Snapple is a brand of tea and juice drinks, owned by Keurig Dr Pepper and based in Plano, Texas. The company, known as Unadulterated Food Products, was founded in 1972; the brand achieved some fame due to various pop-culture references including television shows. Snapple was founded by Leonard Marsh, Hyman Golden, Arnold Greenberg in 1972 Valley Stream, Long Island, New York, their company, known as Unadulterated Food Products, was first conceived as a part-time venture to supply fruit juices to health food stores. Unsure if the business would succeed, Greenberg continued to run his health food store in Manhattan's East Village, while Leonard Marsh and his brother-in-law, Hyman Golden, operated a window washing business. In a 1989 interview with Crain's New York Business, Marsh admitted that when they launched the small business he knew "as much about juice as about making an atom bomb."An early apple juice product led to the company's name, Snapple. Golden and Marsh had created a carbonated apple juice.
One of the batches of apple juice fermented in the bottle. The original name of that particular apple juice product, "Snapple," a portmanteau derived from the words "snappy" and "apple," became the new name for their beverage company while attending Lawrence High School. Robin Greenberg had invited her boyfriend Richard Connolly to come over to her modest Valley Stream home, to help come up with a name for the new beverage her father was starting. At the table was Robin, her brother and Arnold her father. Robin's brother was snapping his fingers saying we want it to be a snappy name, Richard asked Arnold "what's it going to taste like" Arnold replied "like Ocean Spray's Cranapple", Richard replied "if you leave "apple" in the name it will be successful, as an apple a day keeps the doctor away". Hence the name Snap+apple; the Snapple Beverage Corporation was born, beginning in the early 1980s. Snapple would not manufacture their first tea, lemon tea, until 1987. There are many different types of Snapple: Tea, juice drinks and bottled water.
Snapple is bottled in the form of an aluminum can. Snapple's brand slogan is "Made from the Best Stuff on Earth." Snapple was known for a popular series of TV advertisements in the early 1990s featuring Wendy Kaufman answering letters from Snapple fans. In an effort to counteract the Coke and Pepsi challenge commercials, Snapple began running a new line of advertisements in May 1992, which featured its trademark “made from the best stuff on earth” line in ads that spoofed earlier beer and sports drinks promotions. In addition, the company used its $15-million-a-year advertising budget to pay for a long-lived series of live radio commercials featuring controversial disk jockeys Howard Stern and Rush Limbaugh. At the end of the summer of 1992, Snapple conducted a five-week search for a new advertising agency that could better convey its corporate identity in preparation for a wider national push; that year, Snapple signed tennis player Jennifer Capriati to endorse its products. By August 1992, Snapple had expanded its distribution to every major city in the United States and it signed new contracts with beverage distributors.
The company owned no manufacturing facilities, but instead made agreements with more than 30 bottlers across the country. In this way, Snapple was able to keep its payroll short; the company administration consisted of just 80 employees, 50 of whom worked out of a modest office building on Long Island. Thomas H. Lee, an American businessperson and investor of Thomas H. Lee Partners acquired Snapple Beverages in 1992 on undisclosed terms; the three founders of Snapple, Leonard Marsh, Hyman Golden and Arnold Greenberg, said they would own about one-third of the new company and be involved in its management. Hellen Berry, vice president of the Beverage Marketing Corporation, a consultant in New York, estimated that Snapple, for sale for more than a year and had $100 million in sales in 1991, sold for $140 million. Only eight months after buying the company, Lee took Snapple Beverages public and in 1994, only two years after the original acquisition, Lee sold the company to Quaker Oats for $1.7 billion.
Lee was estimated to have made his investors from the sale. The Quaker Oats Company bought Snapple for $1.7 billion in 1994. The company sold it to Triarc in 1997 for $300 million. Triarc sold it to Cadbury Schweppes for $1.45 billion in September 2000. It was spun off in May 2008 to its current owners. Starting in May 2009, Snapple was made with sugar, not high fructose corn syrup. However, in certain areas, the older formula is still sold in stores, but this is becoming rare. In 2009, a consumer lawsuit was brought against Snapple in California; the suit alleged the drinks contained unhealthy ingredients such as high fructose corn syrup and deceptive names on labels that lead consumers to believe that certain healthy elements are in the drinks that are not present. In 2010, in a lawsuit against Snapple in the federal District of New Jersey, the court certified to the FDA for an administrative determination the question whether high fructose corn syrup qualifies as a "natural" ingredient. In 2010, the FDA declined to provide the court with the requested guidance.
Stating that it would take two to three years to engage in a transparent proceeding to elicit the proper public participation, the FDA again cited its limited resources and
Jersey Shore, Pennsylvania
Jersey Shore is a borough in Lycoming County, United States. It is on the West Branch Susquehanna River, 15 miles west by south of Williamsport, it is part of Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. In the past, Jersey Shore held farms, railroad shops, cigar factories, a foundry, a large silk mill; the population was 4,361 at the 2010 census. The community is over 100 miles from New Jersey. Jersey Shore was incorporated as a borough on March 15, 1826; the history of Jersey Shore begins about 50 years before it was incorporated and on the opposite bank of the West Branch Susquehanna River in what is now Nippenose Township. Colonel John Henry Antes established a homestead along the banks of Antes Creek. Antes built a gristmill and his fortified home, Fort Antes, provided a safe haven for the early settlers against raids conducted by Loyalist and Indian forces during the American Revolution. Settlers who had sought refuge at Fort Antes and had returned to the right bank of the West Branch to milk their cows were among the first killed when Fort Antes was attacked just prior to the Big Runaway.
These pioneers on the north side of the river were counted among the Fair Play Men, a group of squatters who lived outside the jurisdiction of the colonial and revolutionary governments of Pennsylvania. Many of the settlers did not return to the area until after Sullivan's Expedition had forced the Lenape and other Indians allied with the British further west. Jersey Shore was named Waynesburg by the two brothers and Jeremiah Manning, who laid out the town circa 1785. Around the time that this was happening, a settlement arose on the eastern side of the West Branch Susquehanna River, opposite Waynesburg. A rivalry developed between the two settlements, those on the eastern shore began referring to the settlement on the western shore as the "Jersey Shore," because the Manning family had relocated from New Jersey; the nickname became so fixed that in 1826 the original name of Waynesburg was abandoned and changed to Jersey Shore. Jersey Shore's location on the West Branch Susquehanna River, just downstream from the mouth of Pine Creek made it an ideal location for traders and other businessmen who outfitted the pioneers who settled the western most portions of the West Branch Susquehanna River Valley and the Pine Creek valley.
Thomas Martin was a farmer who sold his produce to the people of Jersey Shore and to the men and women who were just passing through. Mr. Martin was noted for his strong beliefs regarding the prices. For example, if he believed that his potatoes were worth 35 cents a bushel, he would sell them for 35 cents a bushel, no more no less. If his competitors would sell potatoes for 50 cents a bushel, Martin would not raise his price and if others lowered the price to 25 cents per bushel, he would not lower his price; this firmness and fairness allowed Thomas Martin to rise to a position of prominence in Jersey Shore and Lycoming County. His reputation for fairness and honesty was passed onto his son Lewis Martin who went on to serve as a Lycoming County prothonotary and as a deputy U. S. Marshal; the Reverend John Hays Grier arrived in Jersey Shore in 1814. He was a Presbyterian missionary who set out from his home of Doylestown Pennsylvania with the intention of serving the pioneers of the west, he stopped one Sunday for the most part never left.
He built a strong congregation at Jersey Shore and another upstream on the West Branch in Lock Haven. Grier served the churches in Lock Haven and Jersey Shore for 14 years before serving the church in Jersey Shore, for an additional 23 years. Rev. Grier was elected sheriff of Lycoming County in 1822. Jersey Shore was once a major player in the railroad industry. In 1901, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad announced it would build large rail car shops near Avis, 4 miles west of Jersey Shore, on the far side of Pine Creek. To induce workers and businesses to favor Jersey Shore over competing towns, entrepreneurs acquired land and built the Jersey Shore Electric Street Railway, a trolley line running from the city to the New York Central shops. In 1905, a second trolley line, the Jersey Shore and Antes Fort Railway, was put into service between the city and the Pennsylvania Railroad station in Antes Fort, 2 miles to the southeast; these two trolley lines changed Jersey Shore from a city with no railroad connection to a city with two.
What had been a minor stop on the West Branch Canal and stagecoach lines was transformed into an industrial boomtown. Over 1,000 skilled mechanics were employed at the car shops, they were able to earn wages that far exceeded the normal income of the average worker in Lycoming County at the time. Other early industrial ventures in Jersey Shore included the American Balance Valve and Machine Works, the Susquehanna Silk Mill and the Jersey Shore Creamery Company. On October 10, 1911, Jersey Shore Hospital was founded by four physicians. At that time, the hospital consisted of 14 beds in the rebuilt home of the L. D. Herrit family. Over the next few years, x-ray services, a maternity ward, nurses’ residence were added, it was not until 1922 that Jersey Shore Hospital was recognized as a community hospital by the Borough and became a not-for-profit institution, which the hospital still maintains. Jersey Shore Steel Company was founded in 1938, near the end of the Great Depression by John A. Schultz.
The company began manufacturing steel rails for the railroad industry. In its first year of business Jersey Shore Steel was able to produce 15,000 tons of rail steel; when John A. Schultz died in 1943, the business was passed onto his sons John A. Jr.. The brothe
Coca-Cola Cherry is a cherry-flavored version of Coca-Cola. It is produced and distributed by The Coca-Cola Company and its bottlers in the United States and some international markets. Long before its official introduction in stores in 1985, many diners and drugstore soda fountains dispensed an unofficial version by adding cherry-flavored syrup to Coca-Cola; the Coca-Cola Company first began testing its official Cherry flavored version of Coke along with other flavors on audiences visiting the 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee. Cherry Coke entered mainstream production in the U. S. during the summer of 1985. Cherry Coke, which by 2007 had been renamed Coca-Cola Cherry in the U. S. and some other countries, was the third variation of Coca-Cola at that time – the others being regular Coca-Cola and Diet Coke – and the first flavored Coke. It was released nationally around the same time as the controversial reformulation of Coca-Cola, gained significant market share when that product was discontinued in the early 1990s.
Diet Cherry Coke was introduced in 1986, renamed "Diet Coke Cherry" in 2005 and again to "Diet Coke Feisty Cherry" in 2018. A second low-calorie version, Coca-Cola Cherry Zero, was added in 2007; the Coca-Cola Company would introduce other flavored Coke variants, beginning with Vanilla Coke in May 2002 followed by lime, lemon, Black Cherry Vanilla and orange variants. Many of these are only sold in overseas markets and/or are microdispensed through Coca-Cola's Freestyle vending machines. Coca-Cola Cherry has been distributed in a number of different countries. In addition to the U. S. the drink is available in Albania, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Germany, Denmark, Hungary, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Slovakia, Latvia, South Africa, South Korea, Greece and Peru. It is available in Japan, where it is still known as Cherry Coke; until it was available in Ireland only through British pharmaceutical chains such as Boots and Superdrug, however it returned to the country in 2014.
In New Zealand, Coca-Cola Cherry can be found in some supermarkets. In the past, the product has been distributed in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Russia, Ukraine, New Zealand, the Philippines, Israel; the Australian version was released between 2003 and 2004 and was a different formula to the US version. It is no longer bottled in these countries, although the U. S. product is imported by some Canadian convenience stores near the Canada–US border, as well as by IGA, Costco and specialty retailers in Australia. It was reintroduced in all Canadian grocery stores in 2016. In Sweden it is available at different grocery stores; the grocery stores source import from the United States and the self-produced Coca-Cola Cherry from Coca-Cola enterprises Sweden. In Norway, Coca-Cola Cherry is available at select stores. Since January 2011, Coca-Cola Cherry is available in Switzerland, where it is distributed by Coop. Since July 2013 Coca-Cola Cherry is available in Croatia and Spain, it returned to Canada by the 2013, 2014, 2015 holiday season in cases of 24 cans at Costco stores for the two former, general retail in the latter.
It featured the same flavour and formula as the United States flavour, with a edited, bilingual version of that country's can design. In 2014, it was featured as one of the last major attempts by Target Canada in Ontario to gain market share before announcing its closing in January of the following year, it has been mentioned by Target Canada itself that Cherry Coke was the number one requested grocery request by shoppers. As of July 2014 Coca-Cola Cherry is available in Lithuania and Estonia; the label is same as regular coke but with different cherry color and cherry word below Coca-cola with an image of Cherry to the left of the word "cherry". In late 2014, it was introduced in Uruguay. By the end of 2014, it was gone from the Lithuanian market, maybe the whole Baltic region. Coca-Cola Cherry returned to Canada once again in the summer of 2015 and 2016 as part of the "Share a Coke" campaign. Cherry Coke, in flats of 24 cans, have been available at Safeway and Loblaws-owned stores across Canada with markings indicating production at the Brampton, Ontario bottling facility.
Coca-Cola Cherry returned to Brazil during the 2016 Summer Olympics. Available in certain markets in the country, availability of soft drink has expanded to other regions, while Cherry Coke has been relaunched, Vanilla Coke has been launched. Packaging for Coca-Cola Cherry differs from country to country. Coca-Cola has altered the logos and label designs in the U. S. for Coca-Cola Cherry several times since it was introduced in 1985. In most areas, the current can and bottle label designs are based on the standard Coca-Cola label in a pink or purple hue with images of cherries. On February 7, 2007, Coca-Cola launched a new campaign for the Coca-Cola Cherry brand in the U. S. resulting in a significant redesign of the product's label. Jay-Z was played a part in designing the new can graphics. A new diet version, Coca-Cola Cherry Zero, was introduced; the original Diet Coke Cherry had still remained available in 12-packs up until 2018 when it was replaced with Diet Coke Feisty Cherry. These designs remained in place until early 2011, when a cleaner design was introduced
Sucrose is common sugar. It is a molecule composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is produced in plants, from which table sugar is refined, it has the molecular formula C12H22O11. For human consumption, sucrose is extracted, refined, from either sugar cane or sugar beet. Sugar mills are located where sugarcane is grown to crush the cane and produce raw sugar, shipped around the world for refining into pure sucrose; some sugar mills process the raw sugar into pure sucrose. Sugar beet factories are located in colder climates where the beet is grown and process the beets directly into refined sugar; the sugar refining process involves washing the raw sugar crystals before dissolving them into a sugar syrup, filtered and passed over carbon to remove any residual colour. The by-now clear sugar syrup is concentrated by boiling under a vacuum and crystallized as the final purification process to produce crystals of pure sucrose; these crystals are clear and have a sweet taste. En masse, the crystals appear white.
Sugar is an added ingredient in food production and food recipes. About 185 million tonnes of sugar were produced worldwide in 2017; the word sucrose was coined in 1857 by the English chemist William Miller from the French sucre and the generic chemical suffix for sugars -ose. The abbreviated term Suc is used for sucrose in scientific literature; the name saccharose was coined in 1860 by the French chemist Marcellin Berthelot. Saccharose is an obsolete name for sugars in general sucrose. In sucrose, the components glucose and fructose are linked via an ether bond between C1 on the glucosyl subunit and C2 on the fructosyl unit; the bond is called a glycosidic linkage. Glucose exists predominantly as two isomeric "pyranoses", but only one of these forms links to the fructose. Fructose itself exists as a mixture of "furanoses", each of which having α and β isomers, but only one particular isomer links to the glucosyl unit. What is notable about sucrose is that, unlike most disaccharides, the glycosidic bond is formed between the reducing ends of both glucose and fructose, not between the reducing end of one and the nonreducing end of the other.
This linkage inhibits further bonding to other saccharide units. Since it contains no anomeric hydroxyl groups, it is classified as a non-reducing sugar. Sucrose crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 with room-temperature lattice parameters a = 1.08631 nm, b = 0.87044 nm, c = 0.77624 nm, β = 102.938°. The purity of sucrose is measured by polarimetry, through the rotation of plane-polarized light by a solution of sugar; the specific rotation at 20 °C using yellow "sodium-D" light is +66.47°. Commercial samples of sugar are assayed using this parameter. Sucrose does not deteriorate at ambient conditions. Sucrose does not melt at high temperatures. Instead, it decomposes at 186 °C to form caramel. Like other carbohydrates, it combusts to carbon water. Mixing sucrose with the oxidizer potassium nitrate produces the fuel known as rocket candy, used to propel amateur rocket motors. C12H22O11 + 6 KNO3 → 9 CO + 3 N2 + 11 H2O + 3 K2CO3This reaction is somewhat simplified though; some of the carbon does get oxidized to carbon dioxide, other reactions, such as the water-gas shift reaction take place.
A more accurate theoretical equation is: C12H22O11 + 6.288 KNO3 → 3.796 CO2 + 5.205 CO + 7.794 H2O + 3.065 H2 + 3.143 N2 + 2.998 K2CO3 + 0.274 KOH Sucrose burns with chloric acid, formed by the reaction of hydrochloric acid and potassium chlorate: 8 HClO3 + C12H22O11 → 11 H2O + 12 CO2 + 8 HClSucrose can be dehydrated with sulfuric acid to form a black, carbon-rich solid, as indicated in the following idealized equation: H2SO4 + C12H22O11 → 12 C + 11 H2O + Heat. The formula for sucrose's decomposition can be represented as a two-step reaction: the first simplified reaction is dehydration of sucrose to pure carbon and water, carbon oxidises to CO2 with O2 from air. C12H22O11 + heat → 12 C + 11 H2O 12 C + 12 O2 → 12 CO2 Hydrolysis breaks the glycosidic bond converting sucrose into glucose and fructose. Hydrolysis is, however, so slow. If the enzyme sucrase is added, the reaction will proceed rapidly. Hydrolysis can be accelerated with acids, such as cream of tartar or lemon juice, both weak acids.
Gastric acidity converts sucrose to glucose and fructose during digestion, the bond between them being an acetal bond which can be broken by an acid. Given heats of combustion of 1349.6 kcal/mol for sucrose, 673.0 for glucose, 675.6 for fructose, hydrolysis releases about 1.0 kcal per mole of sucrose, or about 3 small calories per gram of product. The biosynthesis of sucrose proceeds via the precursors UDP-glucose and fructose 6-phosphate, catalyzed by the enzyme sucrose-6-phosphate synthase; the energy for the reaction is gained by the cleavage of uridine diphosphate. Sucrose is formed by plants and cyanobacteria but not by other organisms. Sucrose is found in many food plants along with the monosaccharide fructose. In many fruits, such as pineapple and apricot, sucrose is the main sugar. In others, such as grapes and pears, fructose is the main sugar. Although sucrose is invariably isolated from natural sources, its chemical synthesis was first achieved in 1953 by Raymond Lemieux. In nature, sucrose is present in many plants, in particular their roots and nectars, because it serves as a way to store energy from photosynthesis.
Many mammals, birds and bacteria accumulate and feed on the sucrose in plants and for some it is their main food sou
David Winters (choreographer)
David Winters is an English-American actor, choreographer, film distributor and screenwriter. Winters participated in over 150 television series, television specials, motion pictures, his accolades include two Emmy Awards Nomination, a Peabody Awards, a Christopher Award, many more. At a young age, he was seen acting in film and television projects such as Lux Video Theatre, Naked City, Mister Peepers, Rock and Roogie's Bump, he received some attention in Broadway musicals for his roles in West Side Story, Gypsy. In the film adaptation of West Side Story he was one of the few to be re-cast, it became the highest grossing motion picture of that year, won 10 Academy Awards, including Best Picture. While Winters continued acting, he gained recognition for his dance choreography, he was a common collaborator of Elvis Presley and Ann-Margret including their hit film Viva Las Vegas. Other dance choreography credits include T. A. M. I. Show, Send Me No Flowers, Billie, A Star Is Born... For the TV movie Movin' with Nancy, he is noted to be the first dance choreographer to be nominated in the history of the Emmys in the Special Classification of Individual Achievements category, before the Outstanding Achievement in Choreography category was created.
He became a director and a producer starting with a streak of star studded TV specials including Raquel!, Once Upon a Wheel. His first theatrical release was the concert film Alice Cooper: Welcome to My Nightmare, it is noted for imaginative costumes and set, he directed the Award-winning Horror Comedy The Last Horror Film. It was his last collaboration with Caroline Munro. Another directorial effort was the teenage romance skateboarding film, Thrashin', starring Josh Brolin in his first lead. In the mid 1980s, Winters opened his own production and distribution company, Action International Pictures, within this enterprise he produced for other directors, a number of them by directed by David A. Prior starring his brother Ted some of these cult classics includes Deadly Prey, Space Mutiny, Mankillers. From on he specialized in action oriented films many with recurring actors Robert Ginty, David Carradine, Robert Davi, Jan-Michael Vincent, Cameron Mitchell, Oliver Reed. From 2000 and on, Winters remains an active member of film industry.
Some of these efforts includes acting in mini series Blackbeard with Angus Macfadyen, Jessica Chastain and the Sundance winner Teddy Bear, as well as producing the historical epic The King Maker with Gary Stretch and John Rhys Davies. He produced, co-starred in two award-winning films Welcome 2 Ibiza, with Gary Busey and Mackenzie Astin, Dancin': It's On!, with winners and runners-up of the TV shows, So You Think You Can Dance, Dancing with the Stars, this ensemble is led by Witney Carson and co-stars Gary Daniels. Most Winters released his memoir Tough Guys Do Dance, about his journey in the film industry. Winters was born David Weizer in London, the son of Jewish parents Sadie and Samuel Weizer, his family relocated to the United States in 1953. He became a naturalized United States citizen in 1956. Winters was interested in dancing at an early age all the way through childhood. At age 12, his mother caught him shining shoes and she made a deal to make him stop that if he did his bar mitzvah, she would bring him to dance classes.
As a teen, Winters began acting in various commercials, which led him to act in over 15 television shows during a span of 10 years, including Lux Video Theatre, Naked City, The Red Buttons Show, Mister Peepers and many more. His first role in motion picture was a supporting role in Roogie's Bump, alongside Ruth Warrick, Olive Blakeney, Robert F. Simon, William Harrigan, it includes cameos by baseball players Roy Campanella, Russ Meyer, Billy Loes, Carl Erskine. In 1956 he played the role of Melville in Rock, Rock! jukebox musical featuring performances by established rock and roll singers of the era, including Chuck Berry, LaVern Baker, Teddy Randazzo, the Moonglows, the Flamingos, the Teenagers with Frankie Lymon as lead singer, famed disc jockey Alan Freed during this period. It stared Alan Freed, with Tuesday Weld, Connie Francis, Teddy Randazzo, Jack Collins. In 1957, he played the role of Baby John in the original Broadway production, it was conceived and choreographed by Jerome Robbins and produced by Robert E. Griffith and Harold Prince, marked Sondheim's Broadway debut.
It ran for 732 performances before going on tour. The production was nominated for six Tony Awards including Best Musical in 1957, but the award for Best Musical went to Meredith Willson's The Music Man. Robbins won the Tony Award for his choreography and Oliver Smith won for his scenic designs; the show had an longer-running London production, a number of revivals and international productions. On 21 May 1959, he stared as Yonkers in the original production of Gypsy; the show was directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins. Ethel Merman starred with Jack Klugman as Herbie and Sandra Church as Louise. Scenic and Lighting design were by Jo Mielziner and costumes were by Raoul Pène Du Bois; the orchestrations, including an overture, were supplied by Robert Ginzler. Critic Frank Rich has referred to Robbins' work as one of the most influential stagings of a musical in American theatrical history; the original production received eight Tony Award nominations, including Best Musical, Best Actress in a Musical, Best Featured Actor in a Musical, Best Featured Actress in a Musical, Best Scenic Design, Best Costume Design and Best Direction of a Musical.
Pepsi Wild Cherry
Pepsi Wild Cherry is a cherry-flavored cola first introduced in 1988 by PepsiCo as a replacement for Cherry Cola Slice, introduced as part of the line in 1986. Two sugar-free versions are available, with zero calories, named Diet Pepsi Wild Cherry and Pepsi Zero Sugar Wild Cherry. Alongside the beverages, a Lip Balm version is available. Pepsi Wild Cherry is sold in the United States and Canada as a regular, permanent product. Pepsi Wild Cherry is available nationally in the United States and Canada. In the United States, it is available in 12-ounce cans, 24-ounce cans, 16.9-ounce bottles, 20-ounce bottles, 1-liter bottles, 2-liter bottles. It is available in the Netherlands and the Czech Republic in some stores. On March 25, 2017, after five years of limited time availability, Pepsi relaunched Pepsi Wild Cherry as a permanent Canadian flavour, in 591mL bottles and 12-packs of 355mL cans. Pepsi Max Cherry is available in Finland, it is similar to Diet Pepsi Wild Cherry. Prior to 2005, the product was known as Wild Cherry Pepsi.
The re-branding came about due to a change in formula used with a altered taste. The logo was changed in 2007, as the "Pepsi" script, in the case of Pepsi Wild Cherry, was moved up above the globe; this design, was only found on the boxes that carried cans, 1-, 2-liter bottles, as the 20-ounce bottles and 12-ounce cans still carried the original 2005 design. In October 2008, Pepsi announced they would be redesigning its logo and re-branding many of its products by early 2009. In 2009, Diet Pepsi and Pepsi Max began using all lower-case fonts for name brands; the brand's blue and red globe trademark became a series of "smiles," with the central white band arcing at different angles depending on the product. In the case of Pepsi, the logo has the medium-sized "smile". In March 2010, Pepsi Wild Cherry received the redesign on cans. Beginning in March 2013, the drink came to the United Kingdom with plans to expand it worldwide. In late 2013 and in some areas in early 2014, the packaging was redesigned again, now resembling the 2005-2010 design and the blue coloring on the bottles and cans were made lighter.
Carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup and/or sugar, caramel color, phosphoric acid, natural flavors and citric acid. All Values per 8 fl. oz: Calories: 110, Total Fat: 0, Sodium: 25, Potassium: 5, Total Carbohydrates: 29, Sugars: 29, Protein: 0, Caffeine: 25 Carbonated water, glucose-fructose, caramel colour, natural cherry flavours, phosphoric acid and citric acid. Per 355mL: Calories: 150, Total Fat 0g, Sodium 15 mg, Carbohydrate/glucides 41g, Sugars 41g, Protein 0g Carbonated water, caramel color, natural flavor, phosphoric acid, potassium citrate, citric acid, acesulfame potassium, potassium sorbate, calcium disodium edta All Values per 8 fl.oz Calories 0 Total Fat 0 Sodium 25 Potassium 37 Total Carbohydrates 0 Sugars 0 Protein 0 Caffeine 25 Pepsi Product Information - Pepsi Wild Cherry Pepsi Product Information - Diet Pepsi Wild Cherry
Cadbury Cadbury's and Cadbury Schweppes, is a British multinational confectionery company wholly owned by Mondelez International since 2010. It is the second-largest confectionery brand in the world after Mars. Cadbury is internationally headquartered in Uxbridge, West London, operates in more than 50 countries worldwide, it is known for its Dairy Milk chocolate, the Creme Egg and Roses selection box, many other confectionery products. One of the best-known British brands, in 2013 The Daily Telegraph named Cadbury among Britain's most successful exports. Cadbury was established in Birmingham, England in 1824, by John Cadbury who sold tea and drinking chocolate. Cadbury developed the business with his brother Benjamin, followed by his sons George. George developed the Bournville estate, a model village designed to give the company's workers improved living conditions. Dairy Milk chocolate, introduced in 1905, used a higher proportion of milk within the recipe compared with rival products. By 1914, the chocolate was the company's best-selling product.
Cadbury, alongside Rowntree's and Fry, were the big three British confectionery manufacturers throughout much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Cadbury was granted its first Royal Warrant from Queen Victoria in 1854, it has been a holder of a Royal Warrant from Elizabeth II since 1955. Cadbury merged with J. S. Fry & Sons in 1919, Schweppes in 1969, known as Cadbury Schweppes until 2008, when the American beverage business was split as Dr Pepper Snapple Group. Cadbury was a constant constituent of the FTSE 100 on the London Stock Exchange from the index's 1984 inception until the company was bought by Kraft Foods in 2010. In 1824, John Cadbury, a Quaker, began selling tea and drinking chocolate in Bull Street in Birmingham, England. From 1831 he moved into the production of a variety of cocoa and drinking chocolates, made in a factory in Bridge Street and sold to the wealthy because of the high cost of production. In 1847, John Cadbury became a partner with his brother Benjamin and the company became known as "Cadbury Brothers".
In 1847, Cadbury's competitor Fry's of Bristol produced the first chocolate bar. Cadbury introduced his brand of the chocolate bar in 1849, that same year and Fry's chocolate bars were displayed publicly at a trade fair in Bingley Hall, Birmingham; the Cadbury brothers opened an office in London, in 1854 they received the Royal Warrant as manufacturers of chocolate and cocoa to Queen Victoria. The company went into decline in the late 1850s. John Cadbury's sons Richard and George took over the business in 1861. At the time of the takeover, the business was in rapid decline: the number of employees had reduced from 20 to 11, the company was losing money. By 1866, Cadbury was profitable again; the brothers had turned around the business by moving the focus from tea and coffee to chocolate, by increasing the quality of their products. The firm's first major breakthrough occurred in 1866 when Richard and George introduced an improved cocoa into Britain. A new cocoa press developed in the Netherlands removed some of the unpalatable cocoa butter from the cocoa bean.
The firm began exporting its products in the 1850s. In 1861, the company created Fancy Boxes — a decorated box of chocolates — and in 1868 they were sold in boxes in the shape of a heart for Valentine's Day. Boxes of filled chocolates became associated with the holiday. In 1878, the brothers decided to build new premises in countryside four miles from Birmingham; the move to the countryside was unprecedented in business. Better transport access for milk, inward shipped by canal, cocoa, brought in by rail from London and Liverpool docks was taken into consideration. With the development of the Birmingham West Suburban Railway along the path of the Worcester and Birmingham Canal, they acquired the Bournbrook estate, comprising 14.5 acres of countryside 5 miles south of the outskirts of Birmingham. Located next to the Stirchley Street railway station, which itself was opposite the canal, they renamed the estate Bournville and opened the Bournville factory the following year. In 1893, George Cadbury bought 120 acres of land close to the works and planned, at his own expense, a model village which would'alleviate the evils of modern more cramped living conditions'.
By 1900 the estate included 314 houses set on 330 acres of land. As the Cadbury family were Quakers there were no pubs in the estate. In 1897, following the lead of Swiss companies, Cadbury introduced its own line of milk chocolate bars. In 1899 Cadbury became a private limited company. In 1905, Cadbury launched its Dairy Milk bar, a production of exceptional quality with a higher proportion of milk than previous chocolate bars. Developed by George Cadbury Jr, it was the first time a British company had been able to mass-produce milk chocolate. From the beginning, it had the distinctive purple wrapper, it was a great sales success, became the company's best selling product by 1914. The stronger Bournville Cocoa line was introduced in 1906. Cadbury Dairy Milk and Bournville Cocoa were to provide the basis for the company's rapid pre-war expansion. In 1910, Cadbury sales overtook those of Fry for the first time. Cadbury's Milk Tray was first produced in 1915 and continued in production throughout the remainder of the First World War.
More than 2,000 of Cadbury's male employees joined the British Armed Forces, to support the British war effort, Cadbury provided chocolate and clothing to the troops. George Cadbury handed over two com