Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American essayist, lecturer and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States. Emerson moved away from the religious and social beliefs of his contemporaries and expressing the philosophy of transcendentalism in his 1836 essay "Nature". Following this work, he gave a speech entitled "The American Scholar" in 1837, which Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. considered to be America's "intellectual Declaration of Independence."Emerson wrote most of his important essays as lectures first and revised them for print. His first two collections of essays, Essays: First Series and Essays: Second Series, represent the core of his thinking, they include the well-known essays "Self-Reliance", "The Over-Soul", "Circles", "The Poet", "Experience."
Together with "Nature", these essays made the decade from the mid-1830s to the mid-1840s Emerson's most fertile period. Emerson wrote on a number of subjects, never espousing fixed philosophical tenets, but developing certain ideas such as individuality, the ability for mankind to realize anything, the relationship between the soul and the surrounding world. Emerson's "nature" was more philosophical than naturalistic: "Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul." Emerson is one of several figures who "took a more pantheist or pandeist approach by rejecting views of God as separate from the world."He remains among the linchpins of the American romantic movement, his work has influenced the thinkers and poets that followed him. "In all my lectures," he wrote, "I have taught one doctrine, the infinitude of the private man." Emerson is well known as a mentor and friend of Henry David Thoreau, a fellow transcendentalist. Emerson was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on May 25, 1803, a son of Ruth Haskins and the Rev. William Emerson, a Unitarian minister.
He was named after his mother's brother his father's great-grandmother Rebecca Waldo. Ralph Waldo was the second of five sons. Three other children—Phebe, John Clarke, Mary Caroline—died in childhood. Emerson was of English ancestry, his family had been in New England since the early colonial period. Emerson's father died from stomach cancer on May 12, 1811, less than two weeks before Emerson's eighth birthday. Emerson was raised with the help of the other women in the family, she lived with the family off and on and maintained a constant correspondence with Emerson until her death in 1863. Emerson's formal schooling began at the Boston Latin School in 1812. In October 1817, at age 14, Emerson went to Harvard College and was appointed freshman messenger for the president, requiring Emerson to fetch delinquent students and send messages to faculty. Midway through his junior year, Emerson began keeping a list of books he had read and started a journal in a series of notebooks that would be called "Wide World".
He took outside jobs to cover his school expenses, including as a waiter for the Junior Commons and as an occasional teacher working with his uncle Samuel and aunt Sarah Ripley in Waltham, Massachusetts. By his senior year, Emerson decided to go by Waldo. Emerson served as Class Poet, he graduated in the exact middle of his class of 59 people. In 1826, faced with poor health, Emerson went to seek a warmer climate, he first found the weather was still too cold. He went farther south, to St. Augustine, where he took long walks on the beach and began writing poetry. While in St. Augustine he made the acquaintance of Prince Achille Murat, the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. Murat was two years his senior; the two engaged in enlightening discussions of religion, society and government. Emerson considered Murat an important figure in his intellectual education. While in St. Augustine, Emerson had his first encounter with slavery. At one point, he attended a meeting of the Bible Society while a slave auction was taking place in the yard outside.
He wrote, "One ear therefore heard the glad tidings of great joy, whilst the other was regaled with'Going, going!'" After Harvard, Emerson assisted his brother William in a school for young women established in their mother's house, after he had established his own school in Chelmsford, Massachusetts. Emerson was accepted into the Harvard Divinity School in late 1824, was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa in 1828. Emerson's brother Edward, two years younger than he, entered the office of the lawyer Daniel Webster, after graduating from Harvard first in his class. Edward's physical health began to deteriorate, he soon suffered a mental collapse as well. Although he recovered his mental equilibrium, he died in 1834 from long-standing tuberculosis. Another of Emerson's bright and promising younger brothers, born in 1808, died in 1836 of tuber
State Road 536, named World Center Drive for its entire length, is an east-west state highway that extends from Interstate 4 near the Epcot theme park to SR 535 in Lake Buena Vista, with the road continuing east to SR 417 and International Drive. SR 536 begins at an interchange with I-4/SR 400 in Lake Buena Vista, with the road continuing west into the Walt Disney World Resort as Epcot Center Drive and providing access to the Epcot theme park section of Disney World. From this interchange it heads east as six-lane divided World Center Drive, passing by two resort hotels and a golf course before intersecting with SR 535. At this intersection, SR 536 ends, with World Center Drive continuing east to International Drive and providing access to an interchange with northbound SR 417, with the westbound lanes coming from a southbound exit of the Greeneway. SR 536 was built in the early 1980s to serve the new Epcot theme park, opened October 1, 1982. After the road was finished, all the land for it, part of the Walt Disney World Resort was de-annexed from the City of Lake Buena Vista and the Reedy Creek Improvement District.
The Good German is the soundtrack, released on the Varèse Sarabande label, of the 2006 Academy Award-nominated film The Good German. The original score was composed by Thomas Newman; the soundtrack was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score. Below is a list of tracks: "Unrecht Oder Recht" – 2:25 "River Havel" – 1:07 "Countless Roundheels" – 1:22 "Such a Boy"" – 1:36 "Kraut Brain Trust" – 1:05 "The Russian Deals" – 1:12 "A Good Dose" – 1:11 "Muller's Billet" – 0:48 "Wittenbergplatz" – 0:46 "Trip Ticket" – 1:41 "Safe House" – 0:57 "A Nazi and a Jew" – 1:51 "Dora" – 2:49 "Kurfürstendamm" – 0:44 "The Big Three" – 1:25 "A Persilschein" – 1:36 "Stickball" – 0:27 "Golem" – 1:10 "The Atom Bomb" – 1:31 "The Good German" – 2:10 "Hannelore" – 1:01 "Occupation Marks" – 1:19 "U-Bahn" – 1:37 "The Brandenburg Gate" – 1:26 "Skinny Lena" – 1:44 "Rockets for Our Side" – 1:50 "Always Something Worse" – 2:05 "Godless People" – 2:43 "Jedem Das Seine" – 2:48