Ramadan Shalah

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Ramadan Shalah
رمضان شلح
Ramadan Shalah.jpg
Secretary-General of the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine
In office
27 October 1995 – 27 September 2018
DeputyZiyad Al-Nakhaleh
Preceded byFathi Shaqaqi
Succeeded byZiad al-Nukhalah
Personal details
Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shalah

(1958-02-01) 1 February 1958 (age 61)
Shuja'iyya, Gaza City, Gaza Strip, Egypt
Political partyIslamic Jihad Movement in Palestine
ResidenceDamascus, Syria
Alma materDurham University (Ph.D)
ProfessionProfessor of Economics

Ramadan Shalah (born 1 February 1958) is the leader of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ).

Early life[edit]

Shalah was born as Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shalah (Arabic: رمضان عبد الله محمد شلح‎) on 1 February 1958 in Shuja'iyya, also called Gaza Sejaiya district, a neighborhood in eastern Gaza City, which at the time was under Egyptian control. In 1967, Gaza came under Israeli control following the Six Day War.[citation needed]


Shalah earned a Ph.D. in banking and economics from the University of Durham, England.

Professor Sami Al-Arian, who later pleaded guilty to helping PIJ and was sentenced to 57 months in prison, helped bring Shalah to Al-Arian's university in Tampa where Shalah then taught as an adjunct professor at the University of South Florida, and where Al-Arian appointed Shalah the head of WISE.

Shalah left in 1995 to head PIJ. Al-Arian said he was shocked to learn Shalah was "anything other than a scholar."[1]

Palestinian Islamic Jihad activity[edit]

Shalah became secretary-general of PIJ after the assassination of its previous leader, Fathi Shiqaqi in Malta in 1995. Shalah was listed as a "Specially Designated Terrorist" under United States law on 27 November 1995.[2]

Along with fellow PIJ member, Abd Al Aziz Awda, Shalah was indicted in a 53 count indictment in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Tampa, Florida, on Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges of alleged involvement in racketeering activities for the designated international terrorist organization known as Palestinian Islamic Jihad. Shalah is wanted for conspiracy to conduct the affairs of the PIJ through a pattern of racketeering activities such as bombings, murders, extortion, and money laundering.[3]

For that indictment, Shalah then became one of six alleged and indicted terrorist fugitives among the second and most recent group of indicted fugitives to be added to the United States FBI Most Wanted Terrorists list on 24 February 2006, along with Abd Al Aziz Awda.[4]

2014 rocket attack[edit]

In March 2014 over 100 rockets were launched into southern Israel by PIJ and other Islamist groups. On 14 March Shalah announced that the attack was coordinated with Hamas. [5]


  1. ^ "Professor Talked of Understanding But Now Reveals Ties to Terrorists". New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Country Reports on Terrorism 2011 Chapter 6. Foreign Terrorist Organizations". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  3. ^ "FBI — RAMADAN ABDULLAH MOHAMMAD SHALLAH". FBI. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  4. ^ "FBI — ABD AL AZIZ AWDA". FBI. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Islamic Jihad Leader: Israel Attack Coordinated with Hamas; Despite Truce, Threatens Tel Aviv - Jewish & Israel News Algemeiner.com". Algemeiner.com. Retrieved 17 December 2014.

External links[edit]