The Virginian (TV series)
The Virginian is an American Western television series starring James Drury, Doug McClure and Lee J. Cobb, which aired on the National Broadcasting Company television network from 1962 to 1971 for a total of 249 episodes, it was a spin-off from a 1958 summer series called Decision. Filmed in color, The Virginian became television's first 90-minute Western series. Cobb left the series after four seasons and was replaced over the years by mature character actors John Dehner, Charles Bickford, John McIntire and Stewart Granger portraying different characters; the series ran for nine seasons—television's third longest running western, behind Bonanza at 14 seasons and 430 episodes, Gunsmoke at 20 seasons and 635 episodes. The series is loosely based on The Virginian: Horseman of the Plains, a 1902 western novel by Owen Wister. Percy Faith composed the theme; when Revue Productions' hour-long series Wagon Train moved from the NBC network to ABC, The Virginian was proposed to replace it. From the beginning, the 90-minute series was filmed in color on 35mm film.
The half-hour pilot in 1958 was filmed in black-and-white. The half-hour black-and-white pilot titled The Virginian aired in 1958 as part of the series Decision, which in other weeks aired pilots for three other series. In the pilot, The Virginian, with a noticeable southern accent not present in the subsequent network series and wearing a Confederate belt buckle marked "CSA", arrived by invitation at the ranch of Judge Henry, played by Robert Burton, to be an accountant and manager and soon became involved in unraveling a plot to destroy the judge's efforts to create a new town in the surrounding region. In the cast were Andrew Duggan, Jeanette Nolan, Dan Blocker, the latter in a small nonspeaking role. Set in the late 19th century, loosely based on The Virginian, A Horseman of the Plains, a 1902 novel by Owen Wister, the series revolved around the tough foreman of the Shiloh Ranch, played by James Drury, his top hand Trampas and he were the only characters to remain with the show for the entire run.
As in the book, the foreman went only by the name "The Virginian". The Virginian's real name was never revealed in the nine years; the series was set in Wyoming. Various references in the first season indicate that setting is 1898: In episode 5, "The Brazen Bell", guest star George C. Scott quotes from Oscar Wilde's The Ballad of Reading Gaol, first published in 1898. In episode 7, "Riff Raff", several of the main characters join Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, the volunteer cavalry unit formed in 1898 to fight in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. In episode 11, "The Devil's Children", the grave marker for one of the characters that dies in the episode states 1898 as the year of death. In episode 13, "The Accomplice", an 1898 calendar is present in the bunkhouse. While truer to the book, the timeline was advanced as the series developed for production; the series circled around the foreman's quest to maintain an orderly lifestyle at Shiloh Ranch. The ranch was named after the two-day American Civil War Battle of Shiloh, at Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee.
The show's white Appaloosa was named Trampas' buckskin horse was named Buck. As the show progressed, Trampas became the more developed of the characters, it continues to be the role for which actor Doug McClure was best known. Several cast changes were made throughout the program's run. In the first four seasons, the owner of the ranch was Judge Henry Garth, his de facto daughter Betsy lived at the ranch with him, had a sister relationship with the ranch hands. Ranch hand Steve Hill joined in episode storylines. Randy Boone joined the show in the second season as a youthful ranch hand who played guitar and sang duets with Betsy. In the episode "First To Thine Own Self" Boone's character sings "I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry", written by Hank Williams in 1949. In the third season, Clu Gulager, who had guest-starred twice in earlier seasons, was added to the show as the restless deputy Emmett Ryker. After executive producer Frank Price was replaced by Norman Macdonnell at the end of season 3, season 4 became a troublesome time.
When Shore left the cast, Macdonnell added a new leading woman—Diane Roter, who played Jennifer, the Judge's niece. When Lee J. Cobb left the show in 1966, John Dehner, as Morgan Starr, was brought in as the manager of Shiloh when Judge Garth left to become the govenor of Wyoming, his demanding presence and tough demeanor did not fit well with the show, nor did fans like his character. Producer Frank Price was brought back on board for season 5 to straighten out the series, he replaced the characters of Randy, owner Morgan Starr and Jennifer with a few actors who brought back the family atmosphere to the show. John Grainger became the new owner. Elizabeth Grainger, was John Grainger's granddaughter, her brother Stacey rounded out this new cast. Although Price left again, the series continued smoothly in the pattern. In season 6, Clay Grainger took over ownership after his brother John's apparent departure "on business." The sixth season added Holly Grainger as the wife of Clay. Season 7 saw the entrance of David Sutton, played by David Hartman.
Port Charles is an American television soap opera that aired on ABC from June 1, 1997 to October 3, 2003. It was a spin-off of the serial General Hospital, running since 1963 and takes place in the fictional city of Port Charles, New York; the new show features longtime General Hospital characters Lucy Coe, Kevin Collins, Scott Baldwin, Karen Wexler, along with several new characters, most of whom were interns in a competitive medical school program. In its years, the program shifted more towards supernatural themes and stories, with a reduced emphasis on the original hospital setting. Plans to spin off General Hospital were announced in December, 1996. ABC had passed on the idea of a GH spin off proposed by former head writer, Claire Labine. Tentatively titled GH2, the series was set to revolve around interns at the medical school across from General Hospital. Wendy Riche, executive producer of General Hospital, was hired to fill the same role for the new series. Riche said of the new show, "This will be a multigenerational show, the kind of drama we've always done at GH".
It was announced that the series would be titled Port Charles, after the fictional city the series are set, would star Jon Lindstrom and Lynn Herring, playing their roles from GH. The series premiered with a two-hour prime time special, that aired on June 1, 1997, it started in its regular timeslot the following day. The series featured the return of General Hospital characters Scott Baldwin, Karen Wexler. After the series premiered, it was unclear if Lindstrom and Shriner would remain with the series, it was confirmed the actors would stay on the show. Riche recalled the creation process by saying, "We knew that The City was not going to last. I was having lunch with Pat at some event. We were talking about The City. I said,'If I were a programmer, I would start the ABC lineup with a half hour of the west wing of General Hospital with the interns in a learning hospital, cap the day off with General Hospital. I would interface the characters in Port Charles with both wings of General Hospital.' Pat thought, a great idea.
She thought about it for a few hours, ran it by upper management, told me to write it up. I sat down, wrote down some characters and storylines, sent her back some pages, created the show; that was a natural bridge as a programmer. I had worked as a programmer at ABC and FOX so my head thinks in those terms. We wanted to bring continuity to the show, Lucy and Scotty."In the first episode, tenured nurse Audrey Hardy was injured and an intern had to operate on her with a power drill to save her life. Despite low ratings, Port Charles celebrated its first anniversary on June 1, 1998, as the series continued to establish its own audience and improve in its time slot. In its first few years, Port Charles developed a reputation for focusing most of its energies on the medical school program, setting more of its main action at Port Charles' General Hospital than was seen on the parent show, General Hospital; as it evolved, it turned its focus to stories with gothic intrigue that included themes such as forbidden love and life after death.
In December 1999, Julie Hanan Carruthers was promoted to executive producer after Wendy Riche wanted to step down to focus on General Hospital. Carruthers was the senior supervising producer of Port Charles, while serving the same role on General Hospital at the inception of Port Charles. In December 2000, it was announced that Port Charles would abandon the traditional open-ended style of storytelling, in favor of 13-week story arcs, similar to Latin telenovelas; each arc is referred to as a "book", has its own plot line. The approach was designed to attract more younger viewers, with shorter format being easier for many viewers to keep up with. ABC's head of daytime, Angela Shapiro said of format change, "It's not about the destination, it's about the journey, still, we need to come up with stories that have a beginning and end." The new production model allowed the cast and writing staff to only work six months out of the year. In June 2003, Port Charles was cancelled by ABC after six years due to low ratings.
The final episode aired on October 3, 2003. Brian Frons said of the decision to cancel the young series, "This was an difficult decision, we were pleased with the creative execution of the show, but the 30 minute format in this time period posed significant financial challenges, which led to this decision." Since the program taped for only six months out of the year, the remaining episodes were aired with the cast not allowed to return to tape resolutions to storylines. This left the final episode as a cliffhanger. ABC returned the 12:30 P. M. time slot to its affiliates after Port Charles ended its run. After Port Charles, the characters of Scott Baldwin and Audrey Hardy returned to General Hospital, many of the other actors from Port Charles moved on to play roles on other dramas, including a few who took on new roles on General Hospital, such as actors Kelly Monaco, Kiko Ellsworth, Eddie Matos, Kent King, Jay Pickett; the cancellation of Port Charles, along with ABC's relinquishing of what was a death slot at the time of the s
The Turning Point (1952 film)
The Turning Point is a 1952 film noir crime film directed by William Dieterle and starring William Holden, Edmond O'Brien and Alexis Smith. It was inspired by the Kefauver Committee's hearings dealing with organized crime. Actress Carolyn Jones made her motion picture debut in the film. John Conroy, a crusading district attorney, is tasked to crack down on a crime syndicate, which proves more dangerous because the mob has many city officials under their control, he is assisted by a newspaper man, Jerry McKibbon, who does not think Conroy is tough enough to handle this impossible assignment. McKibbon finds his efforts are compromised by political corruption. McKibbon is threatened by an out-of-town assassin, hired to kill him at a boxing match. William Holden as Jerry McKibbon Edmond O'Brien as John Conroy Alexis Smith as Amanda Waycross Tom Tully as Matt Conroy Ed Begley as Neil Eichelberger Danny Dayton as Roy Ackerman Adele Longmire as Carmelina LaRue Ray Teal as Clint, Police Captain Ted de Corsia as Harrigan Don Porter as Joe Silbray Howard Freeman as Fogel Neville Brand as Red Several locations of historical interest in Downtown Los Angeles can be seen in this film.
The original Angel's Flight funicular railway is part of one scene. The Hotel Belmont can be seen. Neither of these landmarks remains. Other buildings that can be seen are the San Fernando Building in the Bank District and a Metropolitan Water District building at 3rd and Broadway; the Turning Point was presented on Broadway Playhouse May 13, 1953. The 30-minute adaptation starred Dane Clark; the Turning Point on IMDb The Turning Point at the American Film Institute Catalog The Turning Point at AllMovie The Turning Point at the TCM Movie Database
Barton MacLane was an American actor and screenwriter. Although he appeared in many classic films from the 1930s through the 1960s, he became best-known for his role as General Martin Peterson on the 1960s NBC television comedy series I Dream of Jeannie, with Barbara Eden and Larry Hagman. MacLane was born in Columbia, South Carolina, on Christmas Day, 1902, he attended Wesleyan University in Middletown, where he excelled at American football. His first movie role, in The Quarterback, was a result of his athletic ability, he attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He made his Broadway debut in 1927, playing the assistant district attorney in Bayard Veiller's The Trial of Mary Dugan, he performed in the 1928 Broadway production of Gods of the Lightning and was part of the original cast of Subway Express as Officer Mulvaney in 1929. He appeared in the Marx Brothers' 1929 film debut The Cocoanuts. MacLane made his first credited film appearance in the 1931 romantic drama His Woman; the following year, he wrote the play Rendezvous.
The play was performed with MacLane in a featured role. The success of Rendezvous landed MacLane a contract with Warner Bros. and brought him to the attention of several renowned film directors, including Fritz Lang, Michael Curtiz, William Keighley. As a result, throughout the remainder of the 1930s, MacLane was active in film, with major supporting roles in such productions as The Case of the Curious Bride, G Men, The Prince and the Pauper, Lang's You Only Live Once and You and Me, he played the role of detective Steve McBride, opposite Glenda Farrell in seven of the nine films featuring the fictional newspaper reporter Torchy Blane. During the 1930s and 1940s, MacLane worked alongside Humphrey Bogart in several films, he played Lieutenant Dundy opposite Bogart's Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon, writer/director John Huston's acclaimed film noir based upon Dashiell Hammett's novel. MacLane again collaborated with both Bogart and Huston on the Academy Award-winning 1948 adventure film The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
MacLane's many other film credits during the 1940s include The Big Street, Victor Fleming's Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Fritz Lang's Western Union, Reginald Le Borg's The Mummy's Ghost, Frank Borzage's The Spanish Main, he appeared in two Tarzan films starring Johnny Weissmuller and the Amazons and Tarzan and the Huntress. Some of MacLane's films during the 1950s include Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye, The Glenn Miller Story, Three Violent People; as he was the regular heavy and bad guy, juveniles started using the term "Don't give me that Barton MacLane", if they felt justly or unjustly being turned off by adults or authorities, e.g. cops, teachers and so on. In the 1950s, MacLane began to appear on television. Between 1953 and 1967, he guest starred on such programs as Conflict, Lux Video Theatre, Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, The Monkees, Gunsmoke. In 1958 he played Sen. Harriman Baylor in the Perry Mason episode, "The Case of the Foot-Loose Doll". In 1960 he played Eugene Norris, Perry's friend and small-town sheriff, in "The Case of the Violent Village".
In 1964 he played Archer Osmond in "The Case of the Ruinous Road". During the 1960-1961 television season, MacLane was a series regular on twenty-seven episodes of NBC's western, Outlaws, in which he played Marshal Frank Caine.:802 His last feature film was "Buckskin". In 1965, MacLane was cast in the recurring role of General Martin Peterson on I Dream of Jeannie, he appeared in thirty-five episodes of the series between 1965 and 1969. Three of MacLane's episodes were aired after his death in January, 1969, his character was replaced on episodes of the series by General Winfield Schaeffer, portrayed by Vinton Hayworth, until his death in 1970. Coincidentally, Hayworth died before all episodes featuring his character were broadcast. Maclane played several musical instruments, including the violin and guitar. In 1939, MacLane married actress Charlotte Wynters. From the 1940s until his death, he maintained a cattle ranch in eastern Madera County, where he made his home when he was not acting, he adopted a daughter.
MacLane died of double pneumonia on New Year's Day, 1969 in Santa Monica, California. He was buried in Valhalla Memorial Park Cemetery. For his contribution to the television industry, MacLane has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6719 Hollywood Boulevard. Barton MacLane at the Internet Broadway Database Barton MacLane on IMDb Barton MacLane at Find a Grave Literature on Barton MacLane
The Lineup (TV series)
The Lineup is an American police drama which aired on CBS radio from 1950 to 1953 and on CBS television from 1954 to 1960. Syndicated reruns of the series were broadcast under the title San Francisco Beat; the radio version depicted the investigations of Lieutenant Ben Guthrie and Sergeant Matt Greb replaced by Sergeant Pete Carger, detectives in the police force of an unnamed "great American city." The television version was set in San Francisco and was produced with the cooperation of the San Francisco Police Department, which received a credit at the close of each episode. It starred Warner Anderson as Tom Tully as Grebb. Grebb was now an inspector instead of a sergeant because at the time the series was made there was no such rank as sergeant in the Bureau of Inspectors, SFPD's investigative division, a full inspector was the closest equivalent to the generic detective sergeant the character had been on radio; the TV version, a CBS Television production, was filmed on location, using Desilu's production facilities.
In the final season, the show expanded to an hour, the Grebb character was replaced by a number of younger officers, including Policewoman Sandy McAllister. Others in the cast were Jan Brooks, Bob Palmer, Skip Ward, William Leslie, Tod Burton, Marshall Reed, Ruta Lee; the announcer was Art Gilmore. The Lineup was a Top 20 Nielsen ratings hit for three of its six seasons during its original network run; the series finished at #17 in the Nielsen ratings for the 1955-1956 season, at #16 for 1956-1957 and at #18 for 1957-1958. It received an Emmy nomination for Best Action or Adventure Series in 1956. Russ Conway appeared in "The Robert Avery Case" and "The Missing Cargo Case". Walter Coy appeared in "The Murdered Blonde Case". Ron Hagerthy appeared in "The Toy Tiger Case" and as John Oakhurst in "The Security Officer Case". Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr. guest-starred as Luis Gonzalez in "The Reluctant Addict Case". Douglas Kennedy appeared in "The Charles Cleveland Case" and "The Drugstore Cowgirl Case". Joyce Meadows appeared as Paula Adams in "The Boylston Billing Case".
Eve Miller appeared in "The Christmas Story", "The Stanley Devlin Case" and "The Daniel Leadley Case". Nan Leslie was cast three times, in "The Chick Madison Case" and "The Pigeon Drop Case" and "The Girls and Guns Case". Donna Martell guest-starred in "Girl Safecrackers" and "The Pawn Ticket Case"; the film The Lineup, based on the series, was released in 1958 by Columbia Pictures, with Eli Wallach in the starring role. It was directed by Don Siegel, who had directed "The Paisley Gang", the pilot episode of the television series; the Lineup on IMDb The Lineup at TV.com
Ben Casey is an American medical drama series that aired on ABC from 1961 to 1966. The show was known for its opening titles, which consisted of a hand drawing the symbols "♂, ♀, ✳, †, ∞" on a chalkboard, as cast member Sam Jaffe uttered, "Man, birth, infinity." Neurosurgeon Joseph Ransohoff served as a medical consultant for the show. The series stars Vince Edwards as medical doctor Ben Casey, the young, intense but idealistic neurosurgeon at County General Hospital, his mentor is chief of neurosurgery Doctor David Zorba, played by Sam Jaffe, who, in the pilot episode, tells a colleague that Casey is "the best chief resident this place has known in 20 years." In its first season, the series and Vince Edwards were nominated for Emmy awards. Additional nominations at the 14th Primetime Emmy Awards on May 22, 1962, went to Sam Jaffe, Jeanne Cooper, Joan Hackett; the show began running multi-episode stories, starting with the first five episodes of season four. At the beginning of season five, Jaffe left the show and Franchot Tone replaced Zorba as new chief of neurosurgery, Doctor Daniel Niles Freeland.
Vince Edwards as Dr. Ben Casey Sam Jaffe as Dr. David Zorba Harry Landers as Dr. Ted Hoffman Bettye Ackerman as Dr. Maggie Graham Nick Dennis as Orderly Nick Kanavaras Jeanne Bates as Nurse Wills Franchot Tone as Dr. Daniel Niles Freeland Creator James E. Moser based the character of Ben Casey on Dr. Allan Max Warner, a neurosurgeon whom Moser met while researching Ben Casey. Warner served as the program's original technical advisor in 1961, he worked with the actors, showing them how to handle medical instruments, according to an article in TV Guide. Ben Casey had several directors, including Sydney Pollack, its theme music was written by David Raksin. Filmed at the Desilu Studios, the series was produced by Bing Crosby Productions. Vince Edwards appeared on the television series Breaking Point as Ben Casey; the episode was "Solo for B-Flat Clarinet" and debuted 16 September 1963. Both Ben Casey and Breaking Point were produced by Bing Crosby Productions. Members of Breaking Point had guest roles on Ben Casey.
Original runThe. Monday at 10–11 p.m. on ABC: October 2, 1961 — May 13, 1963. In the 1962–1963 season, it swamped Loretta Young's return to weekly television in her family sitcom The New Loretta Young Show on CBS. In 1963, it moved to Wednesdays as the preceding program for ABC's drama about college life, Channing. However, due to the combination of CBS' The Beverly Hillbillies and The Dick Van Dyke Show, Ben Casey returned to its original Monday-night time slot in the fall of 1964, remaining there until its cancellation in March 1966. Daytime repeats of the series aired on ABC's weekday schedule from 1965 through 1967. Nielsen ratingsNOTE: The highest average rating for the series is in bold text. Both a comic strip and a comic book were based on the television series; the strip was drawn by Neal Adams. The daily comic strip began on November 26, 1962, the Sunday strip debuted on September 20, 1964. Both ended on July 31, 1966; the daily strip was reprinted in The Menomonee Falls Gazette. The comic book was published by Dell Comics for 10 issues from 1962 to 1964.
All had photo covers, except for that of the final issue, drawn by John Tartaglione. From 1962 through 1963, the paperback publisher Lancer Books issued four original novels based on the series, they were Ben Casey by William Johnston, A Rage for Justice by Norman Daniels, The Strength of His Hands by Sam Elkin, The Fire Within, again by Daniels, small-print standard mass-market size paperbacks of 128 or 144 pages each. The covers of the books featured photographs of Edwards as Casey, or in the case of the last novel, a drawing of a doctor with Edwards' appearance. In 1988, the made-for-TV-movie The Return of Ben Casey, with Vince Edwards reprising his role as Casey, aired in syndication. Harry Landers was the only other original cast member; the film was directed by Joseph L. Scanlan; the pilot was not picked up by the major networks to bring the series back. In 1962, the series inspired a semicomic rock song, "Callin' Dr. Casey", written and performed by songwriter John D. Loudermilk. In the song, Loudermilk refers to the TV doctor's wide-ranging medical abilities and asks whether Casey has any cure for heartbreak.
The song reached number 83 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. During the Vietnam War, the term "Ben Casey" was used by American troops as slang for a medic; the long-running Cleveland, late-night movie program The Hoolihan and Big Chuck Show and its successor program, The Big Chuck and Lil' John Show aired comedy skits under the title "Ben Crazy" that parodied Ben Casey. The skits opened with a spoof of the chalkboard sequence, adding one more symbol at the end — a dollar sign, accompanied by a laugh track. "Big Chuck" Schodowski, one of the hosts of the show, said that the skits continued to air for so many years after the 1966 cancellation of Ben Casey that younger viewers did not recognize the opening, that real-life doctors would send in ideas for skits, some
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, United States, located 10 miles northeast of Downtown Los Angeles. The estimated population of Pasadena was 142,647 in 2017, making it the 183rd-largest city in the United States. Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles County. Pasadena was incorporated on June 19, 1886, becoming one of the first cities to be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles County, following the city of Los Angeles, it is one of the primary cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley. The city is known for hosting Tournament of Roses Parade. In addition, Pasadena is home to many scientific and cultural institutions, including Caltech, Pasadena City College, Fuller Theological Seminary, ArtCenter College of Design, the Pasadena Playhouse, the Ambassador Auditorium, the Norton Simon Museum, the USC Pacific Asia Museum; the original inhabitants of Pasadena and surrounding areas were members of the Native American Hahamog-na tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation. They had lived in the Los Angeles Basin for thousands of years.
Tongva dwellings lined the Arroyo Seco in present day Pasadena and south to where it joins the Los Angeles River and along other natural waterways in the city. The native people lived in dome-shape lodges, they lived on a diet of acorn meal and herbs, other small animals. They traded for ocean fish with the coastal Tongva, they made cooking vessels from steatite soapstone from Catalina Island. The oldest transportation route still in existence in Pasadena is the old Tongva foot trail known as the Gabrielino Trail, that follows the west side of the Rose Bowl and the Arroyo Seco past the Jet Propulsion Laboratory into the San Gabriel Mountains; the trail has been in continuous use for thousands of years. An arm of the trail is still in use in what is now known as Salvia Canyon; when the Spanish occupied the Los Angeles Basin they built the San Gabriel Mission and renamed the local Tongva people "Gabrielino Indians," after the name of the mission. Today, several bands of Tongva people live in the Los Angeles area.
Pasadena is a part of the original Mexican land grant named Rancho del Rincon de San Pascual, so named because it was deeded on Easter Sunday to Eulalia Perez de Guillén Mariné of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. The Rancho comprised the lands of today's communities of Pasadena and South Pasadena. Before the annexation of California in 1848, the last of the Mexican owners was Manuel Garfias who retained title to the property after statehood in 1850. Garfias sold sections of the property to the first Anglo settlers to come into the area: Dr. Benjamin Eaton, the father of Fred Eaton. Much of the property was purchased by Benjamin Wilson, who established his Lake Vineyard property in the vicinity. Wilson, known as Don Benito to the local Indians owned the Rancho Jurupa and was mayor of Los Angeles, he was the grandfather of Jr. and the namesake of Mount Wilson. In 1873, Wilson was visited by Dr. Daniel M. Berry of Indiana, looking for a place in the country that could offer a mild climate for his patients, most of whom suffered from respiratory ailments.
Berry claimed that he had his best three night's sleep at Rancho San Pascual. To keep the find a secret, Berry code-named the area "Muscat" after the grape. To raise funds to bring the company of people to San Pascual, Berry formed the Southern California Orange and Citrus Growers Association and sold stock in it; the newcomers were able to purchase a large portion of the property along the Arroyo Seco and on January 31, 1874, they incorporated the Indiana Colony. As a gesture of good will, Wilson added 2,000 acres of then-useless highland property, part of which would become Altadena. Colonel Jabez Banbury opened the first school on South Orange Grove Avenue. Banbury had twin daughters, named Jessie; the two became the first students to attended Pasadena’s first school on Orange Grove. At the time, the Indiana Colony was a narrow strip of land between the Arroyo Seco and Fair Oaks Avenue. On the other side of the street was Wilson's Lake Vineyard development. After more than a decade of parallel development on both sides, the two settlements merged into the City of Pasadena.
The popularity of the region drew people from across the country, Pasadena became a stop on the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway, which led to an explosion in growth. From the real estate boom of the 1880s until the Great Depression, as great tourist hotels were developed in the city, Pasadena became a winter resort for wealthy Easterners, spurring the development of new neighborhoods and business districts, increased road and transit connections with Los Angeles, culminating with the opening of the Arroyo Seco Parkway, California's first freeway. By 1940, Pasadena had become the eighth-largest city in California and was considered a twin city to Los Angeles; the first of the great hotels to be established in Pasadena was the Raymond atop Bacon Hill, renamed Raymond Hill after construction. Pasadena was served by the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway at the Santa Fe Depot in downtown when the Second District was opened in 1887; the original Mansard Victorian 200-room facility burned down on Easter morning of 1895, was rebuilt in 1903, razed during the Great Depression to make way for residential development.
The Maryland Hotel existed from the early 1900s and was demolished in 1934. The world-famous Mount Lowe Railway and associated mountain hotels shu