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Raymond Scott

Raymond Scott was an American composer, band leader, record producer, inventor of electronic instruments. Though Scott never scored cartoon soundtracks, his music is familiar to millions because Carl Stalling adapted it in over 120 Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, other Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons, his compositions may be heard in The Ren and Stimpy Show, The Simpsons, Animaniacs, The Oblongs, Batfink. The only time he composed to accompany animation was three 20-second commercial jingles for County Fair Bread in 1962. Scott was born in Brooklyn, New York to Russian Jewish immigrants and Sarah Warnow, his older brother, Mark Warnow, was a conductor and musical director for the CBS radio program Your Hit Parade and encouraged his musical career. A 1931 graduate of the Juilliard School of Music, where he studied piano and composition, under his birth name, began his professional career as a pianist for the CBS Radio house band, his brother Mark, older by eight years, conducted the orchestra.

He adopted the pseudonym "Raymond Scott" to spare his brother charges of nepotism when the orchestra began performing the pianist's idiosyncratic compositions. In 1935 he married Pearl Zimney. In late 1936, Scott assembled a band from among his CBS colleagues, calling it the Raymond Scott Quintette, it was a six-piece group, but he thought "Quintette" sounded "crisper". His sidemen were Pete Pumiglio, they made their first recordings in New York on February 20, 1937, for Master Records, owned by music publisher/impresario Irving Mills. The Quintette represented Scott's attempt to revitalize swing music through tight, busy arrangements that reduced reliance on improvisation, he called this style "descriptive jazz" and gave his works unusual titles like "New Year's Eve in a Haunted House", "Dinner Music for a Pack of Hungry Cannibals", "Bumpy Weather Over Newark". Although his songs were popular with the public, jazz critics disdained them as novelty music. Besides being a prominent figure in recording studios and on radio and concert stages, Scott wrote and was interviewed in DownBeat and Billboard.

Scott believed in playing by ear. He composed not on paper but "on his band"—by humming phrases to his sidemen or by demonstrating riffs and rhythms on the keyboard and instructing players to interpret his cues, it was all done by ear with no written scores, a process known as head arrangements). Scott, a savvy sound engineer, recorded the band's rehearsals on discs and used the recordings as references to develop his compositions, he reworked, re-sequenced, deleted passages, added themes from other discs to construct finished works. During the developmental process, he let his players improvise, but once complete, he regarded a piece as fixed and permitted little further improvisation. Scott controlled the band's repertoire and style, but he took piano solos, preferring to direct the band from the keyboard and leave solos and leads to his sidemen, he had a penchant for adapting classical motifs in his compositions. The Quintette existed from 1937 to 1939 and recorded bestselling discs such as "Twilight in Turkey", "Minuet in Jazz", "War Dance for Wooden Indians", "Reckless Night on Board an Ocean Liner", "Powerhouse", "The Penguin."

One of Scott's popular compositions is "The Toy Trumpet", a cheerful pop confection, recognizable to many people who cannot name the title or composer. In the 1938 film Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, Shirley Temple sings a version of the song. Trumpeter Al Hirt's 1964 rendition with Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops performed a version. "In an Eighteenth-Century Drawing Room" is a pop adaptation of the opening theme from Mozart's Piano Sonata in C, K. 545. Opening bars of melody line of "The Toy Trumpet" In 1939 Scott turned his Quintette into a big band; when he was named music director by CBS radio three years he organized the first racially integrated radio band. Over the next two years, he hired saxophonist Ben Webster, trumpeter Charlie Shavers, bassist Billy Taylor, trumpeter Emmett Berry, trombonist Benny Morton, drummer Cozy Cole. In 1942, Scott relinquished his keyboard duties so he could concentrate on hiring, composing and conducting, he returned to the keyboard with some of his bands.

In 1941, he led a 13-piece orchestra to produce what he termed "silent music" in New York, making a great show of performing with little sound. This was one of the earliest performances of the near-silent music canon. After serving as music director for programs Broadway Bandbox from 1942 to 1944, Scott left the network, he composed and arranged music for the 1946 Broadway musical Lute Song starring Mary Martin and Yul Brynner. In the late 1940s, contemporaneous with guitarist Les Paul's studio work with Mary Ford, Scott began recording pop songs using the layered multi-tracked vocals of his second wife, singer Dorothy Collins. A number of these were commercially released, but the technique failed to earn him the chart success of Les Paul and Mary Ford. In 1948, Scott formed a six-man "quintet" which served for several months as house band for the CBS radio program Herb Shriner Time; the group made studio recordings, some of which were released on Scott's short-lived Master Records label. This was not

2015–16 University of Missouri protests

In 2015, a series of protests at the University of Missouri related to race, workplace benefits, leadership resulted in the resignations of the president of the University of Missouri System and the chancellor of the flagship Columbia campus. The moves came after a series of events that included a hunger strike by a student and a boycott by the football team; the movement was led by a student group named Concerned Student 1950. The movement and protests were documented in two films, one made by MU student journalists and the other, 2 Fists Up, by Spike Lee. While it is alleged that bad publicity from the protests has led to dropping enrollment and cutbacks, others have cited budget cuts issued from the state legislature. In 2010, two white students dropped cotton balls in front of the Gaines/Oldham Black Culture Center, they were arrested and charged with tampering, a felony, and, prosecuted as a hate crime based on evocation of the historical slur "cotton picker" to describe enslaved or sharecropping blacks.

The prosecutor asked for them to serve 120 days in jail, but they were only convicted of littering, a misdemeanor, sentenced to probation and community service, with no jail time. In 2011 a student was given probation for racially charged graffiti in a student dormitory; the events led to the creation of a diversity initiative called "One Mizzou" under MU chancellor Brady Deaton. This initiative was discontinued in 2015 owing to concerns. On September 12, 2015, a Facebook post by the student government president Payton Head described bigotry and anti-gay sentiment around the college campus, which gained widespread attention, he claimed that in an incident off campus, unidentified people in the back of a passing pickup truck directed racial slurs at him. "For those of you who wonder why I'm always talking about the importance of inclusion and respect, it's because I've experienced moments like this multiple times at THIS university, making me not feel included here." Chancellor R. Bowen Loftin called the incident "totally unacceptable" on September 17.

The first student protests occurred on September 24, 2015, at an event called "Racism Lives Here," where protesters claimed nothing had been done to address Head's concerns. On October 1, a second "Racism Lives Here" event was held with 40–50 participants. An incident involving a drunken student on October 4 gave rise to more racial tensions. While an African-American student group, the Legion of Black Collegians, was preparing for Homecoming activities, a white student walked on stage and was asked to leave. While departing the premises the student said, "These niggers are getting aggressive with me", according to the LBC; this prompted chancellor Loftin, traveling outside the US, to record a video message in response and to release a statement that said, "Racism and all prejudice is heinous and damaging to Mizzou... That is why all of us must commit to changing the culture at this university." That month, the student group "Concerned Student 1950" was created, referring to the first year the University of Missouri admitted black students.

On October 24, a police officer responding to a property damage complaint reported that an unknown vandal had smeared feces in the shape of a swastika on a bathroom wall in a dorm on campus. The university's Department of Residential Life filed photographs of the fecal smear in a hate crime incident report, the residential life director emailed a number of people on campus, including a Hillel organization, to request information about anti-Semitic activity on campus; the investigator in the university's Title IX office, noted in an email that the swastika may have been "meant to offend and threaten a larger population of our campus community in addition to Jewish students". On November 3, student Jonathan Butler launched a hunger strike, vowing not to eat until the president resigned. One of Butler's stated reasons for this was that Timothy Wolfe's car had hit him during a protest against Wolfe at the school's homecoming parade; as students confronted the president by linking arms in front of his vehicle, video showed Butler advancing towards the vehicle and making minimal contact.

No police charges were filed in connection to the incident. His statement said, "Mr. Wolfe had ample opportunity to create policies and reform that could shift the culture of Mizzou in a positive direction but in each scenario he failed to do so." Butler cited his participation in the Ferguson protests against the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown as a major influence for his action. On November 7, with hundreds of prospective students flooding Mizzou's campus for the university's recruiting day, student protesters intervened with a "mock tour" where they recited racist incidents that occurred at MU beginning in 2010 with the dispersion of cotton balls on the lawn of the Gaines/Oldham Black Culture Center along with more recent events such as the use of racial epithets against two young women of color outside of the MU Student Recreation Complex. On November 8, university football players announced they would not practice or play until Wolfe resigned costing the university a $1 million fine if they had to forfeit an upcoming game against Brigham Young University.

The Southeastern Conference Football Commissioner issued a statement saying, "I respect Missouri's student-athletes for engaging on issues of importance and am hopeful the concerns at the center of this matter will be resolved in a positive manner." The Mizzou Athletics Department indicated that it supported the players' actions. The protests attracted widespread local and national news media attention; some protesters said the coverage was impacted by journalists' lack of previous race-related experience

Sexual maturation disorder

Sexual maturation disorder is a disorder of anxiety or depression related to an uncertainty about one's gender identity or sexual orientation. The World Health Organization lists sexual maturation disorder in the ICD-10, under "Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation". In the ICD-10 it is explicitly stated that sexual orientation, by itself, is not a disorder and is not classified under this heading. Sexual maturation disorder, along with ego-dystonic sexual orientation and sexual relationship disorder, was introduced to the ICD in 1990, replacing the ICD-9 diagnosis of homosexuality; the diagnosis is not included in the ICD-11. Homosexuality and psychology Questioning

Tifon 2a

The Typhoon-2A is a main battle tank and manufactured jointly by the Peruvian company DICSAC and the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau, Ukraine. The Tifon -2A is based on the Soviet T-54/55 tank; the Typhoon-2A project was designed by Sergio Casanave Quelopana, a Peruvian Engineer, to help the Peruvian Army keep up with modern tank designs. The design was built around the Peruvian T-55 using feedback from the Peruvian military, available components in European tank designs; the engineers decided to use the experience of successful modern tank designs, such as the Russian T-90. This was achieved by developing the Typhoon-2A through the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau; the Typhoon-2A is the product of a series of modifications and modernisations of the T-55 AGM. The Typhoon-2A is armed with an auto-loaded 125 mm smooth-bore KBM-1M 48 caliber gun capable of 8 rpm, it can fire APFSDS-T rounds, tandem-charge HEAT rounds, HE-FRAG rounds with an effective range up to 3,000 m.

It carries Kombat anti-tank guided missile with an effective range exceeding 5,000m, is capable of targeting ground targets and helicopters flying at low altitude. Secondary armament is a remotely controlled 12.7×108mm KT-12.7 machine gun. The Typhoon-2A may be fitted with a co-axial 7.62×54mmR KT-7.62 machine gun. Fire control on the Typhoon-2A 2 is a ballistics computer LIO-V operated by both the gunner and the commander; the Typhoon-2A can function at night using BURAN CATHERINE-E thermal vision with a range up to 12 km. The Typhoon-2A features Ceramic Shield "Deflek T", composed of a series of steel compound and polymer plates. T Deflek reduces the initial velocity of APFSDS, neutralizes HEAT charges fired by both tanks and antitank guns. Nozh Reactive armor, is composed of explosive charges, which are activated upon impact over 30 mm projectiles, neutralizing their penetrating effects; the Ceramic Shield "Deflekt" and Reactive Armor "Nozh" increased overall survivability Hollow Load missile type rocket antitank missiles or guns and sub- calibrated 120mm caliber, in the field, it was found effective to "neutralize" the drilling of 120 mm caliber projectile type NATO APFSDS 2,000 m, as well as type-120 mm caliber HEAT NATO up to 3,000 m.

Can ensure that the capacity of ammunition piercing resistance has increased more than 5 times the smoke grenade original. Possesses twelve gauge 81 mm which are located on both sides of the tower, which are actuated by the control box Linkey-SPZ system, creating a smokescreen around the tank, it has an engine of 1,050 HP 5TDFMA model is two stroke and flex-, five-cylinder boxer horizontal type, have an ejection system for the ventilation system motor, shutter system allows the tank to immerse in the water. The 1.8m ventilation liquid type, forced, uses the exhaust gas system of high motor. The purification system efficiency cyclone-type air cassette provides a 99.8% efficiency. Operation for more than 500 km without cleaning the transmission box filter; the planetary system consisting of two plates with six changes forward and three reverse, using a mechanical-electrical-system ensures maximum speed up to 75 km/h at front, up to 32 km/h backward. The Typhoon-2A has a new type driving system "power steering", presenting data is an indicator of changes in digital display.

The alternative for removing a suspension and bearing system is newly designed, using 3 rollers per side, torsion bars, high strength springs, which allow increasing road speed up 60 km/h up to 78 km/h on the road, greater than 45 km/h in reverse counting for this new "Neoprene Pads" to allow a better grip in the road. Can mount a Navigation System "TIUS - NM" model based on GLONASS and NAVSTAR system; this system is located in the housing of chief of tank, given its location with great accuracy as well as that of other vehicles in its strength. T-54/55 T-55AGM T-55 Ramses TANQUE PRINCIPAL DE COMBATE "TIFON-2A" Tanque de batalla T-55 M8 A2 TIFÓN 2

Agnes Bulmer

Agnes Bulmer was an English poet. She is believed to have written the longest epic poem written by a woman; the piece, Messiah's Kingdom, took over nine years to complete. She was born Agnes Collinson, in London, England, in 1775, her parents were Elizabeth Collinson. Bulmer had two other sisters and she was the youngest; the family lived on Lombard Street in London. Bulmer's parents were Methodists, were friends with John Wesley. Bulmer was baptized by Wesley and she was admitted to his school, in December 1789, she attended the City Road Chapel, remained a member of the society until her death. She was a devout patron of the Church of England; the family was defined as middle class, Bulmer's education provided her access to literature, which she enjoyed much. By the age of twelve she had read Edward Young's Night-Thoughts, it was a major influence on her own style. By age fourteen she had published her first work, On the Death of Charles Wesley. Wesley sent her a personal note, thanking her for the piece, he advised her to "Beware of pride.

All you want is to have the mind, in Christ, to walk as Christ walked."In school, she befriended Elizabeth Richie Mortimer and Sarah Wesley, the latter being the wife of Charles Wesley. She studied under Hester Ann Rogers in school, would write an elegy upon Rogers death, she married Joseph Bulmer in 1793. He was a London-based warehouse worker and merchant involved in the Methodist church, he was financially successful and popular within the church, other non-church related local communities. The couple socialized spending time with the likes of Adam Clarke, Joseph Benson, Jabez Bunting, Richard Watson. Clarke was fond of Bulmer, stated that she "astonished" him with her intellect and skill, she was described as being a "match for men," in Wesleyan Methodist Magazine regarding her intelligence and interests. However, she was described as being equal yet "feminine" in her qualities by writers, showing that while men believed her to be equal, she was still "domestic" and "delicate," according to William Bunting, other writers.

Bulmer taught at City Road Chapel, until 1822, wrote. She was involved in social activities, including the Ladies Working Society, did visits at hospitals and with the poor. During this period she worked on Bible stories for children, which were published as Scripture Histories. Joseph Bulmer died on 23 July 1822 from an illness. Bulmer's mother died also, she entered into a deep period of mourning, wrote a lot of poetry related to death. She died on 20 August 1836, she became sick during a trip to the Isle of Wight, died. William Bunting presided over the funeral, she is buried in City Road Chapel. Her earliest published work was On the Death of Charles Wesley, in 1788. Bulmer wrote an elegy for Hester Ann Rogers, after Rogers died in 1793; the piece was published in 1794. She wrote an epic poem; the latter was published in a series of twelve books, in 1833. Messiahs' Kingdom is considered the longest poem written by a woman; the piece took nine years to complete, with over 14,000 lines. Her children's biblical stories, Scripture Histories, were published in Methodist publications.

She wrote her first biography in 1835, about her friend Elizabeth Mortimer, The Memoirs of Elizabeth Mortimer. Collinson, Anne Ross. Memoir of Mrs. Agnes Bulmer. England: London. Attribution"Bulmer, Agnes". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900


Consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another. It is a term of common speech, with specific definitions as used in such fields as the law, medicine and sexual relationships. Types of consent include implied expressed consent, informed consent and unanimous consent. Consent as understood in specific contexts may differ from its everyday meaning. For example, a person with a mental disorder, a low mental age, or under the legal age of sexual consent may willingly engage in a sexual act that still fails to meet the legal threshold for consent as defined by applicable law. United Nations agencies and initiatives in sex education programs believe that teaching the topic of consent as part of a comprehensive sexuality education is beneficial. An express consent is one, unmistakably stated, rather than implied, it may be given in writing, by non-verbally, e.g. by a clear gesture such as a nod. Non-written express consent not evidenced by witnesses or an audio or video recording may be disputed if a party denies that it was given.

Implied consent is consent inferred from a person's actions and the facts and circumstances of a particular situation. Some examples include unambiguously soliciting or initiating sexual activity or the implied consent to physical contact by participants in a hockey game or being assaulted in a boxing match. Informed consent in medicine is consent given by a person who has a clear appreciation and understanding of the facts and future consequences of an action; the term is used in other contexts, such as in social scientific research, when participants are asked to affirm that they understand the research procedure and consent to it, or in sex, where informed consent means each person engaging in sexual activity is aware of any positive statuses they might expose themselves to. Unanimous consent, or general consent, by a group of several parties is consent given by all parties. Substituted consent, or the substituted judgment doctrine, allows a decision maker to attempt to establish the decision an incompetent person would have made if he or she were competent.

Consent can be either implied. For example, participation in a contact sport implies consent to a degree of contact with other participants, implicitly agreed and defined by the rules of the sport. Another specific example is where a boxer cannot complain of being punched on the nose by an opponent. Express consent exists when there is oral or written agreement in a contract. For example, businesses may require that persons sign a waiver acknowledging and accepting the hazards of an activity; this proves express consent, prevents the person from filing a tort lawsuit for unauthorised actions. In English law, the principle of volenti non fit injuria applies not only to participants in sport, but to spectators and to any others who willingly engage in activities where there is a risk of injury. Consent has been used as a defense in cases involving accidental deaths during sex, which occur during sexual bondage. Time referred to this latter example, as the "rough-sex defense", it is not effective in English law in cases of serious death.

As a term of jurisprudence prior provision of consent signifies a possible defence against civil or criminal liability. Defendants who use this defense are arguing that they should not be held liable for a tort or a crime, since the actions in question took place with the plaintiff or "victim's" prior consent and permission. In medical law, consent is important to protect a medical practitioner from liability for harm to a patient arising from a procedure. There are exemptions, such as. A medical practitioner must explain the significant risks of a procedure or medication before the patient can give a binding consent; this was explored in Australia in Rogers v Whitaker. If a practitioner does not explain a material risk that subsequently eventuates, considered negligent; these material risks include the loss of chance of a better result if a more experienced surgeon had performed the procedure. In the UK, a Supreme Court judgment modernized the law on consent and introduced a patient-focused test to UK law: allowing the patient rather than the medical professionals to decide upon the level of risk they wish to take in terms of a particular course of action, given all the information available.

This change reflects the Guidance of the General Medical Council on the requirement to consent patients, removes the rule of medical paternalism. Social scientists are required to obtain informed consent from research participants before asking interview questions or conducting an experiment. Federal law governs social science research that involves human subjects, tasks institutional review boards at universities, federal or state agencies, tribal organizations to oversee social science research that involves human subjects and to make decisions about whether or not informed consent is necessary for a social scientific study to go forward. Informed consent in this context means explaining the study's purpose to research participants and obtaining a signed or verbal affirmation that the study participants understand the procedures