Raise the Red Lantern is a 1991 film directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. It is an adaption by Ni Zhen of the 1990 novel Concubines by Su Tong; the film was adapted into an acclaimed ballet of the same title by the National Ballet of China directed by Zhang. Set in the 1920s, the film tells the story of a young woman who becomes one of the concubines of a wealthy man during the Warlord Era, it sumptuous use of colours. The film was shot in the Qiao Family Compound in Shanxi Province. Although the screenplay was approved by Chinese censors, the final version of the film was banned in China for a period; the film is set in 1920s Republic of China during the Warlord Era, years before the Chinese Civil War. Nineteen-year-old Songlian, an educated woman whose father has died and left the family bankrupt, is forced by her stepmother to marry into the wealthy Chen family, becoming the fourth wife or rather the third concubine or, as she is referred to, the Fourth Mistress of the household. Arriving at the palatial abode, she is at first treated like royalty, receiving sensuous foot massages and brightly lit red lanterns, as well as a visit from her husband, Master Chen, the master of the house, whose face is never shown.
Songlian soon discovers, that not all the concubines in the household receive the same luxurious treatment. In fact, the master decides on a daily basis the concubine with. Pitted in constant competition against each other, the three concubines are continually vying for their husband's attention and affections, it is this hierarchical competition, the artificiality of human relations within the compound, that projects the film's strongest critique. The First Mistress, appears to be nearly as old as the master himself. Having borne a son decades earlier, she seems resigned to live out her life as forgotten, always passed over in favor of the younger concubines; the Second Mistress, befriends Songlian, complimenting her youth and beauty, giving her expensive silk as a gift. As time passes, Songlian learns that it is Zhuoyun, the Second Mistress, not to be trusted. Songlian feigns pregnancy, attempting to garner the majority of the master's time and, at the same time, attempting to become pregnant.
Zhuoyun, however, is in league with Songlian's personal maid, Yan'er who finds and reveals a pair of bloodied undergarments, suggesting that Songlian had had her period, discovers the pregnancy is a fraud. Zhuoyun summons the family physician, feigning concern for Songlian's "pregnancy". Doctor Gao, secretly having an illicit affair with Third Mistress Meishan, examines Songlian and determines the pregnancy to be a sham. Infuriated, the master orders Songlian's lanterns covered with thick black canvas bags indefinitely. Blaming the sequence of events on Yan'er, Songlian reveals to the house that Yan'er's room is filled with lit red lanterns, showing that Yan'er dreams of becoming a mistress instead of a lowly servant. Yan'er is punished by having the lanterns burned while she kneels in the snow, watching as they smolder. In an act of defiance, Yan'er refuses to humble herself or apologize, thus remains kneeling in the snow throughout the night until she collapses. Yan'er falls sick and dies after being taken to the hospital.
One of the servants tells Songlian. Songlian, who had attended university before the passing of her father and being forced into marriage, comes to the conclusion that she is happier in solitude; as Songlian retreats further into her solitude, she begins speaking of suicide. On her twentieth birthday intoxicated and despondent over her bitter fate, Songlian inadvertently blurts out the details of the love affair between Meishan and Doctor Gao to Zhuoyun, who catches the adulterous couple together. Following the old customs and traditions, Meishan is dragged to a lone room on the roof of the estate and is hanged to death by the master's servants. Songlian in agony due to the fruitlessness of her life, witnesses the entire episode and is traumatized; the following summer, after the Master's marriage to yet another concubine, Songlian is shown wandering the compound in her old schoolgirl clothes, appearing to have gone insane. Gong Li as Songlian, the fourth mistress He Saifei as Meishan, the third mistress Cao Cuifen as Zhuoyun, the second mistress Kong Lin as Yan'er, Songlian's young servant Zhou Qi as housek
The 1922 U. S. Open was the 26th U. S. Open, held July 14–15 at Skokie Country Club in Glencoe, Illinois, a suburb north of Chicago. Gene Sarazen won the first of his seven major championships, one stroke ahead of runners-up John Black and 20-year-old amateur Bobby Jones. Walter Hagen, the winner of the British Open three weeks earlier, opened with 68 to take a three-shot lead over Black on Friday morning. In the second round that afternoon, Black shot a 71 to take a two-stroke lead over Bill Mehlhorn, with Hagen and Sarazen another stroke back. Jones had an even-par 70 in the third round to take a share of the 54-hole lead with Mehlhorn, while Black's 75 left him one behind; the leaders could not contend with Sarazen's brilliant play in the final round, recording a two-putt birdie on the finishing hole for a 68 and 288 total. Black needed to par the final two holes to force a playoff, but his tee shot on 17 went out of bounds and led to a double bogey. Needing an eagle on the par-5 18th to tie, Black's second shot landed ten feet from the pin, but in a greenside bunker.
When he failed to hole out from the sand, Sarazen clinched the title. Sarazen, age 20, became the fourth American-born champion of the U. S. Open, joining John McDermott, Francis Ouimet, Hagen, he won a second U. S. Open ten years in 1932. Source: Source: Friday, July 14, 1922 Source: Friday, July 14, 1922 Source: Saturday, July 15, 1922 Source: Saturday, July 15, 1922 Source: denotes amateur Final round Cumulative tournament scores, relative to parSource: About.com – 1922 U. S. Open USGA Championship Database USOpen.com - 1922
The arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan is an arrondissement of France in the Landes départment in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 175 communes, its population is 180,294, its area is 6,048.4 km2. Its surface area of over 6,000 km² is the largest of any arrondissement in Metropolitan France, its size being comparable to an entire département such as the Eure; the communes of the arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan, their INSEE codes, are: The arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan was created in 1800. As a result of the reorganisation of the cantons of France which came into effect in 2015, the borders of the cantons are no longer related to the borders of the arrondissements; the cantons of the arrondissement of Mont-de-Marsan were, as of January 2015