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Rathmines is an inner suburb on the southside of Dublin, about 3 kilometres south of the city centre. It begins at the south side of the Grand Canal and stretches along the Rathmines Road as far as Rathgar to the south, Ranelagh to the east and Harold's Cross to the west, it is situated in the city's Dublin 6 postal district. Rathmines has thriving commercial and civil activity and is well known across Ireland as part of a traditional "flatland" - providing rented accommodation to newly arrived junior civil servants and third level students coming from outside the city since the 1930s. In more recent times, Rathmines has diversified its housing stock and many houses have been gentrified by the wealthier beneficiaries of Ireland's economic boom of the 1990s. Rathmines, nonetheless, is said to have a cosmopolitan air, has a diverse international population and has always been home to groups of new immigrant communities and indigenous ethnic minorities. In the 2006 Census, Rathmines had a population of 38,106.

Rathmines is an Anglicisation of the Irish Ráth Maonais, meaning "ringfort of Maonas"/"fort of Maonas". The name Maonas is derived from Maoghnes or the Norman name de Meones, after the de Meones family who settled in Dublin about 1280. Like many of the surrounding areas, it arose from a fortified structure which would have been the centre of civic and commercial activity from the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th century. Rathgar and Rathfarnham are further examples of Dublin placenames deriving from a similar root. Rathmines has a long history stretching back to the 14th century. At this time and surrounding hinterland were part of the ecclesiastical lands called Cuallu or Cuallan the vast Parish of Cullenswood, which gave its name to a nearby area. Cuallu is mentioned in local surveys from 1326 as part of the manor of St. Sepulchre. There is some evidence of an established settlement around a rath as far back as 1350. Rathmines is part of the Barony of Uppercross, one of the many baronies surrounding the old city of Dublin, bound as it was by walls, some of which are still visible.

In more recent times, Rathmines was a popular suburb of Dublin, attracting the wealthy and powerful seeking refuge from the poor living conditions of the city from the middle of the 19th century. A substantial mansion called Rathmines Old Castle, was built in the seventeenth century at present day Palmerstown Park, rebuilt in the eighteenth. Rathmines is arguably best known for a bloody battle that took place there in 1649, during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, leading to the death of up to 5,000 people; the Battle of Rathmines took place on 2 August 1649 and led to the routing of Royalist forces in Ireland shortly after this time. Some have compared the Battle of Rathmines - or sometimes Baggotrath - as equal in political importance to England's Battle of Naseby; the battle brought a swift end to the ongoing Royalist Siege of Dublin. In the early 1790s the Grand Canal was constructed on the northern edge of Rathmines, connecting Rathmines with Portobello via the La Touch Bridge. For several hundred years Rathmines was the location of a "spa" - in fact a spring - the water of, said to have health-giving properties.

It attracted people with all manner of ailments to the area. In the 19th century it was called the "Grattan Spa", as it was located on property once belonging to Henry Grattan, close to Portobello Bridge; the "spa" fell into a state of neglect as the century progressed, until disputes arose between those who wished to preserve it and those who wished to get rid of it altogether. In 1872 a Dr. O'Leary, who held a high estimate of the water quality, reported that the "spa" was in "a most disgraceful state of repair", upon which the developer and alderman Frederick Stokes sent samples to the medical inspector, Dr. Cameron, for analysis. Dr. Cameron, a great lover of authority, reported: "It was, in all probability the drainings of some ancient disused sewer, not a chalybeate spring." Access to the site was blocked up and the once popular "spa" faded from public memory. The Westminster parliamentary borough of Rathmines had a unionist majority up to independence in 1922; the last Member of Parliament it returned was Maurice Dockrell.

On 25 April 1916, during the Easter Rising, Captain John Bowen-Colthurst, an officer of the 3rd battalion Royal Irish Rifles, went on a raiding party in Rathmines holding Francis Sheehy-Skeffington as hostage. At Rathmines Road he shot dead 19-year-old James Joseph Coade of 28 Mountpleasant Avenue. Coade had been attending a Sodality meeting at the nearby Catholic Church of Our Lady of Refuge. Sheehy-Skeffington was shot dead in Portobello Barracks. Rathmines Church was used as a weapons store during the War of Independence. On 26 January 1920 a fire started at the electrical switchboard in the vestry. There were reports of several members of'A' Company of the IRA Dublin Brigade entering the church during the fire to retrieve the weapons; the fire caused £30-35,000 worth of damage and the destroyed the dome. During the Irish Civil War, Séamus Dwyer, a pro-treaty Sinn Féin politician, was shot dead in his shop at 5 Rathmines Terrace by an unknown gunman on 20 December 1922, he had been an intelligence officer with the Dublin Brigade of the IRA during the War of Independen

Phillip Island 500

The Phillip Island 500 was an annual motor racing event, last held for Supercars at the Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit in Phillip Island, Victoria. The race had three distinct eras. From 1960 to 1962, Phillip Island hosted the Armstrong 500, a 500-mile race which evolved into the Bathurst 1000; the 1971 and 1972 races were open to Group E Series Production Touring Cars. With the demise of the Group E category at the end of 1972 the event switched to Group C Touring Car regulations; the 500K was a round of the Australian Manufacturers' Championship from 1971 to 1975 and counted towards both the Australian Championship of Makes and the Australian Touring Car Championship in 197s6 and 1977. The event name changed throughout this period according to the sponsorship each year. Colin Bond and Peter Brock dominated the event in the 1970s, winning five of the seven events between them. In 1972, Allan Moffat won the event, in what is to this day the only Phillip Island 500 win for Ford; the race was revived in 2008 as two-driver endurance event for V8 Supercars, replacing the Sandown 500 as the lead-in event to the annual Bathurst 1000 race.

The format featured two short races on Saturday, one for each co-driver, that set the grid, before the traditional 500 km race on the Sunday. It remained part of the V8 Supercar Championship Series for four consecutive years before the Sandown 500 was reinstated as the host of the 500 km championship race for the 2012 season; this iteration of the event was dominated by the Holden Racing Team and Triple Eight Race Engineering, winning two races each. The Triple Eight entry of Craig Lowndes and Jamie Whincup led the other two events late in the race, before being overtaken by the Holden Racing Team's Garth Tander; the 2008 event saw Tander, driving with Mark Skaife, win after Whincup lost the lead due to an error. In 2009, this time driving with Will Davison, passed Lowndes, who had a deflating tyre, on the final lap. For the 2010 season, a rules change forced a team's primary drivers to be split across their two cars, therefore Lowndes and Whincup were split up, with vastly different outcomes.

Whincup lost a third race from the lead in three years following an engine failure, whilst Lowndes would go on to win, this time with Skaife. This occurred ten years after Skaife had won the Queensland 500 driving together; the final running of the event in 2011 saw Lowndes and Skaife win again, leading home a Triple Eight one-two finish ahead of Whincup and Andrew Thompson. The win saw Skaife level Colin Bond as the only drivers to win the event three times. In 2017, the Phillip Island SuperSprint format was dropped in favour of two 250 km races, which led to the revival of the Phillip Island 500 name; the event itself was marred by a spate of tyre failures across the weekend, while Ford were able to break their 45 year drought at the event. After one more event using the format, the Phillip Island event returned to SuperSprint status in 2019. 1974: RE-PO 1976: Rover 1977: Ready Plan Insurance 2008–11: L&H 2017–18: WD-40 List of Australian Touring Car Championship races Phillip Island SuperSprint


Aşıkşenlik is a belde in Ardahan Province, Turkey. The present name of the town refers to a folk poet. Aşıkşenlik is in Çıldır district of Ardahan Province. At 41°09′N 43°13′E it is 7 kilometres to Çıldır, 45 kilometres to Ardahan and 4 kilometres to Georgia border check point, it is situated in a high altitude wetland. The population of the town is 896 as of 2010. Aşıkşenlik is an old settlement It was captured by Seljukid sultan Alp Arslan in 1064. After Harzemshah and Mongols dominations it was annexed by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman I in 1546. According to Evliya Çelebi who lived in the 17th century, Aşıkşenlik was one of the wealthiest towns of the Ottoman Empire in the east. In 1877 Russians captured Aşıkşenlik during the Russo-Turkish War, but in 1921 it was returned to Turkey. It was declared township in 1966. Animal husbandry is the main economic sector. Ovine and cattle as well as goose are raised. Although the border check point is nearby, the gate is closed and at the moment there is no revenue from border trade

Makhdoom Sharfuddin Ahmed Yahya Maneri

Makhdoom Sharfuddin Ahmed bin Yahya Maneri, popularly known as Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Bihari and Makhdoom-e-Jahan, was a 13th-century Sufi mystic. Sheikh Sharfuddin Ahmed was born on July 1264 A. D. at Maner, a village near Patna in Bihar. His father was Makhdoom Kamaluddin Yahya Maneri bin Israel bin Taj Faqeeh from Al-Khaleel, a Sufi saint of Maner, his maternal grandfather Shahabuddin JagjotBalkhi, whose tomb is located at Kachchi Dargah in Patna district, was a revered Sufi. At age 12, he left Maner to gain traditional knowledge of Arabic, logic and religion, he was tutored by Ashraf-Uddin Abu Towama Bukhari, a famous scholar from Sonargaon near Narainganj with whom he spent 24 years. At first, he refused to marry but, upon falling ill, he married Bibi Badaam, he left home after the birth of his son Zakiuddin in 1289 A. D, his son died in Bengal. After completing his education he left for Delhi where he met other Sufis, his elder brother Makhdoom Jaleeluddin Maneri accompanied him there, introduced him to his pir Sheikh Najeebuddin Firdausi.

In Delhi, he became a disciple of Sheikh Najeebuddin Firdausi of Mehrauli and was given the title of Firdausi. To shun material comforts, Sheikh Sharfuddin Ahmed bin Yahya Maneri went into the forest of Bihiya, he went to Rajgir where he performed ascetic exercises in the hills. A hot spring close to a place where he prayed in Rajgir is named Makhdoom Kund in his memory. After 30 years in the forests, Sheikh Sharfuddin Ahmed bin Yahya Maneri settled at Bihar Sharif. Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq built a Khanqah for him where he taught and trained disciples in Sufism, he devoted his life to writing. The collection of his letters and sermons received wide acclaim, his Maktoobat is regarded as a ‘working manual’ amongst the highest in Sufi circles. Maktubat-i-Sadi, a'Series of a Hundred Letters' addressed to his disciple Qazi Shamsuddîn in 747 Hijra. Maktubat-i-Bist-o-hasht, a'Series of 28 Letters', replies to the correspondence of his senior disciple, the prince of Balkh. Fawaed-i-Ruknî, brief Notes prepared for the use of his disciple Rukn-ud-dîn.

He died in 1381 A. D.. The funeral prayer was said according to his will, which decreed that it be led by a Sufi from Semnan, on his way to Pandua in Malda district of West Bengal to pledge spiritual allegiance on the hands of the renowned Sufi Alaul Haq Pandavi and enter into the Chishti spiritual order. Accordingly, Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani led the funeral prayers, his tomb lies at Badi Dargah, in a mosque to the east of a large tank, with masonry walls and ghats, pillared porticos. The tomb is situated in an enclosure half filled with graves and ancient trees, on the north and west of which are three domed mosque and cloisters, his tomb is a place of sanctity for devout Muslims. A five-day Urs is celebrated every year from 5th Shawwal with traditional zeal

Craig Shipley

Craig Barry Shipley is an Australian-born executive and former player in Major League Baseball. On 16 November 2012, he was appointed special assistant to Arizona Diamondbacks general manager Kevin Towers; as a player, he was an infielder for the Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Mets, San Diego Padres, Houston Astros and Anaheim Angels. He played collegiately at the University of Alabama. Shipley threw right-handed, he helped the Padres win the 1996 National League Western Division championship, appearing in 33 games played – 21 after 31 July – and batting.315 with 29 hits, five doubles, one home run, seven runs batted in and seven stolen bases. In the field, he started at four different defensive positions: second base, third base and right field. However, he did not appear in the postseason. In 11 seasons Shipley played in 582 games and had 1,345 at bats, 155 runs scored, 364 hits, 63 doubles, six triples, 20 home runs, 138 RBI, 33 stolen bases, 47 bases on balls, a.271 batting average.302 on-base percentage.371 slugging percentage, 499 total bases, 15 sacrifice hits, nine sacrifice flies and 7 intentional walks.

Shipley's post-playing career began in 2000, when he was a roving minor league baserunning and infield instructor for the Montréal Expos. He returned to the Padres as a professional scout, working for Towers, in 2001–2002. In 2003, Shipley followed former Padres executives Larry Lucchino and Theo Epstein to the Boston Red Sox, where he began as special assistant to the general manager, player development and international scouting, he was named a vice president in 2006, was appointed senior vice president, international scouting, in 2009. In February 2011, Shipley was promoted again, when he was named senior vice president, player personnel and international scouting. However, weeks after Epstein departed the Red Sox for the Chicago Cubs in October 2011, Shipley was dismissed in an overhaul of the Boston front office under the team's new general manager, Ben Cherington. In 2012, Shipley was hired by the Arizona Diamondbacks as an assistant to general manager Kevin Towers; as of 2018, he is still part of the Diamondbacks front office, assisting "the Baseball Operations Department in international and special assignment scouting, evaluating the D-backs' farm system and serving as an advisor to the GM."

List of players from Australia in Major League Baseball Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

1993–94 National Football League (Ireland)

The 1993–94 National Football League, known for sponsorship reasons as the Church & General National Football League, was the 63rd staging of the National Football League, an annual Gaelic football tournament for the Gaelic Athletic Association county teams of Ireland. Meath defeated Armagh in the final; the 1993/94 format of the National Football League was a system of four divisions of eight teams. Each team played every other team in its division once, either home or away. 2 points were awarded for 1 for a draw. The top two teams in divisions 2, 3 and 4 were promoted, while the bottom two teams in divisions 1, 2 and 3 were relegated. Eight teams contested the NFL quarter-finals: The top four teams in Division 1 The top two teams in Division 2 The winners of Division 3 The winners of Division 4 Meath v Armagh 1994 NFL Final Highlights on YouTube