REO Speedwagon is an American rock band from Champaign, Illinois. Formed in 1967, the band cultivated a following during the 1970s and achieved significant commercial success throughout the 1980s. Hi Infidelity contained four US Top 40 hits and is the group's best-selling album, with over 10 million copies sold. Over the course of its career, the band has sold more than 40 million records and has charted 13 Top 40 hits, including the number ones "Keep On Loving You" and "Can't Fight This Feeling". REO Speedwagon's mainstream popularity waned in the late 1980s, but the band remains a popular live act. In the fall of 1966, Neal Doughty entered the electrical engineering program at the University of Illinois in Champaign, Illinois, as a junior. On his first night, he met fellow student Alan Gratzer, they held an impromptu jam session in the basement of their Illinois Street Residence Hall dormitory and soon started a rock band. Gratzer had been a drummer since high school, was playing in a local group on the weekends, while Doughty had learned some Beatles songs on his parents' piano.
Doughty began to follow Gratzer's band sitting in on a song or two. The keyboard player was the leader. On the last day of the university's spring semester, guitarist Joe Matt called the band's leader and told him that he, drummer Gratzer, bassist Mike Blair had decided to leave the band to start a new one with Doughty, they made a list of songs to learn over the summer break, Doughty landed a summer job to buy his first keyboard. On his Farfisa organ, he learned "Light My Fire" by The Doors; the members returned to school in the fall of 1967, had their first rehearsal before classes started. They named the band REO Speedwagon, from the REO Speed Wagon, a 1915 truck, designed by Ransom Eli Olds. Doughty had seen the name written across the blackboard when he walked into his History of Transportation class on the first day they had decided to look for a name. Rather than pronouncing REO as a single word as the motor company did, they chose to spell out the name with the individual letters each pronounced.
An advertisement in the school newspaper produced their first job, a fraternity party that turned into a food fight. They continued to perform cover songs in campus bars, fraternity parties, university events; the first lineup consisted of Doughty on keyboards, Gratzer on drums and vocals, Joe Matt on guitar and vocals, Mike Blair on bass and vocals. In early 1968, Terry Luttrell became lead singer, Bob Crownover joined as the guitar player, replacing Matt; when Mike Blair left the band in the summer of 1968, Gregg Philbin replaced Blair, Marty Shepard played trumpet and Joe McCabe played sax until McCabe moved to Southern Illinois University. Crownover played guitar for the group until the summer of 1969. Fiorio departed in late 1969 assuming the name Duke Tumatoe, went on to form the All Star Frogs. Steve Scorfina came aboard for over a year, composing with the band and performing live, before being replaced by Gary Richrath in late 1970. Richrath was a Peoria, Illinois-based guitarist and prolific songwriter who brought fresh original material to the band.
Richrath had driven 100 miles to become a part of it. He is quoted as saying "I'm going to be a part of that band whether they like it or not", went about making it happen. With Richrath on board, the regional popularity of the band grew tremendously; the Midwestern United States was the original REO Speedwagon fan stronghold and is pivotal in this period of the band's history. The band signed to Epic Records in 1971. Paul Leka, an East Coast record producer, brought the band to his recording studio in Bridgeport, Connecticut where it recorded original material for its first album; the lineup on the first album consisted of Richrath, Doughty and Luttrell. With their equipment being hauled to dates in a friend's station wagon, REO played bars and clubs all over the Midwest; the band's debut album, R. E. O. Speedwagon, was released on Epic Records in 1971; the most popular track on this record was "157 Riverside Avenue". The title refers to the Westport, Connecticut address, where the band stayed while recording in Leka's studio in Bridgeport and remains an in-concert favorite.
Although the rest of the band's lineup remained stable, REO Speedwagon switched lead vocalists three times for their first three albums. Luttrell left the band in early 1972 becoming the vocalist for Starcastle, he was replaced by Kevin Cronin. Cronin recorded one album with the band, 1972's R. E. O./T. W. O, but left the band during the recording sessions for 1973's Ridin' the Storm Out because of internal conflicts. Ridin' the Storm Out was completed with Michael Bryan Murphy on lead vocal, featured Neal Doughty's "wailing storm siren" entrance on the title track. Murphy stayed on for two more albums, Lost in a Dream and This Time We Mean It, before Cronin returned to the fold in January 1976 and recorded R. E. O., released that same year. Cronin's return came after Greg X. Volz turned down the position for lead vocalist after becoming a born-again Christian. In 1977, REO convinced Epic Records. Epic agreed to let them produce their first live album, Live: You Get What You Play For, certified platinum.
That same year, the band moved to California. In 1977, bassist Gregg Philbin left the band. Depending upon which band member is expressing an opinion, it was either because Philbin was disenchanted with the new corporate-structure REO
WOXY.com was a modern rock internet radio station based in Oxford and Austin, Texas. WOXY.com relied on its own website to reach its listeners. WOXY.com programming at one time was available at lala.com and WVXU HD Radio. Transmitted from WOXY at 97.7 FM in Oxford, the station went by the 97X moniker as well as the tag line "the future of rock and roll." In 2004, WOXY became one of the first commercial radio stations in the United States to transition from terrestrial FM radio to broadcasting as an Internet radio station at WOXY.com. The station moved its studios from Cincinnati, Ohio, to Austin in 2009. In 2010, due to financial challenges, the station ended its online feed. On November 23, 2011, the station's remaining WOXY.com website and discussion forums were taken offline by owner Future Sounds. In 1981 the station was purchased by Doug and Linda Balogh for $375,000. Soon after the station adopted the moniker "97X." Based on feedback from focus groups of college students, the station switched to a modern rock format in September 1983 the sixth modern rock station in the country.
The station benefited from a large youthful audience at adjacent Miami University as well as listeners in urban and suburban areas of Cincinnati and Dayton, but the majority of its broadcast area was rural. WOXY's tagline, "97X, Bam! The future of rock and roll," was quoted by Dustin Hoffman's character Raymond Babbitt in the 1988 film Rain Man. In 1988, Cincinnati magazine named 97X the best "cutting edge" radio station in the Cincinnati area. WOXY placed in the Rolling Stone reader's poll "best radio station" category four times between 1990 and 1995. Rolling Stone recognized WOXY as one of ten "stations that don't suck" in 1998 and one of four "last great independent" radio stations in 2003. In 1998, WOXY began to experiment with webcasts, listeners tuned in from around the world; the station continued to broadcast online while building a website with message boards and information to create a community of modern rock. The station was one of a number of stations offered in the Internet radio section of iTunes.
In January 2004, the Baloghs sold the license to 97.7 FM to Dallas, Texas-based First Broadcasting Investment Partners for $5.6 million but retained the station's music library and 97X brand with the intention of continuing broadcasting as internet-only WOXY.com. 97X ended its terrestrial broadcasting on 97.7 FM on May 13, 2004. The future of "The Future of Rock and Roll" was to be on the Internet, broadcasting from the WOXY.com website. The staff committed to staying with the WOXY.com venture worked feverishly over the following five months to secure funding and advertisers for what was at the time an unheard of business venture. However, appropriate funding for the transition did not appear, so the station was forced to shut down operations on Thursday, May 13, 2004 and terminate its broadcast, not only via its 97.7 FM transmission, but via WOXY.com. One day after 97X left the FM airwaves, on Friday, May 14, 2004, representatives of anonymous angel investors contacted the station staff, intent on funding the WOXY.com venture.
After two months of legalities, on July 12, 2004, "The Future of Rock and Roll" resumed its WOXY.com broadcast. As a subtle nod to its 1983 FM debut, the first song played on the resumed WOXY.com broadcast was "Orpheus" by the Irish alternative rock band Ash. Because of the nature of the 97.7 FM sale to First Broadcasting out of Texas, "The Future of Rock & Roll" was able to continue broadcasting from the Oxford, Ohio building until a more touring musician friendly location could be found. In September 2004, WOXY.com operations were relocated to Cincinnati's Longworth Hall, a building at the intersection of three interstate highways and close to multiple concert venues. To herald its return to broadcasting, "The Future of Rock & Roll" relied on a viral campaign to be carried out by its loyal listeners. WOXY provided via its website, banners, buttons, PDF files, etc. all with the intention of getting the word out. The station purchased some well placed ads in music oriented magazines; the internet allowed for more programming avenues and outlets than standard FM radio did.
"The Future of Rock and Roll" continued to find innovative ways to program the station. BAM! Modern Rock: Even with a new engine driving the music, "The Future of Rock and Roll" remained true to its roots. WOXY Lounge Acts WOXY Vintage: In 2005, "The Future of Rock & Roll" looked fondly towards their past and launched a secondary stream of audio, WOXY Vintage; this additional channel featured a 30-year mix of music that spotlighted the history of modern rock and alternative music. Unsigned@WOXY.com X-trabeats: Revisiting the popularity of "97X-trabeats", "The Future of Rock and Roll" revived the dance/electronica showcase. The only minor changes being the dropping of the'97' and making the program available on demand in addition to the scheduled airings. Local Lixx Artrocker Radio Friends Of The Futurist: An interview and music showcase, in which a member of the music community would spend time speaking with host Joe Long discussing the artist and anything else on the topic of music as it represents the guest's locale.
"Friends Of The Futurist" aired bi-weekly on Tuesday evenings. Early "Friends Of The Futurist" episodes were broadcast under the original name, "The Blogger Hour"; the Waiting Room: An ec
Princess Anna Monika Pia of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony was the seventh and youngest child of Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and his wife Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany and a younger sister of both Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony, Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen. While pregnant with Anna, her mother Luise left Saxony on 9 December 1902 without her children. Anna was born in Lindau, during her parents' separation. Anna married Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria, eldest son of Archduke Joseph August of Austria and his wife Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria, on 4 October 1924 at Schloss Sibyllenort in Sibyllenort, Germany. Anna and Joseph Francis had eight children: Archduchess Margarethe of Austria married Alexander Czech, Prince of Monteleone, son of General Jószef Cech and Princess Amalia Erba Odescalchi dei Principi di Monteleone. Based on his ancestry Alexander was awarded with the title of Principe di Monteleone by King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, just before his marriage to the Archduchess.
Archduchess Ilona of Austria married Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg Archduchess Anna-Theresia Gabriella of Austria Archduke Joseph Árpád of Austria married Princess Maria von Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Archduke István Dominik Anton Umberto of Austria married Maria Anderl Archduchess Maria Kynga Beatrix of Austria married, Ernst Kiss. She married, Joachim Krist on 30 March 1988. Archduke Géza Ladislaus of Austria married Monika Decker Archduke Michael Koloman of Austria married Princess Christiana of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Fifteen years after the death of Joseph Francis in Carcavelos, Portugal,on 25 September 1957, Anna married Reginald Kazanjian in a civil ceremony on 28 July 1971 in Geneva, in a religious ceremony on 9 September 1971 in Veyrier, Switzerland, she died in Munich, aged 72. 4 May 1903 – 4 October 1924: Her Royal Highness Princess Anna of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony 4 October 1924 – 28 July 1972: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Anna Monika of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia and Duchess of Saxony 28 July 1972 – 8 February 1976: Her Royal Highness Princess Anna of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony