The Blindman River is a river in south-central Alberta. It forms south of Winfield and flows southeastward before joining the Red Deer River near Red Deer; the Blindman is bridged by Alberta Highway 20 a number of times in its upper reaches, before passing near the town of Rimbey. The river takes on the outflow of Gull Lake, it is bridged by Alberta Highway 2 at Red Deer before flowing into the Red Deer River. There are two competing theories regarding the name of the river. One theory suggests a Cree hunting party became snowblind while traveling and had to rest on the river banks until their eyes healed; the hunting party applied the name pas-ka-poo to the river. The second theory argues that Blindman is a descriptive term, applied to the river because of its numerous meanders and curves; the Paskapoo Formation, first described in its banks, takes its name from the Cree name for the Blindman. Anderson Creek Lloyd Creek Boyd Creek Potter Creek Gull Lake List of Alberta rivers
A river mouth is the part of a river where the river debouches into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean. The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways; the motion of a river is influenced by the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water, the rotation of the earth, any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches. If the river water has a higher density than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface; the river water will either form an underflow or an interflow within the lake. However, if the river water is lighter than the receiving water, as is the case when fresh river water flows into the sea, the river water will float along the surface of the receiving water as an overflow. Alongside these advective transports, inflowing water will diffuse. At the mouth of a river, the change in flow condition can cause the river to drop any sediment it is carrying; this sediment deposition can generate a variety of landforms, such as deltas, sand bars and tie channels.
Many places in the United Kingdom take their names from their positions at the mouths of rivers, such as Plymouth and Great Yarmouth. Confluence River delta Estuary Liman
The Highwood River is a tributary of the Bow River in southwestern Alberta, Canada. The Highwood originates in the Canadian Rockies in Peter Lougheed Provincial Park, in the Highwood Pass below Mount Arethusa, it flows south and is paralleled by the Kananaskis Trail between Elbow-Sheep Wildland, Don Getty Wildland and Emerson Creek Park. It flows along Highway 541 and through the community of Longview. Continuing east, it passes through High River, ending when it enters the Bow River southeast of Calgary; the river is known for its flyfishing. A variety of trout species live in the river, including native bull trout. In springtime when the snow is melting the river offers white water rafting; the Highwood River is subject to frequent flooding. Flood events of exceptional magnitude occurred in 1894, 1899, 1902, 1908, 1912, 1923, 1929, 1932, 1942, 1995, 2005 and 2013. Most during the 2013 Alberta floods, thousands of people in Alberta were ordered to evacuate their homes after the rise of the Highwood River, Bow River, Elbow River and numerous others.
Three people died as a result of the flooding of the Highwood River. From origin to mouth, the Highwood River receives the following tributaries or passes through these geographic features: List of rivers of Alberta
Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park
Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park is a provincial park in Central Alberta, located about 103 km southeast of Red Deer and 16 km east of Trochu. The park features badlands topography, its name derives from the large plateau in the middle of the park, 200 m above the Red Deer River, which has never been developed by humans and retains virgin prairie grasses. The park is situated at an elevation ranging from 720 m to 875 m and has a surface of 34.5 km2. The park is the site of an ancient buffalo jump, where Cree native people drove bison over the cliffs in large numbers to provide for their tribes; the hills contain unique flora and fauna that are not found this far east of the Rocky Mountains in as large numbers as at Dry Island. The park contains the most important Albertosaurus bone bed in the world, first discovered by Barnum Brown in 1910 and rediscovered by Dr. Phil Currie in 1997; the bone bed excavation was halted at the end of August, 2005. Dr. Currie left the Royal Tyrrell Museum in October 2005 to become the Canada Research Chair with the Biological Sciences Department at the University of Alberta.
Under university auspices, excavation at the bone bed has continued in the summers of 2006, 2007 and 2008. The following activities are available in the park: Birdwatching Camping Canoeing and kayaking Fishing Scenic viewing List of Alberta provincial parks List of Canadian provincial parks List of National Parks of Canada Alberta Tourism, Recreation & Culture. "Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park". Retrieved 2014-10-13. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
Red Deer Lake (Manitoba)
Red Deer Lake is a lake in western Manitoba, Canada. It is located 5 miles north of Barrows and 10 miles west of Dawson Bay, the northwest part of Lake Winnipegosis, 8 miles east of the Saskatchewan border. Barrows served as a constructed lumber town for the Red Deer Lumber Company, although the sawmill closed around 1926 or 1927; the community of Red Deer Lake had a population of 40 in 2001. The area is forested and has hosted a number of logging companies and pulp processors. Fishing is common and fisheries in the lake and Dawson Bay process catch from Red Deer Lake. There is coal exploration in the area as well, targeting the Mannville Formation; the Red Deer River arises in east central Saskatchewan and flows east through Red Deer Lake into Dawson Bay of Lake Winnipegosis. To the north of its basin is that of the Saskatchewan River and to the southwest that of the upper Assiniboine River and to the southeast that of the Swan River Fort Red Deer River or Fort Rivière la Biche was a North West Company trading post on the Red Deer River near the town of Hudson Bay, Saskatchewan about 20 miles upriver from Red Deer Lake.
It was founded in 1794 by Hugh McGillis. Its date of closure is uncertain. Losey places it at the mouth of the Etomami River at the town ballpark where there is a provincial marker, therefore 52°49′08″N 102°22′44″W. For some background see Assiniboine River fur trade; the lake is situated entirely in the northwest corner of Manitoba's Census Division No. 19, although its northernmost reaches extend into the southwest corner of Division No. 21
South Saskatchewan River
The South Saskatchewan River is a major river in Canada that flows through the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. For the first half of the 20th century, the South Saskatchewan would freeze over during winter, creating spectacular ice breaks and dangerous conditions in Saskatoon, Medicine Hat and elsewhere. At least one bridge in Saskatoon was destroyed by ice carried by the river; the construction of the Gardiner Dam in the 1960s, lessened the power of the river by diverting a substantial portion of the South Saskatchewan's natural flow into the Qu'Appelle River. By the 1980s many permanent sandbars had formed due to the lowering of the level of the river. From the headwaters of the Bow River, the South Saskatchewan flows for 1,392 kilometres. At its mouth at Saskatchewan River Forks, it has an average discharge of 280 cubic metres per second and has a watershed of 146,100 square kilometres, 1,800 of which are in Montana in the United States and 144,300 square kilometres in Alberta and Saskatchewan.
The river originates at the confluence of the Bow and Oldman Rivers near Alberta. The waters of these two rivers, in turn, originate from winter snowpack and rainfall in the Rocky Mountains near the British Columbia and Montana border. Glacier melt contributes about 2% of the annual flow, with most of that contribution during July and August; the Red Deer River is a major tributary of the South Saskatchewan merging 16 kilometres east of the Alberta-Saskatchewan border. The Lake Diefenbaker reservoir was created with the construction of the Gardiner and Qu'Appelle River dams in Saskatchewan. Water from the South Saskatchewan flowing through the dams provides 19 percent of the hydro-electricity generated by SaskPower. Downstream from the dam the river flows north through Saskatoon and joins the North Saskatchewan River east of Prince Albert at the Saskatchewan River Forks — thus forming the Saskatchewan River. For 60 kilometres near Saskatoon, the Meewasin Valley Authority is responsible for conservation of the river environment.
Numerous lakes in the Saskatoon area were formed by oxbows of the South Saskatchewan River, most notably Moon Lake and Pike Lake. A 2009 report, produced by WWF-Canada which analysed the river flow on 10 major Canadian rivers reported that the South Saskatchewan River was the most at risk. Climate change and urban infrastructure water use, dams producing hydroelectricity, have all combined to reduce the flow of the South Saskatchewan River by 70 percent. Developers and governments have been cautioned to protect and restore the river with sustainable projects and limit water diversion. Dickson Dam regulates water supply downstream on the Red Deer River. Mary Headworks System manage water flow downstream of the Oldman River; the proposed Meridian dam 30 kilometres west of Leader and 95 kilometres north east of Medicine Hat was cancelled due to project costs outweighing the irrigation benefits. Bow River Oldman River Seven Persons Creek Red Deer River Teepee Creek Landing Creek Smith Creek Valentine Creek Pine Lake Creek Brightwater Creek Beaver Creek Fish Creek Swift Current Creek Partial list McLean Island Wilson Island Yorath Island Sections of the riverbank along the South Saskatchewan River are prone to slumping.
Since its founding, the city of Saskatoon has dealt with a number of slope failures. Controlling riverbank development was a factor in establishing the Meewasin Valley Authority in 1979. Fish species include walleye, yellow perch, northern pike, lake trout, rainbow trout, lake whitefish, lake sturgeon, quillback, longnose sucker, white sucker and shorthead redhorse. List of crossings of the South Saskatchewan River List of longest rivers of Canada List of rivers of Alberta List of rivers of Saskatchewan Partners for the Saskatchewan River Basin Fish Species of Saskatchewan South Saskatchewan River – Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Dinosaur Provincial Park
Dinosaur Provincial Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located about two-and-a-half hours drive east of Calgary, Canada. The park is situated in the valley of the Red Deer River, noted for its striking badland topography; the park is well known for being one of the richest dinosaur fossil locales in the world. Fifty-eight dinosaur species have been discovered at the park and more than 500 specimens have been removed and exhibited in museums around the globe; the renowned fossil assemblage of nearly 500 species of life, from microscopic fern spores to large carnivorous dinosaurs, justified its becoming a World Heritage Site in 1979. The Dinosaur Provincial Park Visitor Centre features exhibits about dinosaurs and the geology and natural history of the park. There is a video theater, fossil prep lab area, a gift shop. Public programs are offered in the summer. John Ware's Cabin is a restored early 20th century cabin, used by John Ware, an African-American cowboy and important figure in Alberta's ranching history.
The cabin is open on select days in the summer. Established on June 27, 1955 as part of Alberta's 50th Jubilee Year with the goal of protecting the fossil beds, the first warden was Roy Fowler, a farmer and amateur fossil hunter; the park was established as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on October 26, 1979 both for its nationally significant badlands and riverside riparian habitats, for the international importance of the fossils found there. Until 1985, discoveries made in the park had to be shipped to museums throughout the world for scientific analysis and display, including the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto in Ontario, the Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa in Ontario, the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, New York State; this changed with the opening of the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology 100 kilometres upstream in Midland Provincial Park adjacent to Drumheller. The park protects a complex ecosystem including three communities: prairie grasslands and riverside cottonwoods.
Its ecosystem is unique unto itself. Choruses of coyotes are common at dusk. Cottontail rabbits, mule deer, pronghorn can all be seen in the park. Curlews and Canada geese are among the 165 bird species that can be seen in the summer; some of the most northern species of cactus, including Opuntia and Pediocactus can be observed in full bloom during the half of June. The sediments exposed in the badlands at Dinosaur Provincial Park were laid down over a period of about 1.5 million years during the Campanian stage of the Late Cretaceous epoch, belong to three different geologic formations. The top of the terrestrial Oldman Formation, which outcrops at the base of the sequence, is the oldest, it is overlain by a complete section of the terrestrial Dinosaur Park Formation, in turn overlain by the base of the marine Bearpaw Formation. The Dinosaur Park Formation, which contains most of the articulated dinosaur skeletons, was laid down between about 76.5 and 74.8 million years ago. It was deposited in floodplain and coastal plain environments by river systems that flowed eastward and southeastward to the Western Interior Seaway.
Dinosaur Provincial Park preserves an extraordinarily diverse group of freshwater vertebrates. Fish include sharks, paddlefish, bowfins and teleosts. Amphibians include frogs and the extinct albanerpetontids. Reptiles include lizards, a wide range of turtles and the fish-eating Champsosaurus. Mammal fossils from the park are rare and consist of isolated teeth, fragmentary jaws with teeth, tooth fragments from mouse-sized and shrew-sized animals, they include representatives of placental and multituberculate mammals. Plant fossils from the park and surrounding area include fern fronds. A rich assemblage of fossil pollen and spores has been described; the dinosaurs of the park are astonishingly diverse. They include: Ceratopsia Leptoceratops sp. Centrosaurus apertus Coronosaurus brinkmani Styracosaurus albertensis Pachyrhinosaurus Chasmosaurus belli, C. russelli Vagaceratops irvinensisHadrosauridae Corythosaurus casuarius Gryposaurus notabilis, G. incurvimanus Lambeosaurus lambei, L. magnicristatus Prosaurolophus maximus Parasaurolophus walkeriAnkylosauria Panoplosaurus Edmontonia Euoplocephalus tutusHypsilophodontidae OrodromeusPachycephalosauria StegocerasTyrannosauridae Daspletosaurus torosus Gorgosaurus libratusOrnithomimidae Ornithomimus Struthiomimus new ornithomimid species ACaenagnathidae Chirostenotes pergracilis Chirostenotes elegans Chirostenotes collinsiDromaeosauridae Dromaeosaurus albertensis Saurornitholestes Hesperonychus elizabethae?new dromaeosaur species A?new dromaeosaur species BTroodontidae Troodon new troodontid species AClassification Uncertain Ricardoestesia gilmoreiBirds such as Hesperornithiformes were present, as well as giant Pterosauria related to Quetzalcoatlus.
Stagodont marsupials and multituberculate mammals scurried underfoot. List of Alberta provincial parks List of Canadian provincial parks List of National Parks of Canada List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas Official website UNESCO World Heritage