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Raymond Flynn

Raymond Leo Flynn is an American politician who served as 52nd Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1984 until 1993. He was appointed United States Ambassador to the Holy See by President Bill Clinton. Before entering politics, Flynn was an All-American college basketball player at Providence College, during his senior year was selected Most Valuable Player in the 1963 National Invitation Tournament. In April 1963, he was selected by the Syracuse Nationals in the fourth round of the NBA draft; the Nationals relocated to Philadelphia to become the 76ers, but Flynn did not play for them, as he spent part of the 1963–64 season with the Wilmington Blue Bombers of the Eastern Professional Basketball League. Philadelphia traded his NBA rights to the Boston Celtics in September 1964, in October he was the last player cut by the then-champions. Flynn began his political career as a Democratic member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1971 to 1979, representing the South Boston neighborhood during the turbulent busing crisis of the early 1970s.

He served on the Boston City Council from 1978 to 1984, before running for Mayor of Boston in 1983. He was reelected in 1987 and again in 1991. Flynn served as president of the United States Conference of Mayors during 1991–92. Flynn, a lifelong pro-life activist, was instrumental in drawing the pro-life, Catholic vote to pro-choice Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas in his 1992 bid for the White House against incumbent George H. W. Bush. In 1993, Flynn resigned during his third term as mayor when he was appointed by Clinton to serve as U. S. Ambassador to the Holy See. Flynn served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary from September 2, 1993, through September 20, 1997. Following his service as ambassador, Flynn ran unsuccessfully for Massachusetts's 8th congressional district seat, being vacated by Joseph P. Kennedy II in 1998. Flynn formally announced his candidacy in June, in September lost in the Democratic primary election to eventual general election winner Mike Capuano. In 2010, Flynn crossed party lines to vote for the successful candidacy of Republican Scott Brown for the United States Senate.

In 2012, Flynn appeared in television ads supporting Brown for re-election. While serving as mayor, Flynn played himself in the 1989 Cheers episode "The Stork Brings A Crane". In the episode, Flynn has his entourage take away Cliff Clavin. Flynn was an avid runner who made headlines when he ran in the Boston Marathon and the New York City Marathon in 1984. In March 2007, Flynn was grand marshal of the 246th New York St. Patrick's Day Parade. In May 2007, Flynn joined the College of Fellows of the Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology in Berkeley, who awarded him the honorary degree Doctor of Humane Letters. In September 2008, Flynn was hospitalized. In March 2011, Flynn's home was broken into. Flynn is married to Catherine, they have six children: Ray Jr. Eddie, Nancy and Maureen. In November 2017, son Ed Flynn was elected to the Boston City Council. In 1998, Flynn had a role as a radio host on WRKO in Boston. In September 2014, Flynn became a regular contributor to The Pilot, the official newspaper of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston.

In February 2017, Flynn became a columnist for the Boston Herald. In 1999, Flynn became president of a nonpartisan Catholic advocacy group. In this role, while remaining a Democrat, he and the Catholic Alliance endorsed George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential election. Flynn became president of another Catholic political advocacy organization, Your Catholic Voice, he started Catholic Citizenship, serving as its national chairman from 2004 until 2008. Since 2004, Flynn has served on the advisory board of Catholics for the Common Good, a lay apostolate for evangelization of culture. In February 2016, the Boston Marine Industrial Park was renamed the Raymond L. Flynn Marine Park. A nearby bridge was renamed in Flynn's honor. In May 2017, Governor of Massachusetts Charlie Baker dedicated Flynn Cruiseport Boston, located in the Port of Boston. Flynn is the co-author of two books: Ray; the Accidental Pope: A Novel. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312268017. Flynn, Ray. John Paul II: A Personal Portrait of the Pope and the Man.

St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0312266812. 1983 Boston mayoral election 1987 Boston mayoral election 1991 Boston mayoral election Timeline of Boston, 1980s–1990s Connolly, Ceci. "It's In The Blood". The Washington Post. Appearances on C-SPAN Guide to the Mayor Raymond L. Flynn records at Ray Flynn biography at the Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology

Kim Petras

Kim Petras is a German singer and model based in Los Angeles. Since 2016, Petras has been releasing music as an independent artist under her own imprint, BunHead Records. Petras began recording music as a teenager, releasing her debut extended play One Piece of Tape in 2011, she independently released her debut single in 2017, "I Don't Want It at All", which went on to top several viral music charts on Spotify. The song was followed by Billboard-charting singles "Feeling of Falling", "Heart to Break", "1, 2, 3 Dayz Up". Following her early success, Petras released a collection of digital singles which would comprise her unofficial body of work known as Era 1. On 1 October 2018, Petras released the Halloween-themed EP Turn Off the Light, Vol. 1. Her first studio album Clarity was released on 28 June 2019; the record was preceded with a nine-week-long promotional campaign, during which Petras released one single per week with an accompanying visual video. Clarity reached number seven on number 26 on the Independent Albums chart.

Kim Petras was born in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. While she was assigned male at birth, Her parents said that from the age of two, Petras knew she was a girl. After it became clear it was "not just a phase", her parents sought professional help and found the head of the psychiatric unit at Frankfurt Hospital, Dr. Bernd Meyenburg. In 2006, Petras aged 13, appeared on a German television current affairs show in which she discussed her medical gender transition. At age 14, Petras appeared in a documentary and a talk show, in a push to get permission for early gender confirmation surgery at age 16, before the minimum age of 18 in Germany; these appearances resulted in international media coverage of her transition, touting her as the "world's youngest transsexual". This assertion is inaccurate, as gender dysphoria is diagnosed in childhood and transition by younger children is not uncommon. However, Petras may have been one of the youngest people at that time to undergo transgender hormone therapy.

In September 2007, she was a model for a German chain of hair salons. Petras announced in November 2008 that she had completed her gender confirmation surgery at 16 years old; the Daily Telegraph claimed Petras was the youngest person in the world to have had that surgery at the time. About her surgery, Petras stated "I was asked if I feel like a woman now – but the truth is I have always felt like a woman – I just ended up in the wrong body". Throughout 2013, Petras worked with producers including The Stereotypes and Aaron Joseph on a music career releasing a song called "STFU" on her SoundCloud page in 2014. For her contributions to social media, Petras was ranked at number 19 on Billboard's Artist Chart, listing developing artists, in July 2013. In August 2017, Petras released her debut single "I Don't Want It at All", The song went on to reach the Spotify Global Viral chart; the accompanying music video for the song premiered in October on Vevo, features a cameo appearance by Paris Hilton.

In the same month, Petras was picked by Spotify to be one of the four artists named as a RISE Artist, a "program designed to identify and break the next wave of music superstars." During the end of 2017, Petras was dubbed "most to dominate the pop charts" by Paper magazine, appeared on Charli XCX's mixtape Pop 2 for the track "Unlock It" alongside Jay Park. In January 2018, the Nicholas Harwood-directed video for Petras' single "Faded", which features Lil Aaron, premiered on Noisey, That same month, she appeared in the January issue of Galore. Petras released the breakup-inspired "Heart to Break" in February; the song was given its radio debut on BBC Radio 1 on 19 February. Bryan Kress of Billboard noted how while the single is "still keeping Petras' upbeat, unabashed pop sound... ventures into new territory for the songwriter." On the 21st of that same month, Petras released her online singles-bunble, Spotify Singles through the service under BunHead Records, Petras' own label. It consisted of live renditions of "Hills" and The Killers' "Human", as performed at their NYC Studio.

On 1 October 2018, Petras released Turn Off the Light, Vol. 1, a Halloween-themed extended play. The project was seen as a departure from Petras' typical sound, features a guest appearance from the horror hostess character Elvira. Afterwards, Petras announced plans to release a single a month as a lead up to her debut album, she was featured on Cheat Codes' song "Feeling of Falling" in November 2018. Petras has been credited with composing the song'Young & Wild' on TWICE’s 6th EP, Yes or YesIn February 2019, Petras released three singles titled "1,2,3 Dayz Up" featuring Sophie, "If U Think About Me...", "Homework" featuring Lil Aaron. Petras has not publicly expressed plans to release an album with any of her digital singles from 2016 until early 2019, but has referred to this release period as Era 1 on multiple occasions. Petras released her debut album, Clarity, on 28 June 2019. Throughout May and June, Petras released one song a week as a lead-up to the album's release. In June, Petras embarked on the 24-stop Broken Tour across North Europe.

Petras was featured on the covers of Notion magazines that same month. The album was preceded by promotional singles including "All I Do Is Cry" and "Sweet Spot" and was accompanied by the lead single, "Icy", on its release date. Petras made a series of appearances on podcasts and web series to promote the record, including an interview on the Zach Sang Show. In August, Petras announced that there would be a limited edition vinyl pressing of Turn Off the Light, Vol. 1 through Urban Outfitters. Petras has announced


Indigenization is the act of making something more native. The term is used by anthropologists to describe what happens when locals take something from the outside and make it their own. In world politics, indigenization is the process in which non-Western cultures redefine their native land for better use in agriculture and mass marketing. Due to imperialism and the impetus to modernize, many countries and cultures invoked Western values and ideals of liberalism and independence in the past, but now, along with experiencing their own share of cultural confidence, they desire to revert to their traditional cultures and values. However, the word indigenization is used in the opposite sense, it means: to increase local participation in or ownership of, to indigenize foreign-owned companies, or to adapt to local ways; the word indigenization first appeared in a paper about studies conducted in India about Christian missionaries. The word was used to describe the process of making Churches indigenous in southern India.

From there, it spread to The Economist where it was used to describe managerial positions and to a book by John Spencer, named English Language in West Africa, where it was used to describe the adoption of English. Indigenization is used to describe the adoption of colonial culture in Africa because of the effects of colonialism by Europe in the 19th and early 20th century. Throughout history, the process of making something indigenous has taken different forms. Other words that describe similar processes of making something local are Africanization, Localization and Americanization. However, these terms describe a specific case of the process of making something indigenous; these terms may be rejected in favor of the more general term of indigenization because the others may have too narrow of a scope. For example, Christianization was a form of indigenization by converting areas and groups to follow Christianity. In this context, indigenization is used to refer to how a language is adopted in a certain area such as French in Africa.

The term is used to describe the process of conveying a certain region’s culture and concepts in terms of the language, being introduced. A common case where a language needed to be indigenized was in Africa where the ex-colonizer's language required some references to African religion and culture though in the original language there was no vocabulary for this; as this process is being carried out, there is a metalanguage created, some combination of the original language and the introduced language. This language shares cultural aspects from both cultures, making it distinct and done in order to understand the foreign language in the context of the local region. Sometimes the term indigenization is preferred over other terms such as Africanization because it carries no negative connotations and does not imply any underlying meaning. Indigenization is seen as the process of changing someone to a person of more corroboration towards their surroundings. A large part of that process is the economy of said surroundings.

Indigenization has played an important part in the economic roles of society. Thanks to The Indigenization and Economic Empowerment Act, black people were offered a more distinguished position in the economy, with foreigners having to give up 51% of their business to black people. China’s Open Door Policy is seen as a big step of indigenization for their economy, as it is opening its doors to the western world; this allowed different cultures to experience one another and opened up China’s businesses to the western world as well, which set China forth in a sort of economic reform. Another big part of indigenization is social work, although it is unknown what the actual process is when social forces come into place. Indigenization is seen by some as less of a process of naturalization and more of a process of culturally relevant social work. While indigenization wasn’t the standard, it was a way to not only accustom others to a surrounding point of view, but helping understand both where these people came from and their heritage.

However, some argue that while the indigenization of social work may work when it comes to foreigners being brought into Western cultures, it would not work as well non-Western cultures were those that were being taken in. They argue that Western cultures seem to exaggerate the similarities and differences between Western and foreign cultures; the Indigenization and Economic Empowerment Act was passed by Zimbabwe Parliament in 2008. It is a set of regulations meant to regulate businesses, compelling foreign-owned firms to sell 51-percent of their business to blacks over the following years. Five-year jail terms are assigned to foreigners who do not submit an indigenisation plan or use locals as fronts for their businesses; the intent of the law is to ensure the country’s black members fulfill a more prominent role in the economy. Controversy rose over this intent, with opponents stating that the law will scare away foreign investors. Indigenous Zimbabweans are defined as "any person who, before the 18th April, 1980, was disadvantaged by unfair discrimination on the grounds of his or her race, any descendant of such person, includes any company, syndicate or partnership of which indigenous Zimbabweans form the majority of the members or hold the controlling interest".

This provision allows the minister of youth development and economic empowerment, Saviour Kasukuwere, to keep a database of indigenous business

Stefan Udovičić

Stefan Udovičić is a Bosnian football midfielder who plays for ŠK 1923 Gabčíkovo. Born in Banja Luka, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina still within Yugoslavia, Udovičić moved abroad at a young age to Austria, he joined the academy of FC Red Bull Salzburg in February 2007. Udovičić joined German club, ESV Freilassing, in the summer 2007. In the beginning of 2008, Udovičić joined SV Austria Salzburg, he was used in a few friendly games for the first team, but however, he didn't make it to the first team squad and was registered for the clubs U23 team. However, he did play a few games for the first team as well. In 2008, he returned to Serbia with SuperLiga side FK Čukarički and was promoted to the first team in the 2010–11 season, he moved to another Serbian top-fligh side, FK Radnički 1923, but he failed to make any league appearances, so he returned to Bosnia and signed FK Radnik Bijeljina. His next stop was newly promoted Bosnian Premier League side OFK Gradina. In summer 2013 he moved to FK Leotar. In June 2009 he was part of the Herzegovina U-19 team.

Ahead of the 2019-20 season, Udovičić joined Slovak club ŠK 1923 Gabčíkovo. Stefan Udovičić at Stefan Udovičić at Futbalnet

Royal Society of Thailand

The Royal Society of Thailand known as the Royal Society of Siam, is the national academy of Thailand in charge of academic works of the government. The secretariat of the society is the Office of the Royal Society of Thailand known as the Royal Institute of Thailand; the office is an independent agency under the prime minister's supervision. The Royal Society of Siam was established on 19 April 1926 and was dissolved on 31 March 1933; the dissolved society was split into the Royal Institute of Thailand and the Fine Arts Department of Thailand. On 14 February 2015, the Royal Institute of Thailand was reorganised, its administrative council became the Royal Society of Thailand, whilst the institute itself became the office of the society. According to the present structure, the members of the Royal Society of Thailand are of three types: associate fellows and honorary fellows; the associate fellows are experts appointed by the society. The fellows are associate fellows selected by the society and appointed by the monarch upon advice of the prime minister.

And the honorary fellows are prominent experts selected by the society and appointed in the same manner as the fellows. The society is known for its role in the planning and regulation of the Thai language, as well as its many publications the Royal Institute Dictionary, the official and prescriptive dictionary of the Thai language, the Royal Thai General System of Transcription, the official system for romanising Thai words; the budget allocated to the Royal Society for FY2019 is 192.2 million baht. On 19 April 1926, the Royal Society of Siam was established by King Prajadhipok; the society was dissolved on 31 March 1933 and its divisions were incorporated into two new agencies. The academic divisions became the Royal Institute of Thailand; the archaeological divisions became the Fine Arts Department of Thailand. According to the Act on Royal Institute, 1934, which took effect on 24 April 1933, the institute was a legal person sponsored by the government and the prime minister was in charge of the institute.

The act gave the institute three main duties: to conduct research in all fields and publish the outcomes for the common good of the nation, to exchange knowledge with foreign academic bodies, to provide academic opinions to the government and public agencies. Under the act, the institute members were selected by the institute itself and were appointed by the monarch upon approval of the cabinet and the House of Representatives. On 1 April 1942, 1942, entered into force; the act changed the status of the institute from a legal person to a public organisation and authorised the prime minister to directly command the institute. The act modified the method of selecting the institute members; the members were nominated to the monarch by the prime minister. On 31 December 1944, 1944, came into operation, it again modified the member selection method. The institute became an independent department commanded by the prime minister and its members were selected by the institute itself and were appointed by the monarch upon advice of the prime minister.

On 12 March 1952, 1952, became operative. It changed the commander of the institute from the prime minister to the culture minister. On 1 September 1958, 1958, became effective, it again changed the commander of the institute from the culture minister to the education minister. On 29 September 1972, Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn, leader of the junta called Revolutionary Council, issued the Revolutionary Council Announcement No. 216 which once again modified the status of the institute. According to the announcement, the institute changed its status from an independent department to a government department, not subject to any other agency and was commanded by the education minister. On 13 November 2001, 2001, entered into operation. Under the act, the institute was a government department, not subject to any other agency; the act improved the structure of the institute and increased its missions. On 14 February 2015, 2015, came into force and reorganised the institute. Under the act, the administrative council of the institute known as Council of Fellows, became the Royal Society, the institute became the secretariat of the society, known as the Office of the Royal Society.

The act granted many new powers to the office, including the powers to manage its own budgets, to provide advanced training in all fields of the society, to confer certificates upon the trainees. A welfare fund for the society members was established by the act. Many of the fellows objected to renaming the institute because no public hearing on the matter was held. On 21 August 2006, the society relocated to offices at Sanam Suea Pa, near the Royal Plaza in Bangkok; the institute was located in the Grand Palace, Bangkok. For administrative purposes, the society has four divisions: Secretariat General Moral and Political Sciences Division Science Division Arts DivisionThe society's website states that each division has a staff of civil servants and clerical employees who perform both business and academic functions facilitating the works of fellows and associate fellows as well as conducting and promoting various academic activities. Scholars from the academic community of Thailand can apply for membership in the society.

Acceptance is

Gustav Halmhuber

Gustav Halmhuber was a German architect and university teacher. His style reflected the brittle optimism of the early twentieth century, his best known surviving work – one of his earliest commissions – is the WaterTower in Mannheim. Gustav Friedrich Halmhuber was died in Stuttgart, he came from a long established artisanal family of joiners and carpenters, with ancestral roots in West Prussia. In 1880 Halmhuber enrolled at the Stuttgart Institute of Technology where he studied Architecture under the respected Christian Friedrich von Leins. At the same time he was attending courses at the Stuttgart Fine Arts Academy. Subsequently he studied at the Fine Arts Academies in Berlin and Karlsruhe. At Karlsruhe he studied with the painter-professor Ferdinand Keller. Following the conclusion of his formal training Halmhuber worked in Nuremberg with the architect Adolf Gnauth. On 21 February 1893 Halmhuber was accepted as a freemason. After moving to Hannover, in 1912 he joined the "Wilhelm zur deutschen Treue" lodge there.

In 1885 a nationwide competition was launched for the design of a large water tower for Mannheim. The organisers included the stipulation that the exterior of the tower should be both simple and worthy to fit in with the surrounding city architecture; this was in a quarter of Mannheim full of modern houses, many of them representative of the richly forthright Willhelmine style. Most of the 74 submissions considered by the jury were content to feature iron structures. Gustav Halmbuber was only 23, but his 60-meter-tall winning design, which earned him a 1,000 Mark prize, as well as considerable fame in the appropriate quarters, featured a yellow sandstone facing and drew unapologetically on models from Roman antiquity; the tower was constructed between 1886 and 1889, by which time Halmhuber had relocated to Berlin and, it would appear, lost interest in attempting to oversee the tower's construction. The city authorities sent him several requests, seeking his support over problems with the building contractors, but Halmhuber seems to have been unable to help: it is not known whether he responded to an invitation from the city fathers to visit Mannheim and see the tower after the scaffolding had been removed during or shortly after March 1889.

Halmhuber had moved on, was one of several architects busy working under Paul Wallot on a new Reichstag building in Berlin. While he was engaged on the Reichstag project he was "spotted" by the sculptor Reinhold Begas, at whose instigation in 1894 he was offered, accepted, a commission to draw up plans for the National Kaiser Wilhelm Monument in central Berlin. While Begas himself led up a small team creating the equestrian figure of the late emperor, Halmhuber dealt with the extensive architectural aspects of the structure. In 1895, in another collaboration with "the emperor's favourite scultpor", Reinhold Begas, Halmhuber reconfigured Berlin's prestigious Siegesallee; the bombastic layout and overwhelmingly masculine selection of sculptures were revealing in ways that the designers did not intend. It was controversial. During his career Halmhuber was though never focused on teaching. Between 1897 and 1906 he taught at the Stuttgart Institute of Technology. Moving to Cologne he found time to produce a design for an extensive redevelopment of the "Fine Arts Museum" while serving, till 1909, as director at the institution known as the "Kunstgewerbeschule".

He taught at Cologne's relaunched "Commercial Academy". In 1909 Gustav Halmhuber relocated again, this time to the expanding city of Hannover, where he taught at what was the Technical University of Hannover until his retirement in 1928; the reason for his move to Hannover appears to have been an invitation from the city authorities to take over from Hermann Eggert as architect for the prestigious new Hannover City Hall. Eggert's agreed departure appears to have resulted from a combination of personal and artistic-technical differences in respect of an unusually ambitious structure; the overall form of the extravagant shell of the building, sited on soft ground and mounted securely on 6,026 beech piles, was in most respects finalised by the time Halmhuber took over, but he was responsible for the admired interiors of the building. The less than harmonious combination of Eggert's choice of a version of neo-classicism for the exterior with Halmhuber's choice of "Jugenstil" interiors, though endorsed by the client - the Hannover city fathers - has attracted comment from purists since.

Eggert was conspicuously absent on 20 June 1913 when the emperor visited Hannover to attend the celebration for the inauguration of the new city hall. During his time in Hannover, Gustav Halmhuber held the titles Oberbaurat and Privy Counsellor from the Berlin based Prussian Ministry for Public Works.. He was a member of the Bund Deutscher Architekten, he received, in 1921, an honorary doctorate from his alma mater and former employer, the Stuttgart Institute of Technology. 1884–1894: Employed on the Reichstag building in Berlin under Paul Wallot 1886–1889: Water Tower Friedrichsplatz, Mannheim 1894–1897: National Kaiser Wilhelm Monument] opposite the Berlin Palace 1895–1901: Architectural design