on the stage. Benjamin Christensen was born in Viborg and initially studied medicine, but caught the acting bug, Christensens professional acting career began in Aarhus in 1907, but after a short stint as actor he abandoned the stage in order to become a wine salesman. In 1913, Christensen assumed control of the small, Hellborg-based production company for which he worked and reorganized it as Dansk-Biograf Kompagnie, Christensen himself played the main role, as he did in his second film, Hævnens nat. Once again, Christensen portrayed a man accused of murder. Despite the success of his first two films, Christensen did not find acceptance within the Danish film industry, and after Blind Justice he returned to the stage. Between 1918 and 1921, Christensen researched the history of necromancy as background for his next and greatest film, Häxan, based on the response to Häxan, Christensen received an invitation from UFA to direct in Germany.
This would prove Christensens last film appearance as an actor, Christensen got off a good start with the Norma Shearer vehicle The Devils Circus, a commercial success. But the Lon Chaney picture Mockery which followed was a failure critically. When work stalled in 1927 on M-G-Ms troubled, three-years-long production of The Mysterious Island and he moved to Warner Brothers, where he made four films, the first was The Hawks Nest, a crime drama starring Milton Sills. The remaining three constitute a trilogy and were co-written with Cornell Woolrich, The Haunted House, Seven Footprints to Satan. By this time, Christensen had had enough of his Hollywood experience and although House of Horror was a hit, Christensen returned once again to stage direction and did not make another film for a decade. Breaking his silence, for the Nordisk Company he wrote and directed Skilsmissens børn, a melodrama about the generation gap, it was a surprise hit. However, Damen med de lyse Handsker was a spy thriller that proved a disaster on the level of Mockery.
Afterward, he assumed management of a theater in a suburb of Copenhagen. Häxan is by far Christensens best-known film, there is no other silent film quite like it, a version restored to its original length and in superior picture quality was released by the Criterion Collection in 2001. The Mysterious X was first revived at MOMA in 1966 and has become his second-best known film, it was combined with Blind Justice, the Nordisk films remain little seen outside Denmark. In 1999, MOMA, and the Pacific Film Archive in Berkeley, held the first retrospective screening of Christensens work under the rubric Benjamin Christensen, An International Dane. Of Christensen, Carl Theodor Dreyer once described him as a man who knew exactly what he wanted, after many decades of relative obscurity, Christensen is now recognized as the second most important Danish silent film director after Dreyer himself
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponents net to score points. Ice hockey teams usually consist of six each, one goaltender. A fast-paced, physical sport, ice hockey is most popular in areas of North America, Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada, where the game enjoys immense popularity. In North America, the National Hockey League is the highest level for mens hockey, the Kontinental Hockey League is the highest league in Russia and much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the governing body for international ice hockey. The IIHF manages international tournaments and maintains the IIHF World Ranking, there are ice hockey federations in 74 countries. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules were developed, such as shinny and ice polo.
The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey began in the 1880s, and professional ice hockey originated around 1900. The Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion, in international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in mens competition at the Olympics, in the annual Ice Hockey World Championships,177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. In Russia and the Ukraine, where hockey can refer to bandy, the name hockey has no clear origin. The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word hockey when he translated the proclamation in 1720, the 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called hokie—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves. A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage.
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word derives from the Scots Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his caman or hurley is always called a puck. Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times, in Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the closely related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on a surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age. It was played with a curved bat, a wooden or leather ball