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Faramondo

Faramondo, HWV 39, is an opera in three acts by George Frideric Handel to an Italian libretto adapted from Apostolo Zeno's Faramondo. The story is loosely based upon the legend of Pharamond, a mythological King of the Franks, circa 420 AD, the early history of France; the opera had its first performance at the King's Theatre, London, on 3 January 1738. The German-born Handel, after spending some of his early career composing operas and other pieces in Italy, settled in London, where in 1711 he had brought Italian opera for the first time with his opera Rinaldo. An enormous success, Rinaldo created a craze in London for Italian opera seria, a form focused overwhelmingly on solo arias for the star virtuoso singers. Handel had presented new operas in London for years with great success. One of the major attractions in Handel's operas was the star castrato Senesino, whose relationship with the composer was stormy and who left Handel's company to appear with the rival Opera of the Nobility, set up in 1733.

Handel moved to a different theatre, Covent Garden, engaged different singers, but there were neither sufficient audience for opera in London nor aristocratic supporters to back two opera houses at once, both opera companies found themselves in difficulty. In 1737 the Opera of the Nobility collapsed into bankruptcy and what was left of its performers and resources combined with Handel's Covent Garden opera company, which returned to the King's Theatre, where his earlier operas had been presented. None of Handel's three new operas in the 1736-37 season repeated the success of his earlier works, he suffered a breakdown in his health, as reported by his friend Lord Shaftesbury: "Great fatigue and disappointment, affected him so much, that he was this Spring struck with the Palsy, which took away, the use of 4 fingers of his right hand. Before composing new operas for the 1737-38 season, Handel went to "take the waters" at Aix-la Chapelle, where he made a complete recovery, so much so that it seemed to the nuns who operated the spa there to have been a miracle.

Zeno's libretto was first performed on 27 December 1698 to music by Carlo Francesco Pollarolo in Venice. In 1719 Nicola Porpora used it at the Teatro San Bartolomeo in Naples, Francesco Gasparini at the Teatro Alibert in Rome; the libretto for Gasparini was revised, it was this version, after further removing about half the recitatives, that Handel used. A London newspaper reported after the first performance on 3 January 1738 that "Last night the new opera of ‘Faramondo’ was perform’d at the King’s Theatre to a splendid Audience, met with general Applause, it being the first Time of Mr. Handel’s Appearance this Season, he was honour’d with extraordinary and repeated signs of Approbation."There were 8 performances that season and it was never revived. The first modern production was at the Handel Festival, Halle, on 5 March 1976. With the revival of interest in Baroque music and informed musical performance since the 1960s, like all Handel operas, is performed at festivals and opera houses today.

The American premiere was performed in concert version by The Handel Opera Company in Berkeley, California, on 23 February 1985, Handel's 300th birthday. The performance was conducted from the harpsichord by Bruce Wetmore and used an English-language translation by Wetmore and Guy Pugh. Among other performances, the Göttingen International Handel Festival staged a revival in 2014, conducted by Laurence Cummings and directed by Paul Curran; this production served as the opera's Australian premiere during the 2015 Brisbane Baroque festival. The score calls for two oboes, two baroque horns, string section, basso continuo. A cyprus grove with an altar Gustavo solemnly swears vengeance upon Faramondo, by whose hands Gustavo's son Sveno was slain; the man who brings King Gustavo Faramondo's head will be rewarded with Gustavo's daughter Rosimonda's hand in marriage and his throne. Into this tense situation comes the captured Princess Clotilde, whom Prince Adolfo, Gustavo's surviving son, loves – and it is only by his pleading for her that Clotilde is not slain.

Once the two young lovers are left alone, Clotilde extracts a promise from Adolfo to change his allegiance to her brother Faramondo, for love of her. A room in the palace Immediately after, Gustavo's daughter Rosimonda finds her quarters invaded by Frankish soldiers, including Faramondo. Faramondo is struck with love for his fair captive. While she rails at him for killing her brother Sveno in battle, for making an alliance with the Swabian king, at enmity with the Cimbrians, Rosimonda too finds her heart captured by her erstwhile enemy, Faramondo, but their sudden love is hindered. His plot to kill Faramondo and win Rosimonda is foiled; the Cimbrian camp King Gustavo is not idle in the meantime, for he has arranged his men to capture Faramondo when he learns that his enemy is in his palace. Clotilde of course wants Adolfo to prevent this, when Adolfo acts on her behalf to save her brother, it is scarcely surprising that a dreadful confrontation between Adolfo and his father ensues, which ends with Adolfo being imprisoned for treason.

Faramondo's attempt to appease Gustavo and ask for Rosimonda's hand in marriage meets with the lack of success

Kim Shin-wook

Kim Shin-wook is a South Korean footballer who plays as a striker for Shanghai Shenhua. Kim spent his youth training either as a central defender or a defensive midfielder, but upon suggestion by his manager, he changed his position into a forward a few weeks after signing his first professional contract with Ulsan Hyundai FC. At first, he struggled to adjust in the new position but he has been proving his worth by being one of the top forwards in the Korean football league, his improvement as a striker the last few years is evidenced by his ever-increasing goal scoring record. Kim was a influential figure during Ulsan's road to the 2012 AFC Champions League winning title. Kim performed at a top level in all of the 13 matches he played in and ended the tournament with 6 goals scored. With such performance, he was nicknamed by "Attack on Titan" or "Chinook". On 8 July 2019 Kim joined Chinese Super League club Shanghai Greenland Shenhua F. C. and was reunited with his manager at Choi Kang-hee. He would make his debut in a league game against Hebei China Fortune F.

C. where he scored his first goal for the club in a 2-1 defeat. After that game Kim established himself as an integral member of the team and he would score 10 goals in 15 games as club moved away from the relegation zone and went on to win the 2019 Chinese FA Cup. On October 2014, he and his teammates were awarded with a conscription exemption after winning the gold medal at the 2014 Asian Games. In May 2018 he was named in South Korea's preliminary 28 man squad for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia. Kim is known to be a devout Christian who reads the bible before games and is nicknamed "church brother" by his teammates, he sometimes participates in evangelizing activities. As of 6 December 2019" As of 14 November 2019 Scores and results list South Korea's goal tally first. Ulsan HyundaiKorean League Cup: 2011 AFC Champions League: 2012Jeonbuk Hyundai MotorsK League 1: 2017, 2018 AFC Champions League: 2016Shanghai ShenhuaChinese FA Cup: 2019 South KoreaEAFF E-1 Football Championship: 2015, 2017South Korea U23Asian Games Gold Medal: 2014 Korean League Cup Top Scorer: 2011 K League 1 Best XI: 2013 K League 1 Most Valuable Player: 2013 K League 1 Top scorer: 2015 EAFF E-1 Football Championship Top Scorer: 2017 Kim Shin-wook – National Team stats at KFA Kim Shin-wook – K League stats at kleague.com Kim Shin-wook at Asian Games Incheon 2014