Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars. It is distinguished by not running on a circuit, but instead in a point-to-point format in which participants and their co-drivers drive between set control points, leaving at regular intervals from one or more start points. Rallies may be won by pure speed within the stages or alternatively by driving to a predetermined ideal journey time within the stages; the term "rally", as a branch of motorsport dates from the first Monte Carlo Rally of January 1911. Until the late 1920s, few if any other events used the term. Rallying itself can be traced back to the 1894 Paris–Rouen Horseless Carriage Competition, sponsored by a Paris newspaper, Le Petit Journal, which attracted considerable public interest and entries from leading manufacturers. Prizes were awarded to the vehicles by a jury based on the reports of the observers who rode in each car; this event led directly to a period of city-to-city road races in France and other European countries, which introduced many of the features found in rallies: individual start times with cars running against the clock rather than head to head.
The first of these great races was the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race of June 1895, won by Paul Koechlin in a Peugeot, despite arriving 11 hours after Émile Levassor in a Panhard et Levassor. Levassor's time for the 1,178 km course, running without a break, was 48 hours and 48 minutes, an average speed of 24 km/h. From 24 September-3 October 1895, the Automobile Club de France sponsored the longest race to date, a 1,710 km event, from Bordeaux to Agen and back; because it was held in ten stages, it can be considered the first rally. The first three places were taken by a Panhard, a Panhard, a three-wheeler De Dion-Bouton. In the Paris–Madrid race of May 1903, the Mors of Fernand Gabriel took just under five and a quarter hours for the 550 km to Bordeaux, an average of 105 km/h. Speeds had now far outstripped the safe limits of dusty highways thronged with spectators and open to other traffic and animals; the French government banned this style of event. From on, racing in Europe would be on closed circuits on long loops of public highway and in 1907, on the first purpose-built track, England's Brooklands.
Racing was going its own separate way. One of the earliest of road races, the Tour de France of 1899, was to have a long history, running 18 times as a reliability trial between 1906 and 1937, before being revived in 1951 by the Automobile Club de Nice. Italy had been running road competitions since 1895, when a reliability trial was run from Turin to Asti and back; the country's first true motor race was held in 1897 along the shore of Lake Maggiore, from Arona to Stresa and back. This led to a long tradition of road racing, including events like Sicily's Targa Florio and Giro di Sicilia, which went right round the island, both of which continued on and off until after World War II; the first Alpine event was held in 1898, the Austrian Touring Club's three-day Automobile Run through South Tyrol, which included the infamous Stelvio Pass. In Britain, the legal maximum speed of 12 mph precluded road racing, but in April and May 1900, the Automobile Club of Great Britain organised the Thousand Mile Trial, a 15-day event linking Britain's major cities, in order to promote this novel form of transport.
Seventy vehicles took part, the majority of them trade entries. They had to complete thirteen stages of route varying in length from 43 to 123 miles at average speeds of up to the legal limit of 12 mph, tackle six hillclimb or speed tests. On rest days and at lunch halts, the cars were shown to the public in exhibition halls; this was followed in 1901 by a five-day trial based in Glasgow The Scottish Automobile Club organised an annual Glasgow–London non-stop trial from 1902 to 1904 the Scottish Reliability Trial from 1905. The Motor Cycling Club allowed cars to enter its trials and runs from 1904. In 1908 the Royal Automobile Club held its 2,000 mi International Touring Car Trial, 1914 the important Light Car Trial for manufacturers of cars up to 1400 cc, to test comparative performances and improve the breed. In 1924, the exercise was repeated as the Small Car Trials. In Germany, the Herkomer Trophy was first held in 1905, again in 1906; this challenging five-day event attracted over 100 entrants to tackle its 1,000 km road section, a hillclimb and a speed trial, but sadly it was marred by poor organisation and confusing regulations.
One participant had been Prince Henry of Austria, inspired to do better, so he enlisted the aid of the Imperial Automobile Club of Germany to create the first Prinz Heinrich Fahrt in 1908. Another trial was held in 1910; these were successful, attracting top drivers and works cars from major teams – several manufacturers added "Prince Henry" models to their ranges. The first Alpine Trial was held in 1909, in Aus
The Leeward Islands Championships in Athletics is an athletics event organized by the Leeward Islands Athletics Association open for athletes from its member associations. The Leeward Islands Athletics Association was founded in 2002, replacing the Leeward Islands Athletics Steering Committee that had organized the Leeward Island Championships, it comprises the following 8 member associations Nevis is an independent member, the athletes compete in an own team separately from Saint Kitts. The LIAA hold two different championships: so-called Leeward Islands Junior Championships, Leeward Islands Youth Championships. Leeward Islands Junior and Youth Championships, have been held since 2001. *: The 2004 event was announced, but no results could be retrieved. Might have been cancelled. Leeward Islands Age Group Championships for athletes U15, U13, U11, are held since 1993. LIAA website
Alexandre Pongrácz Rossi is a zootechnician and a Brazilian TV presenter. Alexandre Rossi holds a degree in Zootechnics and a Masters in Psychology from USP, he specialized in Animal Behavior and gained work experience from the University of Queensland, Australia. Today, he is attending veterinary medicine course at FMU, he began watching his fish in the aquarium. He taught them to play small bells at the time to eat; the training extended to rabbits and pets of his friends. He is in charge of'Cão Cidadão' - company specializing in behavioral consultation and training at home, which offers courses and workshops. In addition to several published books, Alexandre Rossi accumulates on his resume works for the cinema and television, he was in charge of Dr. Pet sketch, displayed by Rede Record, commanded the Program'Missão Pet', broadcast by the subscription channel National Geographic, the sketch'Desafio Pet', in'Programa Eliana', by SBT, he maintains the program'Pet na Pan' on Jovem Pan radio, broadcast on Sundays, at 7h00 a.m. and 8h00 a.m. and gives tips on animal behavior in'É de Casa' program, broadcast by Rede Globo on Saturdays mornings.
Alexandre is known as the father of Estopinha, Barthô and Miah. Os segredos. Revised and expanded edition. Adestramento Inteligente - Como treinar seu cão e resolver problemas de comportamento | 2015Editora Saraiva Author. Revised and expanded edition. Eu cuido com carinho do meu cão | 2011Editora Caramelo Author, in partnership with veterinarian Regina Rheingantz Motta. Eu cuido com carinho do meu gato| 2011Editora Caramelo Author, in partnership with veterinarian Regina Rheingantz Motta. Cão de Família | 2011Editora Agir Author, in partnership with veterinarian Alida Gerger. Adestramento Inteligente: Técnicas de adestramento e soluções de problemas de comportamento | 2009Editora Saraiva Author. Revised and expanded edition. Os segredos. Series Conhecendo seu melhor amigoEditora Artemeios Author, in partnership with Mauro Anselmo Alves. Meu Irmão, o Cão | 2002Editora Germinal Author, in partnership with veterinarian Regina Rheingantz Motta. Adestramento Inteligente com Amor, Humor e Bom Senso | 1999Editora CMS Author É de Casa I Rede Globo Desafio Pet | Programa Eliana | SBT Missão Pet | National Geographic Dr. Pet | 2009 Sketch about animal behavior of the journalistic program'Domingo Espetacular', broadcast on Sundays by Rede Record.
Participant of the program Mais Você | 2007 a 2008 Variety show, presented by Ana Maria Braga and broadcast from Monday to Friday by Rede Globo. Participant of the program Pra Valer | 2006 Women´s program, presented by Claudete Troiano and broadcast from Monday to Friday by Rede Bandeirantes. Participant of the program Silvia Poppovic | 2005 Presenter of sketch on animal behavior of the Program Sivia Poppovic, broadcast by TV Cultura. Participant of the program Late Show | 2002 a 2005 Program about animals presented by Luisa Mell and broadcast on Sundays by Rede TV!. NewspapersFolha de S. Paulo, Estado de São Paulo, Gazeta Mercantil, Diário Popular, Correio Brasiliense, Diário do Comércio, Notícias do Japão, O Dia, Diário, Agora SP, among others. Magazines Veja, Veja São Paulo, Isto É, Época, Superinteressante, Manchete, Pet Center News, Pulo do Gato, among others. Radio Band News, Jovem Pan, 89, CBN, among others. TelevisionRede Globo, Rede Record, Rede Bandeirantes, TV Cultura, Rede Gospel, Canal Rural, among others.
Alexandre Rossi Official Website Cão Cidadão Book Adestramento Inteligente DVD Dr. Pet