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Race of Two Worlds

The Race of Two Worlds known as the 500 Miglia di Monza, was an automobile race held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Italy in 1957 and again in 1958. It was intended as an exhibition event, allowing American teams from the United States Auto Club National Championship to compete directly against teams from the Formula One World Championship based in Europe; the two types of cars competed on the banked oval at Monza, completed in 1955. Due to the similarity to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, where the USAC teams ran the Indianapolis 500, the event earned the nickname Monzanapolis. American drivers and teams won the event in both the years. Jimmy Bryan won the 1957 event. Although some Formula One teams did participate and built special cars for the event, several withdrew over safety concerns. Continued concern over the speeds on the track and the cost of the event led to the race being canceled after the 1958 running. In 1954, redevelopment of the Autodromo Nazionale Monza circuit began for the first time since 1948, concentrating on rebuilding the oval portion of the track, abandoned during World War II.

The 4.5 kilometres banked oval, which had last been used in 1933, was dismantled. The southern Sud Alta Velocita corner was relocated, moving it northward by several meters, shortening the lap distance length to 4.25 km. Both banked corners were rebuilt on a curving gradient which reached 80 degrees, replacing the flat banking, used; the reconstruction was completed in August 1955, in time for the Formula One Italian Grand Prix, which combined the new oval with the Monza road course for a full 9.8 km. The following year, Giuseppe Bacciagaluppi president of the Automobile Club of Milan and chairman of the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, invited Duane Carter, competition director of USAC, to attend the second running of the Italian Grand Prix on the new circuit; the two discussed the similarities between Monza's new oval and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, which held a round of the 1957 Formula One season, the Indianapolis 500. Although the 500 counted as part of the championship, only a few Europeans attempted to participate in the event since the formation of the World Championship.

Ferrari's Alberto Ascari in 1952 was the only European competitor to qualify for the race. Bacciagaluppi and Carter believed that an oval race held in Europe instead of the United States could attract Formula One teams, USAC and the Automobile Club of Italy began work on making such an event possible. A race was scheduled for June 1957. Volunteering USAC teams were to be transported from the United States, while Formula One teams were free to participate if they chose. In preparation, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company transported a USAC Kurtis Kraft–Chrysler to Monza in April 1957 in order to conduct tests on tyres made for the event. American driver Pat O'Connor completed 364 km on the oval, setting a best lap speed of 273 km/h, nearly 48 km/h faster than lap speeds reached at Indianapolis; the rules for the race were based on those used by USAC in North America. Engines were limited to 4,200 cubic centimetres in aspirated form, 2,800 cm3 for supercharged engines. A USAC rolling start was used, instead of Formula One's usual standing start.

The race was planned for a distance of 500 miles, similar to the Indianapolis 500. However, unlike Indianapolis, the 500 miles would not be run continuously. Instead, three separate 63-lap heats were planned, with an hour break for repairs and rest between each heat, for a total of 500 miles; the overall race winner would be determined by the driver which finished all three heats with the highest average speed. The circuit would be run in an anti-clockwise direction, the same used at Indianapolis, but opposite the direction used by Formula One at Monza; the inaugural running of the Race of Two Worlds was scheduled for Sunday, June 23, shortly after the running of the Indianapolis 500, a few weeks before the running of the French Grand Prix. USAC's entries in the event traveled from Indianapolis to New York City, whence they were shipped to Genoa; the drivers and personnel traveled separately from their cars. The teams and equipment were transported from Genoa to Monza, where teams began practice on Tuesday the 18th.

Fifteen cars were entered for the event. Ten cars traveled across the Atlantic from USAC, while only two teams arrived with Formula One equipment. Mario Bornigia used a privateer Ferrari; the rest of the Formula One teams however chose to boycott the event. The Union des Pilotes Professionnels Internationaux, formed only a few months prior, cited the dangers of the speeds able to be obtained on the Monza banking and the wear on tires posing threats to safety. A further three entries arrived from the World Sportscar Championship, thanks to the Scottish Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar team, who had just won the 24 Hours of Le Mans the weekend before. Although several American teams ran laps on Tuesday, official practice did not begin until Wednesday. All drivers were required to meet speed requirements to qualify: three laps at 185 km/h, three laps at 200 km/h, another three laps at 225 km/h. All drivers in attendance passed, began to set their cars for top speed. Eddie Sachs led the first day's practice with a lap time of 56.4 seconds, one of few drivers to lap under a minute.

On Thursday, Maserati arrived to ente

Roadhouse (facility)

A roadhouse or stopping house is a commercial establishment built on or near a major road or highway that services passing travellers. The word's meaning varies by country; the historical equivalent was known as a coaching inn, providing food and rest to people and horses. The "roadhouse" or "road house" acts as a restaurant, serving meals in the evenings, it has a bar serving beer or hard liquor and features music and sometimes gambling. Most roadhouses are located along highways or roads on the outskirts of towns. Early roadhouses provided lodging for travelers, but with the advent of faster means of transport than walking, horseback riding, or horse-drawn carriages, few now offer rooms to let. Roadhouses have a disreputable image, similar to honky tonks; this type of roadhouse has been portrayed in movies such as Road House, The Wild One, Easy Rider, Road House. Roadhouses sprang up when significant numbers of people began to move to the frontier. In Western Canada they were known as stopping houses.

From the 1890s in Alaska and the Yukon, beginning with the gold rush, roadhouses were checkpoints where dog drivers, horse-driven sleighs, people on snowshoes, skis, or walking would stop overnight for shelter and a hot meal. Remains of a Klondike Gold Rush roadhouse can be seen today south of Carmacks, Yukon along the Klondike Highway. One built in 1902 is the Black Rapids Roadhouse. In Australia a roadhouse is a filling station on a major intercity route. A roadhouse sells fuel and provides maintenance and repairs for cars, but it has an attached "restaurant" to sell and serve hot food to travellers. Roadhouses also serve as truck stops, providing space for parking of semi-trailer trucks and buses, as well as catering to travellers in private cars. In remote areas such as the Nullarbor Plain, a roadhouse offers motel-style accommodation and camping facilities. In Britain, wayside lodgings of this type were called coaching inns; as in other countries, they were a place along the road for people travelling on foot or by horse to stay at night, but today they are restaurants or pubs without lodging.

However, many coaching inns those in rural counties, have kept their accommodation to become bed & breakfasts or country hotels. With the advent of popular travel by motor car in the 1920s and 1930s, a new type of roadside pub emerged located on the newly constructed arterial roads and bypasses, they were large establishments offering meals and accommodation to motorists and parties travelling by charabanc. The largest pubs boasted facilities such as tennis swimming pools, their popularity ended with the outbreak of the Second World War when recreational road travel became impossible, the advent of post-war drink driving legislation prevented their full recovery. Post houses were established along principal highways. Post masters provided fresh horses, sometimes carriages and over-night accommodation for use by Royal officers called Postillones, who were uniformed guides authorised to conduct passengers and messages along specific routes. "Roadhouse Blues," a song by The Doors The Roadhouse from Twin Peaks, a local music bar on the outskirts of the main town Road House, directed by Jean Negulesco and starring Cornel Wilde and Ida Lupino Road House, starring Patrick Swayze as a bouncer at a bar Rest area Charging station Fast food restaurant List of public house topics

Jack Tanner (trade unionist)

Frederick John Shirley Tanner, known as Jack Tanner, was a British trade unionist. Born in Whitstable, Tanner grew up in London and became a fitter and turner at the age of 14, he joined the Social Democratic Federation and the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, soon becoming a prominent activist, helping found the National Federation of Women Workers. During the 1910s, he was a leading syndicalist, active in the Industrial Syndicalist Education League, jointly chaired the First International Syndicalist Congress. During World War I, Tanner worked as an engineer in France and was active in the then-syndicalist Confédération Générale du Travail, he returned to London in 1917 and became active in the Shop Stewards' Movement, in 1920 attended the Second Congress of the Communist International. He did join the Communist Party of Great Britain but left after only eight months, though he remained close to colleagues who stayed in the party. Tanner devoted his time to the trade union movement, was elected President of the Amalgamated Engineering Union in 1939, serving until 1953 and promoting economic planning in the engineering industry.

Associated with the right-wing of the union, he served as President of the Trades Union Congress in 1954, supported the anti-communist Industrial and Research Information Services from 1956

Academy of Medicine (Atlanta)

The Academy of Medicine in midtown Atlanta, Georgia was built in 1941 and housed the Medical Association of Atlanta until the 1970s. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is designated as a historic building by the City of Atlanta, it is owned by the Georgia Institute of Technology. The Academy was designed by the Atlanta architecture firm of Hentz, Adler & Shutze, with R. Kennon Perry the project architect and Philip Trammell Shutze the supervising principal; the building was intended as a meeting place for Atlanta physicians. Shutze's austerely classical design is reminiscent of the work of Benjamin Latrobe. By the 1970s, the building had fallen into disrepair; the building is used by the public as well as the medical profession. In 2008, Atlanta Medical Heritage, Inc. donated the Academy of Medicine to the Georgia Tech Foundation, Inc. due to lack of resources to maintain the facility. The Georgia Tech Foundation accepted the gift on behalf of the Georgia Institute of Technology, the building's name, Academy of Medicine, must be retained.

Additionally, the properties’ designation on the National Register of Historic Places, prevents the university from redeveloping the site or undergoing any improvements inconsistent with the Academy's historical significance. The property is undergoing restoration for community and campus use, has been retrofitted to serve the larger community as an event facility; the spacious auditorium provides seating for 250, may be used for ceremonies, musical performances or lectures. The building has a large central rotunda with a domed ceiling from which the chandelier from "Gone With the Wind" hangs, which host weddings. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Georgia Academy of Medicine historical marker


Keshiary is a village, with a police station, in Keshiari CD block in Kharagpur Subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the state of West Bengal, In Keshiary, there are many historical places like Sarva Mangala Temple, Jagannath Temple etc. Keshiary is located at 22.12°N 87.23°E / 22.12. As per 2011 Census of India Keshiary had a total population of 7,706 of which 3,860 were males and 3,846 were females. Population below 6 years was 721; the total number of literates in Keshiary was 5,724. The headquarters of Keshiary CD block are located at Keshiary. Keshiary police station has jurisdiction over Keshiari CD Block. State Highway 5 running from Rupnarayanpur to Junput passes through Keshiary. Keshiary Government College was established in 2015. Affiliated to the Vidyasagar University, it offers honours courses in English, Santali, political science, anthropology and zoology and a general course in arts


Amphicyon is an extinct genus of large carnivorous bone-crushing mammals, popularly known as bear dogs, of the family Amphicyonidae, subfamily Amphicyoninae, from the Burdigalian Epoch until the late Pliocene. They ranged over North America, Europe and Africa from 16.9–2.6 Ma ago, existing 14.3 million years. Amphicyon was the typical bear-dog amphicyonid with morphology similar to both dogs. With its robust build and maximum length of 2.5 m, the largest species looked more like a bear than a dog. It had robust limbs and teeth like a wolf, it was an omnivore with a lifestyle comparable to that of the brown bear. The Amphicyon was large for predators of its time but this advantage became a disadvantage because its large body mass was too large to take faster prey. A. Major has been estimated to have has a body mass of 630 kg, while A. ingens has been estimated around 600 kilograms making it one of the largest known amphicyonids. Amphicyon is believed to have been an omnivore, but to have tended to eat more meat than plants or other foods.

It is believed that Amphicyon lived on its own, unlike wolves. It is thought to have targeted slow or injured large prey like the Chalicotherium to feed its large appetite; the earliest occurrences of Amphicyon in North America are from the early to mid-Miocene, found in the Runningwater Formation in Sioux County and from the lower part of the Troublesome Formation, Colorado. Although other large amphicyonids from the Miocene of North America have been placed in Amphicyon, many of these carnivores are now placed in other amphicyonid genera; the Amphicyon lineage in the New World is restricted to the above three species. Rich samples of the large North American species of Amphicyon have been found in the Sheep Creek Formation and Olcott Formation of central Sioux County, northwest Nebraska. Amphicyon has been found in France and Spain in Europe. Amphicyon's youngest range is on the Indian subcontinent, where it disappeared only in the late Pliocene. Amphicyon major lived from 16.9–9.0 Ma 7.9 million years.

Specimens have been found in western Turkey. The species was named by De Blainville in 1841. A. major was comparable to a modern lion or tiger. The estimated mass of A. major is around 180 kg with the functions derived for limb bones and craniodental measurements. Amphicyon giganteus was a widespread European species that lived during the early Burdigalian to early Langhian from 20.4–15.9 Mya, with possible material from Namibia. The species was first described in 1884 by Kaup. A specimen of Iberotherium rexmanueli zbyszewskii with teeth marks from A. giganteus was found in Portugal. It is unknown if the young Iberotherium was attacked or the carcass found and scavenged; the find was described by paleontologists Antunesa et al. in 2006. Amphicyon galushai represents the first occurrence of Amphicyon in North America, from 18.8–17.5 Mya during the early Hemingfordian. Described by Robert M. Hunt Jr. in 2003, it is known from fossils found in the Runningwater Formation of western Nebraska, a complete adult skull, a partial juvenile skull, 3 mandibles and teeth and postcranial elemenents representing least 15 individuals.

In addition there is a skull fragment from the Troublesome Formation of Colorado. It is considered ancestral to A. frendens. Amphicyon frendens lived during the late Hemingfordian, 17.5–15.9 Mya, The species was described by W. Matthew in 1924 from specimens found in the middle member of the Sheep Creek Formation, Sioux County, Nebraska. A. frendens specimens have since been found at sites in Oregon. A specimen examined by S. Legendre and C. Roth in 1988 yielded an estimated body mass of 135.6 kg, similar to that of Ischyrocyon, Amphicyon galushai and its borophagine competitor, with which it coexisted. Amphicyon ingens lived during the early to 15.8 -- 14.0 Mya. The species was described by W. Matthew in 1924 from specimens found in the Olcott Formation, Sioux County, Nebraska. Specimens attributed to this species have since been found in California and New Mexico. Amphicyon palaeindicus is known from the Bugti Hills in Pakistan, it was first described by Richard Lydekker in 1876. The exact age of the fossil sites it was recovered from is unclear, though they seem to range from the late Oligocene to the late Miocene.

Its status as an actual species is unclear, as nearly all remains attributed to Amphicyon in the region were attributed to it. Amphicyon lydekkeri is known from the Dhok Pathan horizon in Pakistan, it was described by Pilgrim in 1910 and attributed to its own genus, Arctamphicyon. However, the differences between "Arctamphicyon" and Amphicyon may be negligible, it is most part of the genus. With the Dhok Pathan deposits dating to the late Pliocene, Amphicyon lydekkeri is the youngest amphicyonid known