A rainband is a cloud and precipitation structure associated with an area of rainfall, elongated. Rainbands can be stratiform or convective, are generated by differences in temperature; when noted on weather radar imagery, this precipitation elongation is referred to as banded structure. Rainbands within tropical cyclones are curved in orientation. Tropical cyclone rainbands contain showers and thunderstorms that, together with the eyewall and the eye, constitute a hurricane or tropical storm; the extent of rainbands around a tropical cyclone can help determine the cyclone's intensity. Rainbands spawned near and ahead of cold fronts can be squall lines which are able to produce tornadoes. Rainbands associated with cold fronts can be warped by mountain barriers perpendicular to the front's orientation due to the formation of a low-level barrier jet. Bands of thunderstorms can form with sea breeze and land breeze boundaries, if enough moisture is present. If sea breeze rainbands become active enough just ahead of a cold front, they can mask the location of the cold front itself.

Banding within the comma head precipitation pattern of an extratropical cyclone can yield significant amounts of rain or snow. Behind extratropical cyclones, rainbands can form downwind of relative warm bodies of water such as the Great Lakes. If the atmosphere is cold enough, these rainbands can yield heavy snow. Rainbands in advance of warm occluded fronts and warm fronts are associated with weak upward motion, tend to be wide and stratiform in nature. In an atmosphere with rich low level moisture and vertical wind shear, convective rainbands known as squall lines in the cyclone's warm sector, ahead of strong cold fronts associated with extratropical cyclones. Wider rain bands can occur behind cold fronts, which tend to have more stratiform, less convective, precipitation. Within the cold sector north to northwest of a cyclone center, in colder cyclones, small scale, or mesoscale, bands of heavy snow can occur within a cyclone's comma head precipitation pattern with a width of 32 kilometres to 80 kilometres.

These bands in the comma head are associated with areas of frontogensis, or zones of strengthening temperature contrast. Southwest of extratropical cyclones, curved flow bringing cold air across the warm Great Lakes can lead to narrow lake effect snow bands which bring significant localized snowfall. Rainbands exist in the periphery of tropical cyclones, which point towards the cyclone's center of low pressure. Rainbands within tropical cyclones require a low level pool of cooler air. Bands located 80 kilometres to 150 kilometres from a cyclone's center migrate outward, they are capable of producing heavy rains and squalls of wind, as well as tornadoes in the storm's right-front quadrant. Some rainbands move closer to the center, forming a secondary, or outer, eyewall within intense hurricanes. Spiral rainbands are such a basic structure to a tropical cyclone that in most tropical cyclone basins, use of the satellite-based Dvorak technique is the primary method used to determine a tropical cyclone's maximum sustained winds.

Within this method, the extent of spiral banding and difference in temperature between the eye and eyewall is used to assign a maximum sustained wind and a central pressure. Central pressure values for their centers of low pressure derived from this technique are approximate. Different programs have been studying these rainbands, including the Hurricane Rainband and Intensity Change Experiment. Convective rainbands can form parallel to terrain on its windward side, due to lee waves triggered by hills just upstream of the cloud's formation, their spacing is 5 kilometres to 10 kilometres apart. When bands of precipitation near frontal zones approach steep topography, a low-level barrier jet stream forms parallel to and just prior to the mountain ridge, which slows down the frontal rainband just prior to the mountain barrier. If enough moisture is present, sea breeze and land breeze fronts can form convective rainbands. Sea breeze front thunderstorm lines can become strong enough to mask the location of an approaching cold front by evening.

The edge of ocean currents can lead to the development of thunderstorm bands due to heat differential at this interface. Downwind of islands, bands of showers and thunderstorms can develop due to low level wind convergence downwind of the island edges. Offshore California, this has been noted in the wake of cold fronts. "Anatomy of a Hurricane". Lecture Notes for Chapter 15 – Hurricanes – Survey of Meteorology and Lyndon State College. "Rainbands Offer Better Forecasts of Hurricane Intensity". News release. National Science Foundation. 2005-08-08. Retrieved 2008-09-06. G. M. Barnes and E. J. Zipser. "Mesoscale and Convective Structure of a Hurricane Rainband". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 40: 2125–2137. Bibcode:1983JAtS...40.2125B. Doi:10.1175/1520-0469040<2125:MACSOA>2.0. CO.

Gómez Manrique

Gómez Manrique y de Castilla was a Spanish poet, soldier and dramatist. Gómez Manrique was born in Amusco; the fifth son of Pedro Manrique de Lara y Mendoza, adelantado mayor of Leon. Gómez Manrique was introduced into public life at an early age, took a prominent part against the constable Alvaro de Luna during the reign of John II, went into opposition against Miguel Lucas de Iranzo in the reign of Henry IV, declared in favor of the infanta Isabel, soon to be Queen Isabel I of Castile, whose marriage with Ferdinand of Aragon, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, he promoted. Besides being a distinguished soldier, Manrique acted as a moderating political influence and, when appointed corregidor of Toledo, was active in protecting the converted Jews from popular resentment, his will was signed on the 31st of May 1490, he is known to have died before the 16th of February 1491. Manrique inherited the literary taste of his uncle Iñigo López de Mendoza y de la Vega, Marquis of Santillana, was esteemed in his own age.

Manrique's poems were not printed until 1885, they were edited by Antonio Paz y Melia. They at once revealed him to be a poet of eminent merit, it seems certain that his Consejos, addressed to Diego Arias de Avila, inspired the more famous Coplas of his nephew, his didactic verses are modelled upon those of his uncle Don Iñigo. He wrote the Representación del nascimiento de Nuestro Senor, a play on the Passion, two momos, or interludes, played at court, a large number of poems; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Manrique, Gómez". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17. Cambridge University Press. P. 598. Works by or about Gómez Manrique at Internet Archive Gómez Manrique Biografías y Vidas Canal Social Quite good

Freudenberg IT

Freudenberg IT SE & Co. KG is an IT company specializing in SAP consulting, manufacturing execution system & managed hosting, it is part of the Freudenberg Group. Freudenberg IT started as an IT spinoff in year 1995. An association with SAP started when Freudenberg became number seven customer of SAP and SAP R1 was installed on Freudenberg systems. Today Freudenberg IT is operating out of 18 locations in Europe, North America and South East Asia with over 600 associates, they collaborate with partners in other regions. Freudenberg IT is headquartered at Weinheim, Germany. In 2009, Freudenberg IT crossed USD 100 million in annual revenue. Freudenberg IT is part of Freudenberg Group of companies. Around 1995, Freudenberg Group was faced with a question many companies encounter: that of whether to transfer its in-house IT services to a third party. Following comprehensive external benchmarking, the group made a decision to take an different path by achieving legal independence and entering into business transactions with third parties i.e. becoming an IT Spinoff.

An independent entity Freudenberg Informatik KG was created, renamed as Freudenberg IT. Today Freudenberg IT or FIT is Germany’s most successful IT spinoff, realizing more than three fourth of its revenue from external customers. In Germany Freudenberg IT is located at Balingen, Düsseldorf, Munich & Hamburg, their first office outside Germany was in Spain. They established offices at Budapest and Kiev, Ukraine. In North America, Freudenberg IT is present in Philadelphia, Atlanta, Raleigh – Durham, Los Angeles, Halifax CAN & Mexico City MEX. In China they are present in Beijing, Suzhou & Guangzhou. In 2009 Freudenberg IT established an office in Singapore to act as a hub for customers in South East Asia. In November 2001 Freudenberg IT purchased 75% stake in adicom, the systems enterprise provider based in Balingen, Germany. With this acquisition Freudenberg IT was able to complement its SAP service suite with a Manufacturing Execution System product; as a MES system, adicom is able to operate as a standalone system or in conjunction with any ERP system.

From 2010 to 2014, TechCatalyst, a Mumbai based IT company, provided offshore IT support to Freudenberg IT's SAP managed hosting customers. In 2014, Freudenberg IT terminated its offshore IT support partnership with TechCatalyst India, established its own IT support company. Syntax, a Montreal-based provider of cloud and managed IT services to businesses acquired SAP cloud specialist firm Freudenberg IT on March 1, 2019