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Rashaya

Rashaya, Rashaiya, Rashayya or Rachaiya known as Rashaya al-Wadi or Rachaya el-Wadi, is a town of the Rashaya District in the south of the Beqaa Governorate of Lebanon. It is situated at around 1,350 metres above sea level on the western slopes of Mount Hermon, south east of Beirut near the Syrian border, halfway between Jezzine and Damascus. Rashaya has a population of around 6,000 to 7,500 that are Druze, it is still considered to be a traditional Lebanese town with its old cobbled streets and small shops though it witnessed in recent years a slight expansion of buildings. It retains a distinguished character of traditional stone houses with red tiled roofs; the small souk in the middle of the town offers various shops selling local crafts and inexpensive goods. There is a renovated goldsmiths selling an assortment of gold and silver jewelry in Byzantine and other styles; the nearby Faqaa forest is classified as a protected area and Pine nuts from the local conifer trees are used in traditional cooking.

The Al-Aryan family was a prominent part of the Druze community in Rashaya in the 19th century and a branch, now called the Aryain family still inhabit the town. Rashaya has a dozen of Druze khalwaat. There is a Greek Catholic Church and a Syriac Catholic Church along with the Saint Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church. There have been findings of Paleolithic and Heavy Neolithic stone age tools near the town of Qaraoun along with Trihedral Neolithic material recovered nearby at Joub Jannine, both in the Western Bekaa province; the remains of a Roman temple can be seen on the left side of the road leading from Rashaya to the village of Aaiha, one of several Temples of Mount Hermon. Neolithic flints were found in the hills 3 kilometres north of the town. There is a significant Neolithic site nearby at Kawkaba where fragments of agricultural tools such as basalt hoes have been found with faded dating suggesting the 6th millennium or earlier; the Rashaya Citadel known as the Citadel of Independence, has been declared a national monument, having been first built as a palace by the Shihab family in the 18th century.

It is now stationed by the Lebanese Armed Forces and can be visited and seen under the army's surveillance. In June 1860, the town was the scene of a massacre, where two hundred and sixty five Christians were killed by Druze forces, some within the citadel. Around one thousand victims were killed in the areas of Rashaya between 10 and 13 June. In November and December 1925, the town was engulfed and nearly obliterated by one of the largest battles of the Great Druze Revolt, when four hundred and twenty nine Christian homes were either damaged or destroyed. Three thousand Druze under Zayd Beg besieged the citadel of French legionnaires under a Captain Granger between 20 and 24 November; the Druze suffered their first major defeat to French reinforcements, with heavy casualties marking a turning point in the Druze invasion of southern Lebanon. Under the French Mandate and on 11 November 1943, Rashaya witnessed the arrest and the imprisonment of the Lebanese national leaders in its citadel by the Free French troops.

This led to a national and international pressure in demand for their release, obliging France to obey. On November 22, 1943, the prisoners were released, that day was declared the Lebanese Independence Day. Rashaya is situated on a karst topography of grey or creamy-white, jurassic limestone with a thickness of up to 1 kilometre; the Rashaya Fault has been defined as a left-lateral strike-slip fault that cuts into Mount Hermon and is an extension of the Banias Fault. It may be active; the danger of earthquakes is not high and there have been none on record. It runs a few kilometers east of the Hasbaya Fault, which in turn runs parallel to the Jordan valley; the Rashaya Fault may have experienced up to 1 kilometre of Quaternary horizontal movement and small breaches on the associated strands from it have developed small basins. The danger of earthquakes is not high and there have been none recorded from the fault. Rashaya receives between 650 millimetres and 750 millimetres of rainfall each year with around two fifths of this amount falling between November and March.

It has an average annual temperature of 15 °C, varying between 35 °C in the summer season down to −5 °C in winter. The dominant wind direction is east to west from which the town is somewhat sheltered by the mountains; the economy of the town is based on agriculture, the services and tourism industries. The town has three grape molasses factories. Rashaya was designated one of nine poverty areas within Lebanon in a survey of 2002; the World Bank and U. S. Aid has financed development projects in the area with the assistance of other NGOs. Projects have included a $500,000 waste water treatment plant and redecoration of the town's guesthouse in 2007. Grown crops include cherries, olives and grapes; some wild cucumbers are grown, however vegetables are less grown due to low rainfall. Animal husbandry is practiced with goats, of which the Labneh variety is a popular staple food for locals. Tree species such as oak, wild pistachio and sumac grow in the area. A variety of jackals and foxes, snakes and rodents live in the area along with various species of migratory birds.

Lebanon Atlas Rashaya on www.discoverlebanon.com Panoramic view of Rashaya on www.discoverlebanon.com Panoramic view from th

Georgia State Route 326

State Route 326 is a 16.4-mile-long southwest-to-northeast state highway located in rural areas of the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. Its route travels within portions of Jackson and Franklin counties. SR 326 begins at an intersection with US 441 Bus./SR 98 in downtown Commerce, in Jackson County. At this point, it is known as Central Avenue, which continues past the western terminus of the state highway. SR 326 intersects State Street, it turns right onto State Street and passes the Commerce Civic Center, before curving back to the northeast. The highway intersects US 441/SR 15 shortly before leaving the city limits of Commerce. At this intersection, the highway becomes known as Old Carnesville Road. During a brief eastward bend, it enters Banks County, it curves again to the northeast. At an intersection with the southeastern terminus of Brown Bridge Road and the southwestern terminus of Duncan Road, SR 326 turns to the right, continuing to follow Old Carnesville Road, it curves to the east-northeast and to the north-northeast and intersects the southeastern terminus of the aforementioned Duncan Road just before beginning to travel along the Banks–Franklin county line.

At the county line, the "Old Carnesville Road" name ends. It curves to the north-northwest and crosses over the Hudson River, where the highway enters Franklin County proper; the highway makes a gradual curve to the northeast and curve to the north, where it intersects the eastern terminus of Bold Springs Road and the southern terminus of Bold Springs Church Road. At this intersection, SR 326 turns right onto Bold Springs Road for just over 2,000 feet. There, it diverges from that road and curve to the northeast and crosses over Carlan and Nails Creeks. After bending to the east-northeast, it intersects SR 51. Just over 4,000 feet it meets its eastern terminus, an intersection with SR 106 south-southwest of Carnesville. SR 326 is not part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility. Georgia portal U. S. Roads portal

Sekondi Wise Fighters

Sekondi Eleven Wise is a Ghanaian professional association football club, based in Sekondi competing in the Poly Tank Division One League. Affectionately called the Western Show Boys, they are arguably the most popular and best supported football team in the Western Region of Ghana; the club has a long-standing tradition of playing the type of fascinating and entertaining game punctuated with eye-pleasing dribbling that keep fans on their toes. The club was formed in 1919. Inspired by burly forward player Edward Acquah, Eleven Wise won the national league in 1960 after two fruitless attempts; the formation of model club Real Republikans in 1961, robbed Wise of their livewire, Edward Acquah and the “Show Boys” made a poor show in the defence of the league title. In October 2008 who suffered relegation to the lower division more than a decade ago, put up an impressive performance to thrash Norchip 3–1 in their premiership campaign opener, that made many fans that turned up to witness the encounter tip the Sekondi lads for a comeback including their CEO.

One Touch Premier League: 11960 as of 12 October 2011Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Chairman: Papa Ankomah Vice-President: Dr. John Ackah Blay-Miezah President: Alhaji Soldier Technical Director: Nana Agyemang Director of Sport: Charles Akonnor Brand & Communications Director: Charles Osei Asibey Administrative manager: Walter Yankah Chief executive officer: Jamil Maraby Head Coach: Hans-Dieter Schmidt Assistant Coach

Masohi

Masohi is a coastal town on the Indonesian island of Seram. It is the capital of the Central Maluku Regency, it was the site of a detention camp for political prisoners in the 1970s. The headquarters of Manusela National Park is located in Masohi; the Maluku sectarian conflict impacted Masohi at the end of 1999 and in early 2000. A fresh outbreak of violence occurred in 2008 in Masohi over alleged blasphemy by a teacher. Dozens of houses were burnt, as well as a church and a village hall. Five injuries were reported. Roads run west along the coast from Masohi. Another road goes over the mountains to Wahai on the north coast. An airport exists here, linking Masohi with Banda; the sea port serves boats arriving from Ambon and other parts of the Moluccas. Points of interest include a small lake, Ihu Allah. Ceram: the Mother Island of Central Maluku

Ian Leslie

Ian Craig Leslie OAM is an Australian television journalist and corporate communicator. He is best known for a Tweet in 2016 that incorrectly called the 2016 United States Presidential Election and Brexit. Ian Craig Leslie was born in Dutch East Indies. Leslie was born one of twins in Bandung, Indonesia to his mother Lydia, he had an elder brother and two aunts. At the time, his father William was interned in a POW camp in West central Java and would not see the twins until the Japanese surrender three and a half years later, his father was from Aberdeen and mother was born in Gnadenfeld, Ukraine. Both migrated from war torn Europe for a better life in the thriving Dutch-British East Indies, his mother’s family was of white Russian origin and fled their homeland to escape persecution under the Communist Bolshevik tyranny. They raised their four children in Java where William Leslie was a manager for a large Anglo-Dutch export company. An idyllic life ended abruptly with the Japanese Imperial Army’s invasion in February 1942.

For his first three years and his family spent life behind bamboo as POWs in a separate camp to his father. Despite the ravages of prison life and starvation and lack of medical aid the Leslies survived. In August 1945 at the end of the Pacific War, the Leslies were evacuated back to Scotland. In 1947 William Leslie took his family back to Indonesia to resume career. What they saw was a different country to the one they had left three years earlier. Nationalism had replaced Dutch-Anglo colonial rule. Communist insurgents under President Sukarno waged a war of independence. Indonesia was no longer a safe place to raise a family, with politically motivated attacks on Europeans becoming a daily occurrence. In 1950 they moved to Toowoomba, Australia. Ian Leslie is a member of the Australian branch of Clan Leslie. Ian was educated at Church of Toowoomba State High. Logie Award 1973 Best News Report Walkley Award 1979 Best Current Affairs Report Logie Award 1981 Outstanding Public Affairs Report Logie Award 1985 Reporter of the Year Medal of the Order of Australia in the Queen's Birthday Honours 2009 for services to the media in current affairs journalism, to the community He was a visiting fellow at the American Library in Paris in the spring of 2019 Leslie became a cadet journalist in Toowoomba in 1962 with the local newspaper/television group, rising to News Editor.

He moved to Sydney in 1972 as a senior reporter with the Ten Network. In 1977 he transferred to the Nine Network to join A Current Affair. In 1979 the Australian edition of 60 Minutes was launched on the Nine Network, with Ian Leslie, Ray Martin and George Negus as the original reporting team, he remained in that role for the next 11 years, until 1989. In his time with 60 Minutes he will be remembered most for his compassionate reporting where children were involved and for his unwavering commitment to expose suffering in Australia and in developing countries. Leslie covered conflicts in most of the world's major trouble spots: Uganda, Mozambique, Thailand, Philippines, Korea, Indonesia and Northern Ireland, he is the only Australian journalist to have interviewed the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. He interviewed many other world leaders including Indian Prime Minister Moraji Desai, Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, Presidents Ferdinand Marcos, Godfrey Beniza, Milton Obote and Yoweri Muzeweri.

In 1989 he re-joined the Ten Network to manage and produce prime time documentaries and special projects, becoming the Ten Evening News anchor. In 1990 Ian Leslie formed a production company specialising in corporate communications. In 2005 he anchored Fox Television's award- winning documentary series Running On Empty. On a 60 Minutes assignment in the Philippines, a Moro guerrilla pulled a revolver from his holster, put it against Leslie's head and pulled the trigger. Leslie had no idea. In 1966, Leslie married Jan Penhaligon, they have two children and Peter, three grand children, Zavia and Sienna. Jan was educated at PGC College Warwick, she has degree in A Mus A and ATCL having topped the State's music exams. Daughter Jayne has a degree in Drama from the West Australian Academy of Dramatic Arts, she runs her own business coaching company. Son Peter is an accomplished television cameraman, covering major sporting events in Australia and overseas, including the Sydney 2000 Olympics and Beijing 2008 Olympics

Italian opera

Italian opera is both the art of opera in Italy and opera in the Italian language. Opera was born in Italy around the year 1600 and Italian opera has continued to play a dominant role in the history of the form until the present day. Many famous operas in Italian were written by foreign composers, including Handel and Mozart. Works by native Italian composers of the 19th and early 20th centuries, such as Rossini, Donizetti and Puccini, are amongst the most famous operas written and today are performed in opera houses across the world. Dafne by Jacopo Peri was the earliest composition considered opera. Peri's works, did not arise out of a creative vacuum in the area of sung drama. An underlying prerequisite for the creation of opera proper was the practice of monody. Monody is the solo singing/setting of a conceived melody, designed to express the emotional content of the text it carries, accompanied by a simple sequence of chords rather than other polyphonic parts. Italian composers began composing in this style late in the 16th century, it grew in part from the long-standing practise of performing polyphonic madrigals with one singer accompanied by an instrumental rendition of the other parts, as well as the rising popularity of more popular, more homophonic vocal genres such as the frottola and the villanella.

In these latter two genres, the increasing tendency was toward a more homophonic texture, with the top part featuring an elaborate, active melody, the lower ones a less active supporting structure. From this, it was only a small step to fully-fledged monody. All such works tended to set humanist poetry of a type that attempted to imitate Petrarch and his Trecento followers, another element of the period's tendency toward a desire for restoration of principles it associated with a mixed-up notion of antiquity; the solo madrigal, frottola and their kin featured prominently in the intermedio or intermezzo, theatrical spectacles with music that were funded in the last seventy years of the 16th century by the opulent and secular courts of Italy's city-states. Such spectacles were staged to commemorate significant state events: weddings, military victories, the like, alternated in performance with the acts of plays. Like the opera, an intermedio featured the aforementioned solo singing, but madrigals performed in their typical multi-voice texture, dancing accompanied by the present instrumentalists.

They were lavishly staged, led the scenography of the second half of the 16th century. The intermedi tended not to tell a story as such, although they did, but nearly always focused on some particular element of human emotion or experience, expressed through mythological allegory; the staging in 1600 of Peri's opera Euridice as part of the celebrations for a Medici wedding, the occasions for the most spectacular and internationally famous intermedi of the previous century, was a crucial development for the new form, putting it in the mainstream of lavish courtly entertainment. Another popular court entertainment at this time was the "madrigal comedy" also called "madrigal opera" by musicologists familiar with the genre; this consisted of a series of madrigals strung together to suggest a dramatic narrative, but not staged. There were two staged musical "pastoral"s, Il Satiro and La Disperazione di Fileno, both produced in 1590 and written by Emilio de' Cavalieri. Although these lost works seem only to have included arias, with no recitative, they were what Peri was referring to, in his preface to the published edition of his Euridice, when he wrote: "Signor Emilio del Cavalieri, before any other of whom I know, enabled us to hear our kind of music upon the stage".

Other pastoral plays had long included some musical numbers. The music of Dafne is now lost; the first opera for which music has survived was performed in 1600 at the wedding of Henry IV of France and Marie de Medici at the Pitti Palace in Florence. The opera, with a libretto by Rinuccini, set to music by Peri and Giulio Caccini, recounted the story of Orpheus and Eurydice; the style of singing favored by Peri and Caccini was a heightened form of natural speech, dramatic recitative supported by instrumental string music. Recitative thus preceded the development of arias, though it soon became the custom to include separate songs and instrumental interludes during periods when voices were silent. Both Dafne and Euridice included choruses commenting on the action at the end of each act in the manner of Greek tragedy; the theme of Orpheus, the demi-god of music, was understandably popular and attracted Claudio Monteverdi who wrote his first opera, La Favola d'Orfeo, in 1607 for the court of Mantua.

Monteverdi insisted on a strong relationship between music. When Orfeo was performed in Mantua, an orchestra of 38 instruments, numerous choruses and recitatives were used to make a lively drama, it was a far more ambitious version than those performed — more opulent, more varied in recitatives, more exotic in scenery — with stronger musical climaxes which allowed the full scope for the virtuosity of the singers. Opera had revealed its first stage of maturity in the hands of Monteverdi. L'Orfeo has the distinction of being the earliest surviving opera, still performed today. Within a few decades opera had spread throughout Italy. In Rome, it found an advocate in librettist Giulio Rospigliosi. Rospigliosi'