RMS Olympic was a British ocean liner and the lead ship of the White Star Line's trio of Olympic-class liners. Unlike the other ships in the class, Olympic had a long career spanning 24 years from 1911 to 1935; this included service as a troopship during the First World War, which gained her the nickname "Old Reliable". She returned to civilian service after the war, served as an ocean liner throughout the 1920s and into the first half of the 1930s, although increased competition, the slump in trade during the Great Depression after 1930, made her operation unprofitable. Olympic was the largest ocean liner in the world for two periods during 1911–13, interrupted only by the brief tenure of the larger Titanic, before she was surpassed by SS Imperator. Olympic retained the title of the largest British-built liner until RMS Queen Mary was launched in 1934, interrupted only by the short careers of her larger sister ships; the Olympic was withdrawn from service and sold for scrap in 1935. Decorative elements of Olympic were removed and sold at auction before she was scrapped, now adorn buildings and a cruise ship.
By contrast with Olympic, the other two ships in the class and Britannic, had short service lives: in 1912, Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic on her maiden voyage and sank. Britannic never served her intended role as a passenger ship, instead serving as a hospital ship during the First World War. Built in Belfast, Olympic was the first of the three Olympic-class ocean liners – the others were Titanic and Britannic, they were by far the largest vessels of the British shipping company White Star Line's fleet, which comprised 29 steamers and tenders in 1912. The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line's chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, the American financier J. Pierpont Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co; the White Star Line faced a growing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had just launched Lusitania and Mauretania – the fastest passenger ships in service – and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd.
Ismay preferred to compete on size and economics rather than speed and proposed to commission a new class of liners that would be bigger than anything that had gone before as well as being the last word in comfort and luxury. The company sought an upgrade in their fleet in response to the Cunard giants but to replace their largest and now outclassed ships from 1890, RMS Teutonic and RMS Majestic; the former was replaced by Olympic. Majestic would be brought back into her old spot on White Star's New York service after Titanic's loss; the ships were constructed by the Belfast shipbuilders Harland and Wolff, who had a long-established relationship with the White Star Line dating back to 1867. Harland and Wolff were given a great deal of latitude in designing ships for the White Star Line. Cost considerations were low on the agenda and Harland and Wolff was authorised to spend what it needed on the ships, plus a five per cent profit margin. In the case of the Olympic-class ships, a cost of £3 million for the first two ships was agreed plus "extras to contract" and the usual five per cent fee.
Harland and Wolff put their leading designers to work designing the Olympic-class vessels. It was overseen by a director of both Harland and Wolff and the White Star Line. Carlisle's responsibilities included the decorations and all general arrangements, including the implementation of an efficient lifeboat davit design. On 29 July 1908, Harland and Wolff presented the drawings to Bruce Ismay and other White Star Line executives. Ismay approved the design and signed three "letters of agreement" two days authorising the start of construction. At this point the first ship –, to become Olympic – had no name, but was referred to as "Number 400", as it was Harland and Wolff's four hundredth hull. Titanic was based on a revised version of the same design and was given the number 401. Bruce Ismay's father Thomas Henry Ismay had planned to build a ship named Olympic as a sister ship to Oceanic; the senior Ismay died in 1899 and the order for the ship was cancelled. Construction of Olympic began three months before Titanic to ease pressures on the shipyard.
Several years would pass. In order to accommodate the construction of the class and Wolff upgraded their facility in Belfast. Olympic and Titanic were constructed side by side. Olympic's keel was laid on 16 December 1908 and she was launched on 20 October 1910, without having been christened beforehand. For her launch, the hull was painted in a light grey colour for photographic purposes, her hull was repainted black following the launch. The ship was dry-docked for her fitting out (at the moment of the launching, the ship
Dark side is the portion of the Earth or other planetary body, characterized by darkness that faces away and opposite to the direction of sunlight/starlight defined by the terminator line. Dark side, Dark Side or Darkside may refer to: Dark side, the dark side of the Force in the Star Wars universe Dark Side, a ship in the Beast Wars television series Dark Side, a 1988 video game from Incentive Software DarkSide, an affiliation of physicists searching for dark matter Darkside, a 2007 children's novel by Tom Becker Darkside, a horror novel by Dennis Etchison The Dark Side, a 2008 book by Jane Mayer The Dark Side, a UK horror film publication Tales from the Darkside, an anthology TV series from the 1980s Tales from the Darkside: The Movie, a 1990 horror anthology film based on the TV series Darkside, a 2013 BBC radio drama based on Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon Darkside, Scottish professional wrestler best known for winning the ICW World Heavyweight Championship Insane Championship Wrestling Darkside, an American band The Darkside, a British indie band Darkside, a subgenera of grime Darkside, a 1993 album by Sacred Sin Darkside, 1997 Darkside, 2005 The Dark Side, 2007 The Dark Side, 2004 The Dark Side, 2011 The Dark Sides, a 1998 compilation album by King Diamond No More Heroes Sound Tracks: Dark Side, a 2008 remix album of arrangements from the video game No More Heroes "The Dark Side" compilation record from the album Greatest Hit Darkside / Stay Awake, a 2004 EP from Kisschasy featuring the song "Darkside" "Dark Side", 2012 "Dark Side", 2016 "Darkside", a 2018 song by Alan Walker featuring Au/Ra and Tomine Harket "Darkside", a 2019 song by Blink-182 from Nine "The Dark Side", a 2018 song by English rock band Muse from Simulation Theory 1966 song by The Shadows of Knight, B-side to "Gloria" "Dark Side", a theme song used by retired American professional wrestler in WWE, The Undertaker from July 26, 1998 to December 13, 1998 "Darkside", a 2019 song by Lindsey Stirling from Artemis Darkside, a neighborhood in East Chicago, Indiana Darkseid, a DC Comics supervillain Dark Side of the Moon The Dark Side of the Sun Dare Iz a Darkside, a 1994 album by rapper Redman Dark Side of the Rainbow, a perceived effect created by playing the Pink Floyd album with the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz The Bright Side Light side Shadyside Dark Side
Monika Frimmer is a German soprano in opera and concert. Monika Frimmer studied at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hannover in Hannover, she studied further in master-classes and worked with Birgit Nilsson, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf and Jörg Demus. In 1980 she was a winner in the national competition Bundeswettbewerb Gesang Berlin, she was a member of the ensemble of the Staatsoper Hannover as a lyric soprano from 1980 to 1993. In 1982 she appeared as Anima in a scenic production of Emilio de' Cavalieri's Rappresentazione di Anima a di Corpo in the Marktkirche, conducted by Hans-Martin Linde, she sang the part of Najade in Ariadne auf Naxos of Richard Strauss. In the opera Sly of Ermann Wolf-Ferrari, revived by the Opera Hannover, she appeared as Rosalina. Since 1993 she has worked as a free-lance singer in opera and Lied. In 1987, Frimmer sang in a recording of Buxtehude's Membra Jesu nostri, conducted by Ton Koopman, with Barbara Schlick, Michael Chance, Christoph Prégardien, Peter Kooy, the Knabenchor Hannover and the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra.
In the Neustädter Kirche, she sang in choral concerts, in 1996 Ein deutsches Requiem, in 1988 Stravinsky's Cantata and Mozart's Great Mass in C minor. In 1991, she performed there Bach's St Matthew Passion in the last concert conducted by Erhard Egidi, together with Dantes Diwiak, Anselm Richter, Ralf Popken and Joachim Gebhardt. In 1998, she recorded the St Matthew Passion with the Thomanerchor and the Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, conducted by Georg Christoph Biller, she has been a soprano soloist in the cycles of Bach cantatas of both Gustav Leonhardt and Masaaki Suzuki. With Leonhardt she recorded Bach's Easter Oratorio and Ascension Oratorio, with Suzuki Bach's Christmas Oratorio. In 2002, she founded together with Christa Bonhoff, Dantes Diwiak and Peter Kooy a quartet Tanto Canto to sing performed music a cappella, with piano or with ensemble; the quartet recorded in 2005 excerpts from the collections Augsburger Tafel-Confect of the composers Valentin Rathgeber and Johann Caspar Seyfert.