Crazy Horse (band)
Crazy Horse is an American rock band best known for their association with Neil Young. They have released six albums of their own, issued between 1971 and 2009. Billy Talbot and Ralph Molina have been the consistent members of the band. On four of Crazy Horses studio albums and Molina serve as the section to an entirely different group of musicians. The latter two would become the members of Crazy Horse present in every incarnation of the band. In San Francisco as the Psyrcle, Sly Stone produced their 45 on Lorna and this lineup recorded the Rockets only album, a self-titled set released in 1968 on White Whale Records. With their album complete, the Rockets reconnected with Neil Young, credited to Neil Young with Crazy Horse, Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere includes the Top 100 pop hit Cinnamon Girl and the extended guitar workouts Down by the River and Cowgirl in the Sand. Crazy Horse toured with Young during the first half of 1969 and, with the addition of Jack Nitzsche on electric piano, the 1970 tour was showcased on the 2006 album Live at the Fillmore East.
Young would opine that some of the stuff, Nitzsche was in the way tonally, Crazy Horse was so good with the two guitars and drums it didnt need anything else. Although Nitzsche disdained the rhythm section of Talbot and Molina, he retrospectively lauded Whitten as the black man in the band. When Young returned to his album in 1970, Crazy Horse found its participation more limited. Crazy Horse capitalized on its exposure and recorded its eponymous debut album for Reprise Records that year. Stewart would record the three times and score a hit with it on the same number of occasions—including a UK No.1 in 1977 as a double A-side with The First Cut Is the Deepest. In 1988 the song would become a hit in the UK again. Two songs from the album were covered by Scottish hard rock band Nazareth, Beggars Day appears on Nazareths Hair of the Dog, the band released two albums with different lineups in 1972, Loose and At Crooked Lake. After Whittens death and the reception accorded to both albums and Molina were the only full-fledged members of the band.
They let the Crazy Horse name go unused without retiring it altogether, in mid-1973, Young brought together a band comprising Talbot, Molina and pedal steel guitarist Ben Keith to record Tonights the Night, the majority of which eventually saw release in 1975. It was great, Talbot would say of the coming together and it was the first time we heard the Horse since Danny Whitten died
The bass guitar is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, popping, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum, often known as a pick. The bass guitar is similar in appearance and construction to a guitar, but with a longer neck and scale length. The four-string bass, by far the most common, is tuned the same as the double bass. The bass guitar is an instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds to avoid excessive ledger lines. Like the electric guitar, the guitar has pickups and it is plugged into an amplifier and speaker on stage, or into a larger PA system using a DI unit. Since the 1960s, the guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section. While types of basslines vary widely from one style of music to another, many styles of music utilise the bass guitar, including rock, heavy metal, punk rock, reggae, blues, symphonic rock, and jazz. It is often a solo instrument in jazz, jazz fusion, funk, progressive rock and other rock, the adoption of a guitar form made the instrument easier to hold and transport than any of the existing stringed bass instruments.
The addition of frets enabled bassists to play in more easily than on acoustic or electric upright basses. Around 100 of these instruments were made during this period, around 1947, Tutmarcs son, began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, prominently advertised in the nationally distributed L. D. Heater Music Company wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success. In the 1950s, Leo Fender, with the help of his employee George Fullerton and his Fender Precision Bass, which began production in October 1951, became a widely copied industry standard. This split pickup, introduced in 1957, appears to have been two mandolin pickups, the pole pieces and leads of the coils were reversed with respect to each other, producing a humbucking effect. Humbucking is a design that electrically cancels the effect of any AC hum, the Fender Bass was a revolutionary new instrument, which could be easily transported, and which was less prone to feedback when amplified than acoustic bass instruments.
Monk Montgomery was the first bass player to tour with the Fender bass guitar, roy Johnson, and Shifty Henry with Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five, were other early Fender bass pioneers. Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957. The bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, following Fenders lead, in 1953, Gibson released the first short scale violin-shaped electric bass with extendable end pin, allowing it to be played upright or horizontally. In 1959 these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass, the EB-0 was very similar to a Gibson SG in appearance
Neil Percival Young, OC OM, is a Canadian singer-songwriter, producer and screenwriter. Young began performing in a group covering Shadows instrumentals in Canada in 1960, in 1966, after a brief stint with the Rick James-fronted Mynah Birds, he moved to Los Angeles, where he formed Buffalo Springfield with Stephen Stills, Richie Furay and others. Young had released two albums by the time he joined Crosby, Stills & Nash in 1969, in addition to two as a member of Buffalo Springfield. From his early albums and those with his backing band Crazy Horse, Young has recorded a steady stream of studio and live albums. Youngs often-distorted electric guitar work, deeply personal lyrics and signature tenor singing voice transcend his long career, Young plays piano and harmonica on many albums which frequently combine folk, rock and other musical styles. Known to rip up live set lists, Young often plays acoustic versions of songs in one show and his gritty guitar work, especially with Crazy Horse, earned him the nickname Godfather of Grunge and led to his 1995 album Mirror Ball with Pearl Jam.
More recently Young has been backed by Promise of the Real, Young directed films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including Journey Through the Past, Rust Never Sleeps, Human Highway, and CSNY/Déjà Vu. He contributed to the soundtracks of the films Philadelphia and Dead Man, Young has received several Grammy and Juno awards. The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducted him twice, as a solo artist in 1995, in 2000, Rolling Stone named Young the 34th greatest rock n roll artist. He has lived in California since the 1960s but retains Canadian citizenship and he was awarded the Order of Manitoba on July 14,2006, and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada on December 30,2009. Young was born on November 12,1945, in Toronto and his father, Scott Alexander Young, was a journalist and sportswriter who wrote fiction. His mother, Edna Blow Ragland Rassy Young was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, although Canadian, his mother had American and French ancestry. Youngs parents married in 1940 in Winnipeg and their first son, shortly after Youngs birth in 1945, his family moved to rural Omemee, which Young described fondly as a sleepy little place.
Young suffered from polio in 1951 during the last major outbreak of the disease in Ontario, after his recovery, the Young family vacationed in Florida. During that period, Young briefly attended Chisolm Elementary School in New Smyrna Beach, in 1952, upon returning to Canada, Young moved from Omemee to Winnipeg for a year, before relocating to Toronto and Pickering. Young became interested in music he heard on the radio. When Young was twelve, his father, who had several extramarital affairs and his mother asked for a divorce which was granted in 1960. Young went to live with his mother, who moved back to Winnipeg, during the mid-fifties, Young listened to rock n roll, doo-wop, R&B, and western pop
1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die
1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die is a musical reference book first published in 2005 by Universe Publishing. It compiles writings and information on albums chosen by a panel of critics to be the most important, influential. The book was edited by Robert Dimery, a writer and editor who had worked for magazines such as Time Out. Each entry in the books list of albums is accompanied by an essay written by a music critic, along with pictures, quotes. Only albums consisting fully of original material by a particular artist were included, the most recent edition consists of a list of albums released between 1955 and 2016, part of a series from Quintessence Editions Ltd. The book is arranged chronologically, starting with Frank Sinatras In the Wee Small Hours, in February 2006, Publishers Weekly called the book a. bookshelf-busting testament to music geeks mania for lists and said it. is about as comprehensive a best-of as any sane person could want. They continued, For music lovers, it doesnt get much better, the 2006 version had an average rating of 3.92 stars out of 5 on Amazon.
coms social cataloging website Goodreads, with 860 ratings as of April 30,2015. The same 2006 version had a rating of 3.5 stars out of 5 on Amazon. com. Most of the recommendations are rock and pop albums from the Western world. 1001 Albums features selections from world music and blues, folk, hip hop, electronic music, and jazz. The rock and pop albums include such subgenres as punk rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, progressive rock, easy listening, thrash metal, grunge and 1950s-style rock and modern art music are excluded. These artists have the most albums in the 2016 edition,7 albums, The Beatles, Elvis Costello, Bob Dylan. 6 albums, The Rolling Stones,5 albums, The Byrds, Brian Eno, Led Zeppelin, Iggy Pop, Sonic Youth, Bruce Springsteen, Tom Waits, The Who. 4 albums, Nick Cave and The Bad Seeds, Leonard Cohen, Miles Davis, P. J. Harvey, The Kinks, Joni Mitchell, Pink Floyd, steely Dan, The Talking Heads, U2, Stevie Wonder. Originally published in 2005, the book was revised in 2008,2011,2013, the 2011 edition includes 25 albums released from 2005 to 2009, with the same number of albums removed from the first edition to keep the total at 1001
Woodstock 99, held between July 22–25,1999, was the second large-scale music festival that attempted to emulate the original Woodstock festival of 1969. Like the previous Woodstock festivals, it was held in upstate New York, approximately 400,000 people attended the festival. Cable network MTV covered the concert extensively and live coverage of the weekend was available on pay-per-view. Excerpts from the performances were released on compact disc and DVD. Unlike the previous two incarnations of Woodstock, Woodstock 99 was portrayed by the media as being marred by violence, the concert was performed at the former Griffiss Air Force Base, a Superfund site. Prior to the concert, the promoters of the event were determined to avoid the gate-crashing that had occurred at previous festivals and they characterized the site as defensible, describing the 12-foot plywood and steel fence intended to keep out those without tickets. Along with the fence, about 500 New York State Police Troopers were hired for additional security, in addition to two main stages, secondary venues were available.
These included several alternate stages, a rave music tent. Woodstock 99 was conceived and executed as a venture with dozens of corporate sponsors. Tickets for the event were priced at $150 plus service charges, the festival featured a diverse assortment of acts, and early reviews for many of the acts were positive. Critics particularly praised performances by, George Clinton, James Brown, Limp Bizkit, Sheryl Crow, The Tragically Hip and this would be the first time in 6 years that Metallica and Megadeth would be in the same festival lineup. However and public attention turned to the deteriorating environment. Oppressive heat—which reached above 100 °F —and difficult environmental conditions marred the festival from early on, added to this was the fact that the site, a former air strip, had been cleared of many of its shade trees. The East and West stages were 1.5 miles from each other, participants were not prohibited from bringing food and water into the venue, but many did not, and were met with high prices inside the venue.
They had to buy from onsite vendors whose merchandise was expensive, if festival-goers wanted to visit regular stores, they faced a long trek, or cramped travel via looping buses, to Romes modest shopping areas, where stores had long lines and low stock. During Kid Rocks set, he demanded the crowds pelt water bottles at the stage, the number of toilets installed proved insufficient for the number of attendees. Within a short time, some facilities, notably the portable toilets and showers on the site, were unusable, violent actions occurred during and after the Saturday night performance by Limp Bizkit, which included fans tearing plywood from the walls during a performance of the song Break Stuff. Several sexual assaults were reported in the aftermath of the concert
The Searchers (band)
Founded as a skiffle group in Liverpool in 1959 by John McNally and Mike Pender, the band took their name from the classic 1956 John Ford western The Searchers. Pender claims that the name was his idea, but McNally ascribes it to Big Ron Woodbridge, the band grew out of an earlier skiffle group formed by McNally in 1957, with his friends Brian Dolan and Tony West. When the other two members lost interest McNally was joined by his guitarist neighbour Mike Prendergast and they soon recruited Tony Jackson with his home-made bass guitar and amplifier, who was recruited as a lead singer, but took a back seat at first in order to learn the bass. The band styled themselves as Tony and the Searchers with Joe Kennedy on drums, Kennedy soon left to be replaced by Norman McGarry, and it is this line-up — McNally, Jackson and McGarry — that is usually cited as the original foursome. McGarry did not stay long, and in 1960 his place was taken by Chris Crummey, that year Big Ron had a successful audition with Mecca and became a ballroom singer.
He was replaced by Billy Beck, who changed his name to Johnny Sandon, the band had regular bookings at Liverpools Iron Door Club as Johnny Sandon and the Searchers. Sandon left the band in late 1961 to join The Remo Four in February 1962, the group settled into a quartet named The Searchers, with Jackson becoming the main vocalist. They continued to play at the Iron Door, The Cavern, like many similar acts they would do as many as three shows at different venues in one night. They negotiated a contract with the Star-Club in the St. Pauli district Hamburg for 128 days, the band returned to a residency at the Iron Door Club and it was there that they tape-recorded the sessions that led to a Pye Records recording contract with Tony Hatch as producer. Their first album, sung mostly by Jackson and Pender Meet the Searchers was released in August 1963, a slightly changed version of it, including the song Needles and Pins hit #22 in the US album charts in June 1964. 1964 saw the Top 20 hit What Have They Done To The Rain, Hatch played piano on some recordings and wrote Sugar and Spice—the bands UK number 2 hit record—under the pseudonym Fred Nightingale, a secret he kept from the band at the time.
The next Searchers single to chart in the UK during this period was, an EP release, Aint Gonna Kiss Ya – featuring The Searchers first LP track – Aint Gonna Kiss Ya charted in 1963. Further Pye albums, Its the Searchers and Sounds Like, in 1967, Curtis formed a new band called Roundabout with keyboard player Jon Lord and guitarist Ritchie Blackmore. Although Curtiss involvement in the project was short-lived, Roundabout would eventually evolve into Deep Purple the following year, as a result, the UK hits ran out. While they continued to record for Liberty Records and RCA Records, they ended up on the British Chicken in a Basket circuit, compilation of the original hits that came out at the same time. Two albums were released, The Searchers and Play for Today, a Sire single, Hearts in Her Eyes picked up some radio airplay and with more promotion might have charted, but ultimately missed out. According to John McNally, the band were ready to head into the studio to record an album for Sire when they were informed that due to label reorganization.
It was, in fact, because so few people bought the second album, in 1981, the band signed to PRT Records and began recording an album
Zuma is the seventh studio album by Canadian musician Neil Young, released on Reprise Records in 1975. Co-credited to Crazy Horse, it includes Cortez the Killer, one of Youngs best-known songs and it peaked at #25 on the Billboard 200, and has been certified a gold record by the RIAA. The death of guitarist and bandmate Danny Whitten from an overdose in 1972 affected Young greatly. This line-up first appeared on album, and has remained stable to the present day. Zuma was the first album released after the famed Ditch Trilogy, comprising the albums Time Fades Away, and On the Beach, Young wrote most of the songs in Zuma during his time living on Sea Level Drive in Malibu, California. The melody and lyrics of Dont Cry No Tears are partially derived from I Wonder, Young has claimed during a show in 1996 that hed written Cortez the Killer in high school while suffering Montezumas Revenge. The song ends with a fade out because the original cut stopped abruptly due to a surge. Youngs reaction to hearing of this was, I never liked that verse anyway, lou Reed once told an interviewer that he felt Young had become a great guitarist during this period, specifically citing Danger Bird as an example.
All tracks written by Neil Young
The Village Voice
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the countrys first alternative newsweekly. Founded in 1955 by Dan Wolf, Ed Fancher and Norman Mailer, since its founding, The Village Voice has received three Pulitzer Prizes, the National Press Foundation Award and the George Polk Award. Among news sources, The Village Voice is known for its combination of news reporting and arts & culture coverage. The Village Voice has hosted a variety of writers and artists, including writer Ezra Pound, cartoonist Lynda Barry. In addition to daily coverage through its website and a print edition that circulates in New York City. In the 1960s the offices were located at Sheridan Square, from the 70s through 1980, at 11th Street and University Place, in 1991 they moved to Cooper Square in the East Village, and in 2013, to the Financial District. John Wilcock wrote a column every week for the papers first ten years, another regular from that period was the cartoonist Kin Platt, who did weekly theatrical caricatures.
Other prominent regulars have included Peter Schjeldahl, Ellen Willis, Tom Carson, Wayne Barrett, the Voice has published investigations of New York City politics, as well as reporting on national politics, with arts, music, dance and theater reviews. Writers for the Voice have received three Pulitzer Prizes, in 1981,1986 and 2000, almost since its inception the paper has recognized alternative theater in New York through its Obie Awards. The papers Pazz & Jop music poll, started by Robert Christgau in the early 1970s, is released annually, in 1999, film critic J. Hoberman and film section editor Dennis Lim began a similar Village Voice Film Poll for the year in film. In 2001 the paper sponsored its first music festival, Siren Festival, in 2011, the event moved to the lower tip of Manhattan and re-christened the 4knots Music Festival, a reference to the speed of the East Rivers current. Today, the Voice is known for its support for the civil rights of gays. However, early in its history, the newspaper had a reputation as having an anti-homosexuality slant, while reporting on the Stonewall riots of 1969, the newspaper referred to the riots as The Great Faggot Rebellion.
Two reporters and Truscott, both used the words faggot and dyke in their articles about the riots, the newspaper changed their policy after the GLF petitioned the newspaper to do so. Over time, the Voice has changed its stance, and in 1982, as a testament to the Voices popularity in New York City, the paper is mentioned in the musical Rent during the song La Vie Boheme. The line states To riding your bike midday past the three suits, to fruits, to no absolutes, to Absolut, to choice, to The Village Voice. Seventeen alternative weeklies around the United States are owned by the Voices parent company Village Voice Media, in 2005, the Phoenix alternative weekly chain New Times Media purchased the company and took the Village Voice Media name. After The Village Voice was acquired by New Times Media in 2005, the Voice was managed by two journalists from Phoenix, Arizona
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times, commonly referred to as the Times or LA Times, is a paid daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It was the largest metropolitan newspaper in circulation in the United States in 2008, the Times is owned by tronc. The Times was first published on December 4,1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and it was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Unable to pay the bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. Mathes had joined the firm, and it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication, in July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the papers editor. Otis made the Times a financial success, in an era where newspapers were driven by party politics, the Times was directed at Republican readers. As was typical of newspapers of the time, the Times would sit on stories for several days, historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment.
Otiss editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles, the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1,1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people. Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged, the American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who eventually pleaded guilty. Upon Otiss death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios, the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980, Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his familys paper, often forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance.
He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nations most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times, believing that the newsroom was the heartbeat of the business, Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with the Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for news organizations. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined, eventually the coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies went public, or split apart, thats the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family. The papers early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big and it has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades.
In 2000, the Tribune Company acquired the Times, placing the paper in co-ownership with then-WB -affiliated KTLA, which Tribune acquired in 1985
Pearl Jam is an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1990. Since its inception, the bands line-up has comprised Eddie Vedder, Mike McCready, Stone Gossard, the bands fifth member is drummer Matt Cameron, who has been with the band since 1998. Boom Gaspar has been a member with the band since 2002. Drummers Dave Krusen, Matt Chamberlain, Dave Abbruzzese and Jack Irons are former members of the band, formed after the demise of Gossard and Aments previous band, Mother Love Bone, Pearl Jam broke into the mainstream with its debut album, Ten, in 1991. In 2006, Rolling Stone described the band as having spent much of the past decade deliberately tearing apart their own fame, to date, the band has sold nearly 32 million records in the United States and an estimated 60 million worldwide. Pearl Jam has outlasted and outsold many of its contemporaries from the alternative rock breakthrough of the early 1990s, stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic referred to Pearl Jam as the most popular American rock & roll band of the 90s.
Pearl Jam is to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on April 7,2017, Stone Gossard and Jeff Ament were members of pioneering grunge band Green River during the mid-1980s. Green River toured and recorded to moderate success but disbanded in 1987 due to a division between the pair and bandmates Mark Arm and Steve Turner. In late 1987, Gossard and Ament began playing with Malfunkshun vocalist Andrew Wood, in 1988 and 1989, the band recorded and toured to increasing interest and found the support of the PolyGram record label, which signed the band in early 1989. Mother Love Bones debut album, was released in July 1990, Ament and Gossard were devastated by the death of Wood and the resulting demise of Mother Love Bone. Gossard spent his time writing material that was harder-edged than what he had been doing previously. After a few months, Gossard started practicing with fellow Seattle guitarist Mike McCready, whose band, had broken up, after practicing for a while, the trio sent out a five-song demo tape in order to find a singer and a drummer.
They gave former Red Hot Chili Peppers drummer Jack Irons the demo to see if he would be interested in joining the band, Irons passed on the invitation but gave the demo to his basketball buddy, San Diego, California singer Eddie Vedder. Vedder was the lead vocalist for a San Diego band, Bad Radio and he listened to the tape shortly before going surfing, where lyrics came to him. He recorded the vocals to three of the songs in what he described as a mini-opera entitled Momma-Son. Vedder sent the tape with his vocals back to the three Seattle musicians, who were impressed enough to fly Vedder up to Seattle for an audition, within a week, Vedder had joined the band. With the addition of Dave Krusen on drums, the band took the name Mookie Blaylock, the band played its first official show at the Off Ramp Café in Seattle on October 22,1990, and soon signed to Epic Records and renamed themselves Pearl Jam. In a 2006 Rolling Stone cover story however, Vedder admitted that this story was total bullshit, Pearl Jam entered Seattles London Bridge Studios in March 1991 to record its debut album, Ten
Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere
Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere is the second studio album by the Canadian musician Neil Young, released on Reprise Records catalogue RS6349. His first with his backing band Crazy Horse, it peaked at number 34 on the US Billboard 200 and has been certified platinum by the RIAA. The album is on the list of 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, in 2003, the album was ranked number 208 on Rolling Stone magazines list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Young liked the stark contrast to the rest of the recording, Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere was remastered and released on HDCD-encoded compact disc and digital download on July 14,2009, as part of the Neil Young Archives Original Release Series. It was released on vinyl in December 2009, both individually and as part of a box-set of Youngs first four LPs available via his official website. A high resolution digital Blu-ray disc is planned, although there has no release date set. Upon release, Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere received generally favorable reviews from critics, bruce Miroff of Rolling Stone wrote a favorable review, describing Youngs voice as perpetually mournful, without being maudlin or pathetic.
It hints at a world in which sorrow underlies everything because that world is recognizable to most of us, Youngs music partially makes up for its lack of grace by its energy and its assurance. Robert Christgau rated the album a B+, stating that Young is a strange artist and I am not all the way into him yet, reviews have been more positive. William Ruhlmann of music database website Allmusic rated the album five out of five stars, Ruhlmann stated that released only four months after his first, was nearly a total rejection of that polished effort. He concluded that the set a musical pattern Young and his many musical descendants have followed ever since. All tracks written by Neil Young
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, events and it is known for its music charts, including the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular singles and albums in different genres. It hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows, Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegens interest in 1900 for $500, in the 1900s, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows. It created a service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the industry as the jukebox, phonograph. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment so that it could focus on music. After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegans children, until it was sold to investors in 1985.
The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio, on November 1,1894 by William Donaldson, initially, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry and was called Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production, the first issues were just eight pages long. The paper had columns like The Bill Room Gossip and The Indefatigable, a department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896. The title was changed to The Billboard in 1897, after a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegans interest in the business in 1900 for $500, to save it from bankruptcy. That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco, London and he re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment like fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of events in 1901.
Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism, economics and it had a stage gossip column covering the private lives of entertainers, a tent show section covering traveling shows and a sub-section called Freaks to order. According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published articles attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting good taste