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Rønne

Rønne is the largest town on the Danish island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. It has a population of 13,780. Once a municipality in its own right from 1970 until 2002, when Bornholm was a county with an area of 29.11 square kilometres, it is now the administrative centre of the Bornholm municipality. As of 2018 11,539 inhabitants live in Rønne Parish, a narrow piece of land on the westernmost of the island and stretching north and southward comprising around a third of the area of the former municipality. Knudsker Parish made up the rest of the former municipality. Not all inhabitants of either Rønne or Knudsker parishes live in the city of Rønne. Owing to its natural harbour and its strategic position in the Baltic Sea, Rønne has an interesting history coming under German and Swedish influence during its development as a herring fishing port. Today, with its cobbled streets, half-timbered houses and interesting museums, it attracts visitors from Denmark, Germany and Poland. Rønne originated around the year 1000 when a small fishing community grew up around the natural harbour.

Around 1275, a small chapel dedicated to St Nicolas was built on the site where Rønne's church now stands. The community was soon granted the status of a market town with its own mayor and council and its own law court. However, by the beginning of the 14th century, the King of Denmark, the Archbishop of Lund and various north German princes were all competing for control of the town; the Germans took a special interest in Bornholm because of its strategic position in the Baltic Sea between the German coast and Visby in Gotland, off the coast of southern Sweden, at times establishing their own interests in the town. After the church's expansion in 1360, the parish of Rønne was established; as its trade prospered, by the beginning of the 15th century Rønne was plundered and burnt by men from Lübeck. In 1525, they took control of Bornholm as compensation for the large debts that Denmark was unable to repay, they allowed their own merchants to establish businesses in Rønne. Though the Lübeckers contributed to the success of the fishing trade, they demanded ever-higher taxes from the local population.

The citizens took revenge, chasing the Lübeckers off while allowing other German communities to remain. The result was; however the Baltic Sea had by this time lost much of its strategic importance. The fishing industry declined and after the town was twice struck by the plague in 1619 and 1655, it took decades for it to recover. A further setback occurred in April 1658 when, in the midst of the Dano-Swedish war, Denmark ceded Bornholm to Sweden under the Treaty of Roskilde; the occupation was however short-lived as the Swedes were overcome by the local population in December of the same year. In 1834, Rønne Town Hall was built on the town's main square; this important building was the centre of administration in Rønne and Bornholm for many years, the island's courthouse and jail were there. At the end of World War II, on 7 and 8 May 1945, the town was bombed by Soviet aircraft when the commandant of the German occupying forces refused to surrender; the air raid destroyed 212 houses, but only ten civilians were killed, the population having been alerted in advance.

Although the rest of Denmark had been liberated on 4 May, the Soviets occupied Bornholm on 9 May, sending the Germans back to Germany. The Soviet Union did not leave until 5 April 1946 when an agreement was reached with the Danish authorities and the island came under Danish rule once more. Most of the houses in Rønne were destroyed or damaged by the bombs and it took several years to rebuild the town, retaining its traditional architecture, quaint streets and half-timbered houses; the Swedes contributed 300 timber houses to the town while the rest of Denmark including Greenland and the Faroes raised the considerable sum of 8 million Danish kroner to help rebuild the town. Climate is temperate Oceanic climate with balanced temperatures year round. Island's climate allows local variety of common fig trees, Bornholm's Diamond, to thrive in locality lying far out of its normal habitats; the economic status of Rønne grew during the Middle Ages with the development of the herring industry. However, by the late 16th century, the fishing industry had begun to decline and for the next 300 years there was no further growth.

The ceramic industry in the town surpassed that of the fishing industry and has continued into modern times, with as many as 50 ceramics shops in Rønne today. However tourism is now the most important contributor to the local economy: there are several notable sandy beaches in the area used by tourists; the local utility company Bornholms Energi og Forsyning is located at the harbour of Rønne and produces electricity and heat. Rønne became famous for its longcase clocks or Bornholmerure which were manufactured from the middle of the 18th century until around 1900. Interest in clock-making started when a Dutch ship sailing from England ran aground off Rønne in 1744 carrying five grandfather clocks which were damaged in the accident. In view of the clocks' value, the sailors called on Poul Ottesen Arboe, a local turner, able to repair them; as a result of the experience he gained in the repair work, he was able to manufacture clocks himself, giving birth to a new local industry. Several workshops soon began to produce Bornholm clocks which became popular as they were cheaper than the more authentic models produ

Two-wheel tractor

Two-wheel tractor or walking tractor are generic terms understood in the US and in parts of Europe to represent a single-axle tractor, a tractor with one axle, self-powered and self-propelled, which can pull and power various farm implements such as a trailer, cultivator or harrow, a plough, or various seeders and harvesters. The operator walks behind it or rides the implement being towed. Similar terms are mistakenly applied to the household rotary power tiller. A two-wheeled tractor specializes in pulling any of numerous types of implements, whereas rotary tillers specialize in soil tillage with their dedicated digging tools; this article concerns two-wheeled tractors as distinguished from such tillers. Research has identified a number of terms used to identify two-wheel tractors, including "walk-behind tractor. There is a fair bit of confusion in nomenclature regarding machines of similar size/configuration, that operate a single implement The important distinction between a two-wheel tractor and any of these machines is that the two-wheel tractor is a single-axle, walk-behind machine designed to operate multiple interchangeable implements, where machines in the categories above only operate one implement, which implement is integral to the machine.

"Power tiller" can be understood as a garden tiller/rototiller of the small petrol/gasoline/electric powered, hobby gardener variety. Alternatively, the terms "power tiller" or "rotary tiller" are always understood in Asia and elsewhere to be rubber- or iron-wheeled, self-propelled machines of 5–18 hp and powered by heavy-duty single-cylinder diesel engines. Adding to the nomenclature confusion, agricultural engineers like to classify them as single-axle tractors. For clarity, the rest of this article refers to the self-propelled, single-axle, multi-attachment tractive machines as two-wheel tractors. For production agriculture and present, two-wheel tractors accept a wide range of implements, such as the following: For soil-working: rototillers, moldboard plows, disc-plows, rotary plows, root/tuber harvesting plows, small subsoiler plows and non-powered harrows, seeders and planters. Zero till/no-till planters and seeders have become available. In plant protection and weed control, two-wheel tractor implements consist of various inter-cultivators and sprayers.

For harvesting, available implements are: Forage: Sickle bar mowers, disk mowers, hay tedders and bale wrappers. For grain harvest: reaper/grain harvesters, reaper-binders, combine harvesters are available. For transport, trailers with capacities from 0.5 to 5 plus ton cargoes are available. General mowing implements consist of lawn mowers, brush mowers, flail mowers. For snow removal, implements consist of snowblowers, power sweepers, snow/dozer blades. Other implements include: chipper/shredders, log splitters, electrical generator, pressure washer, crimper-roller, fertilizer/salt/lime spreader, stump grinder; this list of implements means that two-wheel tractors can execute all of the chores done by larger 4-wheel tractors, with the exception of items like front-loaders, which have the physical stability requirements of a 4-wheel tractor. This confusion over, or just ignorance of the utility of 2-wheel tractors, persists at research and institutional levels; the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization's own statistical database, FAO Stat gauges levels of agricultural mechanization by numbers of 4-wheel tractors and ignores the fact that 2-wheel tractors perform much, or exactly, the same work as done by 4-wheeled models.

By using FAO's statistics, international donors and agricultural research and development centres assume, as Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have few 4-wheel tractors, that they are unmechanized compared to India, which has a large population of them. Yet, when two-wheel tractors are included and Sri Lanka are the most mechanized countries in south Asia in terms of area farmed using mechanized tillage. Two-wheel tractors are extremely common for agricultural use in the mountainous countries of Europe, as of 2015, there are at least 15 brands of two-wheel tractors of Italian origin alone. Development of single-axle tractors and power tillers worldwide began in the early 20th century and for many decades involved a mixture of people working independently in local contexts and, in other cases, of people expanding on the inspiration provided by others' work in distant locales, learned about via exports, travel, or reading; the homegrown instances and the interwoven threads are discussed in subsequent sections.

In 1910 Dr. Konrad von Meyenburg of Basel, applied for a patent for a "Machine for Mec

Paul Berryman (cricketer)

Kenneth Paul Berryman is a former English cricketer. Berryman was a right-handed batsman, he was born at Cornwall. Berryman made his Minor Counties Championship debut for Cornwall in 1988 against Cheshire. During the 1989 season he played 4 Championship matches for Cornwall, but thereafter would have to wait until 1995 for his next appearance, including his final Minor Counties Championship match against Berkshire. Berryman represented Cornwall in the MCCA Knockout Trophy, his debut in that competition came against Devon in 1995 in which he still holds the record for the best bowling figures returned by a Cornish bowler in this competition of 5-19. During that same season he played a Trophy match against Dorset picking up another 4 wickets in the process, he would have to wait until 2002 for his Trophy appearance for Cornwall, when he played 2 Trophy matches against Wiltshire and Devon, his final Trophy match. Berryman represented Cornwall in 3 List A matches; these came against Middlesex in the 1995 NatWest Trophy.

His next appearance came against Worcestershire in the 2002 Cheltenham & Gloucester Trophy, with his final List A appearance coming against the Somerset Cricket Board in the 1st round of the 2003 Cheltenham & Gloucester Trophy, played in 2002. In his 3 List A matches, he scored 6 runs at a batting average of 3.00, with a high score of 6. With the ball he took 3 wickets at a bowling average of 55.00, with best figures of 2/67. Paul Berryman at Cricinfo Paul Berryman at CricketArchive