The Saab 96 is an automobile manufactured and marketed by Saab from 1960 to January 1980, replacing the 93. The 96 featured aerodynamic two-door bodywork, four passenger seating and at first a two-stroke, three-cylinder engine a four-stroke V4. Compared with its predecessor, the Saab 93, the 96 featured greater and more accessible storage space and larger rear window; the front end was lengthened for 1965 models, in preparation for a new engine, the radiator was placed ahead of the engine, rather than above and behind, a leftover from the thermosiphon cooling days. Both front and rear windows were enlarged for 1968 models; the Saab 96 had a longitudinally mounted engine layout. As first designed, it had 38 hp three-cylinder Saab two-stroke engine. By 1965 this was increased to 40 hp. An optional 57 hp version of the engine, with triple carburetors and oil injection, was used in the Sport and Monte Carlo models; the additional power was obtained from a modified cylinder head and filled crankshaft counterweights offering higher overall compression ratio.
The Saab 96 of 1964 was tweaked to 42 hp. For 1966 models, the standard 96 841 cc engine, using pre-mix oil, appeared with a three throat Solex carburetor in which the center carburetor handled start and low speed functions, increasing the power to 46 hp; the same carburetor had been used in the Monte Sport models. A common throttle shaft minimized carburetor synchronization problems. In 1967, Saab began marketing the 96 V4, with the Ford Taunus V4 engine, a four-stroke 1498 cc V4 engine developed for the 1962 Ford Taunus 15M. Saab's project to source a four-stroke engine was dubbed'Operation Kajsa'; the two-stroke option was offered until 1968. Four-stroke engines had been tested before, between 1962 and 1964 Kjell Knutsson and Ingvar Andersson under Rolf Mellde tested three different engines: a 45 hp Lloyd Arabella 897cc; however Rolf Mellde's view that Saab needed to switch to a four-stroke engine was stopped higher up by CEO Tryggve Holm. Mellde went behind the back of Holm and made contact with Marc Wallenberg, son of Marcus Wallenberg, Saab's major stockholder.
The coup succeeded and testing could begin. The tested engines were Volvo B18, Ford V4, Triumph 1300, Lancia V4 engine, Opel and Hillman Imp; the B18 was the most reliable, but the Ford V4 was not far behind and was easier to fit into the engine bay of the 96. The testing was done in secrecy. Rolf Mellde said he was going to run his father's paint shop. In reality he went to Desenzano in northern Italy with a 96 V4 prototype for testing. With five months to go before production only seven persons knew about the new engine. To maintain secrecy they rented a house west of Kristinehamn. To keep purchases of V4 specific parts secret they started the company Maskinverktyg AB; the ordinary purchase department at Saab was oblivious to what was going on, something that caused an incident when Rune Ahlberg cancelled the orders for cables for the two-stroke engine and the purchase department called the supplier and told them to keep their deliveries. In the last week of July, just before the summer holidays, information about the new engine was released to further people and they were informed that full-scale production would start in four weeks.
To keep secrecy, 40 of the ordinary staff were told to report to work to fix a problem with the disc brakes. Just prior to the official introduction, a journalist noticed a lorry loaded with 96s with V4 stickers on the front bumpers; the ordinary V4 engines produced between 1967 and 1976 had 65 PS. Cars from the first year of production had engines with "Ford Motor Company" stampings. For the Swedish 1976 model year, the car - now known as the 96L - had its power reduced to 62 PS due to new Swedish emission regulations. However, the 1977-1980 models had due to a two-stage Solex 32TDID carburetor; the V4 96 managed 0–100 km/h in 16 seconds. In August 1975, the car received new impact absorbing bumpers similar to those on the 99 and an altered bottom plate which allowed the rear seat to be moved 5 cm further back. In the US, the two-stroke engine was called the'Shrike' in 1967 and 1968, its displacement was reduced for 1968, to 795 cc, to avoid emission regulations which exempted engines under 50 cu in.
The V4s used in US cars had a 1500 cc high compression engine with 73 hp. For the 1971 model year it was switched to a 1700 cc low compression engine, so as not to lose power while meeting new emissions regulations. Stated power dropped to 65 hp for 1972 as SAE gross figures were abandoned in favor of the lower net ratings. 1973 was the last year. The Saab 96 and its station wagon sibling, the Saab 95, featured; the gearbox had three gears, the first unsynchronised. A four-speed option, with synchromesh first gear, was offered and the three-speed was phased out. An unusual feature of the Saab drivetrain was a'freewheel'; this allowed the transmission to run faster than the engine, such as when decelerating, or descending a long hill. Although such freewheels had been provided in other cars before as an economy measure, they were required in the Saab because of the limited lubrication in the two-stroke engine. A petroil-lubricated two-stroke requires lubrication according to its speed, but provides this lubrication according to the am
A coast guard or coastguard, is a maritime security organization of a particular country. The term implies different responsibilities in different countries, from being a armed military force with customs and security duties to being a volunteer organization tasked with search and rescue functions and lacking any law enforcement powers. However, a typical coast guard's functions are distinct from typical functions of both the navy and a transportation police; the predecessor of the modern Her Majesty's Coastguard of the United Kingdom was established in 1809 as the Waterguard, devoted to the prevention of smuggling as a department of the HM Customs and Excise authority. At the time, due to high UK taxation on liquors such as brandy, on tobacco, etc. smuggling in cargoes of these from places such as France and Holland, was an attractive proposition for many, the barrels of brandy and other contraband being landed from the ships on England's beaches at night from small boats and sold-on for profit, as depicted in the Doctor Syn series of books by Russell Thorndike.
The Coastguard was responsible for giving assistance to shipwrecks. Each Waterguard station was issued with a Manby mortar, invented by Captain George William Manby in 1808; the mortar fired a shot with a line attached from the shore to the wrecked ship and was used for many years. This began the process. In 1821 a committee of inquiry recommended that responsibility for the Preventative Waterguard be transferred to the Board of Customs; the Treasury agreed and directed that the preventative services, which consisted of the Preventative Water Guard and riding officers should be placed under the authority of the Board of Customs and in future should be named the "Coastguard". In 1845 the Coastguard was subordinated to the Admiralty. In 1829 the first UK Coastguard instructions were published and dealt with discipline and directions for carrying out preventative duties, they stipulated that, when a wreck took place, the Coastguard was responsible for taking all possible action to save lives, to take charge of the vessel and to protect property.
In the United States, the United States Coast Guard was created in 1915 by the merger of two other federal agencies. The first, the United States Revenue Cutter Service, was a maritime customs enforcement agency that assumed a supporting role to the United States Navy in wartime; the second, the United States Life-Saving Service, was formed in 1848 and consisted of life saving crews stationed at points along the eastern seaboard. The Coast Guard absorbed the United States Lighthouse Service and the Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection. Among the responsibilities that may be entrusted to a coast guard service are: search and rescue, enforcement of maritime law, safety of vessels, maintenance of seamarks, border control. During wartime, some national Coast Guard organisations might have a role as a naval reserve force with responsibilities in harbor defenses, port security, naval counter-intelligence and coastal patrols; the Coast Guard may, varying by jurisdiction, be a branch of a country's military, a law enforcement agency, or a search and rescue body.
For example, the United States Coast Guard is a specialized military branch with law enforcement authority, whereas the United Kingdom's Her Majesty's Coastguard is a civilian organisation whose primary role is search and rescue. Most coast guards operate ships and aircraft including helicopters and seaplanes that are either owned or leased by the agency in order to fulfil their respective roles; some coast guards, such as the Irish Coast Guard, have only a limited law enforcement role in enforcing maritime safety law, such as by inspecting ships docked in their jurisdiction. In cases where the Coast Guard is concerned with coordinating rather than executing rescue operations, lifeboats are provided by civilian voluntary organisations, such as the Royal National Lifeboat Institution in the United Kingdom, whilst aircraft may be provided by the countries' armed forces, such as the search and rescue Sea Kings operated by the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy, in addition to any of the HMCG's own helicopters.
The following lists a select number of Coast Guards around the world, illustrating the varied roles they play in the respective governments and the countries they operate in: The Argentine Naval Prefecture, in Spanish Prefectura Naval Argentina or PNA, is a service of the Argentine Republic's Security Ministry charged with protecting the country's rivers and maritime territory. It therefore fulfills the functions of other countries' coast guards, furthermore acts as a gendarmerie force policing navigable rivers and lakes, they belonged to the Ministry of Defence until the 1980s, the corps' highest official was a Navy rear-admiral. They have since been transferred to the Ministry of Interior and, more to the newly created Ministry of Security. However, in the case of armed conflict, they can be put under the Navy's command. Responsibilities for traditional coast guard duties in Australia are distributed across various federal and community volunteer agencies; the Maritime Border Command is the de facto coast guard of Australia.
The Maritime Border Command is a joint unit of the Australian Defence Force and the Australian Border Force. It is responsible for border protection in the exclusive economic zone of Australia and its 19,650 kilometres of coastline and
The Shelby Daytona Coupe is an American sports-coupé related to the AC Cobra roadster, loosely based on its chassis and drive-train. It was built for auto racing to take on Ferrari and its 250 GTO in the GT class. Just six Shelby Daytona Coupes were built between 1964 and 1965, as Shelby was reassigned to the Ford GT40 project to compete at the 24 hours of Le Mans, again to beat Ferrari in the highest level prototype class. With the Shelby Daytona, Shelby became the first American constructor to win a title on the international scene at the FIA World Sportscar Championship in 1965; the Shelby Daytona has been chosen for historic preservation as a significant vehicle in the history of auto racing. During 1964 and 1965, Ford entered their six Shelby Daytona Coupes in numerous races through the British Alan Mann Racing Ford factory team, as well as a temporarily selling or leasing to other racing teams such as "Tri-Colore" of France and Scuderia Filipinetti of Switzerland. During this period, Shelby Daytona Coupes raced in GT Division III, for engine displacements over 2000 cc.
They competed at numerous 500 km, 1000 km, 2000 km, 12 hour and 24 hour races on the World Sportscar Championship circuit, including events at Le Mans, Sebring, Reims, Spa Francorchamps, Goodwood Circuit, Oulton Park, Circuito Piccolo delle Madonie, the multi-race Tour de France Automobile, Rouen, Nürburgring. The Shelby Daytona Coupes, in their first year of competition, finished second in GT III class for the 1964 World Sportscar Championship season; the Shelby Daytona Coupes won the GT III class for the 1965 World Sportscar Championship season. A partial list of competitions and results includes: 1964 12 Hours of Sebring 1964 24 Hours of Le Mans 1964 RAC Tourist Trophy 1965 24 Hours of Daytona 1965 12 Hours of Sebring 1965 Italian Grand Prix at Monza 1965 Nürburgring 1000 km 1965 12 Hours of Reims 1965 Enna-Pergusa 1965 25 land speed records at Bonneville Carroll Shelby, after winning Le Mans in 1959, wanted to return to Europe to beat Enzo Ferrari at Le Mans with a car of his own design.
Having developed the AC Cobra/Shelby Cobra into a successful GT race car, he realised that the weakness of the open-cockpit sports cars at Le Mans was the aerodynamic drag which limited top speed on the 3 miles long Mulsanne Straight to around 157 miles per hour, nearly 30 miles per hour less than the Ferrari 250 GTO, which itself could hold speeds of circa 186 miles per hour. Given the length of this straight, this speed differential represented a loss of over 10 seconds per lap which could negate any power and acceleration advantage that the Cobra had in the slower sections. Shelby asked employee Pete Brock to design the Daytona's aerodynamic bodywork and Bob Negstad to design the car's suspension. Negstad designed the chassis and suspension for the GT40 and the CSX 3000 series Shelby Cobra referred to as the "coil-Spring Cobra" chassis. After sketching the proposed design on the floor of the Shelby America workshop, starting with the roadster chassis crashed at the 1963 Le Mans race, Brock removed the bodywork and placed a seat and steering wheel in alignment of where he felt that they should be.
He placed driver Ken Miles in the car, using scrap wood and gaffer tape, designed the windscreen - the first component to be manufactured for the car. He interspaced wooden formers and, using these as a guide, hand-beat the aluminum bodywork for chassis #CSX2287 around them. Shelby conferred with an aerodynamics consultant from Convair who said that the design needed to be extended on the tail by at least 3 feet, but Brock stood by his design. Miles took the car to the Riverside Raceway, on the 1 mile main straight, took the car on his first five laps to 186 miles per hour, admittedly after it had been found to have "almost flown, lightening the steering a great deal" at speeds above 160 miles per hour, it took another 30 days of development before Miles signed off the car, clocked at that point capable of speeds over 190 miles per hour. CSX2287 was transported to Daytona Speedway for its debut race in the February 16, 1964 Daytona Continental 2000 km. Driver Dave MacDonald earned the pole position with a time of 2:08.200 and average speed of 106.464 MPH.
The first Shelby Daytona Coupe was built at the Shelby American race shop in California. The remaining five were built at Carrozzeria Gransport in Italy. A seventh semi-related car, the 427 "Type 65" Shelby Daytona Super Coupe # CSB3054 prototype, developed but never completed by Shelby, is not included in this article. Owned and crashed by S. Robson Walton at Laguna Seca Raceway in August 2012; the car has since been repaired and restored. Chassis #CSX2287 was the first prototype Cobra Daytona Coupe, is the only coupe, built at the Shelby American race shop in Venice, California, it has an extensive race history, competing at Daytona, Reims, Spa Francorchamps, Oulton Park TT, Le Mans, Tour de France and Bonneville Salt Flats. It was driven by Dave MacDonald, Bob Holbert, Jo Schlesser, Phil Hill, Jochen Neerpasch, Chris Amon, Innes Ireland, André Simon, Maurice Dupeyron, Bob Johnson and Tom Payne. Chassis CSX2287 won the GT class at the 12 Hours of Sebring in March 1964 with MacDonald and Holbert behind the wheel.
The race at Sebring marked the
Renault 8 and 10
The Renault 8 and Renault 10 are two rear-engined, rear-wheel drive small family cars produced by the French manufacturer Renault in the 1960s and early 1970s. The 8 was launched in 1962, the 10, a more upmarket version of the 8, was launched in 1965; the Renault 8 ceased production and sales in France in 1973. By the Renault 10 had been replaced, two years earlier, by the front wheel drive Renault 12, they were produced in Bulgaria until 1970, an adapted version of the Renault 8 continued to be produced in Spain until 1976. In Romania, a version of the 8 was produced under license between 1968 and 1972 as the Dacia 1100. In total 37,546 Dacia 1100s were built; the R8 was released in June 1962 and was based on the Renault Dauphine with which it shared its basic architecture and its 2,270 mm wheelbase. The style following that of the first prototype produced, at unusually short notice, by Philippe Charbonneaux, was fashionably boxy; the R8's engine followed the pioneering example of the introduced Renault 4 by incorporating a sealed for life cooling system.
A distinctive innovation on the French produced cars was the fitting of four-wheel disc brakes, a first for a saloon car of this size. However, when in 1965 Renault's Spanish affiliate introduced their own version of the Renault 8 for the Spanish market, it came with drum brakes; the 8 was powered by an all new 956 cc Cléon-Fonte engine developing 44 PS. For 1963, Renault offered an automatic transmission of unique design and produced by Jaeger, it was first shown at the September 1962 Paris Motor Show. Although it was described as a form of automatic transmission at the time, in retrospect it was more realistically a form of automatic clutch, inspired by the German Saxomat device which appeared as an option on several mainstream German cars in the 1950s and 60s; the clutch in the system was replaced by a powder ferromagnetic coupler, developed from a Smiths design. The transmission itself was a three-speed mechanical unit similar to that of the Dauphine, but from the beginning with synchromesh on all gears in this version.
The system used a dash-mounted push button control panel where the driver could select forward or reverse and a governor that sensed vehicle speed and throttle position. A "relay case" containing electromagnetic switches received signals from the governor and push buttons and controlled a coupler, a decelerator to close the throttle during gear changes, a solenoid to select operation of the reverse-first or second-third shift rail, using a reversible electric motor to engage the gears; the system was thus electromechanical, without hydraulics, pneumatics or electronics. Benefits included comparable fuel economy to the manual transmission version, easy adaptability to the car. Drawbacks included a somewhat jerky operation during gear changes; the transmission was used in the Dauphine and the Caravelle. A more powerful model, the 8 Major, was released in 1964, featuring an 1108 cc engine developing 50 PS. A still more powerful version, the 8 model R1134 Gordini, was released that year, with a tuned engine of the same capacity but developing 90 PS.
The extra power was obtained by a cross-flow head and twin dual-choke 40mm side-draft Solex carburetors. A four-speed close ratio manual transmission, dual rear shock absorbers and uprated springs were fitted; the R1134 Gordini was available only in blue, with two stick-on white stripes. It was distinguishable from the 8 Major by the bigger 200mm headlamp units. In 1965, the Renault 10 Major, a more luxurious version of the 8 with different front and rear styling, was released, replacing the 8 Major. In 1967, the R8 Gordini received a facelift including two additional headlights, its engine upgraded to a 1255cc unit rated at 100 PS; the R1134 Gordini cross-flow head design was retained, twin dual-choke 40mm Weber side-draft carburetors. Both the 8 and the 10 were revised for 1969; some of the 10's features being incorporated in the 8, resulting in a new 8 Major which replaced the basic model. The changes saw the addition of the 8S, a sportier model with a 1108cc engine rated at 60 PS. 8S model had the same twin headlights as the R1135 Gordini - the middle ones were for high beam only.
The car was delivered with black "RENAULT 8S" tapes, intended for the rear wings but their fixing was left to the customer. The Romanian sport version was named Dacia 1100 S; the car has won the Tour de Corse, Rally Poland, Rallye Açores, Rali Vinho da Madeira, Boucles de Spa and Rajdowe Samochodowe Mistrzostwa Polski. In September 1965 the Renault 10 Major was launched; this was a lengthened version of the Renault 8 with an increased front overhang and a much enlarged front luggage compartment, its capacity increased from 240 to 315 litres. The dimensions of the central passenger cabin were however; the 1,108 cc engine, which for some markets had appeared in top of the range versions of the Renault 8, came from the Renault Caravelle. In the French market the Renault 10 found itself struggling to compete with the successful Peugeot 204 introduced in the same year. In the United States the Renault 10 was offered
Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars. It is distinguished by running not on a circuit, but instead in a point-to-point format in which participants and their co-drivers drive between set control points, leaving at regular intervals from one or more start points. Rallies may be won by pure speed within the stages or alternatively by driving to a predetermined ideal journey time within the stages; the term "rally", as a branch of motorsport dates from the first Monte Carlo Rally of January 1911. Until the late 1920s, few if any other events used the term. Rallying itself can be traced back to the 1894 Paris–Rouen Horseless Carriage Competition, sponsored by a Paris newspaper, Le Petit Journal, which attracted considerable public interest and entries from leading manufacturers. Prizes were awarded to the vehicles by a jury based on the reports of the observers who rode in each car; this event led directly to a period of city-to-city road races in France and other European countries, which introduced many of the features found in rallies: individual start times with cars running against the clock rather than head to head.
The first of these great races was the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race of June 1895, won by Paul Koechlin in a Peugeot, despite arriving 11 hours after Émile Levassor in a Panhard et Levassor. Levassor's time for the 1,178 km course, running without a break, was 48 hours and 48 minutes, an average speed of 24 km/h. From 24 September-3 October 1895, the Automobile Club de France sponsored the longest race to date, a 1,710 km event, from Bordeaux to Agen and back; because it was held in ten stages, it can be considered the first rally. The first three places were taken by a Panhard, a Panhard, a three-wheeler De Dion-Bouton. In the Paris–Madrid race of May 1903, the Mors of Fernand Gabriel took just under five and a quarter hours for the 550 km to Bordeaux, an average of 105 km/h. Speeds had now far outstripped the safe limits of dusty highways thronged with spectators and open to other traffic and animals; the French government banned this style of event. From on, racing in Europe would be on closed circuits on long loops of public highway and in 1907, on the first purpose-built track, England's Brooklands.
Racing was going its own separate way. One of the earliest of road races, the Tour de France of 1899, was to have a long history, running 18 times as a reliability trial between 1906 and 1937, before being revived in 1951 by the Automobile Club de Nice. Italy had been running road competitions since 1895, when a reliability trial was run from Turin to Asti and back; the country's first true motor race was held in 1897 along the shore of Lake Maggiore, from Arona to Stresa and back. This led to a long tradition of road racing, including events like Sicily's Targa Florio and Giro di Sicilia, which went right round the island, both of which continued on and off until after World War II; the first Alpine event was held in 1898, the Austrian Touring Club's three-day Automobile Run through South Tyrol, which included the infamous Stelvio Pass. In Britain, the legal maximum speed of 12 mph precluded road racing, but in April and May 1900, the Automobile Club of Great Britain organised the Thousand Mile Trial, a 15-day event linking Britain's major cities, in order to promote this novel form of transport.
Seventy vehicles took part, the majority of them trade entries. They had to complete thirteen stages of route varying in length from 43 to 123 miles at average speeds of up to the legal limit of 12 mph, tackle six hillclimb or speed tests. On rest days and at lunch halts, the cars were shown to the public in exhibition halls; this was followed in 1901 by a five-day trial based in Glasgow The Scottish Automobile Club organised an annual Glasgow–London non-stop trial from 1902 to 1904 the Scottish Reliability Trial from 1905. The Motor Cycling Club allowed cars to enter its trials and runs from 1904. In 1908 the Royal Automobile Club held its 2,000 mi International Touring Car Trial, 1914 the important Light Car Trial for manufacturers of cars up to 1400 cc, to test comparative performances and improve the breed. In 1924, the exercise was repeated as the Small Car Trials. In Germany, the Herkomer Trophy was first held in 1905, again in 1906; this challenging five-day event attracted over 100 entrants to tackle its 1,000 km road section, a hillclimb and a speed trial, but sadly it was marred by poor organisation and confusing regulations.
One participant had been Prince Henry of Austria, inspired to do better, so he enlisted the aid of the Imperial Automobile Club of Germany to create the first Prinz Heinrich Fahrt in 1908. Another trial was held in 1910; these were successful, attracting top drivers and works cars from major teams – several manufacturers added "Prince Henry" models to their ranges. The first Alpine Trial was held in 1909, in Aus
Racing Stripes is a 2005 American sports comedy family film directed by Frederik Du Chau. The film was produced by Andrew A. Kosove, Broderick Johnson, Lloyd Phillips and Edward L. McDonnell, based on a script written by David Schmidt, Steven P. Wegner and Kirk DeMicco, it was released theatrically on January 14, 2005 by Summit Entertainment and Warner Bros.. The film tells the story of Stripes, a circus zebra, accidentally abandoned in Kentucky and raised on a farm next to a racing track. Believing he is a racehorse, Stripes dreams of training for and competing in the races; the film stars Hayden Panettiere, Bruce Greenwood, Wendie Malick and M. Emmet Walsh, with the vocal and voice talents of Frankie Muniz, Mandy Moore, Michael Clarke Duncan, Jeff Foxworthy, Joshua Jackson, Joe Pantoliano, Michael Rosenbaum, Steve Harvey, David Spade, Snoop Dogg, Fred Dalton Thompson, Dustin Hoffman and Whoopi Goldberg, it was filmed in South Africa. The film received mixed reviews from critics and it earned $90 million.
Racing Stripes was released on DVD and VHS on May 10, 2005 by Roadshow Entertainment in Australia and New Zealand and Warner Home Video elsewhere. During a thunderstorm, a traveling circus, Circus Sarano, accidentally leaves behind a baby zebra after replacing a flat tire; the foal is rescued by widower and former racehorse trainer Nolan Walsh, is taken to his farm where his 13-year-old daughter, Chan names him Stripes. He meets; the next day, Stripes soon becomes convinced that he is destined for the nearby racetrack, the Kentucky Open, not realizing that he is a zebra and is not qualified to race. Two foals named Trenton's Pride and Ruffshodd decide to race Stripes until they are stopped by Pride's father, Kentucky Open champion, Sir Trenton. Three years after racing the mailman again, an adult Stripes meets an Arabian filly named Sandy and develops a crush on her after losing to the mailman in their usual race. While talking to Sandy, he is approached by Pride and Ruffshodd, Stripes' tormentors since childhood.
Pride challenges Stripes to a racing match on a Blue Moon night. The following day, having secretly watched Stripes, approaches him and suggests that he gets proper training first. Stripes, in need of a rider, chooses 16-year-old Chan and convinces a new farm animal, a pelican named Goose, to sabotage Chan's motorcycle and Old Blue, Nolan's old pickup truck, so that Chan can ride him to her workplace at the Kentucky Open; the plan works, Chan, with Nolan's reluctant approval, rides Stripes to the Kentucky Open. There, Chan is antagonized by her boss, Clara Dalrymple, for bringing Stripes to the racetrack, while Stripes meets a pair of horsefly brothers and Scuzz; as night approaches, remembering her first ride on horseback with her mother, completes a lap around the track with Stripes. They are approached by Woodzie, a racetrack gambler and old friend of the family, who encourages Chan to sign her and Stripes up for a tryout race tomorrow, she does, despite Nolan's disapproval stemming from his wife, Carolyn's death in a racing accident six years ago, which discouraged him to continue training horses after that, but Stripes has a major meltdown after being scared by the horse-gate like all the other horses the next morning at the tryouts.
Once he calms down, he begins running, but gets hit in the face by flying dirt while racing, causing Chan to fall off. Though she is uninjured, Nolan blames her. Dalrymple sarcastically signs Stripes up to compete in the Kentucky Open competition. Meanwhile, Stripes realizes he is a zebra after being told off by Sir Trenton, which discourages him. Despite Chan's pleas and Woodzie's encouragement, Nolan refuses to let her race Stripes. Realizing this, the farm animals lure Nolan into the farm to show him a table holding his past accomplishments and he changes his mind. Meanwhile, due to Stripes' misbehavior during training, Franny reveals to Stripes that Tucker helped Nolan train the racehorse champions including Sir Trenton without getting any thanks, which encourages him to begin training. Refusing to allow Stripes to race, Sir Trenton and several thoroughbreds ambush Stripes and Sandy at a creek as they are talking and making up for their previous argument one night, kidnapping Sandy and threatening to hurt her if he races.
The next day, after rescuing Stripes, Tucker and Goose agree to rescue Sandy. They get back in time for Stripes to go to the race. Before the race, Nolan bets Dalrymple that if he wins he gets Sandy, if he loses he will come back to work for her. During the race, Ruffshodd tries to stop Stripes from winning until Scuzz deliberately gets him disqualified. Stripes begins to wear out until he remembers something Tucker taught him, which boosts up his confidence, he wins the race and earns respect from the other racehorses, including Pride. In the end, they all pose together in a group photo, shown with the other previous Walsh wins. Frankie Muniz as Stripes, a foundling zebra who desires to compete in the Kentucky Open race, which leads to bullying from the local horses with the sole exception of Sandy, whom he has a crush on, his younger self was voiced by Hayden Panettiere's brother. Hayden Panettiere as Channing "Chan" Walsh, Nolan's free
The Dodge Viper is a sports car manufactured by Dodge, a division of American car manufacturer FCA US LLC from 1991 through 2017, having taken a brief hiatus from 2010–2013. Production of the two-seat sports car began at New Mack Assembly Plant in 1991 and moved to Conner Avenue Assembly Plant in October 1995. Although Chrysler considered ending production because of serious financial problems, on September 14, 2010, the chief executive Sergio Marchionne announced and previewed a new model of the Viper for 2012. In 2014, the Viper was named number 10 on the "Most American Cars" list, meaning 75% or more of its parts are manufactured in the U. S; the Viper was conceived in late 1988 at Chrysler's Advanced Design Studios. The following February, Chrysler president Bob Lutz suggested to Tom Gale at Chrysler Design Center that the company should consider producing a modern Cobra, a clay model was presented to Lutz a few months later. Produced in sheet metal by Metalcrafters, the car appeared as a concept at the North American International Auto Show in 1989.
Public reaction was so enthusiastic that chief engineer Roy Sjoberg was directed to develop it as a standard production vehicle. Sjoberg selected 85 engineers to be "Team Viper", with development beginning in March 1989; the team asked the then-Chrysler subsidiary Lamborghini to cast a prototype aluminum block for the sports car to use in May. The production body was completed with a chassis prototype running in December. Though a V8 engine was first used in the test mule, the V10 engine, which the production car was meant to use, was ready in February 1990. Official approval from Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca came in May 1990. One year Carroll Shelby piloted a pre-production car as the pace vehicle in the Indianapolis 500 race. In November 1991, the car was released to reviewers with the first retail shipments beginning in January 1992; the first prototype was tested in January 1989. It debuted in 1991 with two pre-production models as the pace car for the Indianapolis 500 when Dodge was forced to substitute it in place of the Japanese-built Dodge Stealth because of complaints from the United Auto Workers, went on sale in January 1992 as the RT/10 Roadster.
Lamborghini helped with the design of the V10 engine for the Viper, based on the Chrysler's LA V8 engine. A major contributor to the Viper since the beginning was Dick Winkles, the chief power engineer, who had spent time in Italy. Engineered to be a performance car, the Viper contained no exterior-mounted door handles or key cylinders and no air conditioning; the roof was made from canvas, the windows were made from vinyl and used zippers to open and close, much like the Jeep Wrangler. However, the Viper was still equipped with some domestic features, including manually-adjustable sport leather-trimmed bucket seats with lumbar support, an AM-FM stereo cassette player with clock and high fidelity sound system, interior carpeting. Aluminium alloy wheels were larger in diameter due to the larger brakes. A lightweight fiberglass hard roof option on models was available to cover the canvas soft roof, was shipped with each new car. There were no airbags, in the interest of weight reduction. Adjustable performance suspension was an available option for most Vipers.
The engine weighs 711 lb and generates a maximum power output of 400 hp at 4,600 rpm and 465 lb⋅ft at 3,600 rpm, due to the long-gearing allowed by the engine, provides fuel economy at a United States Environmental Protection Agency-rated 12 mpg‑US in the city and 20 mpg‑US on the highway. The body is a tubular steel frame with resin transfer molding fiberglass panels; the car has a curb weight of 3,284 lb and lacks modern driver aids such as traction control and anti-lock brakes. The SR I can accelerate from 0–60 mph in 4.2 seconds, 0–100 mph in 9.2 seconds, can complete the 1⁄4 mile in 12.6 seconds at the speed of 113.8 mph and has a maximum speed of 165 mph. Its large tires allow the car to average close to one lateral g in corners, placing it among the elite cars of its day. However, the car proves tricky to drive at high speeds for the unskilled drivers. Although the 1996 model year is the beginning of the second generation, in the Viper community, the 1996 model of the RT/10 is sometimes referred to as "Generation 1.5" since it saw the carryover of many first-generation parts during the model year while transitioning to second-generation parts.
The roadster relocated the exposed side exhaust pipes to a single muffler at the rear exiting via two large central tailpipes during the middle of the model year, which reduced back pressure, therefore increased the power to 415 hp. Torque would increase by 23 lb⋅ft to 488 lb⋅ft. A removable hardtop was now available along with a sliding glass window; some steel suspension components were replaced by aluminum. In the 1996 model year, Dodge introduced the Viper GTS, a new coupé version of the Viper RT/10. Dubbed the “double bubble”, the roof featured raised sections that looked like bubbles to accommodate the usage of helmets and taking design cues from the Shelby Daytona designed by Pete Brock. More than 90% of the GTS was new in comparison to the RT/10 despite similar looks; the GTS would come with the same 7,990 cc V10 but power would be increased to 450 hp (33