Daryaganj is a neighbourhood of Delhi inside the walled city of Shahjahanabad. The "darya" refers to the river Yamuna, just outside the walled city. Daryaganj is one of the three subdivisions of Central Delhi District, it started at Delhi Gate, at the edge of Netaji Subash Road, which goes towards Red Fort. Daryaganj had the original cantonment of Delhi, after 1803, where a native regiment of Delhi garrison was stationed, shifted to Ridge area. Now known as New Darya Ganj, it once formed part of the British Darya Ganj Cantonment, one of the earliest establishments of the British in Old Delhi; the New Darya Ganj market was earlier known as Faiz Bazaar until the partition, when present traders moved into the area. East of Daryaganj was Raj ghat Gate of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat on Yamuna River; the Phool Mandi of Daryaganj was established around 1869, today despite serving a small geographical area, it is of great importance, due to dense population. As the new capital New Delhi was being built after 1911, Daryaganj along with Paharganj were only two buffer areas between the new city, the older city, which started being called the "walled city" by 1931, with Daryaganj sitting at the edge of the walled city near Dilli Gate.
Daryaganj continues to be a major commercial hub of modern Old Delhi. Netaji Subhash Road that begin from Delhi Gate and goes towards the historic Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Chandni Chowk, passes through middle of the area, which are short walk away; the area has a number of eye hospitals and clinics, including the Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, which opened in 1917; the district bustles with shoppers from Monday to Saturday, on Sunday is home to India's largest platform market for magazines and second hand books. Daryaganj is famous for its all-time favourite markets like the Sunday Book Market or the Kitab Bazaar, held every Sunday on street pavements; the market established around 1964, today stretches for 2 kilometers, one may find books on any topic, here at throwaway prices. Books of all streams, genres are available in this Sunday Book Market; the former President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf was born and used to live at Nehar Wali Haveli in Daryaganj before migrating to Pakistan after the Partition of India in 1947.
Darya Ganj today is quite well known all over the country, thanks to the number of book publishers who have their offices here. Ranging from S. Chand & Co. to Prentice Hall India, to Oxford University Press on Ansari Road, an inner road on the eastern side Daryaganj and is neighbouring areas. Daryaganj is home the Hans, a Hindi literary magazine, restarted by writer Rajendra Yadav in 1986, founded by Premchand, a pioneer in Hindi literature. Darya Ganj has one major cinema hall called Golcha, which opened in 1954, one of oldest cinemas of Delhi. Darya Ganj has the first co-education school of Delhi, Happy School, located on Padam Chand Marg. Daryaganj has what was once the only restaurant of Old Delhi, the Moti Mahal founded by Kundan Lal Jaggi, Thakur Das Mago and Kundan Lal Gujral, most known for the invention of butter chicken and modern dal makhani. Another notable modern restaurant is Chor Bizarre near Delite cinema. In addition to this, Darya Ganj is known to all Delhiites for the food.
From the Baniyaan of Gupta ji, to Devi ke Kulche, to Pindi ka Dahi, these are a must try for anyone going to Darya Ganj. H. C. Fanshawe. Delhi and present. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-1318-X. Media related to Daryaganj at George Alfred; the leather-workers of Daryaganj. Delhi: Cambridge Mission to Delhi
Kashmiri Gate, Delhi
Kashmere Gate or Kashmiri Gate is a gate located in Delhi, it is the northern gate to the historic walled city of Delhi. Built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the gate is so named because it used to start a road that led to Kashmir. Now it is the name of the surrounding locality in North Delhi, in the Old Delhi area, an important road junction as the Red Fort, ISBT and Delhi Junction railway station lie in its vicinity, it was the area around the North gate of the walled city of the Delhi, leading to the Laal Quila, the Red Fort of Delhi, the gate was facing towards Kashmir, so it was named Kashmere Gate under British Raj. The monument can still be seen; the southern gate to the walled city, is called Delhi Gate. When the British first started settling in Delhi in 2006, they found the walls of Old Delhi city, Shahjahanabad lacking repairs after the siege by Maratha Holkar in 1804, subsequently they reinforced the city's walls, they set up their residential estates in Kashmere Gate area, which once housed Mughal palaces and the homes of nobility.
The gate next gained national attention during the Mutiny of 1857. Indian soldiers fired volleys of cannonballs from this gate at the British and used the area to assemble for strategizing fighting and resistance; the British had used the gate to prevent the mutineers from entering the city. Evidence of the struggles are visible today in damage to the existing walls. Kashmere Gate was the scene of an important assault by the British Army during Indian rebellion of 1857, during which on the morning of 14 September 1857 the bridge and the left leaf of the Gate were destroyed using gunpowder, starting the final assault on the rebels towards the end of Siege of Delhi. After 1857, the British moved to Civil Lines, Kashmere Gate became the fashionable and commercial centre of Delhi, a status it lost only after the creation of New Delhi in 1931. In, 1965, a section of the Kashmere Gate was demolished to allow faster movement of vehicular traffic, since it has become a protected monument by ASI. In early 1910s, employees of the Government of India Press settled around Kashmere Gate, it included a sizable Bengali community, community Durga Puja organized by Delhi Durga Puja Samiti they started in 1910, is today the oldest in Delhi.
The present building of Delhi State Election Commission’s Office on Lothian Road near Kashmiri Gate was built 1890 to 1891. The two-storey building housed the St. Stephen's College, Delhi from 1891 till 1941, when it shifted to its present campus. St. James Church known as Skinner's Church, was commissioned by Colonel James Skinner, a distinguished Anglo-Indian military officer, famous for the cavalry regiment Skinner’s Horse, it was designed by Major Robert Smith and built between 1826-36. The Maharana Pratap Inter-state bus terminus or ISBT is the oldest and one of the biggest Inter State Bus Terminals in India, operating bus services between Delhi and 7 states, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states, it opened in 1976. Nearby is Majnu Ka Tilla, known for its Tibetan refugee settlement and the Majnu ka Tila Gurudwara built by Baghel Singh in 1783, to mark the tilla or mound where a Sufi nicknamed Majnu met Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. here in July 1505. The Old Delhi Railway Station of Delhi, i.e. the Delhi Junction Railway station, built like a fort, stands here, with two opposite sides namely Kashmere Gate & Chandni Chowk.
The two localities are linked by an elevated pedestrian bridge called Kodiya Pul. The Kashmere Gate station of the Delhi Metro, lies on the only trijunction of Delhi Metro Red, Yellow Lines and Violet Lines, it is a transfer station between the Red Line on the highest upper level, the Yellow Line and Violet Line on the lowest level. Kashmere Gate serves as the Headquarters for the Delhi Metro; the place has the General Post Office of Indian Postal Service, one of the oldest in the country. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, a state university of New Delhi, was located at Kashmere Gate, it was housed in the building, Delhi College of Engineering & Delhi Institute of Technology. Both the colleges has shifted to bigger campus in Bhawana,Rohini & Dwarka sector-3, sector-14, now the campus is handed over to Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women. A library established by the Mughal prince Dara Shikoh still exists in Kashmere Gate, is being run as an archaeological museum by the Archaeological Survey of India
Malviya Nagar (Delhi)
Malviya Nagar is a locality in South Delhi. It is between Hauz Khas and close to IIT Delhi, it is named after the noted freedom fighter Madan Mohan Malviya, an educator and founded Banaras Hindu University. Malviya Nagar was populated in the 1950s by refugees from Pakistan, after the Partition of India. A large portion of the population were ethnic Rajasthani, U. P. Haryanvi and Sindhis. Today, Malviya Nagar is bounded by Panchsheel Enclave in the north, Sheikh Sarai in the east, Saket in the south and Sarvapriya Vihar in the west. Enclaves that are part of Malviya Nagar include Geetanjali Enclave, Bhavishya Nidhi Enclave, Khirki Extension, Shivalik colony and Sarvodaya Enclave, it is serviced by the Malviya Nagar station of the Delhi Metro. Malviya Nagar is home to Delhi Police's Training School. Malviya Nagar has a speciality hospital. There are several neighbourhood parks that are running areas. A number of Mughal era monuments are located in Malviya Nagar and are clustered close to the Corner Market.
This includes the tomb of Sufi saint Sheikh Yusuf Qattal who lived during the reign of Ibrahim Lodhi and died in 1526-27. Malviya Nagar main market houses several nationalised and public sector banks and ATMs including Axis Bank, Syndicate Bank, Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Canara Bank, Vijaya Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Central Bank of India, South Indian Bank, Andhra Bank, IDBI Bank, Indian Bank; some of the foreign banks are Deutsche Bank. Malviya Nagar is bordered by two major New Delhi thoroughfares. Malviya Nagar is connected by other parts of New Delhi by Delhi Bus Rapid Transit System bus lines; the bus fare ranges from ₹ 5.00 to ₹ 15.00. The buses connecting Malviya Nagar are: Route 413: Mehrauli to Nizamuddin, via Khel Gaon and Kranti Marg. Route 500: Saket to Shivaji Stadium. Route 501: Saket to Mori Gate in North Delhi, via Hauz Khas, Yusuf Sarai and AIIMS. Route 503: Malviya Nagar to Mori Gate in North Delhi, via the Main Market and Corner Market, Hauz Khas, Yusuf Sarai and AIIMS.
Route 512: Ambedkar Nagar via Malviya Nagar, Hauz Khas, etc. Route 520: Malviya Nagar to Connaught Place via the Main Market and Corner Market, Hauz Khas, Yusuf Sarai and AIIMS. Routes 503 and 520 terminate at Malviya Nagar. Autorickshaws and taxis are available for public transportation. There is an auto-rickshaw stand is at the roundabout near Shivalik Gate. Saket is a nearby neighbourhood; the Delhi Metro Yellow Line to Gurgaon has a station at Malviya Nagar. Malviya Nagar is a constituency of the Delhi Assembly. Since 2013, the sitting Member of the Assembly has been Somnath Bharti of the Aam Aadmi Party. Malviya Nagar is part of the New Delhi and the current Member of Parliament is Meenakshi Lekhi. Malviya Nagar has two corporation seats ward no. 161 and 162. Malviya Nagar is residence of Kashmiri separatist leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani, where he lives for 3 months each year during winter in Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistani high commissioner to India Abdul Basit met Geelani at his Malviya Nagar residence in March 2015.
Map showing approximate location of Malviya Nagar "Development issues to the fore in Malviya Nagar" The Hindu', Friday 21 November 2008
Secretariat Building, New Delhi
The Secretariat Building or Central Secretariat is where the Cabinet Secretariat is housed, which administers the Government of India. Built in the 1910s, it is home to some of the most important ministries of the Cabinet of India. Situated on Raisina Hill, New Delhi, the Secretariat buildings are two blocks of symmetrical buildings on opposite sides of the great axis of Rajpath, flanking the Rashtrapati Bhavan; the planning of New Delhi began in earnest after Delhi was made capital of the British Indian Empire in 1911. Lutyens was assigned the construction of Viceroy's House. Baker took on the design of the next most important building, the Secretariat, the only building other than Viceroy's House to stand on Raisina Hill; as the work progressed relations between Lutyens and Baker deteriorated. To avoid this, Lutyens wanted the Secretariat to be of lower height than Viceroy's House, but Baker wanted it of the same height, in the end it was Baker's intentions that were fulfilled. After the capital of India moved to Delhi, a temporary secretariat building was constructed in a few months in 1912 in North Delhi.
Most of the government offices of the new capital moved here from the'Old Secretariat' in Old Delhi, a decade before the new capital was inaugurated in 1931. Many employees were brought into the new capital from distant parts of British India, including the Bengal Presidency and Madras Presidency. Subsequently housing for them was developed around Gole Market area; the Old Secretariat Building now houses the Delhi Legislative Assembly. The nearby Parliament House was built much and hence was not constructed around the axis of Rajpath. Construction of Parliament House was begun in 1921, the building was inaugurated in 1927. Today, the area is served by the Central Secretariat station of the Delhi Metro; the Secretariat Building was designed by the prominent British architect Herbert Baker in Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. Both the identical buildings have four levels, each with about 1,000 rooms, in the inner courtyards to make space for future expansions. In continuation with the Viceroy's House, these buildings used cream and red Dholpur sandstone from Rajasthan, with the red sandstone forming the base.
Together the buildings were designed to form two squares. They have broad corridors between different wings and wide stairways to the four floors and each building is topped by a giant dome, while each wings end with colonnaded balcony. Much of the building is in classical architectural style, yet it incorporated from Mughal and Rajasthani architecture style and motifs in its architecture; these are visible in the use of Jali, perforated screens, to protect from scorching sun and monsoon rains of India. Another feature of the building is a dome-like structure known as the Chatri, a design unique to India, used in ancient times to give relief to travelers by providing shade from the hot Indian sun; the style of architecture used in Secretariat Building is unique to Raisina Hill. In front of the main gates on buildings are the four "dominion columns", given by Canada, New Zealand and South Africa. At the time of their unveiling in 1930, India was supposed to become a British dominion soon. However, India became independent within the next 17 years and the Secretariat became the seat of power of a sovereign India.
In the years to follow the building ran out of accommodation. Prior to coming to India, Baker had an established practice in South Africa over twenty years and designed various prominent buildings there the Union Buildings, in Pretoria, built from 1910 to 1913, though designed in 1908, it is the official seat of the South African government, house the offices of the President of South Africa, like the Secretariat Building, it sits atop a hill, known as the Meintjieskop. But the similarities between the two building show a clear influence of the former in the basic structure of two wings and colonnaded balconies at the end with identical symmetrical bell towers. Both buildings have a similar symmetrical design in case of the Union Building the two wings are joined by a semi-circular colonnade, while with Secretariat building, the North and South Blocks are separated and face each other; the colour scheme is reversed while the roof of Union Building is covered with red tiles, in secretariat red sandstone is used in the ground floor walls only, the rest is the same pale sandstone.
The Secretariat Building houses the following ministries: The Secretariat Building consists of two buildings: the North Block and the South Block. Both the buildings flank the Rashtrapati Bhavan; the South Block houses the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of External Affairs. The North Block houses the Ministry of Finance and the Home Ministry; the terms'North Block' and'South Block' are used to refer to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of External Affairs respectively. Rajpath Rashtrapati Bhavan India Gate Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India, Official website Ministry of External Affairs' website: About South Block Historic Architecture of "New Delhi" - India
Lutyens' Delhi is an area in New Delhi, named after the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, responsible for much of the architectural design and building during the period of the British Raj, when India was part of the British Empire in the 1920s and 1930s and 1940s. This includes the Lutyens Bungalow Zone. Sir Edwin Lutyens, the architect of Delhi, designed 4 bungalows in the Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate,. Lutyens, apart from designing the Viceroy's House, designed large government building and was involved with town planning. Sir Herbert Baker, who designed with the Secretariat Buildings, designed bungalows on the King George's Avenue for high-ranking officials. Other members of the team of architects were Robert Tor Russell, who built Connaught Place, the Eastern and Western Courts on Janpath, Teen Murti House, Safdarjung Airport, National Stadium and several government houses, William Henry Nicholls, CG Blomfield, FB Blomfield, Walter Sykes George, Arthur Gordon Shoosmith and Henry Medd, it is on the 2002 World Monuments Watch list of 100 Most Endangered Sites made by World Monuments Fund, a heritage organization based in New York.
The area was constructed after the British decided to move the capital of their Indian Empire from Calcutta to Delhi, by creating a new district of the latter entitled New Delhi Before the new imperial capital was established in 1911, the Old Delhi Railway Station served the Agra-Delhi railways, the line cut through what is today called Lutyens' Delhi. The line was shifted to make way for the new capital and the New Delhi Railway Station was built near Ajmeri Gate in 1926. Lutyens led a group of architects in laying out the central administrative area of the city, with the charge of retaining one-third of the area as green space. At the heart of the city was the impressive Rashtrapati Bhawan known as Viceroy's House, located on the top of Raisina Hill; the Rajpath known as King's Way, connects India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhawan, while Janpath, which crosses it at a right angle, connects South End Road with Connaught Place. Ram Nath Kovind is the President of India, stays in the official house of Rashtrapati Bhawan.
The Secretariat Building, which house various ministries of the Government of India including the Prime Minister's Office, is beside the Rashtrapati Bhawan and was designed by Herbert Baker. Designed by Baker was the Parliament House, located on the Sansad Marg, running parallel with the Rajpath. Two magnificent cathedrals in the area, the Anglican Cathedral Church of the Redemption and Catholic Sacred Heart Cathedral were designed by Henry Medd; the Lutyens Bungalow Zone covers an area of about 26 km2. All land and buildings in the LBZ belong to the central government, except for 254.5 acres, in private hands. It is a important and expensive zone in New Delhi. There are about 1000 bungalows in the LBZ. In order to create development control norms, the Ministry of Urban Development constituted the'New Delhi Redevelopment Advisory Committee' in 1972, when the redevelopment of the areas around the walled city, north of Connaught Place and on Prithviraj Road was taken up. In 2013, it was reported that the market value of the 254.5 acres of land in private hands in the LBZ had increased eightfold in the previous ten years, from around Rs 6,100 crores to Rs 49,000 crores.
In June 2014, Rajiv Rattan, India bulls co-founder, bought a 2,920-square-yard plot for Rs 220 crore. In December 2016, Renuka Talwar, daughter of DLF Chairman KP Singh, acquired a bungalow on Prithviraj Road for 435 crore INR in one of the biggest deals for a property in Lutyens' Delhi. Around the great green expanse of the LBZ, is a thick swathe of green, a glacis of trees, manicured lawns, grand buildings, that protect and cushion LBZ from the swirl and swarm of Delhi’s crowded parts: on the west is the vast wooded area of the Delhi Ridge, adjoining the grand acres of the Presidential Estate; the contiguous areas are lavished with as much care by the government as the LBZ. Those who can’t buy into the LBZ buy into the contiguous areas, like Jhor Bagh, where property prices are as steep as in the LBZ; the official residence of the Prime Minister of India is at 7, Lok Kalyan Marg a complex of five bungalows, spread over 12 acres. The former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh resides here, he was allotted a Type VIII bungalow, on 3 Motilal Nehru Marg occupied by Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit, on 27 February 2014 by Kamal Nath Minister of Urban Development, on account of his being Rajya Sabha MP from Assam.
Former Prime Ministers, not a member of Parliament, are not entitled to a government bungalow, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, another former Prime Minister and not a Member of any house, has resided in a bungalow on Krishna Menon Marg since 2005. Notable businessmen include Laxmi N Mittal, KP Singh, Sunil Mittal, C. K. Birla, Shashi Ruia, Ravi Ruia, Analjit Singh, Vijay Shekhar Sharma and Atul Punj. Beaux-Arts architecture Chanakyapuri Architecture: Amnesty Plan for Relics of the Raj New Yor
Gole Market or Gol Market is a neighborhood in the heart of New Delhi, India built within a traffic roundabout by Edwin Lutyens in 1921. It is one of New Delhi's oldest surviving colonial markets and is considered an architecturally significant structure; the dodecagonal market was built in the axis planned by Edwin Lutyens as part of New Delhi's layout. Peshwa Road, Ramakrishna Asram Road, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Road, Bhai Veer Singh Road are four radial roads leading from the market; the octagonal market, designed by Edwin Lutyens, was built in 1921 as an important part of a wider development plan. In the years that followed, the Connaught Place shopping area was built adjacent to it, catering to the daily needs of thousands of government employees living in nearby residential areas built for them in 1925; these employees worked at the nearby Secretariat Building, as most government offices had relocated from Old Delhi a decade before the new capital had been inaugurated in 1931. Many of the employees were brought into the new capital from distant parts of India, including the Bengal Presidency and Madras Presidency.
After the partition of India, noted painter B. C. Sanyal and his wife Snehlata, a ghazal singer and actress moved to Gole Market, their "refugee studio" became a hub for artists and students in New Delhi, was known as Gallery 26. The studio gave rise to the Delhi Shilpi Chakra, which Sanyal founded with several of her artist friends; this organisation had an important influence on the contemporary art of North India. By the turn of the 21st century, 28 shops operated in the market, most of them dating back to the 1920s, they included numerous confectioneries, sweet shops and fast food restaurants, including Kaleva, Bengali Sweet Shop, Karachi Sweet Shop and several meat shops. Over the years, the facade deteriorated as a result of unauthorized construction and additions and was in a state of disrepair; the New Delhi Municipal Council fined several shopkeepers for operating without proper licenses or for unhygienic conditions. In 2007, the building was declared unsafe and the NDMC offered shopkeepers alternative shops but they rejected this plan.
This forced the NDMC to engage in restoration work. The NDMC proposed granting full heritage status to the building and ending all commercial activities; the traffic police supported the move because running a market in the busy roundabout caused traffic congestion. By May 2009, eviction notices were served to the shopkeepers by the NDMC, which soon had six shops in its possession; the rest of the owners started a campaign against the forced move. The NDMC revealed new plans to convert the heritage market into a museum. In February 2013, twenty-eight of the market's shopkeepers petitioned against the NDMC's alleged move to take over their shops in the Delhi High Court. On 20 June 2013, the court ruled in favour of the NDMC but cautioned it against the non-commercial use of the property; the court instructed the shopkeepers to relinquish possession of their stores by 30 June 2013. On 27 June, the Supreme Court upheld the eviction date, ordered by the High Court; the New Delhi General Post Office, built in 1931 is 800 meters away from the Gole Market.
It is known as Gole Dak Khana due to the octagonal shape of the building. It was designed by the chief architect of the Public Works Department, it stands inside a busy roundabout earlier known as Alexandra Place, its height was kept low to allow a clear view of the nearby Sacred Heart Cathedral. Gole Market is located about a kilometre away from the commercial center of Connaught Place and two kilometers away from the President's House and the Parliament House. Located in close proximity to various political buildings, it is houses the Communist Party of India's Delhi headquarters; the Gole Market area was a Delhi Metropolitan Council constituency within New Delhi Lok Sabha constituency between 1966–and 1993, a Delhi State Assembly constituency within the South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency from 1993 to 2008. Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit contested and won the Gole Market seat in the 1998 and 2003 assembly elections. However, after the delimitation exercise in 2008, the seat ceased to exist and is now the New Delhi constituency.
The area around Gole Market is home to a number of schools including: NP Boys Senior Secondary School, Harcourt butler senior secondary school, St. Columbas School, Convent of Jesus and Mary, N P Bengali Girls Senior Secondary School, Elisabeth Hall-Shiv Niketan School, Kali Bari Dayanand Model Public School, Ranoor Paathshaala, Raisina Bengali School, Kaali Bari, NP Primary School, Kendriya Vidyalaya Gole Market, D. T. E. A Senior Secondary School. Churches: Sacred Heart Cathedral, within the compound of Archbishop's House IPC Northern Region St. Peter's Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Cathedral Church of North India Delhi Bible Fellowship The Marthoma ChurchTemples: Laxminarayan Temple Kali Bari Mandir on Mandir Marg Hanuman Temple, Connaught Place Arya Samaj Mandir Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
Faridabad is the most populous and largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana. It's a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi, it is one of the major satellite cities of Delhi and is located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it in the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016. Faridabad has been described as eighth fastest growing city in the world and third most in India by City Mayors Foundation survey; as per the 2001 Delhi regional plan, Faridabad is part of the Delhi Metropolitan Area. The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is referred as Greater Faridabad; the area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, educational institutions, health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors.
Faridabad is a major industrial hub of Haryana. 50 % of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, switch gears, shoes and garments constitute its primary industrial products. In 2018, Faridabad was considered by the World Health Organization as the world's second most polluted city. Faridabad was founded in 1607 by Shaikh Farīd, the treasurer for the Mughal emperor Jahangir, to protect the Grand Trunk Road between Delhi and Agra, it was constituted a municipality in 1867. A project for Pakistani refugee resettlement and light industrial development was initiated in the city in 1950. Faridabad has a borderline hot semi-arid climate just short of a dry-winter humid subtropical climate; the city features the three typical Indian seasons - The “hot” or pre-monsoon season lasts from late March to late June and is typified by sweltering and arid conditions that begin dry but latterly turn humid. The “wet” or monsoon season is sweltering and dangerously humid with frequent but erratic heavy rainfall.
Following the retreat of the monsoon is the “cool” or winter season with warm and sunny weather producing by far the most comfortable conditions. The list is as below: The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana. Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Faridabad's share in total VAT collection in the state was 17% in 2012–13. For the same period, Faridabad's contribution to Central Sales Tax was 15% and to Entertainment Tax was 13%. Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated ₹250 crore –₹300 crore annually. Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab, Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, Department of Labour.
Institute such as National Council for Cement and Building Materials, a research and development institute under the ministry of commerce, industry has its head office in Faridabad. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29; the National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad. The city hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services. Headquartered here is NHPC Limited, a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India and the largest Hydro-power Company in India. Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana; as of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad, followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declining in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry.
The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012–13. Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd.. Havells India Limited, JCB India Limited, Indian Oil, Larsen & Toubro, Whirlpool India Ltd. ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd. Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad. More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad. Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad. Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi – Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station; the trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai are accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad. Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi; the extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015.
There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro. Metro has been elongated to Ballabhgarh with the add