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RMS Aquitania

RMS Aquitania was a British ocean liner of Cunard Line in service from 1914 to 1950. She was built by John Brown & Company in Clydebank, Scotland, she was launched on 21 April 1913 and sailed on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on 30 May 1914. Aquitania was the third in Cunard Line's grand trio of express liners, preceded by RMS Mauretania and RMS Lusitania, was the last surviving four-funnelled ocean liner. Shortly after the Royal Mail Ship Aquitania entered service, World War I broke out, during which she was first transformed into an auxiliary cruiser before being transformed into a troop transport and a hospital ship, notably as part of the Dardanelles Campaign. Returned to transatlantic passenger service in 1920, she served alongside the Mauretania and the Berengaria. Considered during this period of time as one of the most attractive ships, Aquitania earned the nickname "the Ship Beautiful" from her passengers, she continued in service after the merger of Cunard Line with White Star Line in 1934.

The company planned to retire her and replace her with RMS Queen Elizabeth in 1940. However, the outbreak of World War II allowed her to remain in service for ten more years. During the war and until 1947, she served as a troop transport, she was used in particular to take home Canadian soldiers from Europe. After the war, she transported migrants to Canada before the Board of Trade found her unfit for further commercial service. Aquitania was scrapped the following year. Having served as a passenger ship for 36 years, Aquitania became the second longest serving Cunard vessel after RMS Scythia; that record stood until 2004. The origins of Aquitania lay in the rivalry between the White Star Line and Cunard Line, Britain's two leading shipping companies; the White Star Line's Olympic and the upcoming Britannic were larger than the latest Cunard ships and Lusitania, by 15,000 gross tons. The Cunard duo were faster than the White Star ships, while White Star's ships were seen as more luxurious. Cunard needed another liner for its weekly transatlantic express service, elected to copy the White Star Line's Olympic-class model with a larger, but more luxurious ship.

The plan for the building of that liner began in 1910. Several draft plans were conceived in order to determine the main axes of what should be the ship for which an average speed of 23 knots was planned. In July of that year, the company launched the construction offers to several shipyards before choosing John Brown and Company, the builder of the Lusitania; the company chose Aquitania as the name for its new ship in continuity with those of its two previous duo. The three ships were named after the Ancient Roman provinces Lusitania and Gallia Aquitania. Aquitania was designed by Cunard naval architect Leonard Peskett. Peskett drew up plans for a larger and wider vessel than Mauretania. With four large funnels the ship would resemble the famous speed duo, but Peskett designed the superstructure with "glassed in" touches from the smaller Carmania, a ship he designed. Another design feature from Carmania was the addition of two tall forward deck ventilator cowlings. Although the ship's outward dimensions were greater than that of Olympic, her displacement and tonnage were lower.

With Aquitania's keel being laid at the end of 1910, the experienced Peskett took a voyage on Olympic in 1911 so as to experience the feel of a ship reaching nearly 50,000 tonnes as well as to copy pointers for his company's new vessel. Though Aquitania was built with Cunard funds, Peskett designed her according to strict British Admiralty specifications. Aquitania was built in the John Brown and Company yards in Clydebank, where the majority of the Cunard ships were built; the keel was laid in the same plot where Lusitania had been built, would be used to construct Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth 2. In the wake of the Titanic sinking, Aquitania was one of the first ships to carry enough lifeboats for all passengers and crew. Eighty lifeboats, including two motorised launches with Marconi wireless equipment, were carried in both swan-neck and newer Welin type davits. Watertight compartments were installed in order to allow the ship to float with five compartments flooded, she possessed a double hull.

As required by the British Admiralty, she was designed to be converted into an armed merchant cruiser, was reinforced to mount guns for service in that role. The ship displaced 49,430 tons of which the hull accounted for 29,150 tons, machinery 9,000 and bunkers 6,000 tons. Aquitania was launched on 21 April 1913 after being christened by Alice Stanley, the Countess of Derby, fitted out over the next thirteen months. Notable installations were decorations; the fitting out was led by his associate Charles Mewès. On 10 May 1914, she was tested in her sea trials and steamed at one full knot over the expected speed. On 14 May, she reached Mersey and stayed at a port there for fifteen days, during which she underwent a final major cleaning and finishing in preparation for her maiden voyage. Aquitania was the first Cunard liner to have a length in excess of 900 feet. Unlike some four-funneled ships, such as White Star Line's Olympic Class liners, Aquitania did not have a dummy funnel; the superstructure of the ship, painted white to contrast with the black hull in ocean liner fashion, was imposing in appearance, as the absence of a raised forecastle gave it an appearance too wide compa

Aeronatica Lombarda AL-3

The Aeronautica Lombarda AL-3 was an Italian sailplane and built in 1939 to take part in the Olympic sailplane competition. It was not successful; the AL-3 was one of two Italian designs competing to become the preferred Olympic glider at the 1940 Olympic Games. The other was the CVV-4 Pellicano. Had they happened, these Games would have been the first to host a gliding event, it was planned that all competitors should fly the same 15 m span type and designs from Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom were evaluated for the role at Sezze, near Rome in Italy during February 1939. The DFS Meise was the competition winner; the competition stipulated the 15 m span gliders had to be wooden, though fabric covering could be used. Its cantilever wing was built around a single spar with plywood skinning around the wing forward of it; the wing was attached to a pylon about 230 mm above the fuselage and at the centreline the wing ply extended back to about 70% chord, returning to the spar about 1 m along it.

The wing planform was double straight tapered on the trailing edge where ailerons occupied half the span. These were acted differentially. Parallel ruler type airbrakes were placed a little inboard of the ailerons, at mid-chord. Near the roots the airfoil section was NACA 4514. Apart from a metal nose-cap the fuselage was plywood skinned throughout; the pilot sat under the wing leading edge, enclosed in continuous glazing which extended on top into a V-shaped cut-out in the wing to enhance upward vision. Behind the cockpit the pylon, which extended just beyond the trailing edge, was ply covered. From nose to tail the fuselage cross section was ovoid; the AL-3's tailplane was of similar construction to the wing and strongly tapered. It was positioned ahead of a tall, narrow fin, allowing the broad chord, balanced rudder to extend to the keel without cut-outs in the elevators; the glider landed on a single skid from just aft of the nose to under mid-chord, mounted close to the fuselage on rubber shock absorbers.

Data from Sailplanes 1920-1945General characteristics Crew: One Length: 6.60 m Wingspan: 15.00 m Height: 1.17 m base of fuselage to fin tip, excluding tail skid Wing area: 14.00 m2 Aspect ratio: 16 Airfoil: NACA 4514 at root, tapering to NACA 0012 at tips Empty weight: 157 kg Gross weight: 252 kg Performance Maximum glide ratio: 25:1, estimated Wing loading: 18.0 kg/m2

Elizabeth Baldwin Letchworth

Elizabeth Baldwin Letchworth is a small business owner, Republican legislative strategist and consultant and a past elected United States Senate Officer. Letchworth is the first woman to have been elected by the United States Senate to serve as the U. S. Senate Secretary for the Majority for the republicans, she was elected as the United States Senate Secretary for the Minority. Letchworth is the founder of GradeGov.com. and provides political information and commentary for several news and current events publications. Letchworth is the chairperson of the Habitat for Florida affiliate, she hosts a twice weekly radio show entitled Congress College and serves as a principal in the Washington, DC consulting firm of Congressional Global Strategies. In office from 1995 to 2001, she was preceded by Howard O. Greene, Jr. and succeeded by David Schiappa. Elizabeth Bolling Baldwin was born to Donald W. and Joan B. Baldwin in Washington DC. While living in the DC area and working in the Senate, Ms. Baldwin married Howard O. Greene, Jr. and was known as Elizabeth B.

Greene. She was the widow of Ron Hilton Letchworth until her marriage in 2015 to Raymond Richard Chryst, she divides her time between Washington D. C. and Central Florida. Elizabeth Baldwin Letchworth began her 26-year career in the U. S. Senate in 1975 as a Senate page. From 1976 to 1977 Letchworth worked in the leadership office of Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott. Subsequently she moved into the Senate Republican Cloakroom and became the first female Cloakroom assistant. In 1980 Letchworth moved to a newly created office as Director of the Senate Legislative Scheduling office where Letchworth held responsibilities including scheduling officers to preside over daily Senate proceedings as well as scheduling legislation and Executive nominations for Senate Majority Leader, Howard Baker. In 1994 Senator Bob Dole proposed that Letchworth be elected by the United States Senate to be the first and only women elected to serve as the United States Senate Secretary for the Majority On Jan. 4, 1995 Elizabeth was elected Secretary for the Majority pursuant to Senate Resolution 8.

She served in this position until June 2001 when, as a result of the party switching by Sen. James Jeffords of Vermont, the Senate republicans were casts into the Minority party. Elizabeth was elected the Secretary for the Minority, U. S. Senate on June 6, 2001 by Senate Resolution 105 Letchworth’s career in the U. S. Senate involved all aspects of Senate floor proceedings; these aspects included: authoring Senate rules changes, overseeing the Presidential impeachment proceedings of President William J. Clinton and negotiating and coordinating the first and only 50/50 shared power agreement between the Senate Republicans and Democrats when the U. S. Senate membership ratio was equal for part of the calendar year 2001. Letchworth uses her previous political experience and current affiliations to help inform and to promote understanding for citizens within the current political climate, she is the founder and owner/editor of the website GradeGov.com. Letchworth was a frequent columnist for the Sunshine State News as well as The Daily Caller.com.

Letchworth is the past chairperson of the Habitat for Humanity of Marion County Florida affiliate. And served as a senior legislative advisor to Covington & Burling in Washington, DC, she serves on various committees as a lay leader for the 1st United Methodist Church in Dunnellon, FL. Resolution 8: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?c104:4:./temp/~mdbsObSIdu:: Resolution 105: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?c107:1/temp/~jnDmXW:: U. S. Senate Organizational Chart: https://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/reference/e_one_section_no_teasers/org_chart.htm Gradegov.com: http://www.gradegov.com/about.php

National Tennis League

National Tennis Leagues was a tour for professional male tennis players established in 1967 by George MacCall. In 1970 it was sold to the World Championship Tennis, a competing professional tennis league run by Lamar Hunt; the National Tennis League was formed by former U. S. Davis Cup captain George MacCall in 1967, as a governing body to an American professional tennis tour. MacCall signed several players to contracts, including Arthur Ashe, Rod Laver, Roy Emerson and Stan Smith; the NTL followed in the wake of MacCall's departure from the existing International Professional Tennis Association, created by promoter Wallace Dill in 1966, preceded the creation of World Championship Tennis, formed by Lamar Hunt and David Dixon The NTL differed from the IPTA and from WCT in being the first to sign women to professional contracts in addition to men. In 1968 Billie Jean King became the first woman of the Open Era to sign a pro contract to tour, in a group with Rosie Casals, Françoise Dürr and Ann Haydon-Jones as the women's section of the National Tennis League.

"On April 1, 1968, we signed with the National Tennis League. Frankie and Rosie received a guarantee of $20,000 per annum for two years, mine was $25,000 and Billie Jean King's was $40,000. George envisaged us playing a lot of matches and tournaments amongst ourselves and did not expect us to be as much involved in open tennis as proved to be the case.... We joined the six men that he controlled - Emerson, Gimeno, Gonzales and Stolle. A group of ten was an attractive proposition to offer and he believed he was going to do well from it, his main problem was one of administration. He had to keep flying all over the world to tie up arrangements with the various associations but didn't leave sufficient time to organize his professional tours in America, the most important part of the operation, didn't seem to be able or willing to delegate."In June 1969 Fred Podesta's formed Tennis Champions Inc. and became the parent company of the NTL with Podesta as president and MacCall as executive director.

Except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed the Australian Open, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates, the low prize money. In 1970 the National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient; the tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. Both professional organizations, the NTL and WCT, banned their contracted players from contesting the grand slams at some stage during their short tenure and this made the International Lawn Tennis Federation, the predecessor of the current ITF nervous; that was the catalyst that led to the abandonment of the distinction between amateur and professional tennis players and by 1968, the beginning of the Open Era, all tennis players could compete in all tennis tournaments George MacCall sold the NTL's player contracts to Lamar Hunt in July 1970. He became the first Commissioner of World Team Tennis in 1974.

Some of the players he signed to contracts were: Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Roy Emerson, Pancho Gonzales, Fred Stolle, Billie Jean King and Rosie Casals. He traveled the world to sign players. Many tournaments had to get their players through George. Rod Laver: 30 weeks, $123,405 Roy Emerson: 30 weeks, $62,655 Ken Rosewall: 20 weeks, $46,800 Pancho Gonzales: 22 weeks, $46,320 Fred Stolle: 28 weeks, $43,115 Andrés Gimeno: 21 weeks, $35,115Source Grand Prix tennis tournaments USTA International Tennis Federation

Mohamed Latheef (ambassador)

Mohamed Latheef was the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative to the United Nations for the Republic of Maldives, based in New York City. He presented his credentials to the Secretary-General of the United Nations on 11 November 2002. Latheef took over the role, first on a charge d'affaires basis from Husain Shihab on September 9 2002. Prior to this, he had been the Ambassador of the Republic of Maldives to the United States. Latheef was prominent in attempting to encourage member states of the United Nations to provide aid following the effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on the Maldives. Mohamed Latheef holds a doctorate in educational planning and a master's degree in Education from the University of Wales, with postgraduate studies in demography from Cardiff University in Wales. Prior to becoming an ambassador, Latheef held a number of posts in Maldivinian government, including posts at the Educational Development Centre, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Maldivian Embassy in Sri Lanka.

He became deputy speaker, was appointed a member of the Peoples' Special Assembly in 1979, retaining this post until 1997. Latheef was the national director of the Project for Public Administration Reform, director general of the Maldives Centre for Management and Administration, both from 1992 to 1993. In 1993, he was made deputy minister of the Ministry of Atolls Administration. Before moving into a diplomatic post, Latheef served as the minister of education from 1993 until 2002, served as a member of the Maldives parliament between 2000-2002. Mohamed Latheef is married, with three children. Republic of Maldives mission to the United Nations

Little Lord Fauntleroy (1914 film)

Little Lord Fauntleroy is a 1914 British silent drama film directed by Floyd Martin Thornton and starring H. Agar Lyons, Gerald Royston in the title role, Jane Wells, it was based on the 1886 novel Little Lord Fauntleroy by Frances Hodgson Burnett. The film was produced by the Natural Colour Kinematograph Company, it was distributed in the UK by Kineto Ltd. and released in the US by Shubert Feature Film in April of that year. It was one of the first feature-length films to be made in colour, using the Kinemacolor two-colour additive colour process. Joan Morgan had been considered for the part of Cedric Erroll as Lord Fauntleroy, before 13-year old Gerald Royston was given the role. Born in 1901 and the younger brother of Roy Royston, the British child actor appeared in silent films from 1913 to 1915, his casting in Little Lord Fauntleroy was one of the earliest starring roles for a child actor in a feature-length film. An advertisement in the cinema trade journal Bioscope cited English writer Effie Albanesi's praise of the film.

She called it "excellent" and commended the film's adaptation of Burnett's novel, saying, "the acting of the boy was wonderful". H. Agar Lyons as Earl of Dorincourt Gerald Royston as Cedric Erroll Jane Wells as'Dearest' Erroll Bernard Vaughan as Llawyer Havisham V. Osmond as Minna Tipton Frank Stather as Ben Tipton D. Callam as Tommy Tipton Harry Edwards as Dick Tipton F. Tomkins as Silas Hobbs Miss Nelson as Mary - the Housemaid Fred Eustace as Bevis B. Murray as Maurice Edward Viner as Capt. Cedric Erroll Stella St. Audrie as Bridget John East as Thomas Jack Denton Little Lord Fauntleroy on IMDb