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Ramban Synagogue

The Ramban Synagogue, is the second oldest active synagogue in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was founded by the scholar and rabbi Nachmanides in 1267, to serve the local Jewish community, which expanded because of the synagogue's presence. Today there are two Ramban Synagogues in Jerusalem; the ancient synagogue described in this article stands in the Old City. A second Ramban Synagogue was established after 1948 and rebuilt in 2005, it is located at 4 Amatsya Street in the Katamon neighbourhood of Jerusalem. The foundation of the building comprises vaults resting on Byzantine capitals. Along with the fact that there are no Gothic or Islamic architectural features, this suggests that the original building predates the Crusader period; the synagogue is located three meters below street level, to comply with Muslim restrictions for Dhimmi houses of prayer not to be higher than mosques. After the Disputation of Barcelona, Nachmanides was exiled from Aragon, in 1267 he made aliyah to the Land of Israel.

In an alleged letter to his son, he described the Jewish community of Jerusalem devastated by the Khwarezmian Tatars: Many are its forsaken places, great is the desecration. The more sacred the place, the greater the devastation it has suffered. Jerusalem is the most desolate place of all.... There are ten men who meet on the Sabbaths they hold services at their home.... In its destruction, it is an exceedingly good land. Seventy two years old, he undertook the effort to rebuild the Jewish community and chose a ruined house on Mount Zion to reconstruct it as a synagogue. A number of Jews moved to Jerusalem after hearing of Nachmanides' arrival; the Torah scrolls that were evacuated to Shechem before the Mongol invasion were returned. In three weeks, for Rosh Hashanah, the synagogue was ready for use. In 1586, the synagogue was closed under the order of the Turkish governor of Jerusalem. Subsequently, the Sephardi community established their center in the adjacent place, where the academy belonging to the tanna Yochanan ben Zakai was said to have stood during the Second Temple period.

Today the Yochanan ben Zakai Synagogue stands there. The Nachmanides Synagogue shared a wall with the Sidna Umar Mosque and was described as similar in design. Ottoman authorities issued a Firman to lock the synagogue door due to local complaints of'noisy ceremonies' and further legal disputes were prohibited after the 1598 confiscation. In 1835, the leaders of the community managed to obtain a permission from the Ottoman authorities for the renovation of the synagogues, which were unified into a single unit. Over the years, the building has been the home to the Sephardi community, was converted into a mosque after being confiscated by a Mufti, was used as a flour mill and a cheese factory. Today it is used by the Ashkenazi community. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the building was destroyed by the Arab Legion; as a result of the 1967 Six-Day War, Jews regained access to the property, 700 years after Nachmanides revived the ancient building, the synagogue was reopened. Oldest synagogues in the world Cave of the Ramban Synagogues of the World.

Jerusalem Moshe ben Nahman RaMBaN Synagogue How Nachmanides Rebuilt Jerusalem

C/O Saira Banu

C/O Saira Banu is a 2017 Indian Malayalam legal drama film directed by Antony Sony. It stars Amala Akkineni and Shane Nigam in lead roles; the film marks Akkineni's return to Malayalam cinema after a 25-year hiatus. It was released in India on 17 March 2017 and received positive reviews from box office and critics alike. Movie was superhit at boxoffice. Saira Banu is a post woman. Joshua is the son of a famous photographer Peter George. Peter's unexpected death left Saira as a single mother to Joshua. Joshua, participating in a protest organized by the students of the law college that he is attending, assaults a police officer, he fakes a fractured hand and justifies his conduct revealing this lie to his mother. Joshua puts forward his wish to go abroad for studying photography. Saira is against this but agrees to his wish, their life takes a turn when Joshua is involved in a hit and run case done by his college mate. Due to this case, he is imprisoned. A Bengal migrant is murdered in the case and due to strong recommendation of Bengal Government is handling by Advocate Annie John Tharavady,who only handles any case in which she has confidence in success on.

With the help of a small time lawyer, whom she befriends, Saira seeks out help from various lawyers. When her attempts go in vain she seeks legal aid; as no lawyer was ready to stand with Joshua, Saira decides to advocate herself in the court for him. Though without having any experience in a court, Saira fights for her son in every aspect possible. With Subbu's help she figures out that migrant from bengal are being brought to work in Kerala under phoney names by labour contractors and that multiple labourers have benn brought under same name. Meanwhile she figures out that Advocate Annie John Tharavady's son was responsible for death of the migrant as he drives her car to celebrate his birthday. Saira decides not to blame Advocate Annie John Tharavady's son and brings in a labour who has the same identity as that of the dead migrant; the court drops all charges against Joshua. Saira reveals to Advocate Annie John Tharavady that she had the truth but chose to hide it; the movie ends showing Saira setting out to find the deceased's family and to deliver his death news to them.

Manju Warrier as Saira Banu,a postwoman, mother for adopted son Joshua Peter. Shane Nigam as Joshua Peter Amala Akkineni as Annie John Tharavady Niranjana Anoop as Arundathi Raghavan as District Court Judge Janardhana Kurup Sujith Sankar as Sebastian Jagadeesh as Advocate Ganesh Kumar as Stephen P. Balachandran as Adv. Pappan Joy Mathew as Peter's friend Indrans as construction supervisor John Paul Ashvin Mathew as Adv. Abel Alex Sunil Sukhada as Banu's neighbour Biju Sopanam as Advocate Subbu Kochu Preman as Legal Aid Advocate Amith Chakalakkal as Prince Chakalakkal Pauly Valsan as Radhamma Vettukili Prakash as Warrier Jojet John Master Vaishnav Sainadh as Arjun Mohanlal as Peter George Gilu Joseph as Lawyer C/O Saira Banu is the feature film directorial debut of Sony Antony, known for his Malayalam short film Moonnamidam. Manju Warrier plays the title character a Muslim woman who works as a postwoman. According to her, this was her first Muslim character in her film career. R. J. Shaan who acted in Moonnamidam scripted the film, with additional contributions from Bipin Chandran.

Shane Nigam plays a second year law son of Banu. Earlier, actors like Jayasurya and Fahadh Faasil were considered for the role of the lawyer; the character was turned into a female lawyer and the team approached Amala Akkineni. With the film, Amala Akkineni is returning to Malayalam cinema after a gap of 25 years, since Ulladakkam. C/O Means Complaints of; the film was planned to release in January 2017, but was postponed and released on 17 March 2017 in India. It released in the Middle East on 4 May; this movie collected around 09.0 million from the first day of release. As per the trade analysts, the movie has collected 13.7 million from Kerala box office with a share of 6 million within first three days after the release. The film gained a foothold over the box office over the days; the film received mixed reviews from critics alike. G. Ragesh of Manorama Online gave it a rating of 3/5. "While both Manju and Amala go for matured performances as expected from them, it is Shane who steals the show.

The film has an interesting plot but the sequences hinder its flow at times. It offers funny moments but comic scenes are not as promising as they were meant to be."Deepa Soman of Times of India gave it a rating of 3/5."Amala Akkineni impresses by mouthing some lengthy Malayalam dialogues, that too in the scenes of court room proceedings. Manju Warrier, termed in her first innings as one of the few actresses in Malayalam who can handle humour with ease, hasn't succeeded in regaining her comedy skills yet after the comeback. Most of her attempts at humour fizzle out, but she pulls off the emotional scenes of the film with aplomb. Shane Nigam is the right fit to play Joshua, but one wonders why his expressions are quite limited and uniform – whether angry, sad or indifferent; the film's music by Mejjo Joseph accentuates the scenes quite a bit and is impressive."Manok Kumar. R of Indian Express gave a rating of 2.5 out of 5. "Director Antony Sony's debut film packs some neat performances and enough surprises to keep the audience hooked to the story.

Manju walks away with the film with her charming performance. Shane is convincing as an innocent teenager but it seems like he has one fixed look

First Congregational Church (Manhattan, Kansas)

First Congregational United Church of Christ is a historic church at 700 Poyntz Avenue in Manhattan, Kansas. On April 22, 1855, the Rev. Charles Blood conducted a worship service in the vicinity of the present church property; the sanctuary was a tent, a trunk served as the pulpit, worshippers were seated on boxes and kegs. The text for the sermon was from the Acts of the Apostles: "Those who have turned the world upside down have come hither, also." The Rev. Blood was an abolitionist preacher educated at Lane Theological Seminary, Ohio, so the text was appropriate. In subsequent months, services were held in the tent in a log cabin, in private homes, in a store building, in a new school building on Poyntz Avenue west of Ninth Street; such was the beginning of the second Congregational church in the Kansas Territory. On January 6, 1856, the fledgling church was established by the adoption of a constitution. There were 12 charter members. Soon after, talk of a building began; the Manhattan town companies gave three lots to the church for the erection of a building along with 40 additional lots to be sold to finance the building project.

In 1858, the original stone church was begun. Donors to its construction included Owen Lovejoy, Stephen A. Douglas, Abraham Lincoln; the church was nearly finished in May 1859 when a tornado destroyed the roof, but repairs proceeded quickly. On July 24, 1859, the building was dedicated; the Rev. Richard Cordley of Plymouth Church, was the guest preacher, Mrs. Blood wrote a hymn for the occasion titled "O Thou Glorious Sovereign Lord." The hymn was used that same year at the laying of the cornerstone of Blue Mont Central College, the predecessor to Kansas State University. Today, that first building still serves the congregation as Pioneer Hall. Weekly worship continues now in the Taizé tradition, it is the oldest Protestant church building in Kansas still in use by its original congregation. There have been many additions to the original building over the years—notably the present Sanctuary constructed in 1904 and renovated in 2000, a 1990 addition including new offices, meeting space and kitchen.

In 2000 the congregation called an gay man as pastor, in 2003 the congregation unanimously adopted an Open and Affirming Statement, in 2014 it enthusiastically called the Rev. Caela Simmons Wood as Pastor, the first woman told hold that office in the congregation's history. First Congregational UCC was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. Official website of congregation Historical information