Ravi Shankar, whose name is preceded by the title Pandit and "Sitar maestro", was an Indian musician and a composer of Hindustani classical music. He was the best-known proponent of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century and influenced many other musicians throughout the world. Shankar was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1999. Shankar was born to a Bengali Brahmin family in India, spent his youth as a dancer touring India and Europe with the dance group of his brother Uday Shankar, he gave up dancing in 1938 to study sitar playing under court musician Allauddin Khan. After finishing his studies in 1944, Shankar worked as a composer, creating the music for the Apu Trilogy by Satyajit Ray, was music director of All India Radio, New Delhi, from 1949 to 1956. In 1956, Shankar began to tour Europe and the Americas playing Indian classical music and increased its popularity there in the 1960s through teaching and his association with violinist Yehudi Menuhin and Beatles guitarist George Harrison.
His influence on the latter helped popularize the use of Indian instruments in pop music in the latter half of the 1960s. Shankar engaged Western music by writing compositions for sitar and orchestra, toured the world in the 1970s and 1980s. From 1986 to 1992, he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of the Parliament of India, he continued to perform until the end of his life. Shankar was born on 7 April 1920 in Benares the capital of the eponymous princely state, in a Bengali family, as the youngest of seven brothers, his father, Shyam Shankar Chowdhury, was a Middle Temple scholar from East Bengal. A respected statesman and politician, he served for several years as dewan of Jhalawar and used the Sanskrit spelling of the family name and removed its last part. Shyam was married to Hemangini Devi who hailed from a small village named Nasrathpur in Mardah block of Ghazipur district, near Benares and her father was a prosperous landlord. Shyam worked as a lawyer in London and there he married a second time while Devi raised Shankar in Benares, did not meet his son until he was eight years old.
Shankar shortened the Sanskrit version of his first name, Ravindra, to Ravi, for "sun". Shankar had five siblings: Uday, Rajendra and Bhupendra. Shankar attended the Bengalitola High School in Benares between 1927 and 1928. At the age of 10, after spending his first decade in Benares, Shankar went to Paris with the dance group of his brother, choreographer Uday Shankar. By the age of 13 he had become a member of the group, accompanied its members on tour and learned to dance and play various Indian instruments. Uday's dance group travelled Europe and the United States in the early to mid-1930s and Shankar learned French, discovered Western classical music, jazz and became acquainted with Western customs. Shankar heard Allauddin Khan—the lead musician at the court of the princely state of Maihar—play at a music conference in December 1934 in Calcutta, Uday convinced the Maharaja of Maihar H. H Maharaja Brijnath singh Judev in 1935 to allow Khan to become his group's soloist for a tour of Europe.
Shankar was sporadically trained by Khan on tour, Khan offered Shankar training to become a serious musician under the condition that he abandon touring and come to Maihar. Shankar's parents had died by the time he returned from the Europe tour, touring the West had become difficult because of political conflicts that would lead to World War II. Shankar gave up his dancing career in 1938 to go to Maihar and study Indian classical music as Khan's pupil, living with his family in the traditional gurukul system. Khan was a rigorous teacher and Shankar had training on sitar and surbahar, learned ragas and the musical styles dhrupad and khyal, was taught the techniques of the instruments rudra veena and sursingar, he studied with Khan's children Ali Akbar Khan and Annapurna Devi. Shankar began to perform publicly on sitar in December 1939 and his debut performance was a jugalbandi with Ali Akbar Khan, who played the string instrument sarod. Shankar completed his training in 1944, he moved to Mumbai and joined the Indian People's Theatre Association, for whom he composed music for ballets in 1945 and 1946.
Shankar recomposed the music for the popular song "Sare Jahan Se Achcha" at the age of 25. He began to record music for HMV India and worked as a music director for All India Radio, New Delhi, from February 1949 – January 1956. Shankar composed for it. Beginning in the mid-1950s he composed the music for the Apu Trilogy by Satyajit Ray, which became internationally acclaimed, he was music director for several Hindi movies including Anuradha. V. K. Narayana Menon, director of AIR Delhi, introduced the Western violinist Yehudi Menuhin to Shankar during Menuhin's first visit to India in 1952. Shankar had performed as part of a cultural delegation in the Soviet Union in 1954 and Menuhin invited Shankar in 1955 to perform in New York City for a demonstration of Indian classical music, sponsored by the Ford Foundation. Shankar heard about the positive response Khan received and resigned from AIR in 1956 to tour the United Kingdom and the United States, he played for smaller audiences and educated them about Indian music, incorporating ragas from the South Indian Carnatic music in his performances, recorded his first LP alb
I Don't Want To Be With Nobody But You was the third single from Australian group, Absent Friends, taken from the group's debut album Here's Looking Up Your Address. The single was released in April 1990 and debuted on the Australian Singles Charts at No. 45 in May 1990, peaking at No. 4 in July 1990. It was a cover version of the Eddie Floyd track, "I Don't Want To Be With Nobody But My Baby", from his 1974 album, Soul Street; the cover to the single credited the song to Absent Friends featuring Wendy Matthews guesting on the track was vocalist Peter Blakeley. Other members of Absent Friends were Sean Kelly, Andrew Duffield, James Valentine, Garry Gary Beers."I Don't Want To Be With Nobody But You" won the Single of the Year award at the 1991 ARIA Music Awards. Matthews subsequently included it on her 1999 Greatest Hits album, Stepping Stones and her 2007 compilation album, The Essential Wendy Matthews, it was covered by Joss Stone for her 2012 album, The Soul Sessions Vol. 2. 7" single Track listing 12"/CD Maxi single Track listing Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Jonathan Joseph "Mandy" Brooks, was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as an outfielder for the Chicago Cubs. Born in Milwaukee, Brooks began his professional baseball career in 1924 with the Columbus Senators of the Tri-State League where he had 195 hits in 145 games for a.342 batting average. His major-league debut came at the advanced age of 27 on May 30, 1925, he reached 25 career RBI in 17 games, the fewest games for any major league player since the statistic came into existence in 1920, as per the Elias Sports Bureau. In his first 25 major league games he posted a.398 batting average along with 32 runs batted in and a 1.246 on-base plus slugging percentage. Brooks went on to be a regular for the Cubs that season, playing the second-most games of any outfielder; every one of his defensive appearances came in center field. It was a rather successful rookie campaign. Brooks was second on the Cubs in runs batted in and slugging percentage, he finished his first season with a respectable.281 batting average.
Brooks, fell victim to the Cubs' acquisition of star outfielder Hack Wilson and found himself all but useless in the 1926 season. He played his final game for the Cubs on June 22 of that year, finishing his final big-league campaign with modest marks of 1 home run, a.188 batting average, 6 RBI. Brooks returned to the minor leagues where he played for a number of teams before retiring in 1931 at the age of 33. In a two-year major league career, Brooks played in 116 games, accumulating 107 hits in 397 at bats for a.270 career batting average along with 15 home runs, 78 runs batted in and an on-base percentage of.316. His career fielding percentage of.979 was higher than the league average of.967. In eight minor league seasons, Brooks had a.300 career batting average. Brooks died on December 1976 in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
George Shearing & Barry Tuckwell Play the Music of Cole Porter is a 1986 album of the music of Cole Porter by jazz pianist George Shearing and classical French horn player Barry Tuckwell. The pair play as a duet on four selections, two are performed as a quartet with bass and drums, the remaining five are accompanied by a small orchestra of string players. All arrangements are by Shearing. Scott Yanow reviewed the album for Allmusic and wrote that "In general Tuckwell does not improvise but Shearing's arrangements give a jazz feel to all of the performances and make the music accessible to both classical and jazz listeners". "I Concentrate on You" – 4:58 "Everything I Love" – 2:54 "I've Got You Under My Skin" – 4:43 "Easy to Love" – 2:19 "In the Still of the Night" – 2:45 "Every Time We Say Goodbye" – 4:00 "But in the Morning, No" – 2:41 "So in Love" – 5:32 "After You" – 4:27 "All Through the Night" – 3:55 "Do I Love You?" – 5:16 All compositions by Cole Porter George Shearing – piano, liner notes, arranger Barry Tuckwell – french horn, liner notes Guildhall String Ensemble Harry Lookofsky, Frederick Buldrini, Lewis Eley, Maura Giannini, Carmel Malin, Joseph Malin, Louann Montesi – violin Seymour Barab, Avron Coleman, Frederick Zlotkin – cello Mike Renzi – conductor John Clayton, Don Thompson – double bass Grady Tate – drums, percussion Ed Trabanco – engineer Carl Jefferson – producer
Fabiola León-Velarde Servetto is a Peruvian physiologist who has devoted her research to the biology and physiology of high altitude adaptation. Born in Lima, Peru the daughter of Dr. Carlos Leon-Velarde Gamarra and Juana Servetto Marti from Uruguay. Under the mentorship of high altitude physiologist Dr. Carlos Monge Cassinelli, she obtained a BSc. in Biology, an MSc and DSc in physiology at Cayetano Heredia University in Lima, Perú. She is President of Cayetano Heredia University, she was Vice-President for Research of UPCH and Chairwoman of the Department of Biological and Physiological Sciences at the same University. She has been Vice-President of the International Society for Mountain Medicine and, during nine years has been doing collaborative research with the Human Respiratory Section of the Laboratory of Physiology of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, where she has been invited as "Fellow" of the "Queen's College". At the moment, she is Associated Investigator of ARPE/UFR of Medicine of the University of Paris XIII in France.
She has been a consultant in diverse national and international institutions, including the International Center of Research for Development of Canada, on the health problems in the Andean Region and of the International Labour Organization. In the last years she has participated as a Consultant in the Antamina Mining Project and at the Andean Organism of Health. At the present time, she is Review Committee member of the National Council of Science and Technology, the National Agency for Scientific and Technological Promotion and the International Foundation for Science. Dr. Leon-Velarde has a vast scientific production, published in more than 80 abstracts and more than 100 peer-reviewed articles in international scientific journals, she is author of chapters in several books about altitude sickness and related topics in the Andes. She is a member of important scientific societies such as The American Physiological Society and the Academy of Sciences of Latin America. Dr. Leon-Velarde is a founding member of the judging panel of PODER's Think Tank of the Year Awards that aim to celebrate the good work done by think tanks in the country.
Dr. Leon-Velarde is the mother of Gianpiero Leoncini Leon-Velarde. León-Velarde F. M. Vargas, M. Rivera-Chira y C. Monge C. Futbol y aclimatación a la altura.. 8: 23-29, 1999/2000. León-Velarde F. A. Gamboa. J. A. Chuquiza, W. A. Esteba, M. Rivera-Ch. and C. Monge C. Hematological parameters in high altitude Andean Residents living at 4355, 4660 and 5500 meters above sea level.. 1: 97-104, 2000. León-Velarde F. M. Rivera-Chira, J-A. Palacios, R. Tapia, Huicho L. and C. Monge C. Relationship of ovarian hormones to hypoxemia in women resident of 4,300 m. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 280: R488-R493, 2001. Vargas, M. D. Jimenez, F. León-Velarde, J. Osorio and J. P. Mortola. Circadian patterns in men acclimatized to intermittent hypoxia. Respir Physiol. 126: 233-243, 2001. Monge C. León-Velarde F. and A. Arregui. Chronic mountain sickness. In: High Altitude. An Exploration of Human Adaptation. Series: Lung Biology in Health and Disease. Edited by C. Lenfant. Marcel Dekker, Inc. N. Y. pp. 815–838, 2001. Gamboa, A. F. León-Velarde, M. Rivera-Ch, M. Vargas, J-A.
Palacios and C. Monge C. Ventilatory and cardiovascular responses to hypoxia in Andean natives living at sea level.. 2: 341-349, 2001. Huicho, L. I. G. Pawson, F. León-Velarde, M. Rivera-Chira, A. Pacheco, M. Muro, J. Silva. Oxygen saturation and heart rate in healthy school children and adolescents living at high altitude. 13:761-770, 2001. León-Velarde F. and J. Reeves. International Working Group for Chronic Mountain Sickness. Meeting Minutes. In: Hypoxia from Genes to the Bedside, Advances in Exp. Med. & Biol. Chapter 28. Vol. 502: 439-440, 2001. Keyl, C. A. Schneider, A. Gamboa, L. Spicuzza, N. Casiraghi, A. Mori, R. Tapia Ramirez, F. León-Velarde, L. Bernardi. Modulation of autonomic cardiovascular function in Andean high-altitude natives with and without chronic mountain sickness. J. Appl Physiol. 2003 94: 213-219, 2003. Gamboa A, León-Velarde F, Rivera-Ch M, Palacios J-A, Pragnell T. R, O’Connor D. and Robbins P. A. Acute and sustained ventilatory responses to hypoxia in high altitude natives living at sea level.
94: 1255-1262, 2003. Rivera-Ch M, Gamboa A, León-Velarde F, Palacios J-A, O’Connor D. and Robbins P. A. High altitude natives living at sea level acclimatize to high altitude like sea level natives. 94: 1263-1268, 2003. León-Velarde F, Gamboa A, Rivera-Ch M, Palacios J-A, Robbins P. A. Peripheral chemoreflex function in high altitude natives and patients with chronic mountain sickness. 94: 1269-1278, 2003. Fatemian M, Gamboa A, León-Velarde F, Rivera-Ch M, Palacios J-A, Robbins P. A. Ventilatory response to CO2 in high altitude natives and patients with chronic mountain sickness. 94: 1279-1287, 2003. Gamboa J, Macarlupu JL, Rivera-Chira M, Monge-C C, León-Velarde F. Effect of domperidone on ventilation and polycythemia after 5 weeks of chronic hypoxia in rats. 135:1-8, 2003. León-Velarde F. Pursuing International recognition of Chronic Mountain Sickness.. 4: 256-259, 2003. Brutsaert TD, Parra EJ, Shriver MD, Gamboa A, Palacios JA, Rivera M, Rodriquez I, León-Velarde F. Spanish genetic admixture is associated with larger VO2max decrement from sea level to 4,338 meters in Peruvian Quechua.
95: 519-528, 2003. Maggiorini M, León-Velarde F. Hig
Terminology related to road transport—the transport of passengers or goods on paved routes between places—is diverse, with variation between dialects of English. There may be regional differences within a single country, some terms differ based on the side of the road traffic drives on; this glossary is an alphabetical listing of road transport terms. 2+1 road A specific category of three-lane road, consisting of two lanes in one direction and one lane in the other, alternating every few kilometres, separated with a steel cable barrier. 2+2 road A specific type of dual carriageway being built in Ireland and Finland, consisting of two lanes in each direction separated by a steel cable barrier. 3-way junction or 3-way intersection See three-way junction 5-1-1 A transportation and traffic information telephone hotline in some regions of the United States and Canada, designated for road weather information. Access road See frontage road Advisory speed limit A speed recommendation by a governing body.
All-way stop or four-way stop An intersection system where traffic approaching it from all directions is required to stop before proceeding through the intersection. Alternate route or optional route A highway that splits off the mainline and reconnects some distance later. Annual average daily traffic A measure of total volume of vehicle traffic on a segment of road for a year divided by 365 days to produce an average. Arterial road or arterial thoroughfare A high-capacity urban road designed to deliver traffic at the highest possible level of service. At-grade intersection A junction at which two or more roads cross at grade. Automobile See car Automotive vehicle See Motor vehicle Autonomous vehicle See self-driving car Auxiliary route A highway that supplements a major or mainline highway. Barrier toll system or open toll system A method of collecting tolls on highways using toll barriers at spaced intervals on the toll road's mainline charging a flat rate at each barrier. Beltway See ring road Bicycle or cycle A human-powered or motor-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Bike lane or cycle lane A lane restricted to bicycles. Bottleneck See traffic bottleneck Botts' dots Round non-reflective raised pavement markers used to mark lanes on roads. Boulevard A type of large road running through a city. Box junction A road traffic control measure designed to prevent congestion and gridlock at junctions; the surface of the junction is marked with a criss-cross grid of diagonal painted lines, vehicles may not enter the area so marked unless their exit from the junction is clear. Bus A road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Bus lane A lane restricted to buses, sometimes certain other vehicles such as taxis. Bus stop A designated place where buses stop for passengers to alight from it. Business route or city route An auxiliary route that passes through the central business district of a city. Butterfly junction See stack interchange Button copy A past physical design of road signs in the United States in which retroreflective buttons made of transparent plastic are placed in rows following the contours of sign legend elements painted white, such as letters, numbers and borders.
Bypass An auxiliary route that relieves congestion along the mainline by routing traffic around a city or congested area. Can be used to refer to a segment of road built to reroute the mainline away from a city or congested area. Cab See taxicab Cant or camber The gradient of the road surface at 90° to the direction of travel. Car or automobile A wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Car crash or car accident See traffic collision Carriageway or roadway A width of road on which a vehicle is not restricted by any physical barriers or separation to move laterally. A roadway can comprise one or more carriageways. Cashless tolling See open road tolling Cat's eye A retroreflective safety device used in road marking and the first of a range of raised pavement markers. Central reservation See median strip Circumferential highway See ring road City route See business route Closed toll collection system See ticket system Cloverleaf interchange or cloverleaf junction A two-level interchange in which turns are handled by eight total ramp or slip roads, four of which form loops that give the interchange the shape of a cloverleaf from the air.
Each ramp allows traffic from one direction of a roadway to access only one direction of the crossroad: e.g. from northbound to eastbound while a separate ramp connects from northbound to westbound. Traffic is grade separated. Coastal evacuation route See hurricane evacuation route Collector–distributor lanes See local-express lanes Concurrency An instance of one physical road bearing two or more different highway, motorway, or other route numbers. Congestion See traffic congestion Congestion pricing A system of surcharging users of roads that are subject to congestion. Connector or cutoff An auxiliary route that provides a shortcut between two routes or a connection between two routes that otherwise do no connect. Constitutional route A highway defined in the constitution of the place. Only found in Minnesota. Continuous-flow intersection, CFI, crossover displaced left-turn, XDL, or DLT An intersection where veh