click links in text for more info

Raglan, New Zealand

Raglan is a small beachside town located 48 km west of Hamilton, New Zealand on State Highway 23. It is known for its surfing, volcanic black sand beaches; the Ngāti Māhanga iwi occupied the area around Raglan in the late 18th century. There are at least 81 archaeological sites in the area near the coast. Limited radiocarbon dating puts the earliest sites at about 1400AD; the Māori people named the site Whaingaroa. One tradition says that Tainui priest, crossed Whāingaroa on his way to Kāwhia. Another says it was among the places the early Te Arawa explorer, with his nephew Īhenga, visited on their expedition from Maketū; the first Europeans to settle in the area, the Rev James and Mary Wallis, Wesleyan missionaries, were embraced and welcomed by local Māori in 1835. European settlement, including large scale conversion of land to pasture, began in the mid-1850s after a large sale of land by Chief Wiremu Neera Te Awaitaia; the name "Raglan", adopted in 1858, honours Fitzroy Somerset, 1st Lord Raglan, who had commanded the British forces in the Crimean War of 1853-1856.

The Raglan economy featured flax and timber exports, followed by farming which remains the mainstay of the area. Tourism and the arts are significant contributors to the current economy. Raglan and District Museum contains historic archives from the region. A new museum building was built in 2011; the town became the scene of public civil disobedience campaigns in the 1970s. During World War II, the New Zealand Government took local ancestral land from indigenous Māori owners to construct a military airfield; when no longer required for defence purposes, part of the land, a 62-acre block, was not returned to the owners but instead became the public Raglan golf-course. There attempts to reoccupy the land; the land was returned to the owners. It became a focus for local job-training and employment programs, as well as for the Māori sovereignty movement. In 1859 the local magistrate, F. D. Fenton, reported the population of Whaingaroa as 424; that was the number shown in the 1858 census for the Ngāti Mahanga population of Raglan.

That accords with Ferdinand von Hochstetter's account of his 1859 tour, when he said that the Māori population was estimated at 400 and said that he had been told there were 122 Europeans, including 20 farmer-families. Hochstetter said there were six or eight houses, with a tavern and a store in Raglan and a Māori village and an old pā at Horea on the north shore. Many of the Europeans were evacuated in 1860 and again in 1863, when war threatened and it was said 95 inhabitants remained. After that, as the graph below shows, Raglan's population recovered until the main road from Hamilton was metalled in 1921 and grew again after completion of tar-sealing in 1961; the population of the Raglan ward was 4680 in 2006. It had increased to 4920 in 2013; the figures and sources are: Raglan area unit had the census figures shown in the table above. Growth by about 500 households is expected by 2045. According to the 2013 census, there were 477 unoccupied dwellings and 1,173 occupied, 27.3% of the population were Māori, 11.9% spoke Māori, 20.1% were born overseas, 57.2% owned the house they lived in, 71.3% had Internet access.

By 2018 there were 6 fewer unoccupied private dwellings at 471, but those occupied had increased to 1,275. 26.5% of the population were Māori. Employment and commuting increased between 2013, as shown in this table. 23.1% held a degree, unemployment was 6.9%, the largest category of workers was'professionals' and the largest work-category'accommodation and food services', employing 180. Raglan has three marae, affiliated with hapū of Waikato Tainui: Te Kaharoa or Aramiro Marae and Te Kaharoa meeting house is a meeting place of Ngāti Māhanga and Ngāti Tamainupo Te Kōpua Marae is a meeting place of Tainui Hapū and does not have a meeting house Poihākena Marae and Tainui a Whiro meeting house is a meeting place for Ngāti Tāhinga and Tainui Hapū Raglan is associated with Whaingaroa Harbour on the west coast of the Waikato region in New Zealand's North Island; the harbour catchment covers the harbour covers 35 km2 and has 220 km of coastline. It runs 12 km inland from the entrance, for the most part is less than 2 km wide, has a high-tide area of 32.96 km2, a low-tide area of 9.01 km2, 2–4 m tidal range, with a spring-tide range of 2.8 m and neap 1.8 m, spring tide flow around 46 x 106 m3 and neap 29 x 106 m3.

A 2005 survey said on average water stays in the harbour 1.1 days at spring-tides, but a 2015 study showed a median residence time for whole estuary of 39.4 days with median river flows, ranging between 18 and 45 days. It is the northernmost of three large inlets in the Waikato coast. 15 significant rivers and streams run into the harbour, including the largest and Waitetuna, accounting for 60% of catchment area, the smaller Opotoru and Tawatahi rivers. A study for Regional Council said, "Whaingaroa Harbour began to fill with sediment at least 8000 years before present and before the sea had reached its present level 6500 years B. P. Rapid sedimentation in the harbour before 6500 years B. P. is attributed to the formation of now relict intertidal shore platforms up to 700-m wide and ≤10 m below present-day mean high water level. These coastal landforms were formed 8000-6500 yea

Discreet Music

Discreet Music is the fourth studio album by the British musician Brian Eno. While his earlier work with Robert Fripp and several selections from Another Green World feature similar ideas, Discreet Music marked a clear step toward the ambient aesthetic Eno would codify with 1978's Ambient 1: Music for Airports, it is Eno's first album to be released under his full name "Brian Eno" as opposed to his previous rock albums released under the name "Eno". Brian Eno's concept of ambient music builds upon a concept composer Erik Satie called "furniture music"; this means music, intended to blend into the ambient atmosphere of the room rather than be directly focused upon. Like Satie's notion of music that could "mingle with the sound of the knives and forks at dinner" Discreet Music was created to play in, blend with, the subtle background audio of various, or any given, situation; the inspiration for this album began when Eno was left bed-ridden in a hospital by an automobile accident and was given an album of eighteenth-century harp music.

A friend, as she was leaving, asked if Eno wanted her to put a record on, he said yes. She left. However, the volume was turned down too low and Eno could not reach to turn it up, it was raining outside, Eno says he began listening to the rain and to "these odd notes of the harp that were just loud enough to be heard above the rain". Eno said this experience taught him a new way to perceive music: "This presented what was for me a new way of hearing music—as part of the ambience of the environment just as the color of the light and the sound of the rain were parts of that ambience." This album is an experiment in algorithmic, generative composition. His intention was to explore multiple ways to create music with limited intervention. Nicole V. Gagné described the album as "a minimalist work using tape-delay and synthesizer" that would lead to Eno's further experiments in ambient music; the A-side of the album is a thirty-minute piece titled "Discreet Music". It was intended as a background for Robert Fripp to play against in a series of concerts.

The liner notes contain a diagram of. It begins with two melodic phrases of different lengths played back from a synthesizer's digital recall system; this signal is run through a graphic equaliser to change its timbre. It is run through an echo unit before being recorded onto a tape machine; the tape runs to the take-up reel of a second machine. The output of that machine is fed back into the first tape machine which records the overlapped signals; this tape loop arrangement was earlier utilized by Fripp & Eno in their release and soon became known as Frippertronics. The second half of the album consists of three connected pieces, collectively titled "Three Variations on the Canon in D Major by Johann Pachelbel"; these pieces were conducted and co-arranged by Gavin Bryars. The members of the ensemble were each given brief excerpts from the score, which were repeated several times, along with instructions to alter the tempo and other elements of the composition; the titles of these pieces were derived from inaccurate French-to-English translations of the liner notes of a version of Pachelbel's Canon performed by the orchestra of Jean-Francois Paillard.

Discreet Music was the third simultaneous releases on Eno's new Obscure Records label. This album was re-released on the Virgin label. On CD reissues, a full minute of silence separates Discreet Music's title track from the Pachelbel piece. Trouser Press described the album as "striking and haunting, filled with beauty and apprehension, paralleling the minimalist music being made by Steve Reich and Philip Glass."This album was a favorite of David Bowie's, led to his collaboration with Eno on Bowie's late'70s Berlin Trilogy. For the 40th anniversary of the release of the album, the Canadian music ensemble Contact recorded "Discreet Music" with classical instruments as a seven-part one hour work. Side A"Discreet Music" – 30:35Side BThree Variations on the Canon in D Major by Johann Pachelbel "Fullness of Wind" – 9:57 "French Catalogues" – 5:18 "Brutal Ardour" – 8:17 Brian Eno – synthesizer, producer, photography Gavin Bryars – arranger, conductor on Side B The Cockpit Ensemble - performer on Side BTechnicalSimon Heyworth – mastering Peter Kelsey – engineer John Bonis - cover design Andrew Day – redesign Gavin Bryars Johann Pachelbel Pachelbel's Canon Ambient music Electronic music Works cited Weisbard, Eric.

"Brian Eno". Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8. Liner notes from Discreet Music

Revere Airport

Revere Airport was an American airport located in Revere, Massachusetts. It was in operation from 1927 to 1961. Revere Airport opened in 1927 as Muller Field, it was run by the newly formed Old Colony Airways Corporation. In 1930, Old Colony Airways and Muller Field were acquired by Beacon Air Service, a company owned by John and Walter O'Toole. In 1937 the name was changed to Riverside Field, however it was still referred to in many publications as Muller Field. In 1939, Muller Field was in consideration to be the site of Massachusetts' first state airport. However, Jeffery Field in East Boston was chosen instead. Two years Muller Field, Hanscom Field, Norwood Memorial Airport were considered for the site of the state's auxiliary airport. Hanscom Field was chosen to be the auxiliary airport. During World War II, the airport was closed for security reasons. Although not used as an airport, the Ford plant in Somerville, Massachusetts used the marshes near the airport to test tanks and armored cars.

In 1946 Riverside Field was purchased by Julius Goldman. In 1947 the airport began seaplane operations and blimp landings; that year the famed Goodyear Blimp landed at Revere Airport. During the late 1950s, the airport began to shrink from its original 156 acres. Construction of the Northeast Expressway forced the airport to abandon one of its runways and made landing difficult on the other two. Seven of the original eleven hangars were sold to make way for industrial centers. Revere's high tax rate and the private airport's ineligibility for federal funds made it "economically unsound" for owner Julius Goldman to continue operations. On April 23, 1962, Revere Airport closed; the fifty aircraft that were based at the airport were relocated to Beverly Municipal Airport in Beverly, Massachusetts. Goldman's Revere Airways Inc. relocated to Beverly, where it became Revere Aviations. The property was redeveloped in to the Northgate Shopping Center. No buildings remain from the airport; this building was destroyed by fire on February 17, 2018

Every Man for Himself (novel)

Every Man for Himself is a novel written by Beryl Bainbridge, first published in 1996 and is about the 1912 RMS Titanic disaster. The novel won the 1996 Whitbread Prize, was a nominee of the Booker Prize, it won the 1997 Commonwealth Writers' Prize. The novel is narrated by 22-year-old Morgan, a rich young American orphan, a relation of banker J. P. Morgan, having been brought up by his aunt and cousin; the book is divided into four sections, each one corresponding to a day Morgan spends on the RMS Titanic. He provides a lively account of the middle-class to upper-class passengers found on the luxury liner, while finding time to fall in love with spoilt young socialite Wallis Ellery. Leading figures in the tragedy appear prominently including Captain Smith, naval architect Thomas Andrews and White Star Line owner J. Bruce Ismay The narrator makes his way to a collapsible after the sinking of the Titanic, is rescued by the crew of Carpathia

RAF Support Command

Support Command was a command of the Royal Air Force. It was formed on 31 August 1973 by the renaming of RAF Maintenance Command, with No. 90 Group being added to it. Its responsibilities included all logistical and maintenance support requirements of the RAF. Among its first stations assigned may have been RAF Gan, transferred from Far East Air Force, it was renamed as RAF Support Command, its role further increased, on 13 June 1977 when it absorbed Training Command, making it additionally responsible for all RAF ground and aircrew training. In the 1980s the bunker at RAF Holmpton was converted to form a new Emergency War Headquarters for RAF Support Command. In 1994 the Command was split up, with many of its functions merging with those of the RAF Personnel Management Centre to form RAF Personnel and Training Command, others being hived off into RAF Logistics Command; the following officers have held the appointment of Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief RAF Support Command: 31 Aug 1973 - Air Marshal Sir Reginald Harland 13 Jun 1977 - Air Marshal Sir Rex Roe 30 Aug 1978 - Air Marshal Sir Keith Williamson 3 May 1980 - Air Marshal Sir John Gingell 27 Apr 1981 - Air Marshal Sir Michael Beavis 15 Feb 1984 - Air Marshal Sir David Harcourt-Smith 2 Jan 1986 - Air Marshal Sir John Sutton 5 Apr 1989 - Air Chief Marshal Sir Michael Graydon 1991 - Air Chief Marshal Sir John Thomson 5 Oct 1992 - Air Chief Marshal Sir John Willis Jackson, Brendan.

"Logistic support in the Royal Air Force." The RUSI Journal 137, no. 6: 38-43. Terry Ford GEng MRAeS, "Royal Air Force Engineering", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 59 Issue: 11, pp. 11–13, An opportunity to become acquainted with the engineering expertise available at RAF Stations and to study the degree of involvement in design and manufacture occurred when visiting Abingdon and Marham

Tsentralny City District, Barnaul

Tsentralny City District is a district of the city of Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russia. Its area is ca. 145 square kilometers. Population: 91,445 . Established on February 7, 1938, it is one of the oldest city districts, it serves as an economic and transportation core of Barnaul. It borders several districts in the north. After 2002, the following inhabited localities were merged into the city district: Yuzhny, Tsentralny, Konyukhi, Chernitsk, Borzovaya Zaimka, Plodopitomnik and Zaton, which led to the significant increase of the population. Places of interest include Demidov Square, Red Department Store, Nagorny Park, Tsentralny Park, Pokrovsky Cathedral, Polyakov's House, more