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Red-breasted merganser

The red-breasted merganser is a diving duck, one of the sawbills. The genus name is a Latin word used by Pliny and other Roman authors to refer to an unspecified waterbird, serrator is a sawyer from Latin serra, "saw"; the red-breasted merganser was one of the many bird species described by Linnaeus in the landmark 1758 10th edition of his Systema Naturae, where it was given the binomial name of Mergus serrator. The adult red-breasted merganser is 51–62 cm long with a 70–86 cm wingspan, it has a long thin red bill with serrated edges. The male has a dark head with a green sheen, a white neck with a rusty breast, a black back, white underparts. Adult females have a greyish body; the juvenile is like the female, but has a smaller white wing patch. The call of the female is a rasping prrak prrak, while the male gives a feeble hiccup-and-sneeze display call. Red-breasted mergansers swim underwater, they eat small fish, but aquatic insects and frogs. Its breeding habitat is freshwater lakes and rivers across northern North America, Greenland and Asia.

It nests in sheltered locations on the ground near water. It is many northern breeders winter in coastal waters further south; the fastest duck recorded was a red-breasted merganser that attained a top airspeed of 100 mph while being pursued by an airplane. This eclipsed the previous speed record held by a canvasback clocked at 72 mph; the red-breasted merganser is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds applies. Red-breasted Merganser Species Account – Cornell Lab of Ornithology Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas - Red-breasted Merganser "Red-breasted merganser media". Internet Bird Collection. Red-breasted merganser photo gallery at VIREO


Walton-on-the-Naze is a small town in Essex, England, on the North Sea coast in the Tendring District. It is south of the port of Harwich, it abuts Frinton-on-Sea to the south, is part of the parish of Frinton and Walton. It is a resort town, with a population of 12,054; the town is in the civil parish of Walton. It attracts many visitors. There is a pier; the parish was earlier known as Eadolfenaesse and as Walton-le-Soken. The name'Walton' is a common one meaning a'farmstead or village of the Britons', while'Soken' denotes the soke that included Thorpe and Walton, which were not under the see of London but under the chapter of St Paul's Cathedral. Walton has an HM Coastguard team and houses Thames MRCC, organising rescues from Southwold to Herne Bay. Walton-on-the-Naze railway station is on a branch of the Sunshine Coast Line. Along the coast there are many fossils to be found; some rocks are up to 50 million years old. Rocks include London clay. "Naze" derives from Old English næss "ness, headland".

In 1722 Daniel Defoe mentions the town calling it "Walton, under the Nase". The Naze is a peninsula north of the town, it has a small nature reserve. The marshes of Hamford Water behind the town are of ornithological interest, with wintering ducks and Brent geese. Many bird watchers visit at migration times; the Hanoverian tower at the start of the open area of the Naze was a sea mark to assist ships on this otherwise featureless coast. It is now owned and open to visitors. Walton was a farming village situated miles inland. Over the centuries a large extent of land has been lost to the sea due to coastal erosion; the site of the medieval village of Walton now lies nine miles out to sea. Its last service was held on 22 July 1798; this loss of land to the sea is recorded on a Canon's stall in St Paul's Cathedral with the inscription Consumpta per Mare. The Naze continues to erode threatening the tower and wildlife; the Naze Protection Society was formed to campaign for erosion controls. The Naze has become popular for school fieldwork to investigate erosion and ways to protect the coast.

Protection includes a riprap, groynes and a permeable groyne as well as drainage. Millions of tons of sand have been added to the beach to stop the cliff eroding. However, the cliff near Naze Tower is eroded, it is receding fast, within 50 years Naze Tower may tumble into the sea like the pill boxes that can be seen on the beach. The cliffs themselves are a Site of Special Scientific Interest, the base of, London Clay, overlaid with a 2-million-year-old sandy deposit of Red Crag; this sandy deposit contains many fossils including bivalve and gastropod shells, sharks' teeth and whale bones. The clay base is considered one of the best sites for bird bones. Like the rest of the British Isles, Walton-on-the-Naze has an oceanic climate, with more marine influence than nearby inland areas due to its position on the North Sea coast; the original pier was built in one of the earliest in the country. It was built for landing goods and passengers from steamers and was 300 ft long extended to 800 feet; the pier was badly damaged in a storm in January 1871.

A second pier opened in 1880, which did not last. In 1895, the Walton-on-the-Naze hotel and pier company opened a replacement pier 500 ft longer than the original. Several extensions have increased the pier's length to 2,600 ft, the third longest in the UK; when the new pier opened in 1895, an electric tramway was installed to take passengers from the steamers to the front of the pier. This was in use until 1935. In 1945 fire damaged the pier, the carriage was replaced by a diesel locomotive train; this was removed during the 1970s. Today, the pier remains a popular attraction, with amusements and funfair rides in a hangar-type building. Beyond this, the pier extends into a promenade popular with anglers; the unusual war memorial commemorates a Halifax crew. It has a tribute to Herbert George Columbine, awarded the VC and after whom the local leisure centre is named, a tribute to those lost from HMS Conquest during World War I; the old lifeboat house on East Terrace dates from 1884: it now houses the Walton Maritime Museum.

It is a grade II listed building. Frank Paton, moved to Walton-on-the-Naze shortly before his death in 1909. Ben Raemers, professional skateboarder, lived in Walton-on-the-Naze and grew up there, where he first started skateboarding at the age of 10. Although the Civil Parish is now shown under Frinton and Walton, an electoral ward in the name of Walton still exists; the population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 4,372. Walton was the inspiration for the fictional Balford-le-Nez in Elizabeth George's detective story Deception on His Mind. Hamford Water and the town of Walton-on-the-Naze are the location of Arthur Ransome's Swallows and Amazons series book, Secret Water. Walton features as a turning point in the song "Tracy Jacks" from the album Parklife by Blur; the song's character, Tracy Jacks, takes "the first train to Walton" and stands "on the seafront". (Three of the band's members grew up in Colchester, from where one can take a train to


Founded in 2002, Optelian Access Networks Corporation is a owned and operated Intuitive Packet Optical Networking company. Optelian has two headquarters – one in Ottawa and the other in Marietta, Georgia; the company has both product development and local manufacturing based in Ottawa. Producing passive networking components, Optelian has added active products to their portfolio to provide a broader range of solutions for service providers, wireless applications, utilities and education, cloud and data center, or any other enterprise. In 2012, Deloitte ranked Optelian as #39 on Canadian Fast 50 and #302 on North American Fast 500. Optelian has won the Ottawa Business Journal Top 10 Fastest Growing Companies in Ottawa award for 2011, 2012 and 2013. In 2002, Dave Weymouth and Mike Perry founded Optelian after realizing that there was a gap they could fill in the optical transport market; the company began creating passive optical components, expanded to active solutions, including packet optical networking, based on customer feedback.

Optelian now designs and develops optical transport network components and solutions for over 200 service providers, utilities and development, data center and cloud, other enterprises in North America and around the world. Optelian has delivered more than 20,000 systems with over 300,000 wavelengths installed. In January 2012, Optelian acquired Versawave Technologies Inc. of Vancouver, British Columbia, a leader in the field of ultra-high bandwidth gallium arsenide based optical modulators with patented polarization modulation technology. Optelian both manufactures optical components in the Ottawa, Ontario location. There are many benefits for doing this, including control over quality and the ability to turn around orders, whether they are custom design components or fulfilling custom orders. Optelian is TL-9000 certified, their products have a mean time between failures of over 80 years and a return rate of less than 0.3%. Optelian's products are organized into categories. Prior to the introduction of the Optelian FLEX Architecture, all of the products were divided into LightGAIN, which represented active components, LightMUX, which covered passive components.

However, as the active product portfolio grew a single category was not sufficient to distinguish where the components fit within the operator’s network. Optelian created the FLEX Architecture with six areas representing intuitive system management, the OSI model layers 2, 1, 0, shelves and standalone units, passive components. Operators can choose components from any section of the FLEX Architecture to create a complete network solution to meet their specific needs, whether, a point-to-point architecture of a full mesh network with multi-degree ROADMs. FLEXManager – Streamline operations with intuitive service-centric management PacketFLEX – Packet service networking and aggregation with tight integration to the optical layer CircuitFLEX – Multi-protocol networking with low latency bandwidth, efficient aggregation, dynamic interconnect capabilities LightFLEX – A WDM network foundation that maximizes fiber capacity while providing agile wavelength connections across any network footprint Platforms – Modular configuration capabilities for Ethernet and wavelength service delivery and WDM network infrastructure LightMUX – Passive elements to address terminal and add/drop requirements for the full CWDM and DWDM wavelength plans David Weymouth – Chief Executive Office and Co-founder Mike Perry – Strategic Advisor and Co-founder Dr. Sheldon Walklin – Chief Technology Officer Dave MillsVice President of Sales and Services Brenda Snarr – Vice President of Finance Dennis Isotti – Vice President of Operations Optical communication ROADM Wavelength Division Multiplexing OSI model Official web site

Progressive Party of Manitoba (1981–95)

The Progressive Party of Manitoba was a political party in Manitoba, Canada which existed from 1981 to 1995. The party was created in March 1981 by five former members of the province's New Democratic Party: Sidney Green, Ben Hanuschak, Bud Boyce, Murdoch Mackay and Max Hofford. Green was acknowledged as the party's leader. Despite its name, this party had no connection with the original Progressive Party of Manitoba, created in 1922 and governed the province from its founding until 1958. Green and Boyce were members of the provincial legislature in 1981, having been elected as NDP candidates. All three had served as cabinet ministers in the government of Edward Schreyer; the party was regarded as socialist, promoted traditionally leftist policies such as full employment and increased profits taxation on resource industries. However, it was influenced by ideas associated with the radical right. Green had left the NDP in 1979. Green opposed what he described as "special privileges" for unions and minority groups, was opposed to the NDP's plans for anti-scab legislation.

These views were reflected in Progressive Party policy. The Progressives were the third-largest party in the provincial legislature, sought to run a full slate of candidates in 1981, they were unable to do this and were unable to mount a successful challenge against the dominant NDP and Progressive Conservatives. All Progressive candidates were defeated, including the three incumbents; the Progressive Party never recovered from this early loss. It ran twelve candidates in 1986; the party was reduced to six candidates in 1988, although it received some attention for featuring former Premier Douglas Campbell at one of its rallies. The Progressives ran five candidates in the minimum required for ballot status. During its years, the Progressive Party began veering further to the right. In 1990, its campaign literature emphasized balanced budgets, rejected distinct status for minority groups. Green, who remained the party's leader throughout all stages of its development, dissolved the Progressive Party on July 13, 1995 when his attempts to find a successor came to nothing.

List of Canadian political parties


Nash or NASH may refer to: Nash, Buckinghamshire Nash, London, a hamlet near Keston in the London Borough of Bromley Nash, Wales Nash and Wrekin, a "lost" village near Wrockwardine, Shropshire Nash, South Shropshire, a small village and parish in southern Shropshire Nash Lee, Buckinghamshire Nash Mills, Hertfordshire Nash Point, a headland in the Vale of Glamorgan Nash, former name of Nashmead Nash, North Dakota Nash, Oklahoma Nash, Texas Nash County, North Carolina Nashville, United States, nicknamed "Nash Vegas" Nash, Iran Nash Nash Aguas, Filipino actor Nash Buckingham, American author and conservationist Nash Candelaria, American novelist Nash Edgerton, Australian film director and stuntman Nash Grose, British judge Nash Higgins, American football player and coach Nash Kato Nash Rawiller, Australian jockey Nash Roberts, American meteorologist Nash Turner, American jockey Nash Winstead, American university administrator Nash the Slash, Canadian rock musician Nash, the Japanese name of Street Fighter character Charlie Nash Brennan, a character from the television soap One Life to Live Nash Bridges, a character on the eponymous American television show Nash Gorey, a character from M.

A. S. K. Nash Latkje, a character from Genso Suikogaidejkkn Vol.1 and Suikoden III Ellie Nash, a character from Degrassi: The Next Generation Russell Nash, a character in the film Highlander Nash, a roadside diner waitress from the 1986 film The Hitcher Harrison "Nash" Wells, a character from The Flash NASH, former name of the Spanish boy band D'NASH Nash, an American country music media brand owned by Cumulus Media Nash, a 1978–1979 outdoor work by Lee Kelly in Portland, Oregon, US Hex or Nash, a board game played on hexagonal tiles Frazer Nash, manufactured by Frazer-Nash Limited called AFN Limited Nash Metropolitan Nash-Healey Frazer-Nash Research, an electric and hybrid vehicle company Nash Ambassador Nash Kelvinator Nash Motors Nash & Thompson, an aircraft equipment manufacturer Nash Format, a publishing house based in Kiev, Ukraine Nash bargaining game, two-person bargaining problem studies Nash embedding theorem Nash equilibrium Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a liver disease Sodium hydrosulfide Nash North Allegheny Senior High, a high school in Wexford, Pennsylvania, US Gnash Justice Nash

Aamjiwnaang First Nation

The Aamjiwnaang First Nation is an Ojibwe First Nation band government in southwestern Ontario, Canada. They reside on the Sarnia 45 Indian Reserve, located on the shores of the St. Clair River directly south of Sarnia across from the United States border from Port Huron, Michigan; the name Aamjiwnaang, or more vocalised as Aamijiwanaang, means "at the spawning stream." The Aamjiwnaang community has expressed concern regarding its proximity to petrochemical and chemical plants in the area, as birth rates of their people have been documented by the American journal Environmental Health Perspectives as deviating from the normal ratio of close to 50% boys, 50% girls. The ratio as found between 1999 and 2003 by the journal was 33% boys, 67% girls; the First Nation is concerned that this abnormal trend is due to adverse effects of maternal and fetal exposure to the effluent and emissions of the nearby chemical plants. This is the first community in the world to have a birth rate of two girls to every boy.

Joanne Rogers - current Chief Fred Plain - former president of the Union of Ontario Indians David D. Plain - author of the book Plain, D. D.. The Plains of Aamjiwnaang: our history. Victoria, BC: Trafford Chippewas of Sarnia Band v. Canada Environmental impact of the chemical industry in Sarnia Environmental justice Environmental racism Environmental racism in Europe Cancer Alley Uranium mining and the Navajo people Aamjiwnaang First Nation - Home 2001 Community Profiles for Sarnia 45 from Statistics Canada Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada profile