Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum

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His Highness Sheikh
(صاحب السمو الأمير والشيخ)

Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم
Abdula latif Galadari.jpg
Sheikh Rashid Al Maktoum, sitting to the left of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, in 1979
Ruler of Dubai
Reign
10 September 1958 – 7 October 1990
Preceded bySaeed II
Succeeded byMaktoum III
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
In office
25 April 1979 – 7 October 1990
PresidentZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
DeputyHamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded byMaktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Succeeded byMaktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Vice President of the United Arab Emirates
In office
2 December 1971 – 7 October 1990
PresidentZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byMaktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Personal details
Born11 June 1912
Dubai, Trucial States
Died7 October 1990 (aged 78)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
NationalityEmirati
Spouse(s)Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan bin Zayed al Nahyan (d.1983)[1]
ChildrenMaktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Latifa bint Rashid Al Maktoum
Fatima bint Rashid Al Maktoum
MotherSheikha Hessa bint Al Murr[2]
FatherSaeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
ReligionIslam

Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum pronounced Râshid bin Sa`îd Âl Makṫûm (11 June 1912 – 7 October 1990) (Arabic: راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم‎) was the Vice-President and 2nd Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Emîr (Arabic: أمير‎) (Ruler) of the Emirate of Dubai. He ruled the emirate for 32 years from 1958 until his death in 1990.[3]

Development of Dubai[edit]

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum was responsible for the transformation of Dubai from a small cluster of settlements near the Dubai Creek to a modern port city and commercial hub.[4] His famous line, "My grandfather rode a camel, my father rode a camel, I drive a Mercedes, my son drives a Land Rover, his son will drive a Land Rover, but his son will ride a camel",[5] reflected his concern that Dubai's oil, which was discovered in 1966 and which began production in 1969, would run out within a few generations. He therefore worked to develop the economy of Dubai so that it could survive after the end of oil production, and was a driving force behind a number of major infrastructure projects to promote Dubai as a regional hub for trade:

  1. Port Rashid (opened in 1972)
  2. Al Shindagha Tunnel (opened in 1975)
  3. Jebel Ali Port (opened in 1979)
  4. Dubai World Trade Centre (built in 1978)
  5. The second major dredging and widening of the Dubai Creek (early 1970s)[6]
  6. Dubai Drydocks (opened in 1983)

Relationship with other emirates[edit]

Dubai remained in a stand-off with Abu Dhabi at the time Sheikh Rashid became Ruler of Dubai following the armed border dispute between the two emirates in 1946, and he established a close relationship with Qatar. Sheikh Rashid's daughter married the Emir of Qatar in 1961. In 1966, India devalued the rupee, and Qatar and Dubai adopted the Gulf rupee as a common currency, whilst Abu Dhabi adopted the Bahraini dinar.

The Emir of Kuwait assisted in the financing of the Dredging of the Creek, along with a popular issue of bonds, the 'creek bonds' and revenue derived from land reclamation made possible by the dredging.[4] The project resulted in Dubai's rising prominence as an entrepôt, a position cemented by the visionary construction of a 15-berth deep water port, Port Rashid, starting in 1969

Sheikh Rashid brought Dubai to join Abu Dhabi and other northern Emirates to create the United Arab Emirates in 1971, and in 1973, Dubai joined the other emirates to adopt a uniform currency, the UAE dirham.

Jebel Ali port was established in 1979, and the customs free zone Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) was built around the port in 1985. By the late 1990s JAFZ developed into a commercial free zone.

Family[edit]

Left to right: Sheikh Rashid, Adi Bitar, and Sheikh Rashid's sons Mohammed and Maktoum, both future rulers of Dubai, in 1968

Sheikh Rashid Al Maktoum married once to Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan Al Nahyan, the daughter of Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Al Nayhan and Al Maktoum had four sons and four daughters:

  1. Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (1943–2006).
  2. Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1945).
  3. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1949).
  4. Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1950).
  5. Maryam bint Rashid Al Maktoum married to first Qatari emir, Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani.[7]
  6. Fatima bint Rashid Al Maktoum.[citation needed] Married to Rashid bin Khalifa Al Maktoum one son and Daughter Mohammed and Latifa 1996
  7. Hassa bint Rashid Al Maktoum married to Ahmad bin Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum they have Latifa and Rashid
  8. Maitha bint Rashid Al Maktoum
  9. Shaikha bint Rashid Al Maktoum married to the Saudi Prince Abdulaziz bin Saud bin Mohammed Al Saud known as Al Samer very famous poet. They have 3 sons Rashid ( b. 1996) Saud, and Mohammed.

Both his predecessor and successor as Prime Minister of the UAE was his son, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid was the Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates from 1971 to 1979, and acceded as Ruler of Dubai on his father's death on 7 October 1990, until his death on 4 January 2006. Following Maktoum's death in 2006, another of Sheikh Rashid's sons, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, acceded to these positions and is the current Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and the ruler of Dubai.[8]

Sheikh Rashid was half-brother—46 years older—to Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, presently the Chairman of Emirates Airline.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pallister, David (8 October 1990). "Ruler of Dubai dies aged 80". The Guardian. p. 6. Retrieved 4 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com. The sheikh's wife, Sheikha Latifa, a member of Abu Dhabi's ruling family, died in 1983.Free to read
  2. ^ "About Dubai". Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  3. ^ "The late Vice President Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum". UAE Cabinet. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  4. ^ a b Wilson, Graeme (1999). Father of Dubai: Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. UAE: Media Prima. pp. 1–232. ISBN 9789948856450.
  5. ^ Gluckman, Ron. "Hong Kong of the Desert?". Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  6. ^ Ruling Shaikhs and Her Majesty's Government, 1960-1969. Joyce, Miriam. Routledge. 2003
  7. ^ Peterson, J. E. "Rulers, Merchants and Shaikhs in Gulf Politics" (PDF). The Gulf Family. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  8. ^ Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2012.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
Ruler of Dubai
1958–1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
1979–1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum