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Rüppell's fox

Rüppell's fox spelled Rueppell's fox, is a species of fox living in North Africa, the Middle East, southwestern Asia. It is named after the German naturalist Eduard Rüppell; this fox is called the "sand fox", but this terminology is confusing because the corsac fox and the Tibetan sand fox are known as "sand foxes". Rüppell's fox is a small fox, measuring 66 to 74 cm in total length, including a tail measuring 27–30 cm long. Males appear somewhat larger than females, but both sexes are reported to have an average weight of 3.6 kg. The coat is sandy in color, ticked with numerous white hairs, fading from reddish along the middle of the back to pure white on the animal's underparts and on the tip of its tail; the head has a more rusty tone on the muzzle and forehead, with dark brown patches on the sides of the muzzle, stretching up towards the eyes. The chin and the sides of the face are white; the whiskers are long, reaching 7 cm, the tail is bushy. Rüppell's fox has fur on the pads on its feet, that helps distribute its weight and move on sand, keeps the hot sand from burning its feet.

Similar to other desert-dwelling foxes, Rüppell's fox has large ears to cool it off. Although adults are too large to confuse with fennec foxes, which live in the same area, young Rüppell's foxes can be confused with adults of that species; the larger ears, make them easy to distinguish from red and pale foxes, which live in some the same areas. In addition, the coat of a Rüppell's fox is much paler than that of a red fox, while pale foxes lack the white tips on their tails. Rüppell's fox is found across North Africa south of the Atlas Mountains, from Mauritania and Morocco in the west to Egypt and Djibouti in the east, it is found in the Arabian Peninsula southwards from Syria, Palestine and Iraq, as far east as Iran and Afghanistan. Within this region, it prefers sandy or rocky deserts, but may be found in semiarid steppes and sparse scrub. Rüppell's foxes are monogamous and either crepuscular or nocturnal, sheltering during the day in dens. Outside of the breeding season, these are small dens that can hold only one adult fox, the animal changes dens every five days or so.

Breeding dens are larger, occupied by a pair of adults and their kits. Such dens can sometimes have more than one entrance. Most dens are dug under trees. Rüppell's foxes have anal scent glands, which are used in greeting one another, to spray predators. Females use their scent glands to mark the cubbing den, they make a series of short barks during mating and, at other times, can produce hisses and sharp whistles. They have been reported to wag their tails, like domestic dogs. Rüppell's foxes occupy distinct territories, which they mark with urine, but not with dung as red foxes do; the territories of the members of a mated pair overlap completely, but are separate from those of any neighboring pairs. These territories are maintained throughout the year, although the pair occupy separate dens outside of the mating season; the size of the territories varies with the local terrain, but has been reported as around 70 km2 in Oman, with those of males being larger, on average, than those of females.

The foxes range during their nocturnal foraging, travelling over 9 km in a night. Rüppell's fox was pushed to living in the desert biome due to competition with its larger relative, the red fox, its only natural predators are the eagle-owl. Rüppell's foxes are omnivores, with a diet that varies depending on what is locally available. In some regions, they are reported to be insectivorous feeding on beetles and orthopterans, while in others, small mammals and birds form a larger part of their diet. Plants eaten include grasses and desert succulents, along with fruits such as dates, they have been known to scavenge from human garbage. Mating occurs in November. Litters up to six kits, although more just two or three, are born after a gestation period around 52–53 days; the young are born blind, are weaned at 6–8 weeks of age. They reach independence at about four months, when they may travel up to 48 km in search of a suitable territory, they can live an average of seven years in the wild, but have been reported to live up to 12 years in captivity.

For the past 100 years, Rüppell's foxes have been treated like a pest. They prey on many livestock animals in Arabia, including chickens and young goats. Although some authors consider Rüppell's fox to be monotypic, others list up to five subspecies: V. r. caesia V. r. cyrenaica V. r. rueppelli V. r. sabaea V. r. zarudneyi The Libyan General Posts and Telecommunications Company, in cooperation with the World Wide Fund for Nature, dedicated a postal stamp issue to Rüppell's fox on May 1, 2008. The issue is made of a set of four stamps printed in minisheets of two sets; the issue was completed with a special first day of issue cover having a special postmark. Picture of Rüppell's fox near Lake Nasser, Egypt. Rüppell's fox postal stamps on YouTube The 4 fox species of the UAE


Goatstown is a small, affluent Southside suburb of Dublin, Ireland. To the west is Dundrum, to the east is Blackrock, to the south is Sandyford, to the north Ranelagh. Goatstown is a residential area, with extensive housing developments from the middle decades of the 20th century onwards, with little local industry, it is centred on a pub named the Goat Grill, at the intersection of Goatstown Road and Taney Road, where there has been a pub since the early 18th century. Goatstown got its name from the fact that goats were bred there. A number of roads pass through Goatstown. At the crossroads the R112 passes from west to east, to the south is the R825 and to the north is the R133. A short distance from the crossroads is a T-junction where the R826 terminates at the R112 on the Taney Road; the Luas green line runs through the southwest corner of Goatstown and the Dundrum Luas stop is nearby, with the vehicular entrance off Taney Road. The bus routes of the 11, 11a and 75 run through Goatstown as well, linking Goatstown to the city centre, Dún Laoghaire and Tallaght.

To the east of the Goatstown Road lies former allotment land, much of, compulsorily purchased during the 1960s for the proposed Eastern Bypass / Saint Helen's link road. A portion of this land is being built on by Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council, to provide social and affordable housing. A Georgian house and remaining surrounding land, known as Trimbleston, was sold in the early 1990s to builders Sorohan Brothers; the house was subsequently damaged in two fires and the remaining ruins demolished and replaced by a housing and apartment development called Trimbleston. Phase two of Trimbleston has commenced with the demolition of five two-storey houses on Goatstown Road and construction of 202 dwelling units in their place and on land to the east owned by the Sorohans. William Dargan lived for a time in Mount Anville House in Goatstown; the award-winning cable-stay Luas bridge at Taney Junction was named Dargan Bridge. Barry Desmond, politician David Kelly, Irish actor, resided in the town till his death in 2012 Paul Murphy, politician Brian O'Driscoll, former Irish rugby player Shane Ross, born here Charlie Chawke, who took over the local pub in 1982 and changed the name from Traynor's to the Goat Grill, was shot in the leg in October 2003 in a robbery and had his right leg amputated five days later.

In another publicised case, on 5 March 2008 a jury found Brian Kearney guilty of the murder of his wife, Siobhán Kearney, at their home in Cnoc na Sí, Goatstown in February 2006. List of towns and villages in Ireland County Council Map for proposed Goatstown Local Area Plan

Thirst (2012 film)

Thirst is an Australian desert drama written and directed by Robert Carter, starring Victoria Haralabidou, Myles Pollard, Hanna Mangan-Lawrence and Tom Green. Thirst is about four individuals who become stranded in the desert with limited water, are forced to make choices that challenge their ideas of themselves and what they need. Set in 2017, four people isolated in their different ways, are trapped, with little water, in the desert outback of Australia. Against impossible odds can they find meaning, laughter... love before it is too late? Kit, a beautiful 18-year-old, fostered since birth, goes on the run with 17-year-old Zac, the son of her foster family following a near fatal shooting, they head for the desert where Kit remembers seeing on television abandoned mining huts where they could take refuge. In the desert, living in just such a hut, a woman, Minna searches for something mysterious, digging deep holes everywhere; when a mining company employee, arrives from head office to take Minna back to the city, several days drive away, she refuses to go.

A violent struggle ensues and the two become stranded with no way back. Kit and Zac, out of petrol and the four are reluctantly thrust together to survive. Boyce, a wise-cracking, failed comedian. Isolated in their different ways, the four are forced to make choices that challenge their ideas of themselves, expose their true needs, offer the chance to live a whole life in a day. Victoria Haralabidou as Minna Myles Pollard as Boyce Hanna Mangan-Lawrence as Kit Tom Green as Zac Only when there is no future does the possibility exist to live in the moment. With no reason to hold onto the past nor save ourselves for future possibilities, we are free to see what is left of the day, to expose ourselves, to face unwanted truths, to take the biggest risk of all – to open to our own capacity to love. Thirst brings together four people isolated and alone in four different ways and traps them in the desert with little water and no means of escape. How will they react? What will they do? How will they make sense of their lives?

What will become important? Can they find meaning – something larger than themselves? Carl Jung said that most of the unhappy people who came to see him suffered not from some clinical illness but from the meaningless and emptiness of their lives. For me, Thirst is about forcing to the surface protected and vulnerable human needs and exposing them to light and life. Minna, scientific searches in the desert for a rare type of meteorite. "I want to touch something that comes from somewhere impossible." Overwhelmed by people in the cities, finding them illogical and disappointing, Minna has abandoned the possibility of happiness with people long ago – or has she? Boyce, sent by the mining company to bring Minna back from the desert wanting to be a successful comedian, holds on to his failure like protective armour rather than risk more failure by connecting with anyone. "There's something missing from everyone I met" Boyce makes a joke of his life and the lives of those around him. Yet strangely, like literature's wise fool, has a wisdom that touches everyone.

Kit, a damaged 17-year-old, fostered since birth by a mother who failed to love her, believes that something is missing from her, which means she can never love anyone. "No matter how hard you try, you can never see the face that you're kissing." Reckless, believing everyone leaves, Kit has little fear of dying in the desert. Zac, raised in a home with narcissistic parents, runs from having wounded his father. Cynical and angry in love with Kit, Zac knows he has no chance of having that love returned. "Words are how we change the truth." Because of his love, Zac is confronted with the worst of all possible choices. The film proposes some unlikely answers. – Is'meaning' found, or is it constructed? – What is the most significant thing we can do? – What is the antidote to a fear of death? – Do the things that make us successful: position, fear of failure, protective defences, keep us from the vulnerability required to experience great love? The desert is intended as a metaphor for the barren internal lives suggested by Jung’s patients.

The moving camera deliberately echoes time passing relentlessly, smoothly so we are always aware that it is moving towards a resolution no matter how lifeless and static the desert may appear. Set in the not too distant future, Thirst gently suggests a changing planet, affected by climate change, forest degradation, limited resources; the personal defences and denials of the characters, echo the responses of the wider population to looming truths. Does life become more precious, more terrifying, when you can count the remaining days on your left hand? Against reason, our characters appear to become more alive – happier more connected, as time runs out. How can this be? The answer, embedded in the DNA of the film, lies in the choices they make, suggesting a way to live – a way towards meaning, a way to connect as time runs out for all of us. Thirst was filmed in outback NSW around Broken Hill. ABC At The Movies Reviewed 21 March 2012 Thirst on iTunes Robert Carter: Metaphor Man and a Plague of moths Screenhub Official web site Thirst on IMDb Thirst at Rotten Tomatoes Thirst at AllRovi


Abrogans German Abrogans or Codex Abrogans, is a Middle Latin–Old High German glossary, whose preserved copy in the Abbey Library of St Gall is regarded as the oldest preserved book in the German language. Dating from the 8th century, the glossary contains 3,670 Old High German words in over 14,600 examples and is therefore a valuable source for the knowledge of the oldest Upper German language, it was named by German researchers after its first entry: abrogans. On several occasions the South Tyrolean bishop Arbeo of Freising or the Benedictine monk Kero are named as authors; the German Abrogans is a Latin-Old High German thesaurus, not, produced from a collection of Latin-Old High German translations, but structured on a pure Latin, alphabetically sorted thesaurus. This Latin-Latin glossary, the Latin Abrogans, was compiled in Italy of numerous older late-antiquity and early medieval glossaries, thus arose a dictionary in which rare expressions, above all from biblical Latin, were explained.

The dictionary was finally translated into German in the second half of the 8th century in the old Bavarian bishopric Freising, which came under control of the bishop Arbeo. At the same time both the Latin key word and its Latin reproduction were entered with the Old High German equivalents. For example: This arrangement led to poor translations around the middle of the 8th century, for example translations in which parts of speech were erroneously exchanged; the Abrogans offers tremendous material for linguistics, which still today is not yet analyzed. So there are about 700 words. No specimens from the time of origin of the glossary in the 8th century have been saved. Only three younger Alemannic copies of the Bavarian document are preserved; the best, albeit mangled handwriting is the direct copy of the archetype, made around 810 in Murbach for Charlemagne or in Regensburg under Bishop Baturich.. Bernhard Bischoff: Die „Abrogans“-Handschrift der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Das älteste deutsche Buch.

Zollikofer, St. Gallen 1977. Faksimile. Kommentar und Transkription. Jochen Splett: Abrogans deutsch. In: Verfasserlexikon. Band 1. 1978. Sp. 12–15. Jochen Splett: Abrogans-Studien. Kommentar zum ältesten deutschen Wörterbuch. Steiner, Wiesbaden 1976, ISBN 3-515-02086-1. Abrogans im Handschriftencensus Digital-Faksimile der Abrogans-Handschrift in der digitalen Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen Codices Electronici Sangallenses Codex Abrogans A transcription of the Codex Abrogans Digital facsimile of the Codex Abrogans in the Digital Abbey Library of St. Gallen Codices Electronici Sangallenses

Governor of Biliran

The Governor of Biliran is the local chief executive of the Philippine province of Biliran. The governor holds office at the Biliran Provincial Capitol located at Brgy. Calumpang, Biliran. Like all local government heads in the Philippines, the governor is elected via popular vote, may not be elected for a fourth consecutive term. In case of death, resignation or incapacity, the vice governor becomes the governor; the current governor is Rogelio J. Espina, elected during the last May 13, 2019 local elections, he served as governor for 3 consecutive terms from 2001 to 2010. On April 15, 1959, President Carlos P. Garcia appointed Caibiran Mayor Uldarico R. Reyes as its first lieutenant governor of Biliran, made as a sub-province of Leyte after the enactment of Republic Act No. 2141. Reyes assumed the position on October 25, 1959. Thereafter, the position was elected. Subsequently, the title of lieutenant governor was changed into a governor on June 21, 1969 pursuant to Republic Act No. 5977 thereby giving the office holder the executive powers of a provincial governor.

This is the list of governors who served the province of Biliran since becoming a sub-province of Leyte to the present day: Notes 1 The title of lieutenant governor was changed into a governor on June 21, 1969 pursuant to Republic Act No. 5977. 2 Term extended without election. 3 Office-in-charge. 4 Governor-appointee. Notes 1 Appointed


Dumplin' is a 2015 young adult novel and the second book by the American author Julie Murphy. It was first published in hardback in the United States on September 2015 through Balzer + Bray. An audiobook adaptation, narrated by Eileen Stevens, was released through Harper Audio; the book focuses on Willowdean, a plus-size teenager who finds love, but realizes that she is more insecure about herself than she thought. Willowdean, nicknamed "Dumplin’" by her mother and called "Will" by her friends, is an overweight teenager who has always felt comfortable with her body and herself, she doesn't care that her mother was a teen beauty queen or that people have poked fun at her weight. All of that changes when she meets Bo, a handsome boy her age that has expressed interest in dating her. Will is full of insecurities and can't bring herself to date him out of fear of what others would say. In order to prove to her self-worth, Will has decided to enter and win the Miss Teen Blue Bonnet Pageant. However, as the date of the pageant approaches, Will finds that it's not that easy to take part in a pageant — after her best friend Ellen decides to enter.

Critical reception for Dumplin' has been positive. Commonsensemedia and Entertainment Weekly both gave Dumplin' favorable reviews and both praised Murphy for writing an overweight character "who is struggling with her weight only in terms of accepting it"; the Chicago Tribune wrote a favorable review, stating that "If the book's ending is a little too Disney Channel optimistic, it's understandable — Willowdean deserves no less." Danielle Macdonald and Jennifer Aniston star in the movie adaptation, written by Kristin Hahn and directed by Anne Fletcher. Official website Author Julie Murphy Talks About Fat and Her New Novel'Dumplin at XO Jane